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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs, Tschachtlanchronik
In the Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs , the
Kingdom of France defeats the
Old Confederation .
Battle of Varna
A Turkish crusade under
Johann Hunyadi ends with a
heavy defeat
in the Battle of Varna .
Siege of Greifensee Castle in May 1444 during the Old Zurich War.  Depicted are (from left) siege - execution on the «Blood Mat» - memorial chapel.  From the “Zürcher Chronik” 1485–1486 by Gerold Edlibach (1454–1530)
In the Old Zurich War it comes to the murder of Greifensee .
1444 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 892/893 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1436/37
Aztec calendar 3rd tubes - Jei Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 2nd rabbit - Ome Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 1987/88 (southern Buddhism); 1986/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68./69. (69./70.) Cycle

Year of the Wood Rat甲子 ( at the beginning of the year Water Pig 癸亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 806/807 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 822/823
Islamic calendar 847/48 (turn of the year 19/20 April)
Jewish calendar 5204/05 (September 13-14)
Coptic calendar 1160/61
Malayalam calendar 619/620
Seleucid era Babylon: 1754/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1755/56 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1482
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1500/01 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Old Zurich War

Ottoman expansion

  • Skanderbeg was able to defeat the Ottomans on the Torvioll plain between what is now Librazhd and Pogradec . The news of the victory of Christians over Muslims is spreading very quickly in Europe.
  • Sultan Murad II leaves the throne of the Ottoman Empire to his twelve-year-old son Mehmed II for a short time.

Other events in Europe

European voyages of discovery and colonialism


  • March 17th : Elector Friedrich II of Saxony carries out the “great Saxon coin reform”. A double silver currency is created , which is called Oberwahr and Beiwahr . Good so-called Jewish head groschen are minted as Oberwähr . Friedrich's brother, Duke Wilhelm III , also participates in this project . the brave . Although the government explains the use of the double currency in extensive publications, it is almost impossible for ordinary subjects to get into the conversions. The difficulties are compounded by the fact that the old currencies are still allowed. The result is a great mess in trade and change.



Date of birth saved

Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Portrait of Piero del Pollaiuolo (1471)

Exact date of birth unknown

Bust of Bramante in the park of the Villa Medici in Rome

Born around 1444


Date of death secured

Saint Bernard of Siena, sculpture on the Cathedral of Siena

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1444  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files