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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis
The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis ends the
Spanish-French war for supremacy in Europe.
Pope Pius IV
Giovanni Angelo Medici
becomes Pope Pius IV.
Francis II
Francis II becomes King of France .
1559 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1007/08 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1551/1552
Buddhist calendar 2102/03 (southern Buddhism); 2101/02 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Earth- Sheep 己未 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Horse 戊午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 921/922 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3892/93 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 937/938
Islamic calendar 966/967 (turn of the year 2/3 October)
Jewish calendar 5319/5320 (September 1st / 2nd)
Coptic calendar 1275/76
Malayalam calendar 734/735
Seleucid era Babylon: 1869/70 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1870/71 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1615/16 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Coronation portrait of Elizabeth I.

France / Spain

Other events in Europe

Frederick II of Denmark


  • August 15 : With Pensacola in Florida , the first European settlement is founded in what is now the USA, but it is destroyed by a storm on September 19 . Most of the survivors then head inland for several months.


  • August 19 : The Reichstag in Augsburg makes a new attempt at the Reich coinage system . The ducat is declared an imperial coin, the nominal parity of gold and silver coins abolished. Despite the general recognition of the harmfulness of the existing coinage and the general call for a uniform design of coinage, not all imperial princes subscribe to this imperial coinage system.


Visual arts

The Dutch Renaissance painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder paints the two oil paintings The Battle Between Carnival and Lent and The Dutch Proverbs .


Pierre Boaistu from Histoires tragiques


A beautiful cookbook 1559 , front page


Roman Catholic Church

Anglican Church


Title page of the last edition of the Institutio

Historical maps and views

Map of Württemberg 1559


First half of the year

Catherine de Bourbon
Johann t'Serclaes of Tilly

Second half of the year

Albrecht VII as a child

Exact date of birth unknown


Born around 1559


Date of death secured

Christian III's tomb in Roskilde Cathedral
Grave of Henry II and his wife, created by Germain Pilon
Paul IV's grave monument in the Cappella Carafa

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1559  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files