|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Local government association:||"Room Weinsberg"|
|Height :||219 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||22.22 km 2|
|Residents:||12,446 (Dec 31, 2020)|
|Population density :||560 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||74189|
|Area code :||07134|
|License plate :||HN|
|Community key :||08 1 25 102|
|LOCODE :||DE WSB|
|City structure:||Core city and three localities|
City administration address :
|Town hall, Marktplatz 11
|Mayor :||Stefan Thoma (independent)|
|Location of the city of Weinsberg in the Heilbronn district|
Weinsberg is a town in the district of Heilbronn , five kilometers east of Heilbronn in the Franconian north-east of Baden-Württemberg . The city was founded around the year 1200 and has 12,446 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2020). It is located at the entrance to the Weinsberger Valley, named after it and formed by the Sulm and its tributaries, between the Neckar and the Löwenstein Mountains .
Weinsberg is known for viticulture , which has been central to the city for centuries and still plays an important role, and for the Weibertreu castle ruins from the early 11th century . Their name has long been inseparably linked to the Faithful Wives of Weinsberg , who saved their men condemned to death in 1140. Today the city is the central place of the Weinsberger Valley with a distinctive infrastructure and a sub-center with central functions.
Vineyard is located in the natural area Swabian-Franconian Forest in the eastern district of Heilbronn in the northeast of Baden-Württemberg, between the Neckar in the west and the Löwensteiner mountains to the east. The small river Sulm rises in the Löwenstein Mountains and flows into the Neckar after about 20 km. The valley formed by the Sulm and its tributaries is also called the Weinsberger Valley . The city lies mainly in and on the slopes of the valley of the Stadtseebach (also called Saubach), a southern tributary of the Sulm. The Sulm flows through the Weinsberger area, but not through the city itself, and only a small part of the city lies on the edge of the Sulm valley in the north of the city.
To the north-west of the city center rises the Burgberg with the Weibertreu castle ruins, to the west of it the Schemelsberg. Both mountains are used intensively for viticulture . The Sulmtal extends to the east and the Stadtseebachtal and the Brühltal to the south of the built-up area. In the south and west, the city borders on the Heilbronn Mountains , which are wooded foothills of the Löwenstein Mountains, which begin in the east with the Reisberg and extend over the Hintersberg and the Waldheide to the Galgenberg and Wartberg in the west. The description of the Oberamt Weinsberg from 1861 notes: “The location of the city is generally healthy and very mild, covered to the northwest by the castle hill, on which it is leaning, to the south open to the sun's rays, from the mists of the western Neckarthal the Jägerhausberg, Galgenberg and Wartberg mountains in between are protected. ”The valley of the Stadtseebach (Stadtseebach) joins the Wartberg in the northwest, and the Schemelsberg mentioned above to the north.
The Sulmtal north of the Schemelsberg is dominated by the federal motorway 6 , which meets northeast of the city, below the Ranzenberg in the northeast, with the A 81 at the Weinsberg motorway junction . To the north of the Sulmtal, the wooded Sulmer mountain range joins. The A 81 towards Stuttgart runs roughly along the eastern boundary of Weinsberg.
The lowest point of the district ison the Sulm, in the Weißenhofwiesen on the border with Erlenbach, the highest with on the northern slope of the Reisberg on the south-eastern boundary of Heilbronn.
Weinsberg lies on the edge of the Keuperstufe of the Löwensteiner Mountains, the foothills of which extend to Neckarsulm and Öhringen . The Burgberg and the Schemelsberg are witness mountains that separated Sulm and Stadtseebach from the rest of the mountain range. Both have a layer of reed sandstone , which was also used to build the castle and St. John's Church . From 1811 to 1867, gypsum was mined on the castle hill . The hole left by gypsum mining in the mountain was filled in again in the 1950s and converted into vineyards for the local viticulture school.
Around ten reed sand quarries were previously operated in the vicinity of Weinsberg. In Weinsberg, too, there were quarries on the southwestern border with Heilbronn and on the Burgberg (the latter, however, very small).
Expansion of the urban area
The Weinsberg urban area covers 22.20 km², of which 13.94 km² are in Weinsberg, 3.36 km² in Gellmersbach, 2.10 km² in Grantschen and 2.80 km² in Wimmental (as of June 30, 2011).
Since the incorporation, the shape of the urban area can best be compared with an irregular (Greek) cross, with Weinsberg itself representing the short west and thickened south bar, Gellmersbach the north bar and Grantschen and Wimmental the extended east bar. The extension in north-south direction is about 8.6 km, in west-east direction about 9.3 km.
In the years 1957 and from 1988 to 2012, the land use distributed as follows (: Plot size in hectares, source 1957 ; 1988-2016: ):
|Other types of use||19.6||1.37||17th||0.8||13||0.6||14th||0.6||17th||0.8||18th||0.8||11||0.5||11||0.5||10||0.4|
Diagram: Area distribution for 2014
The settlement area is increasing continuously, as Weinsberg continues to designate building areas. Conversely, the area used for agriculture is decreasing.
The municipal forest ownership amounts to a total of 567 ha. In addition to 426 ha of forest on the Weinsberg and its localities, the city also owns 141 ha of forest on the Gemmingen mark , which was acquired on July 29, 1936 as compensation for Weinsberg regional taxes to the state for military purposes (establishment of a site training area in the vicinity of Waldheide ).
Neighboring towns of Weinsberg are ( clockwise , starting in the west): the city of Heilbronn ( urban district ) and the municipalities of Erlenbach , Eberstadt , Bretzfeld ( Hohenlohekreis ), Obersulm , Ellhofen and Lehrensteinsfeld . Except for Heilbronn and Bretzfeld, all of them belong to the Heilbronn district. Together with Eberstadt, Ellhofen and Lehrensteinsfeld, Weinsberg forms the municipal administration association "Raum Weinsberg" , based in Weinsberg. For these four municipalities, the city of Weinsberg is defined as a sub-center with individual middle-central functions; the associated middle and upper center is the city of Heilbronn.
|Gellmersbach||1st January 1975||906||3.36 km²|
|Grantschen||1st January 1973||806||2.10 km²|
|Wimmental||1st January 1975||609||2.80 km²|
Weinsberg consists of the core town and the localities of Gellmersbach , Grantschen and Wimmental, which were incorporated in 1973/1975 . Outside the closed development there are also the residential areas Weißenhof (with clinic ), Rappenhof and Stöcklesberg, which belong to Weinsberg itself , but these are not separate localities. Lost, no longer existing places on Weinsberger Markung include. Bodelshofen, Burkhardswiesen (or Burchardeswiesen), Holßhofen, In dem Grund, Lyndach, Uff dem Wier and Wolfshöfle.
