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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Joachim II of Brandenburg
Joachim II of Brandenburg becomes Duke of Prussia .
Cosimo I de Medici
Cosimo I de Medici becomes Grand Duke of Tuscany .
Lublin Union, Jan Matejko
The Union of Lublin founds
the Polish-Lithuanian aristocratic republic .
1569 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1017/18 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1561/62
Buddhist calendar 2112/13 (southern Buddhism); 2111/12 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Earth-Snake己巳 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dragon 戊辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 931/932 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3902/03 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 947/948
Islamic calendar 976/977 (turn of the year June 15/16)
Jewish calendar 5329/30 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 1285/86
Malayalam calendar 744/745
Seleucid era Babylon: 1879/80 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1880/81 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1625/26 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Third Huguenot War

Battle of Moncontour, copper engraving

Union of Lublin

Legal act of the Lublin Union
Noble Republic of the Lublin Union 1569

In view of an increasingly threatening western expansion of Russia ( Russo-Lithuanian wars ), the Lithuanian nobility is pushing for closer ties with Poland. In lengthy negotiations, which were made more difficult by the reluctance of the Lithuanian magnates and exaggerated Polish demands , the Union of Lublin was finally established on July 1st . The Union Treaty provides for the indissoluble unity of Poland and Lithuania under a common ruler, who is elected by the common Diet and crowned in Krakow. The Realunion Poland-Lithuania , the first Rzeczpospolita, is created .

Italy / Holy Roman Empire

British Islands



Lichttaler from 1569

science and technology

First Mercator projection from 1569
  • With his large world map Nova et aucta orbis terrae descriptio ad usum navigantium , Gerhard Mercator publishes the first world map using the Mercator projection named after him . This Mercator image is still used today for the production of sea and aviation charts.



Bernardino de Sahagún

With the twelve-volume work Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España, commissioned in 1540, the Spanish missionary and ethnologist Bernardino de Sahagún completed the most important contemporary work on the life and culture of the Aztecs . The bilingual manuscript in Spanish and Nahuatl is being forgotten and, after its rediscovery, is only published in London from 1829 to 1832.

The Spanish nobleman Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga publishes the first part of the epic verse novel La Araucana at his own expense . In 15 chants it deals with the history of the armed conflicts between the indigenous Mapuche population and the Spanish conquerors in the south of today's Chile, which are known as the Arauco War .

Visual arts

Descent from the Cross, Federico Barocci

The Italian painter Federico Barocci created his first major work with the Descent from the Cross ( Deposizione dalla croce) .




Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Ambrosio Spinola


Date of death secured

Paul Eber

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1569  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files