Calendar overview 1414
is arrested as a heretic at the Council of Constance .
Tommaso Mocenigo becomes
Doge of Venice .
Ernst der Eiserne calls himself
Archduke of Carinthia .
|1414 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||862/863 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||12th house - Matlactli omome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th Feuerstein - Matlactli ozce Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1957/58 (southern Buddhism); 1956/57 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||776/777 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||816/817 (turn of the year 22/23 March)|
|Jewish calendar||5174/75 (September 14/15)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1724/25 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1725/26 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1470/71 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / France / Burgundy
- January 10 : The Lollards and their leader Sir John Oldcastle , freed from the Tower of London , are defeated by royal troops on St. Gilles Field near London.
- May 23rd : In Arras , a secret treaty is signed between Duke John Fearless of Burgundy and King Henry V of England for mutual support.
- September 4th : The Peace of Arras temporarily ends the civil war of the Armagnacs and Bourguignons in France .
Holy Roman Empire
- February: In a concerted action under the leadership of the later Margrave of Brandenburg Friedrich I and with the use of artillery, the so-called " Lazy Grete ", the knight rebellion is suppressed under the leadership of the Quitzows .
- February 7th : Golzow Castle, defended by Wichard von Rochow , falls.
- February 10th : Friesack Castle, defended by Dietrich von Quitzow , falls. Dietrich escapes and subsequently moves through Brandenburg as a robber baron .
- February 25th : Plaue Castle defended by Johann von Quitzow falls. Von Quitzow is captured.
- February 26th : Beuthen Castle, defended by Goswin von Brederlow , falls.
- March 18 : Ernst der Eiserne is the last Duke of Carinthia to be deployed on the Fürstenstein in Karnburg near Maria Saal in the Slovene language (historically windy ) and calls himself Archduke from this point on .
- April 17th : Heinrich the Rich of Bavaria-Landshut founds in Kelheim with the dukes Ernst and Wilhelm III. von Bayern-Munich and Count Palatine Johann von Pfalz-Neumarkt founded the parakeet society directed against his cousin Ludwig VII of Bavaria-Ingolstadt . The founding members of the society undertake to provide mutual assistance against anyone who harms them or does not want to accept their judgment. Their symbol, the parakeet, is supposed to parody Ludwig's coat of arms bird, the St. Oswald's raven .
- May 24th : Dietrich II von Moers is elected Archbishop and Elector of Cologne . He succeeds Friedrich III , who died on April 9th . from Saar Werden .
Teutonic Order State and Eastern Europe
- January 9 : Michael Küchmeister is elected Grand Master of the Teutonic Order after Heinrich von Plauen's dismissal . Von Plauen was initially referred to Castel Sant'Angelo as Commander , then arrested and imprisoned in Danzig and Brandenburg for the next few years .
- Grandmaster Küchmeister tries to negotiate with the Polish King Władysław II Jagiełło to settle the longstanding conflict between the two states, but the latter refuses. Instead, he invades Warmia in the summer .
- July: The hunger war begins between the Teutonic Order and the Kingdom of Poland and its ally Lithuania . It is characterized by the fact that the two sides evade each other and instead attack supply routes and destroy the harvest, which leads to famine and epidemics. The hunger war is part of the history of the Lithuanian Wars of the Teutonic Order , which has been leading a crusade against the pagan Lithuanians since 1303 . It ends on October 7 with a ceasefire without conflict resolution.
Republic of Venice
- January 7th : Tommaso Mocenigo is elected Doge of Venice in absentia to succeed Michele Steno, who died the previous year . Under his leadership, the Maritime Republic rose to become one of the leading political and economic powers in Italy .
- August 6th : After the death of Ladislaus , his sister Johanna II becomes Queen of Naples . In Taranto , Jacques II. De Bourbon, comte de La Marche , is elected prince, who, according to the barons' wishes, should also marry Johanna and break the power of her lover Pandolfo Alopo and the condottiere Muzio Attendolo Sforza in Naples without becoming king himself want.
- After the death of Tewodros I , who fell while fighting Muslims on the Awash River , his younger brother Isaac negus of Ethiopia became a member of the Solomon dynasty . He continues the campaign against the Falas .
- around 1414: With the conquest of Delhi by Khizr-Khan , the Sayyid dynasty replaces the Tughluq dynasty in the Sultanate of Delhi . Formally it is still under the suzerainty of the Timurids under Timur's grandson Shāh Ruch .