The climate is usually mild through the protected valley and favors the extensively operated viticulture. According to data from the German Weather Service , the average annual temperature in the normal period 1961–1990 was 9.6 ° C, the annual precipitation was 757.7 mm, the annual sunshine duration was 1638.7 hours.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Weinsberg
Source: DWD data for the normal period 1961–1990
Prehistory and Antiquity
The earliest known settlement trace in Weinsberg is a group of burial mounds that has not been explored in more detail so far , which is located in the forest of the Gewann Jungberg, near the so-called Kaiserforche on the city limits of Heilbronn. It is assumed that the burial mounds can be assigned to the Hallstatt period .
In the 19th century, a Celtic silver coin (type cross coin) from the 2nd century BC was created on the Weinsberger district . Found. The coin inscription "V, O, L, C" can be assigned to the Celtic tribe of the Volcae , who at that time a. lived in southern Germany. It can therefore be assumed that at this time Celts stayed at least temporarily in the area of today's Weinsberg.
The first known settlers in the Weinsberg area, however, were the Romans . A Roman road ran through today's urban area in the 2nd century , leading from the (former) Böckingen fort of the Neckar Limes to the forts of the Upper German Limes in Öhringen . A Roman mansion ( villa rustica ) was built on this road below the later castle hill between 148 and 161 AD , which existed until it was destroyed by the Alamanni in 234 or 259/260. The bath house of this estate (known as Römerbad in Weinsberg ) was excavated and preserved in 1906, parts of the rest of the estate in 1977.
The Alemanni were ousted by the Franks around 500 who settled in the 7th century on the Weinsberg district west of the Weißenhof, between Erlenbach and Gellmersbach. In 778 the area around Weinsberg was first mentioned as Sulmanachgowe ( Sulmgau , capital probably Neckarsulm) in a deed of donation from Charlemagne to Lorsch Abbey. Several medieval settlements (Bodelshofen, Burchardeswiesen, Lyndach, etc.) can be identified in the present-day area of the city of Weinsberg, some of which still existed after the city was founded, but were gradually abandoned.
Probably around the year 1000 Weinsberg Castle was built as an imperial castle on a mountain on the trade route from Heilbronn to Hall . 1140 the castle of King Konrad III. besieged in the course of the conflict between the Staufers and Guelphs and, after the relief army Welfs VI. had been defeated by the Hohenstaufen in a battle, finally surrendered on December 21, 1140. According to the report of the Kölner Königschronik , the women in the castle were granted free travel, with what they could wear. They carried down their husbands, whose lives they saved, because the king kept his word. The women came to be known as Faithful Women. The castle (today a ruin) is called Weibertreu due to this incident.
The Staufer appointed a ministerial family from the Gmünder area (seat in Lindach) as administrators of the castle, which soon after their seat called "von Weinsberg" ( Lords of Weinsberg ) and held the castle as an imperial fief until 1450 (with interruptions in the right of use ). A settlement in front of the castle was built on the slopes of the castle hill. A market settlement on the trade route in the valley served to supply the castle and the surrounding villages. Around 1200, at the instigation of the Lords of Weinsberg, the construction of the Johanneskirche between these two settlements began.
At the same time, the city of Weinsberg was probably founded and surrounded by a city wall. In 1241 the written tradition begins with the mention of the city in a Hohenstaufen income register (so-called Reichssteuerliste), in which Weinsberg is listed in 29th place, on a par with Donauwörth , Wiesbaden , Offenburg and Konstanz . It is not known when Weinsberg was granted town charter. However, it must have been before 1283, as King Rudolf I granted the town of Löwenstein town charter in that year , following the example of town charter that his predecessors had given the town of Weinsberg. At the beginning, Weinsberg was half an imperial city , the other half owned by the Lords von Weinsberg, who resided at Castle Weinsberg, who had extensive rights in the city, such as wine press rights, bath room rights and the right to occupy the mayor's office . These rights and the city's insistence on its status as an imperial city, which it affirmed by joining various city leagues , led to numerous quarrels between the city and the rulers.
The city wall built around the city in the early 13th century originally also included the castle in the northwest with side walls. In the area between these side walls, immediately below the castle, there were houses for priests, ministerials and serfs of the lords. Presumably in 1332 the citizens of Weinsberg destroyed this part of town and closed the town in the west opposite the castle, as documents from 1375 state. Taking advantage of the absence of two of the three lords of the castle and against the resistance of the third, they built a wall between the castle and town with a moat in front of it, which still exists today as a castle path. The side walls were probably torn down at the same time.
The arguments with the gentlemen continued. Finally, on May 22nd, 1417, King Sigismund enfeoffed his realm chamberlain Konrad IX. von Weinsberg with the city of Weinsberg, which would have been devalued from the status of an imperial city to a country town subordinate to the Weinsberg lords. The city sought protection in another league of cities, the Weinsberger Bund of November 27, 1420, in which 33 imperial cities came together to protect the city of Weinsberg.
