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Riots and battles
during the Peasant War
Hernán Cortés, drawing by Christoph Weiditz (1529)
Hernán Cortés has the last Aztec ruler Cuauhtémoc executed.
Franz I.
Francis I of France is
captured by the Habsburgs.
Bernard van Orley: Battle of Pavia
Habsburg troops defeat the French in the battle for supremacy in Italy at the Battle of Pavia .
1525 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 973/974 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1517/18
Aztec calendar 6. Feuerstein - Chicuace Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 5th pipes - Macuilli Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2068/69 (southern Buddhism); 2067/68 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the Wood Rooster乙酉 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Monkey 甲申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 887/888 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3858/59 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 903/904
Islamic calendar 931/932 (turn of the year 17th / 18th October)
Jewish calendar 5285/86 (September 17-18)
Coptic calendar 1241/42
Malayalam calendar 700/701
Seleucid era Babylon: 1835/36 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1836/37 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1581/82 (turn of the year April)

1525 is the central year of the German Peasant War . After the first uprisings had already taken place in 1524 , leaders such as Matern Feuerbacher , Wendel Hippler and Florian Geyer led to organized mass uprisings . Initially, Martin Luther was also benevolent towards the cause of the peasants, only when there were violent riots among Jäcklein Rohrbach and his gang, he turned away from the peasant uprisings with the text Against the robbery and murderous gangs of the peasants .

However, due to their poor armament and military organization, the uprising soon collapsed and was cruelly suppressed , especially by Georg Truchsess von Waldburg-Zeil , known as Bauernjörg. Only the tightly organized black heap of Florian Geyers can evade complete annihilation.

In the Battle of Pavia during the Italian Wars for supremacy on the Italian peninsula, the French King Francis I suffers a crushing defeat against a Habsburg army and is captured by Emperor Charles V. His mother Luise of Savoy then takes over the reign of France .


Politics and world events

Italian wars

Battle of Pavia
The regent takes over the rudder of state ; anonymous painter of the 16th century

German Peasants' War

The German Peasant War
The 12 articles
The Oberschwäbische Haufen wrote
the 12 articles .
Georg Truchsess from Waldburg-Zeil
Georg Truchsess von Waldburg-Zeil puts down
peasant uprising.
Weinsberger bloody act
The bloody deed in Weinsberg : The Countess von Helfenstein asks Jäcklein Rohrbach for mercy for her husband.
Execution of Jäcklein Rohrbach

Other events in Europe

European voyages of discovery

Central America



  • Sodoma begins with the frescoes from the life of Saint Catherine in the Chapel of the Saints in the Church of San Domenico in Siena , one of his main works.


Reformation and theological debates

De servo arbitrio (Luther)
Portrait of Ulrich Zwingli by Hans Asper

Anabaptist Movement



Historical maps and views

Western Europe at the time of Charles V, 1525


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1525


Date of death secured

Marshal Thomas de Foix-Lescun, drawing by Jean Clouet from the 16th century
Portrait of Jakob Fugger , Albrecht Dürer (around 1519 )

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1525  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files