|Department||Orne ( prefecture )|
Alençon-1 (main town)
Alençon-2 (main town)
|surface||10.68 km 2|
|Residents||25,848 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||2,420 inhabitants / km 2|
Alençon is the capital and with 25,848 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) is also the largest city in the Orne department in the region of Normandy in France . Alençon is an access community associated with the Normandy-Maine Regional Nature Park .
Some French kings carried the title Duke of Alençon , as this title was given to the king's third-born son after 1549.
Alençon is located in northern France on the southern edge of the Orne department in the Campagne d'Alençon landscape named after the city , about 90 kilometers southeast of Caen , the capital of the Lower Normandy region, and 48 kilometers north of Le Mans at an average altitude of 140 meters above sea level . The Mairie stands at a height of 136 meters. Neighboring communities of Alençon are Damigny in the north-west, Saint-Paterne - Le Chevain in the east and south-east and Saint-Germain-du-Corbéis in the south-west. The municipality has an area of 1068 hectares. Alençon lies on the Sarthe and the Briante , a tributary of the Sarthe.
The municipality is assigned to a climate zone of the type Cfb (according to Köppen and Geiger) : warm, moderate rainy climate (C), fully humid (f), warmest month below 22 ° C, at least four months above 10 ° C (b). There is a maritime climate with a moderate summer.
In Gallo-Roman times , Alençon was just a ford across the Sarthe. As a fortified market town, Alençon was first mentioned in a document in the 11th century. The city grew, was made a county and at the beginning of the 15th century a duchy. Margaret of Navarre influenced the life of the city in the 16th century . She promoted the Reformation and some residents committed to Calvinism early on .
In 1665 a royal lace manufacturer was founded, whose point d'Alençon , as the special design of the lace was called, was kept secret. In 2010 the point d'Alençon was added to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity .
1793 received Alençon in the course of the French Revolution (1789-1799) the status of a municipality and 1801 through the administrative reform in the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) the right to local self-government .
In the Second World War (1939-1945) Alençon was occupied by the German Wehrmacht (see also Alençon-Valframbert airfield ). On August 12, 1944, the city was liberated from the 2nd division blindée under Major General Leclerc .
The city had its highest population in 1975.
Alençon is the seat of the communal association Communauté urbaine d'Alençon , the prefecture of the département, the sub-prefecture of the arrondissement and the capital of three cantons.
Culture and sights
The Gothic basilica Notre-Dame d'Alençon stands in the city center. Honoré Balzac settles his novel “The Old Maid” from the series of works “Rivals” in Alençon and thus gives an impression of a French provincial town around 1830, a time when republicans and royalists were enemies.
Economy and Infrastructure
Alençon is a location for the textile and electrical industry.
There are three Lycées , six vocational schools, six colleges and several private and public primary schools in Alençon. The city has a train station and an Alençon-Valframbert airfield, which is used for tourism and sports .
The municipal area are controlled appellations (AOC) for Maine Anjou - beef and protected geographical indications (PGI) for beef labeled Bœuf du Maine , pork (Porc de Normandie) , poultry (Volailles du Maine, de Loué and de Normandie ) , chicken eggs (Œufs de Loué) and Cidre de Normandie or normand .
sons and daughters of the town
- Pierre Allix (1641–1717), Reformed clergyman
- Marthe de Roucoulle (1659–1741), educator of Frederick the Great
- Léonard Bourdon (1754–1807), politician, President of the National Assembly from 1789
- Jacques Julien Houton de Labillardière (1755–1834), naturalist and traveler
- Jacques-René Hébert (1757–1794), publicist, radical revolutionary and church opponent, executed
- Marie Anne Lenormand (1772–1843), fortune teller
- Celine Martin (1869–1959), Carmelite
- Therese von Lisieux (1873–1897), Carmelite, canonized in 1925
- Louise Hervieu (1878–1954), painter and writer
- André Couder (1897–1979), astronomer, inventor of the Coudron telescope
- Guy Renaudin (1918–2002), track cyclist
- Daniel Balavoine (1952–1986), singer
- Anne Consigny (born 1963), actress
- Lorànt Deutsch (* 1975), actor and writer
- Benoît Tréluyer (* 1976), racing driver
- Jonathan Cochet (* 1977), racing driver
- Anthony Geslin (* 1980), racing cyclist
- Arnold Mvuemba (* 1985), football player
- Marc Fournier (* 1994), cyclist
Personalities who have worked here
- Margaret of Navarra (1492–1549), the older sister of the French King Francis I, married the Duke of Alençon Charles IV and lived in Alençon from 1509 to 1514 and 1519 to 1525.
- La ville d'Alençon. In: Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved March 5, 2013 (French).
- la Sarthe at SANDRE (French)
- Craftsmanship of Alençon needle lace-making. In: unesco.org. UNESCO , accessed March 5, 2013 .
- Alençon - notice communal. In: cassini.ehess.fr. Retrieved March 5, 2013 (French).
- Communauté urbaine d'Alençon. In: communaute-urbaine-alencon.fr. Joaquin Pueyo, Catherine Bescond, accessed March 5, 2013 (French).
- Louise Hervieu. In: Base Joconde. Ministère de la culture, accessed August 9, 2010 (French).
- Isabelle Cernetic, Marie-Sophie de Sairigné, Collectif, Charlotte Rousselle, Céline Dutheil: Le Petit Futé Normandy . 12th edition. Petit Futé, 2009, ISBN 978-2-7469-2391-1 , pp. 358 ( in Google Books [accessed August 9, 2010]). (French)
- Yves Lecouturier: Célèbres de Normandie . Orep Editions, 2007, ISBN 978-2-915762-13-6 , pp. 45 . (French)