Because the city refused to recognize his rule and no longer paid the taxes due to him, Conrad IX. at the royal court the eight over the adult citizens, confirmed by the king on February 10, 1422 . Because this had nothing to do with it, the aberration followed in 1425. In addition, the Pope - presumably Martin V - banished them from church in 1424 . All of this was of no use, however, and Konrad resorted to more drastic measures. He wanted to damage the Swabian cities allied with Weinsberg and for this purpose acquired the city of Sinsheim , through which one of the main routes led to the Frankfurt trade fair , to which he acquired rights (by exchanging for Weikersheim with Count Palatine Otto I. von Pfalz-Mosbach ) . In August 1428 he attacked merchants traveling to the fair in Sinsheim and arrested 149 merchants from 20 cities allied with Weinsberg, 37 of them from Ulm alone . The Frankfurt fair had to be canceled. The king felt this as a personal insult and withdrew his favor from Konrad. The cities reached an agreement with Konrad in Heidelberg in October 1428 , but the king forbade them to do so. It was not until 1430 that the parties were again compared on the basis of the agreement reached two years earlier in Heidelberg, which the king now agreed to. In this contract, Konrad had to recognize the city of Weinsberg as an (undivided) imperial city.
Already in 1440 Weinsberg lost the status of the imperial city again in the course of the Bebenburg feud . In this feud, which broke out in 1435 over the occupation of a pastor's position in Reinsberg near Hall , the Würzburg bishop and his collegiate governor Kunz von Bebenburg faced the imperial city of Hall and its allied cities, including Weinsberg. The people of Hall, citing their imperial privileges, had riders of the opposite side tried and hanged as peace breakers, but were convicted of this before the regional courts in Würzburg and Nuremberg . Kunz von Bebenburg enlisted allies against the cities and proceeded against them in a chain of individual feuds that lasted until 1446. According to the Swabian Chronicle (Paraleipomenos Rerum Sueuicarum Liber) by Tübingen professor Martin Crusius , published in Frankfurt am Main in 1596, a group of knights led by Kunz von Bebenburg and Hans von Urbach succeeded on September 2, 1440, some men in a large one To smuggle wine barrel ("Trojan barrel") into the city of Weinsberg, which then opened the gates and thus enabled the city to be captured. On September 16, 1440 they sold the city for 3,000 guilders to Count Palatine Ludwig bei Rhein . Since the cities allied with Weinsberg could not raise the required release of 7,966 guilders, the city became part of the Electoral Palatinate . In 1450, Count Palatine Friedrich bought the castle and the remaining rights in the city from the Lords of Weinsberg and was thus the sole owner of Weinsberg.
In the spring of 1460, the Electoral Palatinate bailiff of Weinsberg, Lutz Schott von Schottenstein , in alliance with citizens of the imperial cities of Heilbronn and Wimpfen, was able to defend the city of Weinsberg against an army of Count Ulrich V of Württemberg , who was at war with the Count Palatine and Elector Friedrich I. and moved up with 2000 to 3000 men from Maulbronn Monastery . According to a report in the Speyer Chronicle , Schott and his allies holed up in the area and successfully defended Weinsberg, where they shot two knights and another 60 men, Hans von Rechberg and a Count von Helfenstein .
16th to 18th century
In 1504 Duke Ulrich von Württemberg captured the castle and town of Weinsberg in the Landshut War of Succession after a three-week siege. With the Urach Treaty of 1512 between the Electoral Palatinate and Württemberg, Weinsberg became officially part of Württemberg . The Weinsberg Vogt Sebastian Breuning was one of Duke Ulrich's political opponents and was executed in 1516. During the expulsion of Duke Ulrich, Weinsberg, like all of Württemberg, came under Austrian administration (until 1534).
During the Peasants' War on April 16, 1525, Easter Sunday , the castle and town were taken by rebellious peasants. The castle was looted and set on fire and has been in ruins ever since. The prisoner in the vineyard taken Count Ludwig von Helfenstein Helferich , bailiff of vineyard and Obervogt all Wuerttemberg peasants, was outside the city walls along with his knights and horsemen from the farmers chased by the spears and killed. This Weinsberg Blood Easter drew retaliation from the Swabian Federation , which burned Weinsberg down on May 21st. The city lost its freedoms and city rights, and its income went directly to the authorities in the future. The citizens had to pay an annual fine of 200 guilders. Until 1534, atonement money for the surviving dependents of Helfenstein was also collected from the Weinsbergers. It was forbidden to rebuild the destroyed houses; the ban was lifted in the same year. The original feudal letter of November 17, 1525, which lifted this ban, also stipulated that the entire city wall and towers should be razed, but this did not happen. After Ulrich's return to Württemberg in 1534, Weinsberg paid homage to him and from then on called himself town again, although a (new, Württemberg) town charter was only granted again in 1553 by Duke Christoph .
During the Schmalkaldic War , Weinsberg was captured by Emperor Charles V on December 21, 1546 without fighting. As a result, Spanish troops were in the city from November 1549 to October 1551. Thereafter, calm returned for several decades, which was only disturbed by the passage of infectious diseases - English sweat (sudor anglicus) in 1529, plague in 1571, 1585, 1597 and 1612.
During the Thirty Years' War there were several soldiers in Weinsberg. In September 1634 imperial troops invaded, looted the city and murdered ten people. In 1625 and 1635 the plague again struck the city, which by 1640 had lost almost two thirds of its inhabitants. Also in 1635, Emperor Ferdinand II gave the town and office of Weinsberg to Count Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff , who returned both to Württemberg in 1646. Because of this episode, his descendants call themselves von Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg to this day.
From 1649 to 1742, Weinsberg (together with Möckmühl and Neuenstadt am Kocher ) belonged to the Württemberg-Neuenstadt rule . During this time, two thirds of the town was destroyed by a major fire on August 19, 1707 and then rebuilt within a few years, with the medieval townscape with narrow streets largely being preserved due to the continued use of the cellars, which are important for viticulture - despite other wishes the ducal master builders who were involved in the reconstruction and were only able to enforce their baroque ideals of the straight, wide streets as visual axes at the market square. In 1755 Weinsberg became the seat of an upper office ( Oberamt Weinsberg ).
Until the end of the 18th century, Weinsberg was mainly characterized by viticulture and milling. The founding of the Kleinknecht factory in 1776 can be seen as a harbinger of the industrial age , which in the following years produced Barchent with hydropower on the manorial meadows below the Schemelsberg , but died again as a result of the continental barrier of 1806 and the associated shortage of raw materials. The building was then converted into a hospital and later a district hospital.
