Louis I. de Bourbon, prince de Condé

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Louis I. de Bourbon, portrait of an anonymous painter in the Palace of Versailles

Louis I. de Bourbon , Prince of Condé (born May 7, 1530 in Vendôme , † March 13, 1569 in Jarnac ) was a French general and founder of the House of Condé , a side line of the House of Bourbon . After converting to Protestantism, he led the Calvinist party during the Huguenot Wars .

He fought against the Spaniards in the siege of the fortress of Metz in 1552 and in the battle of Saint-Quentin in 1557.

As the Prince of the Blood , Louis tried to play a prominent role in the kingdom. After the Amboise conspiracy , he was arrested in 1560 but had to be released because the Guisen could not sufficiently prove his involvement. He was arrested again that summer when it was discovered that he was preparing a new plot. Sentenced to death, he was saved at the last moment by the sudden death of King Francis II .

The Prince of Condé was the leader of the Protestants in the first two Huguenot Wars. He was captured at Dreux in 1562 and negotiated the Edict of Amboise in 1563 , which guaranteed the Huguenots a certain religious tolerance.

The war broke out again in 1567 and Condé was killed at the Battle of Jarnac by the captain Joseph François de Montesquiou. According to the Protestants, he was murdered cowardly. In fact, he was already badly wounded and disarmed when Montesquiou killed him. His body was led around on a donkey, to the mockery of the Catholic army.

Family and offspring

Louis was the sixth child of Charles IV. De Bourbon and his wife Françoise d'Alençon (1490 / 91–1550). He was a brother of Antoines de Bourbon and thus an uncle of Henry IV of France .

In 1551 he married Éléonore de Roye , Countess of Roucy (1535–1564), heir to Conti . He had the following children with her:

  • Henri I (1552–1588), Prince of Condé
  • Marguerite (1556–?), Died young
  • Charles (1557–1558), Count of Valéry
  • François (1558–1614), Prince of Conti
  • Louis (1562–1563), Count of Anisy
  • Charles II (1562–1594), Archbishop of Rouen
  • Madeleine (1563–1563)
  • Catherine (1564–?), Died young

A son emerged from an affair with Isabelle de la Tour de Limeuil:

  • Nicolas (1564–1625), Lord of Marsac (Perigord)

In 1565 he married Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville (1549-1601) from the House of Orléans-Longueville . He had the following children with her:

  • Charles (1566–1612), Earl of Soissons
  • Louis (1567-1568)
  • Benjamin (1569–1573)

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