|England defeats the French at the Battle of Verneuil .|
|1424 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||872/873 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9. Pipes Chicuhnahui Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 8th rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1967/68 (southern Buddhism); 1966/67 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||786/787 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||827/828 (turn of the year 22/23 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5184/85 (August 25-26)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1734/35 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1735/36 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1480/81 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- In the battle of Maleschau on June 7, an army of radical Hussites under the command of the blind Jan Žižka defeated a joint army of moderate Prague Hussites and the Catholic nobility. One of the commanders on the Prague side was Hašek von Waldstein , who again sided with the future emperor after the defeat. The Hussite Wars subsequently shifted to Moravia . While Duke Albrecht of Austria tried to get control of the country from the south in July, a devastating Hussite attack began from the west. Several Habsburg- Catholic-minded towns were captured and razed to the ground.
- Oct. 11 : During the siege of the fortress Přibyslav Žižka dies at Schonfeld on a Pestinfektion . His successor as military leader is Andreas Prokop .
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- January 17th : The so-called Kurverein von Bingen is founded by six electors against the Roman-German King Sigismund . Above all, Frederick I of Brandenburg , who was now allied with Poland, rebelled against the king. Another change to the throne threatens in the empire, but this can be averted in 1426 by a reconciliation between Frederick and the king.
- June 10th : After the death of the Habsburg Ernst der Eiserne , his son Friedrich V becomes Duke of Inner Austria , consisting of Styria , Carinthia and Carniola . Guardian of the minor Friedrich and his brother Albrecht VI. (Austria) | Albrecht becomes her uncle Friedrich IV of Tyrol .
- October: The Jewish community in Cologne is expelled from the city. The medieval synagogue is rebuilt and used as the Christian council chapel of St. Mary in Jerusalem . The few remaining Jews form the beginning of a community in Deutz on the right bank of the Rhine , whose rabbis later referred to themselves as the "Land Rabbis of Cologne".
- Duke Friedrich IV of Tyrol, regent of the Habsburg foothills , pledged the county of Kyburg to the city of Zurich .
Hundred Years War
- John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Buchan , returns to France after raising new troops in Scotland for the Hundred Years War against England . 2,500 armed men and 4,000 archers accompany him.
- Early August: Ivry Castle surrenders to the English before the Scottish troops can detach them. They then turn to Verneuil-sur-Avre , which they conquer with a ruse.
- August 17th : In the Battle of Verneuil , the English allied with the Duchy of Burgundy , under John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford , win against a Scottish-French army. John Stewart is killed in the battle, as is his father-in-law Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas . John II , Duke of Alençon , is captured.
After the ransom for the captured king was paid to the English crown in 1420 , James I returned to Scotland with his wife Joan Beaufort and was crowned in Scone in May . Then he sets out to restore royal authority in the Kingdom of Scotland and turns against the previous regent Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany .
Empire of China
Hongxi becomes the fourth emperor of China from the Ming Dynasty after the death of his father Yongle . He reinstates disgraced Confucians and appoints his closest advisers to senior civil servants. He appoints scholars from the Hanlin Academy as imperial grand secretaries, who in turn are tasked with restoring the government institutions, which have been very militarily oriented since Yongle, a civil interior. Hongxi pays great attention to the finances and bureaucracy of the empire. With him, Zheng He's expeditions and trade trips come to a temporary end due to the enormous costs. The new emperor forbids the government to confiscate construction timber, gold and silver, passes tax cuts for impoverished farmers, and sets up commissions to investigate tax evasion. During the famine of 1424, he defied the council of ministers and provided food to the hungry.
- The Mainz-Palatinate Pfennig Association is founded.
Date of birth saved
- January 1 : Ludwig IV the Meek, Elector Palatinate († 1449 )
- June 2 : Ferdinand I , King of Naples († 1494 )
- October 31 : Władysław III. , King of Poland and Hungary († 1444 )
- December 25th : Margaret of Scotland , Scottish noblewoman, wife of Louis XI. of France († 1445 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Tommaso Ghirlandaio , Italian trader and artist († after 1478)
- Wilhelm Herter von Hertneck , German field captain and statesman († 1477 )
- Katarina Kosača-Kotromanić , last queen of Bosnia († 1478 )
- Friedrich III. , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg († 1495 )
- Ludwig I , Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken († 1489 )
Born around 1424
- Friedrich III. of Brandenburg , Margrave of Brandenburg († 1463 )
- William Douglas , Scottish nobleman, 6th Earl of Douglas and Duke of Touraine († 1440 )
- Humphrey Stafford , English nobleman, Earl of Stafford († 1459 )
First half of the year
- January 4th : Muzio Attendolo Sforza , Italian condottiere (* 1369 )
- February 11 : Johannes Abezier , Prince-Bishop of Warmia (* around 1375 )
- May 10 : Go-Kameyama , 99th Emperor of Japan (* probably 1347 )
- May 12 : Johann I. von Hoya , Prince-Bishop of Paderborn and Hildesheim (* 1355 )
- June 5 : Braccio da Montone , Italian condottiere (* 1368 )
- June 10 : Ernst the Iron , Duke of Austria (* 1377 )
Second half of the year
- August 12 : Yongle , 3rd Chinese Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (* 1360 )
- August 17th : Archibald Douglas , Scottish nobleman, 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine (* around 1370 )
- August 17th : John Stewart , Scottish nobleman, 3rd Earl of Buchan (* around 1381 )
- October 11 : Jan Žižka , Czech military leader of the Hussites (* around 1360 )
- October 14 : Otto IV von Hoya , Bishop of Munster
Exact date of death unknown
- Odette de Champdivers , French noblewoman, mistress of King Charles VI. (* around 1385 )
- Štěpán z Pálče , Bohemian theologian and rector at the Charles University in Prague (* around 1370 )
- Giovanni Sercambi , Italian writer and statesman (* 1348 )
- Johann II , Duke of Troppau and Ratibor (* after 1365)