The beginning of the 19th century was marked by the upheavals that the coalition wars brought with them. The Kingdom of Württemberg , founded in 1806 , was reorganized several times, and with it the Oberamt Weinsberg, whose official seat remained. After the end of the wars of liberation and the year without a summer , a wave of emigration began in the city in 1817 , mainly to North America, which lasted until the late 19th century. The reasons were on the one hand economic (for example, hardship caused by poor harvests), but on the other hand also political. The later famous national economist Friedrich List , at that time still Württemberg's accountant, was sent to Weinsberg in the spring of 1817 to research the reasons for those willing to emigrate. He was mainly referred to oppression by feudal rights (for example compulsory labor ) or personal oppression by arbitrary officials. List's report to the government in Stuttgart culminates in the statement that the emigrants “would rather be slaves in America than citizens in Weinsperg”. Decades later, in 1892, the last emigration to North America was recorded in Weinsberg. The industrialization and the economic boom associated improved the situation of citizens. A pioneering company in this regard was the Mallsche sparkling wine factory of the grape host Johann Georg Mall. It was one of the first of these factories in Germany and existed from 1837 until the founder's death in 1850.
The poet and doctor Justinus Kerner lived in Weinsberg from 1819 until his death in 1862 . In his house, the Kernerhaus , built in 1822 , poets who were friends with him, such as Ludwig Uhland , Gustav Schwab and Nikolaus Lenau , often met and gave Weinsberg the reputation of being a “Swabian Weimar ”. Kerner was also active in homeland and monument preservation; it prevented the further demolition of the castle ruins, which had fallen into disrepair over the centuries and had been used by the Weinsbergers as a cheap stone spring. For the further maintenance of the castle, Kerner and 142 women from Weinsberg founded the Weinsberg women's association, which was enfeoffed with the castle ruins by King Wilhelm I of Württemberg in 1824 and still owns them today (now under the name Justinus Kerner Association and Weinsberg Women's Association).
The railway line from Heilbronn via Weinsberg to Hall ( Kocherbahn ) was built from 1860 to 1862 , and its continuation to Crailsheim until 1867 . The connection to the route network of the Württemberg Railway brought progress and, with some delay, economic prosperity to the city. In 1868, after years of preparation, a royal viticulture school was set up in Weinsberg, which still exists today under a different name.
From the beginning of the 20th century to the Second World War
The first quarter of the 20th century saw the establishment of a few companies, mainly located in two newly created industrial areas near the train station and producing goods such as bricks, tobacco and furniture. In 1903, the newly built Royal Sanatorium (for the mentally ill) was opened a little outside the city, which is now the largest employer in the city as the Klinikum am Weissenhof . In 1900 there were the first steps towards a modern water supply, in 1904 a municipal gas works was built, and from 1912 Weinsberg was connected to the electricity network.
After several failed attempts, the Württemberg government undertook again in 1923 to reduce the number of senior offices. This reform also failed and led to the resignation of the government. The further political debate finally led to a mini-reform, which in 1926 was the only Oberamt to fall victim to the Oberamt Weinsberg, which was dissolved with effect from April 1st against the violent protests of the Weinsbergers and distributed to the surrounding Oberamt. Weinsberg itself was assigned to the Oberamt Heilbronn . The former town council lost its importance, which Heilbronn gained in return.
The changes in state and society during the Nazi era were not without consequences in Weinsberg. The city tried to compensate for the loss of importance suffered by the dissolution of the senior office in 1926 with new functions in the National Socialist state. So in 1934 the plan was pursued to have Weinsberg named the “capital of German loyalty to women”. However, a move in this direction by Joseph Goebbels failed. The suggestion made by Mayor Weinbrenner to the Reichsfrauenführer Gertrud Scholtz-Klink in 1936 to set up a training center for Nazi women on the ruins of the Weibertreu and raise the castle to "the Valhalla of German women" was equally unsuccessful . For the 800th anniversary of the Treu-Weiber incident in 1940, large festivities were planned from 1938 onwards, on the occasion of which the castle was to be handed over to the Reichsfrauenführer as the “Walhalla of the German woman”. The beginning of the war on September 1, 1939 ruined the plans.
The military increasingly settled in and around Weinsberg. 1934 of the parade ground was on the nearby Waldheide between Heilbronn and vineyard a training area set up, including vineyard should give 80 hectares of forest charge. However, the city was able to achieve that 66 hectares of forest had to be given up, but not for free, but by way of regular sale. In 1936, 141 hectares of forest in the Gemmingen district were bought from the proceeds, which are still owned by the city of Weinsberg 70 years later. In the same year, 14 hectares of private land were confiscated in the Brühltal in the south of the urban area in order to create a military shooting range there. In 1937 a Landwehr training camp was finally built on the outskirts of the city, which was then used as an officer prison camp (Oflag VA) during wartime from 1940 to the end of March 1945 . In 1940 the Reichsautobahn from Stuttgart reached Weinsberg, where it ended for the following decades.
As almost everywhere in Germany, crimes against the disabled and Jews took place in Weinsberg. As part of the T4 campaign at the time of National Socialism , Weinsberg patients were also brought to the Grafeneck Castle killing center, where they were murdered. Later the hospital was one of the intermediate institutions assigned to Hadamar Asylum , where the mentally ill were collected and then brought to Hadamar to be killed. From January 1940 to the end of 1941 a total of 908 patients, 426 from Weinsberg and 482 from other institutions, were transported to the extermination institutions. From 1934 until the end of the war in 1945, 96 male and 107 female patients were forcibly sterilized by the sanatorium due to the law on the prevention of hereditary offspring . In 1942 two Jews from Weinsberg were deported to the Theresienstadt ghetto .
During the Second World War , Weinsberg got away relatively unscathed for a long time and was even able to take in many bombed-out victims from Heilbronn, which was heavily destroyed on December 4, 1944. It "was so overpopulated that there were more refugees than locals". The sanatorium was converted into an emergency hospital and replacement for the destroyed Heilbronn hospital. In the final phase of the war, on April 12, 1945, the city was largely destroyed by artillery fire and bombing and the resulting fires. A total of 15 people died. 330 houses burned down, including the town hall and with it the city archives, which had already been decimated in the fires of 1525 and 1707. Other important sources on the city's history were lost.
