Parakeet Society

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The parakeet (here a ring-necked parakeet ) was the symbol of the parakeet society.

The Kelheim Parakeet Society was an association of opponents of Duke Ludwig the Bearded of Bavaria-Ingolstadt . It was founded on April 17, 1414 in Kelheim by Ludwig's cousin Heinrich the Rich of Bavaria-Landshut . Other members were the dukes Ernst and Wilhelm III. of Bavaria-Munich and Count Palatine Johann von Pfalz-Neumarkt .

On February 16, 1415, Burgrave Friedrich von Nürnberg and Elector Ludwig von der Pfalz also joined the Society. The members of the alliance met on July 8, 1415 at the Council of Constance , where the parakeet society was transformed into a defensive alliance, the Konstanz League , closed for the life of Ludwig the Bearded .

What is unique about the parakeet society is that it consisted only of princes . The founding members of the society committed themselves to mutual aid against anyone who harmed them or did not want to accept their judgment. Their symbol, the parakeet, was supposed to parody Ludwig's heraldic bird, the St. Oswald's raven .


  • Bernhard Glasauer: Duke Heinrich XVI. (1393–1450) the empire of Bavaria-Landshut. Territorial politics between dynasty and empire (=  Munich contributions to historical science . Volume 5 ). Herbert Utz Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-8316-0899-7 , p. 127–129 (also dissertation, University of Munich 2009).
  • Karin Kaltwasser: Duke and nobility in Bavaria-Landshut under Heinrich XVI. the rich (1393-1450) . Dissertation, Regensburg 2004, p. 157, 159 ( online ).
  • Theodor Straub : Bavaria under the sign of the divisions and partial duchies (1347–1450) . In: Max Spindler , Andreas Kraus (Hrsg.): Handbook of Bavarian History . 2nd Edition. tape II . CH Beck, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-406-32320-0 , p. 254 .