First documentary mentions
Council of Constance
- November 5 : In Constance , Antipope John XXIII opens . the Council of Constance to overcome the occidental schism .
- November 28 : The priest and theologian Jan Hus , who has received a summons to the council and followed it with a letter from the emperor about safe conduct, is arrested as a heretic at the instigation of the pope, taken to the bishop's palace near the Konstanz cathedral and im House of the cathedral cantor held prisoner for a week.
- December 6th : Jan Hus is detained in a semicircular extension of the Dominican monastery on the Dominican island in the dungeon.
- At the end of the year, King Sigismund takes part in the council and, after consulting some influential theologians, issues rules of procedure for the assembly that stipulate that votes are taken according to nationes and not, as has been the case up to now, by heads in order to prevent the Italian bishops from becoming a majority . There are a total of five nationes in Constance : Italica , Gallicana , Germanica , including the Scandinavians, Poles, Lithuanians, Croats, Hungarians, and Bohemia, Anglica and Hispanica .
- April 9 : Friedrich III. von Saar Werden , Archbishop of Cologne , dies in Bonn. After being laid out for three days, he is buried in a high grave in the Marienkapelle in Cologne Cathedral . On May 24 is Dietrich II. Of Moers , in turn, by a majority of 16 votes and numerous promises to the canons in Bonn Minster elected as the new archbishop. In doing so, he asserts himself against his powerful opponent, the Paderborn bishop Wilhelm von Berg . He receives papal approbation in October. Up to this point he has not received any ordinations. On November 3 , he can be ordained priests, consecrated bishop follow in spring 1415th
- September 18 : Six days after the death of his predecessor Friedrich von Perneck , Sigmar von Holleneck was given an impetus by Salzburg's Archbishop Eberhard III. von Neuhaus appointed Bishop of Seckau .
Foundations of monasteries
- The monastery Kilconnell founded by William O'Kelly as house for the Franciscans in the Diocese of Clonfert.
- The forced Disputation of Tortosa between Christian and Jewish scholars in the crown of Aragon belonging Principality of Catalonia ends after one and a half years. The results are published in the papal bull, Etsi Doctoris Gentium . It includes a partial ban on the Talmud , restrictions in the practice of the profession, further segregation and the obligation to listen to Christian sermons several times a year.
Date of birth saved
- May 14 : Francis I , Duke of Brittany († 1450 )
- July 21 : Francesco della Rovere, as Sixtus IV Pope († 1484 )
- August 18 : Jami , Persian poet and mystic († 1492 )
- November 9 : Albrecht Achilles , Elector of Brandenburg († 1486 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1414
- Dinnies von der Osten , Pomeranian knight and military leader († 1477 )
- Jaume Huguet , Catalan painter († 1492 )
Date of death secured
- February 19 : Thomas Arundel , Bishop of Ely, Archbishop of York and Canterbury and Lord Chancellor of England (* 1353 )
- February 20 : Arnold von Bärenfels , Swiss knight and mayor
- March 1 : Viridis Visconti , Duchess of Milan and Austria (* around 1350 )
- March 24th : Arnaud de Corbie , Chancellor of France (* around 1325 )
- August 6 : Ladislaus , King of Naples and Titular King of Jerusalem (* 1376 )
- August 30th : Simon III. , Count of Sponheim (* after 1330)
- September 1st : William de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros , English nobleman and Lord Treasurer (* around 1368 )
- September 12th : Friedrich von Perneck , Bishop of Seckau
Exact date of death unknown
- End of March: Johanna Maria de Maillé , French nobleman, saint of the Catholic Church (* 1331 )
- between August 14th and December 17th : Johann VII. , Herr zu Werle-Güstrow (* around 1375 )
- Stibor zo Stiboríc a Beckova , Polish nobleman
- Johannes Mulberg , Swiss Dominican friar and order reformer (* around 1350 )
- Johannes von Tepl , Bohemian poet, town clerk and notary (* around 1350 )
- Odo von Thoire and Villars , governor of Nice (* 1354 )
- Stanislaus von Znaim , Bohemian theologian and philosopher (* around 1360 )
- Jan Zyndram von Maszkowic , German-Polish knight, royal general (* around 1355 )
- Tewodros I , Negus Negest (Emperor) of Ethiopia (* before 1380)
Died around 1414
- Otto the Elder von Bergow , Bohemian nobleman, Oberstburggraf of the Kingdom of Bohemia (* around 1356 )