After the Second World War
Since Weinsberg had become part of the American zone of occupation , the city had belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden since 1945 , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. After the end of the war, former forced laborers and other displaced persons were housed by the victorious powers in the former Landwehr training camp and prisoner of war camp. In 1953 the DP camp was converted into a transit camp for refugees from the former German eastern regions, which existed until November 30, 1972. Federal President Horst Köhler also lived here for a few days as a child. Many refugees from the camp settled permanently in Weinsberg and contributed to the reconstruction of the city in the late 1940s and 1950s. By 1955, the reconstruction with 450 new or rebuilt buildings was essentially complete.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the construction of two motorways and the Weinsberg motorway junction changed the city to an unprecedented extent. Weinsberg could now be reached comfortably and quickly by car from all directions, but had to accept land charges for the construction of the autobahn, which totaled 113 hectares from 1936 to 1972 , the majority of which from 1963. In addition, the city saw itself increasingly traffic noise of an unprecedented extent exposed, which made noise protection measures necessary.
From the end of the 1960s, a district and community reform was discussed in Baden-Württemberg . The regional government's target planning for this reform envisaged the incorporation of the communities of Eberstadt (with Holz ), Ellhofen, Gellmersbach, Grantschen and Lehrensteinsfeld into the city of Weinsberg. This met with resistance, especially in Eberstadt, Ellhofen and Lehrensteinsfeld. As an alternative to incorporation, Weinsberg and these communities founded the community administration association "Raum Weinsberg" with its seat in Weinsberg on December 21, 1971 . Grantschen was incorporated into Weinsberg on January 1, 1973, Gellmersbach on January 1, 1975. The municipality of Wimmental, which according to the original target planning should have become part of the newly formed municipality of Obersulm, decided instead to incorporate it into Weinsberg, which also took place on January 1, 1975.
The beginning of the 1970s was a time when changes were pending everywhere and grants were also available for them. The construction of the motorway and the administrative reform came from outside. The city used its opportunities to initiate something new internally as well. As early as the 1960s, new building areas had been designated, this was continued and continues with pauses until the present (as of 2006). On the “green meadow” south of the cemetery, the Rossäcker school center with grammar school, secondary school, secondary school, second elementary school and two halls was built over the course of three decades from 1971. A few years later it was surrounded by residential areas again. In 1977, a large new industrial area was designated on the A 81 adjacent to Ellhofen , which was followed by another in 2000. The renovation and redesign of inner-city areas were pushed ahead (including Grubenplatz with viticulture school , 1972 to 2002, old brickworks, 1984 to 1990, and the former site of the bodyworks in Weinsberg , 1986 to 1994). The closure of the refugee camp in 1972 made it possible, on the one hand, to build houses over the site and, on the other, to realize the local recreation area Stadtseebachtal. Vineyard consolidation in the Weinsberg vineyards from the mid-1970s to 1990 enabled contemporary viticulture.
The increased influx of ethnic German repatriates made it necessary to build the transition dormitory Grabenäcker on the road to Gellmersbach in 1990 . In the same year, the B 39 bypass road , which had been in the planning stage since 1964, was released. The flood protection , the im Sulmtal since the great flood of May 1970 million damage in Audi enjoys in Neckarsulm big priority, was born with the construction of two reservoirs 1988 and 1999 statements.
The settlement of a Handelshof market of the Kaufland group caused a dispute with the neighboring communities in the municipal administration association . The neighboring communities did not want to approve the settlement because they feared an outflow of purchasing power. On February 21, 2001, the administrative court of Baden-Württemberg finally approved the construction; the opening was celebrated on October 10, 2002. The aging Weinsberg outdoor pool was completely overhauled and expanded in 2002/2003 with construction costs of 3.76 million euros. On December 10, 2005, after more than ten years of planning, a long-cherished wish of the city administration and the population came true with the opening of the Heilbronn urban railway to Öhringen.
Weinsberg has been predominantly Protestant since the Reformation . According to figures from the city administration, of 8,966 inhabitants in the core city on June 30, 2011, 4,036 (45.0%) were Protestant and 1,888 (21.1%) were Catholic.
The city was the capital of the Weinsberg country chapter of the Würzburg diocese , which was first mentioned in 1291 and comprised 52 parishes, including Heilbronn. From 1510 to 1518 Johannes Oekolampadius , who later became the reformer of Basel , held a position as preacher at the Johanneskirche in Weinsberg. In Weinsberg, however, he caused offense with his reform-oriented sermons and therefore left the city.
In 1520 Erhard Schnepf from Heilbronn came to Weinsberg as the first pronounced Protestant preacher. In 1522 he was expelled by the Austrian government. After Duke Ulrich's return to Württemberg in 1534, Schnepf carried out the Reformation in Württemberg on behalf of the Duke. In Weinsberg this task fell to the pastor Johann Geyling , who was deposed in 1548 as a result of the interim (attempt at re-Catholicization with minor concessions). After the end of the interim in 1552, the Reformation finally prevailed in Weinsberg.
Weinsberg became part and initially also the capital of a Protestant church district . In 1586 the main town was moved to Möckmühl , in 1612 to Neuenstadt am Kocher , until a new church district with the main town of Weinsberg was finally built in 1710. From 1752 to 1759 the Pietist Friedrich Christoph Oetinger was dean in Weinsberg. During this time his Weinsberg sermon book was written.
