Calendar overview 1532
|Charles V issues the Constitutio Criminalis Carolina .||
Johann Friedrich I becomes
Elector of Saxony .
Ottomans have to break off the siege of Kőszeg
after a month without success.
|1532 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||980/981 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||13th tubes - Matlactli omey Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 12th Rabbit - Matlactli omome Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2075/76 (southern Buddhism); 2074/75 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||894/895 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3865/66 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||938/939 (turn of the year 2nd / 3rd August)|
|Jewish calendar||5292/93 (August 30/31)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1842/43 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1843/44 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1588/89 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- In January the Bremen council is forced to expand the previous citizens' pasture committee from 40 to 104 elected men, 26 representatives from each of the four parishes. The Council of 104 is considered to be the first citizenship in Bremen .
- April 15 : The Tyrolean farmer's leader Michael Gaismair is attacked and stabbed to death by hired murderers on his property in Padua .
- July 23 : Emperor Charles V and the Protestants agree for the first time (limited) a mutual legal and peace guarantee for the current “confessional assets” in the Nuremberg Religious Peace.
- July 27 : At the Reichstag in Regensburg , Emperor Charles V passed the Constitutio Criminalis Carolina, the first criminal law with a code of criminal procedure in Germany. The basis of the law is the Bamberg Embarrassing Neck Court Order ( Constitutio Criminalis Bambergensis ) , written in 1507 under the direction of Johann Freiherr von Schwarzenberg .
- August 16 : After the death of Johann the Steadfast , his son Johann Friedrich I becomes Elector of Saxony .
- December 2 : After the uprising of the 104 men in Bremen failed due to the disagreement in the city, the most important representatives of the 104 are executed.
- December 13 : The gallows war in the Confederation between Basel and Solothurn is finally resolved.
- In Münster the “ Anabaptists ” are gaining more and more the upper hand.
Turkish wars in Europe
- June: A Turkish army penetrates again towards Vienna via Hungary.
- August 5th to 30th : During the siege of Kőszeg by the Ottomans , the defenders of the city, under their general Nikola Jurišić , can assert themselves against the besiegers.
- September: An imperial relief army of approx. 80,000 men causes Sultan Suleyman I's army in front of Vienna to retreat.
- September 19 : The majority of the Turkish patrol troops who had penetrated deep into southern Lower Austria under Kasim Bey are retreated in the Leobersdorf – Enzesfeld-Lindabrunn – Wiener Neustadt – Neunkirchen area by far superior troops from the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg hereditary countries placed and crushed.
- The imperial admiral Andrea Doria was able to recapture several southern Greek cities from the Turks.
- The Ottoman-Safavid War , a military conflict between the Ottoman Empire under Suleyman I and the Persian Safavid Empire under Tahmasp I , which will last until 1555 with interruptions , begins.
- January 22 : A Portuguese expedition led by Martim Afonso de Sousa founded on the feast of St. Vincent. On the Brazilian coast in what is now the state of São Paulo the city of São Vicente , the first European settlement in Brazil .
- November 15 : Spanish conquest of Peru : Around 200 Spanish conquistadors under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro move into the Inca city of Cajamarca. Hernando de Soto and Hernando Pizarro start negotiations with the ruler Atahualpa .
- November 16 : The Spaniards from the Francisco Pizarro expedition defeat the Inca in an ambush at the Battle of Cajamarca . They kill around 4,000 Inca and take Atahualpa and his followers prisoner.
- After the papal printing approval was granted posthumously on January 4th, Niccolò Machiavelli's book Il Principe is published for the first time.
- François Rabelais' first part of the novel series Gargantua and Pantagruel appears.
- Ludovico Ariosto completes the final version of his Orlando furioso .
- The Baptist Andreas Fischer replaces Oswald Glaidt as leader of the Sabbaths in Moravia.
- Connection of the Waldensians to the Calvinist Reformation: Resolutions by Chanforan of September 12, 1532
- November 2 : Storm surge on the German North Sea coast. During a so-called All Saints Flood , the island of Nordstrand is flooded. In East Frisia, the villages of Osterbur and Ostbense are destroyed after dyke breaks . More than 1000 people die.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 21 : Ludwig Helmbold , Lutheran hymn poet († 1598 )
- January 25 : Owen Günther , German philosopher († 1615 )
- January 29 : Lorenz Dürnhofer , German Protestant theologian († 1594 )
- April 23 : Anna Maria , Duchess of Prussia († 1568 )
- June 24th : Edzard II from the house of Cirksena, Count of East Friesland († 1599 )
- June 24 : Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester , English nobleman († 1588 )
- July 1 : Marino Grimani , 89th Doge of Venice († 1605 )
- July 4 : Friedrich Widebrand , German Protestant theologian († 1585 )
- July 5 : Anna , Countess of Tecklenburg, Bentheim and Steinfurt († 1582 )
- July 12th : Mechthild of Bavaria , wife of Margrave Philibert of Baden († 1565 )
- October 23 : Joachim Cureus , German theological writer, historian and physician († 1573 )
- November 16 : Clara von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Abbess of Gandersheim and Duchess of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen († 1595 )
- November 22 : Anna of Denmark and Norway , Electress of Saxony († 1585 )
- November 28 : Bartholomäus Ringwaldt , German poet and Lutheran theologian († around 1599 )
- December 20 : Johann Günther I , Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen († 1586 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- William Allen , English cardinal († 1594 )
- Bernhard IV of Angelach-Angelach , German Imperial Knight († 1599 )
- John Hawkins , English navigator and pirate († 1595 )
- Salentin von Isenburg , Archbishop of Cologne († 1610 )
- Orlando di Lasso , composer († 1594 )
- Francis Walsingham , English nobleman, diplomat and politician; founded the British secret service and foiled several assassinations on Elizabeth I of England († 1590 )
Born around 1532
Date of death secured
- January 7th : Hugo von Hohenlandenberg , Prince-Bishop of Konstanz (* 1457 )
- February 19 : Heinrich I , Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (* 1468 )
- February 29th : Johann III. von Rosenberg , Grand Prior of the Order of St. John and nobleman from the House of Rosenberg (* 1484 )
- April 11 : Elizabeth of Weida , abbess of Gernrode and Frose (* 1460 / 61 )
- April 11th : Sōchō , Japanese writer (* 1448 )
- April 14th : Augustin , Bishop of Grasse (* 1482)
- April 15 : Michael Gaismair , Tyrolean farmer's guide (* 1490 )
- May 5th : Philipp Adler , Augsburg merchant (* 1461 )
- May 19 : Joachim Slüter , Low German reformer (* 1490 )
- August 16 : Johann the Steadfast , Elector of Saxony (* 1468 )
- August 22 : William Warham , Archbishop of Canterbury (* 1450 )
- September 9 : Bartholomäus Arnoldi , German professor of philosophy and theology (* around 1465 )
- September 20 : Heinrich Stackmann , German physician, philologist, physicist, poet and humanist (* 1485 )
- October 1 : Jan Gossaert , Dutch painter (* around 1478 )
- October 3 : Alfonso de Valdés , Spanish humanist, secretary and politician (* around 1490 )
- 12 November : Aegidius de Viterbo , cardinal, theologian and humanist (* 1469 )
- November 17 : Tullio Lombardo , Italian sculptor and architect of the early Renaissance (* 1455 )
- December 3 : Ludwig II , Count Palatine and Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (* 1502 )
- December 11th : Pietro Accolti , Bishop of Ancona and Cardinal (* 1455 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Johanna von Merode zu Schloßberg , mistress of Stolberg Castle in the Rhineland