Calendar overview 1448
Charles VIII becomes
King of Sweden .
Christian I becomes
King of Denmark .
|second battle on the Amselfeld ends with the defeat of a Christian coalition against the Ottomans .|
|1448 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||896/897 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7th tubes - Chicome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th rabbit - Chicuace Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1991/92 (southern Buddhism); 1990/91 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||810/811 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||851/52 (turn of the year March 6-7)|
|Jewish calendar||5208/09 (August 30/31)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1758/59 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1759/60 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1504/05 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 5th : After the death of Christopher III. There is a split in the Kalmar Union : In Sweden , where the power politics of Denmark is increasingly meeting with resistance, the imperial administrator Karl Knutson Bonde is elected king on June 20 in agreement with Norway . On September 1st, Denmark , in agreement with the Hanseatic League and the Wendish cities, elects the German Christian I from the House of Oldenburg as king.
Holy Roman Empire
- July 16 : Swiss Habsburg Wars : The Peace of Murten at the end of the Freiburg War saddled the Swiss city of Freiburg with high compensation to the Duchy of Savoy .
- February: Petru III. , who has ruled the Principality of Moldova together with his nephew Roman II , marries the sister of the Hungarian regent Johann Hunyadi . As a result, his power grows so far that he sees himself in a position to dethrone Roman and subsequently rule alone. Roman flees to Krakow to the court of his mother's family.
- October 17th to 20th : The second battle on the Blackbird Field ends with a crushing defeat of the Hungarian- led crusader army under Johann Hunyadi against the Ottomans under Sultan Murat II. The Serbian despot Đurađ Branković , who refused to fight the Ottomans, and whose lands Hunyadi had therefore plundered on the way to the Blackbird Field, captured the Hungarian military leader on his retreat and relieved him of the obligation to pay damages. From now on Serbia is under the sole sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire.
Byzantine Empire and Romania
- September 30th : After the death of Carlo II. Tocco , his son Leonardo III. Tocco Count Palatine of Kefalonia and Despot of Epirus . Since Leonardo III. is still too young to rule alone, before his death his father put together a Regency Council, consisting of four governors, which exercises government in the name of Leonardos. Immediately after the death of the father, this Regency Council accepted the suzerainty ( suzerainty ) of the Republic of Venice in order to avoid an Ottoman conquest.
- October 31 : The Byzantine Emperor John VIII from the family of palaeologists dies childless. His brother Constantine XI. , previously despot of the Byzantine province of Morea , will be crowned his successor in the Peloponnese .
- Borommaracha II , King of the Siamese Empire of Ayutthaya , falls on a campaign against Chiang Mai , the capital of the northern Thai principality of Lan Na . He is succeeded by his son Prince Ramesuan, who returns from Phitsanulok to Ayutthaya for this purpose and takes the throne name Borommatrailokanat . Then he continues his father's war.
science and technology
- In Constance, Andreas Walsperger , a former Benedictine monk born around 1415, made a map of the world .
- February 17 : With the Vienna Concordat, the church grants the sovereign princes numerous privileges, which is the basis for the establishment of the regional churches. The Concordat is between Pope Nicholas V and King Friedrich III. agreed.
- December 15 : Bishop Iona of Ryazan is elected "Metropolitan of Kiev and All Russia" by the Synod of Russian Bishops without the prior consent of the Patriarch of Constantinople , which results in a de facto separation from the Byzantine mother church ( autocephaly )
- The Cathedral of Barcelona is finished construction after 150 years.
Date of birth saved
- January 1 : Albert Krantz , German historian († 1517 )
- June 2 : Domenico Ghirlandaio , Florentine Renaissance painter († 1494 )
- July 14th : Philipp , Elector Palatinate († 1508 )
- September 7th : Heinrich von Württemberg , Count of Württemberg-Mömpelgard († 1519 )
- November 4 : Alfonso II , King of Naples († 1495 )
- December 12 : John Talbot , English nobleman († 1473 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ba'eda Mariam , Negus of Ethiopia († 1478 )
- Louis de Chalon-Châtel-Guyon , Burgundian nobleman († 1476 )
- Gamareth Fronauer , Austrian mercenary leader and robber baron († 1498 )
- Bernhard von Gemmingen , German nobleman († 1518 )
- Ibn Iyas , historian and important contemporary witness of the last years of the Mamluk rule in Egypt († after 1522 )
- Nicholas I , Duke of Lorraine, Bar and Calabria († 1473 )
- Sōchō , Japanese writer († 1532 )
Born around 1448
Date of death secured
- January 5th : Christoph III. , King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (* 1416 )
- January 16 : Johan II. Van Montfoort , 7th Burgrave of Montfoort, Vrijheer of Polsbroek, Lord of Purmerend and Purmerland and governor of Holland and Zealand (* 1382 )
- January 18 : Konrad IX. , Herr von Weinsberg, Imperial Treasurer in the service of King (later Emperor) Sigismund and King Albrecht II (* around 1370 )
- February 20 : Johannes Bonrade , Lübeck lawyer, university professor and cathedral dean
- April 5 : Henning Scharpenberg , Archbishop of Riga
- April 14th : Laurentius von Ratibor , Silesian mathematician and astronomer as well as theologian, rector at the University of Krakow (* 1381 )
- May 25 : Danuta Anna , Lithuanian princess (* around 1358 )
- July 2 : Roman II , Prince of the Principality of Moldova (* around 1426 )
- July 11th : Friedrich IV. , Count of Saar Werden, governor in the Duchy of Luxembourg and the County of Chiny and Count of Moers (* around 1380 )
- September 23 : Adolf II , first Duke of Kleve and Count von der Mark (* 1373 )
- September 30th : Carlo II. Tocco , Count Palatine of Kefalonia and Despot of Epirus
- October 31 : John VIII , Emperor of Byzantium (* 1392 )
- December 20 : Jan z Příbrami , Bohemian priest, Hussite theologian and writer (* around 1387 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Borommaracha II , King of the Siamese Empire of Ayutthaya (* 1389 )
- Theodor II , Byzantine despot of Morea (* around 1396 )