After various changes, the Protestant church district of Weinsberg corresponded to the Weinsberg political upper office from 1812 and remained unaffected by its dissolution in 1926, so that the boundaries of the Weinsberg deanery of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg reflect the previous political boundaries until the end of 2019. Since January 1, 2020, the previous church district of Weinsberg has merged with the previous church district of Neuenstadt am Kocher to form the new church district of Weinsberg-Neuenstadt . The Evangelical Church Community of Weinsberg , which only extends to Weinsberg itself (including the clinic) , today has 3,752 members (as of June 30, 2015). Your church is the Johanneskirche . Gellmersbach forms its own Protestant parish Gellmersbach with 558 members (as of June 30, 2015). Grantschen (448 members, as of June 30, 2015) and Wimmental (198 members, as of June 30, 2015) belong to the Evangelical Church Community of Sülzbach , which has a total of around 1,650 members (as of 2016) and the district of the same name in the Obersulm community as well as the Weinsberg districts Grantschen and Wimmental includes. Both parishes (Gellmersbach and Sülzbach) also belonged to the previous church district Weinsberg, which has been merged with the previous church district Neuenstadt am Kocher to form the new church district Weinsberg-Neuenstadt since January 1, 2020 .
Not until after the end of the Second World War, due to the immigration of refugees, were Catholics in Weinsberg settled in significant numbers. As a result, the Catholic parish of St. Josef Weinsberg was founded, which is also responsible for Gellmersbach, the Klinikum am Weissenhof and the neighboring community of Eberstadt. 1951 to 1954 the Catholic Josefskirche was rebuilt. The parish of St. Josef currently has 2,690 members (as of 2013). Wimmental has its own Catholic parish, the Catholic parish of St. Oswald Wimmental, which is also responsible for Grantschen, Ellhofen and Lehrensteinsfeld and currently has 1,593 members (as of 2013).
A Jewish community does not exist in Weinsberg; but there are isolated Jews in the Weinsberg history. In 1298, Jews from Weinsberg were persecuted for rint meat . In 1418 Jews in Weinsberg paid 100 guilders Jewish tax to Konrad von Weinsberg. In the course of the 19th century there were isolated Jewish families again, but there was no Jewish community. The Jewish patients of the sanatorium, which was built in 1903, were cared for by rabbis from Heilbronn. On August 22, 1942, mostly elderly Jews from the Stuttgart area and the Heilbronn district were brought to the Theresienstadt ghetto on a large train , including two Jews from Weinsberg.
New Apostolic Christians have lived in Weinsberg since around 1920. A separate parish was founded in 1931, and a newly built church building was consecrated on May 29, 1965. The New Apostolic parish of Weinsberg belongs to the Heilbronn-Pfühl church district of the New Apostolic Church in Southern Germany and has 189 members (as of the end of 2014).
The United Methodist Church Community of Weinsberg has a catchment area from Neckarsulm to the Sulmtal and around 90 members (as of 2016) as well as “just as many friends and relatives of all ages”. The first Methodist preachers came to Weinsberg from Heilbronn in 1851; a separate municipality was created in 1884, and a separate chapel was built in 1887. This chapel, which was expanded and renovated in 1934/1935 and 1967, was replaced in 2000 by the new Christ Church with a community center.
Other denominations and religions represented in Weinsberg include the Jehovah's Witnesses , Evangelical Christians-Baptists , who have lived here in significant numbers since the late repatriates were accepted in the 1990s, organized themselves in the Evangelical Christian-Baptist Brethren Congregation and built their own church building, and Muslims , usually Turks or Germans of Turkish origin, who have lived here since the arrival of the Turkish guest workers.
In the course of the Baden-Württemberg community reform , the previously independent small communities Gellmersbach , Grantschen and Wimmental were incorporated into the town of Weinsberg as localities . All three communities had already belonged to the Lords of Weinsberg in earlier centuries. The regional government's target planning provided for Gellmersbach and Grantschen to be incorporated into Weinsberg, while Wimmental was to be assigned to the new community of Obersulm. It all started with Grantschen, whose citizens decided in a public hearing on March 26, 1972 for voluntary integration into the city of Weinsberg. The place with then 652 inhabitants was incorporated on January 1, 1973. The citizens of Wimmental voted in a public hearing on January 20, 1974, instead of Obersulm, for voluntary integration into the city of Weinsberg. Gellmersbach finally decided in December 1974 for voluntary integration. Both places were incorporated on January 1, 1975, Gellmersbach with 691 inhabitants at that time, Wimmental with 477.
Concrete population figures are available for the first time with a traditional hearth directory from 1525, which lists 224 households. Assuming an average household size of five people plus servants, this corresponds to around 1,200 inhabitants. Despite being haunted by grueling infectious diseases - English sweat (sudor anglicus) in 1529, plague in 1571, 1585, 1597 and 1612 - the population in 1620 was 1,600. Through the Thirty Years' War and further plague epidemics in 1625 and 1635 it shrank to 540 inhabitants in 1640. In 1670 the city had about 1,060 inhabitants, and only in 1810 the number of 1600 inhabitants was exceeded again. In 1840, 2,000 people were reached, which did not change much in the following time: The description of the Oberamt Weinsberg reports 2,080 residents for December 3, 1858. In 1907, after the Royal Sanatorium opened in 1903, 3,097 residents lived in Weinsberg, 654 of them in the sanatorium.
The opening of the camp for displaced persons , later a transit camp for refugees from the east, caused the population to skyrocket; At times, half as many refugees lived in Weinsberg as actual city residents, in 1955, for example, 2,616 camp residents compared to 4,982 actual city residents and 651 residents of the state hospital. Many of these refugees also settled in Weinsberg, which at the beginning of the 1960s led to a population of around 7,000 in the camp as the population of the camp decreased. This was followed by steady growth, until the closure of the transit camp at the end of 1972 caused a slight decline, which was compensated for by the incorporation in 1973 and 1975. The number of 11,000 inhabitants was reached for the first time in the 1990s. To this day, Weinsberg has recorded a slight increase in population due to influx and therefore still has new construction areas.
A significant number of foreigners have only been resident in Weinsberg since the arrival of the guest workers in Germany. Most of them come from traditional guest worker countries such as Turkey , Italy and Greece . Their share has leveled off at around 10% for years and was 9.5% in the city as a whole on June 30, 2011, not counting those who have since taken on German citizenship . Also not included in this number are the late repatriates who have been admitted to Weinsberg in large numbers since 1989 and who come from abroad but are legally German. In the core town of Weinsberg without localities, the proportion was slightly higher at 10.8%.
