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Portrait of Juan de Grijalva
Juan de Grijalva is the first European to set foot on Aztec territory.
Adam Ries
The arithmetic master Adam Ries writes the textbook
calculation on the lines .
Luther before Cajetan
Cardinal Thomas Cajetan conducts
a "fatherly interrogation" with Martin Luther in Augsburg .
1518 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 966/967 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1510/11
Aztec calendar 12th house - Matlactli omome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th Feuerstein - Matlactli ozce Tecpatl )
Buddhist calendar 2061/62 (southern Buddhism); 2060/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Earth Tiger戊寅 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Ox 丁丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 880/881 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3851/52 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 896/897
Islamic calendar 923/924 (turn of the year 12/13 January)
Jewish calendar 5278/79 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1234/35
Malayalam calendar 693/694
Seleucid era Babylon: 1828/29 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1829/30 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1574/75 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Spain / Casa de Contratación

Sebastiano Caboto

Sebastiano Caboto is appointed by King Carlos I as the successor to Juan Díaz de Solís , who died on February 2, as piloto mayor of the Spanish Casa de Contratación . As such, he has the task of teaching navigation methods and the production of corresponding instruments, training navigators and correcting and improving the available map material. He is also the king's geographic advisor on overseas navigation.

The Portuguese Fernão de Magalhães and Rui Faleiro sign a treaty with King Charles I of Spain in Valladolid on March 22 , in which Charles gives the two five ships with which they should find the Spice Islands. They are accorded a fifth of the riches that the journey brings. They and their heirs are to rule as governors in all newly discovered countries. In no case should the two be active in the Portuguese part of the world , which implicitly excludes a circumnavigation of the world. In addition, the king assures that no one else will be able to make this journey within ten years. The financing is provided by the Spanish crown and the shipowner Cristobal de Haro, with the banking house of the Augsburg-based Fugger participating to a lesser extent . However , the start of the journey, originally planned for August 25, has been delayed. When Magellan arrives in Seville in May, he finds the managers of the Casa de Contratación , who have been entrusted with equipping the Armada, not very willing to cooperate. They ask for more precise instructions, but because of a plague epidemic at the royal court , these have been a long time coming. It was not until late summer that five merchant ships anchored in Cadiz were confiscated for compensation. A protest against the expropriation filed on September 23 was unsuccessful. Over the winter, the ships Trinidad , San Antonio , Concepción , Santa Maria de la Victoria and Santiago , all ocean-going, three-masted Naos , will be overhauled.

Spanish expeditions in the "New World"

Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar
The expedition of Juan de Grijalva

The Spanish adventurer Juan de Grijalva left Cuba for the Yucatán on May 1st with four ships and 300 men . On behalf of his uncle, the Spanish governor of Cuba , Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar , he was to explore unknown regions in the New World . At the end of May he reached the island of Cozumel off the Yucatán and called it Isla de Santa Cruz . Grijalva's expedition enters mainland Central America on June 8th at the site of today's Tabasco . Gifts are exchanged during a peaceful encounter with the Maya prince Tabscoob there. On their onward journey, the Spaniards discover the mouth of a river they call the Río Grijalva .

On June 17 Juan de Grijalva is at San Juan de Ulua was the first European to set foot on Aztec territory, where it meets the people of the Totonac . This marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of Mexico . The local governor Moctezumas contacts the Spaniards. Grijalva sends his subordinate Pedro de Alvarado back to Cuba with the valuables he has acquired. On the way home, he discovers the town of Atlizintla , which he names after himself.

At the beginning of October Grijalva returned from his expedition to Cuba. On the way home, he comes across an island where he finds clear traces of human sacrifice. He then names the island Isla de Sacrificios . When Governor Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar learns of the country's gold wealth in the west, he decides to equip another expedition, which he entrusts his secretary Hernán Cortés to organize and carry out .

Holy Roman Empire

Maximilian I donated the city of Klagenfurt to the estates. Fresco by Josef Ferdinand Fromiller, 1740

Other events in Europe

Bona Sforza around 1517
Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne

North africa

After the death of his brother Arudsch before Tlemcen in the fight against the Spaniards, Khair ad-Din becomes Barbarossa Bey of Algiers . In the same year, the corsair placed the emerging barbarian state under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire .

Portuguese India

Other events in Asia


science and technology


Teaching and Research



Visual arts

Assumption Day



Martin Luther

  • February 3 : Pope Leo X turns with a brief to the Proto Master and Prior General of the Augustinian hermits to "act on those priests of his order so that he announce any new teachings to the people." While the Saxon Augustinian Hermits in March Almost entirely behind Luther, the Saxon Dominicans accused him of heresy in Rome in the same month. The Pope then instructs the court theologian Silvester Mazzolini to provide an expert opinion on Luther's theses.
Memorial stone to Martin Luther in Heidelberg
  • April 26th : During the Heidelberg Disputation , a theological debate at the University of Heidelberg , Martin Luther explains his Theologia crucis . Luther does not agree with the professors of the theological faculty who participated in the disputation , but he wins many followers among the students and masters the artist faculty . Later reformers such as Martin Bucer , Erhard Schnepf , Franciscus Irenicus , Martin Frecht and Johannes Brenz are among the audience.
  • In July the Roman Curia opened a case against Luther, the result of which was served on him as a citatio on August 7th . He is supposed to be in Rome within 60 days to justify himself against the charge of heresy . His sovereign Frederick the Wise obtained Luther's interrogation at the curia at the Reichstag in Augsburg .
  • August 23rd : Luther's notorious, that is, overt heresy is established in a papal brief, and the gathering of evidence is thus largely over.
  • October 7th : Martin Luther arrives in Augsburg to answer questions from the papal envoy Thomas Cajetan .
  • October 12th : The three-day interrogation of Martin Luther by Cardinal Thomas Cajetan, the papal envoy, begins after the Diet of Augsburg . Referring to the gospel, Luther refuses to revoke his 95 theses and fled the city overnight with the help of friends on October 20, facing imminent arrest . Luther reached Wittenberg via Nuremberg on October 31 .
  • November 9th : In the decretal Cum postquam co-formulated by Cajetan , Pope Leo X. states that “the Pope can, by virtue of his power of keys, lessen the punishment of sin by distributing the treasure of the merits of Christ and the saints. Let the indulgences for the dead work intercessionally. ” A justification through quotations from the Bible or Church Fathers is not given. This subsequent specification of the bull Unigenitus Dei filius from 1343 allows Luther's position to be marked as heretical.
  • Elector Friedrich the Wise replied to the order to extradite Luther to Rome, evasively saying that the theses had not yet been sufficiently discussed by scholars, which is why Luther was not considered a heretic in Saxony.


Church ruins of San Gaudenzio today


  • A new wave of plagues began in Europe, some of which lasted until 1525 .
  • 1518/ 1519 : The entrained by the Spaniards to America smallpox solve devastating epidemics among the indigenous people.


Date of birth saved

Francis III of Brittany
Self-portrait of Tintoretto as a young man

Exact date of birth unknown

Marcantonio Barbaro on a painting by Tintoretto


Date of death secured

Tomb slab of Vannozza Cattanei

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1518

Web links

Commons : 1518  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files