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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Pius IV
Pope Pius IV regulates the Trent creed in a binding manner .
Emperor Maximilian II
Maximilian II becomes Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and Archduke of Austria .
Tintoretto: Glory of St.  Rochus of Montpellier
Jacopo Tintoretto paints the Glory of St. Rochus of Montpellier .
1564 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1012/13 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1556/57
Buddhist calendar 2107/08 (southern Buddhism); 2106/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70./71. (71./72.) Cycle

Year of the Wood Rat甲子 ( at the beginning of the year Water Pig 癸亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 926/927 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3897/98 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 942/943
Islamic calendar 971/972 (turn of the year 8/9 August)
Jewish calendar 5324/5325 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1280/81
Malayalam calendar 739/740
Seleucid era Babylon: 1874/75 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1875/76 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1620/21 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire



René Goulaine de Laudonnière


science and technology

Rottweiler Pürschgericht map from 1564


Visual arts

On May 31, the Council of the Scuola Grande di San Rocco in Venice announced a competition in which Jacopo Tintoretto , Paolo Veronese and Giuseppe Salviati , among others , took part. But instead of the sketch, as the competition intended, Tintoretto shows a complete painting, the Glory of St. Rochus von Montpellier , causing a scandal and surprising his competitors as well as his clients. The council is not satisfied with this, but Tintoretto only replies that this is his way of drawing and that he would be willing to donate the picture to the school. The Scuola cannot refuse this and on June 29th the competition will be canceled.

Christ carrying the cross
Edo Wiemken monument in Jever



Historical maps and views

Bremen 1564, Hans Weigel the Elder Ä.


Date of birth saved

Galileo Galilei, 1636
Shakespeare's birthplace

Exact date of birth unknown

  • between May 23 and October 10: Pieter Brueghel the Younger , Brabant genre painter at the transition between late Renaissance and early baroque († 1638 )


Date of death secured

Michelangelo's grave

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1564  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files