Philipp Adler

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Philipp Adler (* 1461 in Speyer ; † May 5, 1532 in Augsburg ) was an Augsburg merchant who was one of the most influential citizens of the imperial city and with whom, among other things, the then Roman-German king and later Emperor Maximilian I took on debts.


Hans Holbein the Elder Ä .: Portrait of Philipp Adler, 1513 (Kunstmuseum Basel)

Philipp Adler came from Speyer and worked there in the trade . His work finally led him to move to Augsburg in the mid-1480s. At that time he had a fortune of about 2,500 florins . After his move he was mainly active in trade with Venice and was one of the ten richest citizens of Augsburg by 1500. At the Augsburg Reichstag in 1500 Maximilian I took on debts with Adler for the first time, which in 1509 already amounted to over 25,000 guilders.

In his function as imperial councilor and guild master of the salt makers, Adler also had political influence in Augsburg and in 1511 was able to marry off his daughter Ursula to the imperial treasurer Jakob Villinger von Schönenberg , which also brought him influence on the emperor. In 1513, Adler was portrayed by Hans Holbeim the Elder - the work of art is now in the Kunstmuseum Basel and for a long time was only entitled "Portrait of a gentleman with a fur hat", since the identity of the person depicted could only be finally clarified in 2006.

In 1522, Adler was the second richest citizen of the city after Jakob Fugger with a tax of 500 florins . Despite his fortune, the Adler family who had been “brought in” was never elevated to the patriciate - such a project ultimately failed after his death in 1538.

Schaezler Palace

Philipp Adler acquired the Schaezlerpalais in today's Maximilianstrasse in 1497 and had it extensively renovated in 1499 in order to be able to accommodate the Roman-German King Maximilian I, who stayed here for the Augsburg Reichstag of 1500, as befits his status. After his death, the house passed into the possession of his daughter Anna and her husband Franz Welser, whose daughter Philippine Welser was born in this building in 1527.


  1. ⚭ 1484 Veronica Stammler (* 1461)
    1. Elisabeth (* 1484)
    2. Helena (* 1485)
    3. Ursula (* 1488)
  2. ⚭ February 5, 1505 Anna Ann (* 1480)
    1. Ursula (* 1505)
    2. Anna (* 1506)
    3. Barbara (* 1507)
    4. Catharina (* 1511)
    5. Benigna (* 1510)
    6. Maria (* 1515)
    7. Christoph (* 1525)

Individual evidence

  1. a b RootsWeb's World Connect Project: Süddeutsche patrician , accessed on February 6, 2016th
  2. a b c Strieder, Jacob: On the genesis of modern capitalism: Research on the origin of large bourgeois capital assets at the end of the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the modern era, initially in Augsburg. New York; 1968, pp. 205f. ISBN 978-0-83-373436-5 .
  3. a b c Häberlein, Mark: The Fugger: History of an Augsburger Family (1367-1650). Stuttgart; 2006, p. 58. ISBN 978-3-17-018472-5 .
  4. von Pölnitz, Götz: Jakob Fugger, Volume 2. Tübingen; 1951, p. 86. ISBN 978-3-16-814572-1 .
  5. ^ Catalog of the German National Library : Adler, Philipp (Kaufmann) , accessed on February 6, 2016.
  6. Kranz, Annette: On the 'gentleman with the fur hat' by Hans Holbein the Elder. The portrait of the Augsburg merchant Philipp Adler. In: Marburg Yearbook for Art History. , Volume 33, Marburg; 2006, pp. 175-195.
  7. ^ City of Augsburg: Open Monument Day 2002 ( Memento from February 4, 2007 in the Internet Archive ).
  8. Müller, Gernot Michael: Humanism and Renaissance in Augsburg: Cultural History of a City Between the Late Middle Ages and the Thirty Years' War. In: Early Modern Times: Studies and Documents on German Literature and Culture in a European Context. , Volume 144, Berlin; 2010, p. 471. ISBN 978-3-11-023124-3 .