About the table: Early figures are taken from estimates, historical sources or the description of the Oberamt Weinsberg from 1861. Later figures come from official censuses or extrapolations and are essentially taken from the yearbook for the city of Weinsberg. From 1907 with sanatorium or hospital / clinic, 1947 to 1970 with state transit camp, from 1975 with incorporated districts.
Population development in Weinsberg from 1525 to 2020
Local council and local councils
The Weinsberg municipal council regularly has 22 seats, as provided for in the municipal code of Baden-Württemberg for a municipality the size of Weinsberg. 16 seats are reserved for the core city and two each for the three villages of Gellmersbach, Grantschen and Wimmental. The election proposals of the parties and electoral associations contain separate lists for the four individual residential districts (Weinsberg, Gellmersbach, Grantschen, Wimmental) or only lists for some of the residential districts, for example if there are no candidates for the others. Every eligible voter can vote not only on candidates from their respective residential district, but also on candidates from all residential districts (so-called false suburbs ). In concrete terms, this means that those eligible to vote in the core city also vote on who represents each of the localities in the municipal council, and vice versa.
This complicated municipal electoral law can result in compensatory seats if an election proposal in a residential district receives significantly higher approval than the overall result. This was also the case with the municipal council elections in Weinsberg in 2009: The CDU was more successful in the localities than overall and was able to win one of the two seats reserved for each locality. The SPD received a compensatory seat, so that the municipal council has 23 members in the 2009-2014 election period. The members of the municipal council each bear the title of City Councilor (StR) or City Councilor (StR'in).
The dominant faction in the Weinsberg municipal council has been the Free Voters' Association Weinsberg 1950 since it first appeared in January 1951. The SPD and CDU have also been represented for decades. The SPD, represented by a local association since 1909 and the second largest parliamentary group (of two) with up to 40% of the seats in the 1950s and 1960s, was still more represented until 1975 than the CDU, which ran for the first time in local council elections in 1971, However, it was able to benefit greatly from the incorporations and has since been the second largest parliamentary group. The fourth parliamentary group from 1984 to 1994 was the Greens and, as their successor from 1994, the Weinsberg Independent List, which, however, did not find enough candidates in the 2004 election and therefore did not run. Active Citizens Weinsberg (ABW) competed for the first time in the 2014 election , and Die Linke competed for the first time in the 2019 election .
Since the last local election on May 26, 2019 , the local council has a total of 26 members with 4 compensatory seats, spread across five parliamentary groups. The turnout was 58.60%. The choice brought the following result:
|FWV 1||11 seats (+1)||44.36% (−2.00)|
|CDU||6 seats (0)||22.22% (−2.68)|
|SPD||3 seats (0)||10.94% (−3.55)|
|DEW 2||4 seats (+1)||15.72% (+1.46)|
|The left||2 seats (+2)||6.76% (+6.76)|
1 Free Voters' Association Weinsberg 1950
2 active citizens of Weinsberg
Another member of the municipal council and its chairman is the mayor.
In each of the three villages there is a voting at each municipal election of the voting population to Ortschaftsrat . The local councils each have six members. On its proposal, the council elects a volunteer for each village mayor . These bodies are to be heard on important matters affecting the locality.
The mayor of Weinsberg is chairman of the municipal council and head of the city administration in accordance with the Baden-Württemberg municipal code. He is a full-time civil servant and is directly elected by the Weinsberg citizens who are entitled to vote for a term of eight years. Before December 1, 1930, the Weinsberg mayor held the title of Stadtschultheiß , and since then mayor .
On February 13, 1820 Heinrich Pfaff became town schoolteacher, who supported Justinus Kerner in his efforts to save the Weibertreu castle ruins and from 1832 to 1838 represented the Oberamt Weinsberg as a liberal member of the Württemberg state parliament. After Pfaff's death on November 23, 1845, Franz Fraas was elected as his successor on December 9, 1853, who escaped a threatened foreclosure sale by fleeing to America. He was followed by Johann Jakob Haug, who successfully campaigned for the connection of Weinsberg to the railway network, but did not live to see the inauguration of the railway line because he died on July 14, 1862, a few days before the opening ceremony on August 2, 1862. (Johann) Franz Käpplinger, Weinsberg clerk since 1833, after the death of Pfaff's office administrator and when Haug was elected his opponent candidate, was again office administrator and was appointed city councilor by royal decree on October 3rd. During his tenure until June 30, 1875, the city expanded beyond the medieval boundaries set by the city wall. From 1875 to 1914 Carl Seufferheld was Stadtschultheiß, the father of the artist Heinrich Seufferheld . During his 38 years in office, the supply infrastructure (water, sewage, gas, electricity) was improved or even set up in the first place, and industrial companies settled there. In the subsequent term of office of Adolf Strehle (1914 to 1924), Weinsberg issued his own emergency money notes in 1923 . Karl Weinbrenner, whose term of office lasted from 1924 to 1945, was primarily concerned with alleviating the consequences of the dissolution of the Oberamt in 1926 for the city. After 1945, according to the will of the American occupying power, he was not allowed to remain mayor, and his re-election by the local council in 1946 was not confirmed by the American military government.
Immediately after the occupation of the city, the Americans first appointed Stadtpfleger Ludwig Mayer (term of office April 13-16, 1945), then administrative actuary Rudolf Ilg (term of office April 17 to September 12, 1945) as mayor. Mayer was dismissed for showing the Hitler salute , Ilg for membership of the NSDAP. After Ilg was dismissed, the district architect Karl Rebmann and the wine grower Karl Vollert took over the official business of the mayor as his deputies. The re-election of Karl Weinbrenner by the local council on May 5, 1946 was not confirmed by the American military government. The local council then elected Gustav Zimmermann as mayor, who took office on September 1, 1946 and was officially appointed by District Administrator Hermann Sihler on October 3 . On this day, Rebmann and Vollert's work as deputy ended.
On April 4, 1948, the mayor was again elected by the citizens for the first time. The elected Erwin Heim held office until 1972. During his term of office, a large part of the reconstruction of the city and the start of major redesigning measures from the mid-1960s (e.g. motorway construction, land consolidation and community reform). Jürgen Klatte continued the redesign from 1972 to 1996. After Walter Kuhn's eight-year term of office, Stefan Thoma has been mayor of the city of Weinsberg since April 2004. He was elected on February 15, 2004 in the second ballot with 43.36% of the votes. In the first ballot he was in third place, but was able to prevail in the repetition, in which some candidates no longer ran.
badges and flags
The blazon of the Weinsberg coat of arms reads: In a split shield in front in silver a red-armored and red-tongued half black eagle at the gap, in the back in blue on a golden mountain a golden vine on a golden pole . The Weinsberg city colors are blue and white.
Weinsberg coat of arms in Johann Siebmacher's coat of arms book from 1605
The components of the Weinsberg coat of arms ( vine as a speaking sign , imperial eagle as a sign of imperial immediacy ) were used one after the other as symbols of the city until they were combined in a coat of arms for the first time in the 16th century . The oldest known seals from 1318 show the vine on a mountain of three , from 1423 the imperial eagle appears on the seals and documents the city's striving for imperial immediacy. Despite the loss of imperial immediacy, the eagle initially remained the sole coat of arms and was then combined with the vine in various ways. From 1521 seals are proven that combine the half eagle in a split shield with the vine, mostly with the eagle in the front half and the vine in the back half of the shield. In seals of the 17th and 18th centuries, the vine was also depicted in a breast shield of the eagle, from the 19th century the representation with a split shield then prevailed.
The oldest surviving colored coat of arms shows a black eagle in a red bordered golden shield as the Weinsberg coat of arms . In later drawings since 1535, as in the seals, eagle and vine are united in a split shield, mostly with the eagle in the front and the vine in the back half of the shield, until the 19th century with the entire eagle figure, at the latest since 1860 as a half eagle on Gap as in the seals since the 16th century. In contrast to the imperial coat of arms, the eagle was usually on a silver background. The vine appears in various forms, with and without a pole, on a mountain of three, on a ground, or floating freely; the shield was sometimes shown divided diagonally in the 16th century . In its current form, the coat of arms was established by the city in 1958 and confirmed by the Ministry of the Interior of the State of Baden-Württemberg on February 12th .
Sister towns and communities of Weinsberg are Carignan in France (since April 9, 1995) and Costigliole d'Asti in Italy (since September 23, 2000). Relations with Carignan had already begun in the early 1960s with a student exchange between the then Justinus Kerner Progymnasium and the Collège d'enseignement général in Carignan; first contacts to Costigliole did not come about until 1998 at a wine-growing conference in Brackenheim . Relationships (without an official town twinning) also exist with the town of Cossebaude , which is part of Dresden . Justinus-Kerner-Gymnasium also maintains relationships (student exchanges) with the South Wolds Community School in Keyworth ( Nottinghamshire ), Great Britain , and with the Istituto Tambosi-Battisti in Trento , Italy; Realschule Weinsberg to Wellcome Memorial High School in Lake Crystal ( Minnesota ), USA .
Culture and sights
Weinsberg sees itself as a city of the heart of the poet and doctor Justinus Kerner for many years . The city is therefore particularly interested in the preservation of Kerner's legacy and memory. This is also the purpose of the Justinus Kerner Association and Weinsberg Women's Association, which also looks after Kerner's home, the Kernerhaus , and the Weibertreu castle ruins that he saved from decay, looks after the works of Kerner and his son and brings out new ones and events for them Organized events. In 1986, on the occasion of Kerner's 200th birthday, the city founded the Justinus Kerner Prize , which has been awarded every three years since 1990. In 2001, the 18th Baden-Württemberg Literature Days took place in Weinsberg from September 28th to October 21st with a large number of events, readings, lectures and performances. In addition to Kerner's legacy, the city also cultivates the image of Weinsberg as a city of faithful women and a city of wine, which is summed up in the motto “The city of faithful women, the poet Justinus Kerner and wine”. In 2007, this long-standing slogan was replaced by the new text “Weinsberg - Treue Weiber, Reben und Romantik” and in 2008 a new city logo was added, which takes up the Treu-Weiber incident with the silhouette of a woman wearing her husband.
The Weinsberg Theater Association, founded in 1994, shows open-air theater on the Weibertreu castle ruins every year as part of the Weibertreu Festival, and at irregular intervals also indoor theater or open-air theater in other places. At the festival, both plays that deal with city history such as the Treuen Weiber or the Peasants' War, as well as unrelated plays by authors such as Carl Zuckmayer or William Shakespeare were performed. Children's pieces and musical guest performances have already enriched the program. After the 2014 Festival, the event is to take place in the odd instead of the even years from 2017.
With the creation of a salaried town musician on a council resolution from 1835, musical life in Weinsberg took off. The Liederkranz was founded in 1839 and the choral society Urbanus Weinsberg was founded in 1845, which still exist today after the merger as the Liederkranz Urbanus Weinsberg. Other music associations are the Stadtkapelle - Musikverein Weinsberg, which dates back to 1883, and the Weibertreu Weinsberg Singing Association, founded in 1891 as the Weinsberg men's choir. Various choirs and orchestras are affiliated or loosely connected to the various parishes, including the Coro Allegro and the Herrenchor Weinsberg. Weinsberg has had a municipal music school since 1993.
The internationally known jazz double bass player and band leader Jan Jankeje also lives in Weinsberg.
The Weibertreu Museum in the town hall, which opened on December 11, 1988, houses a large number of works of art on Weinsberg and its history. The Kernerhaus is the residential building of Justinus Kerner and later his son Theobald Kerner , built in 1822 , which was bought by the Justinus Kerner Association in 1907 and made accessible as a museum the following year. Close to the Kernerhaus is the Alexanderhäuschen , Justinus Kerner's guest house, named after Alexander von Württemberg .
The Weinsberg camp documentation center is housed in the last remaining barracks of the former Weinsberg camp, which from 1937 to 1972 served successively as a military training camp, a prisoner of war camp, a camp for displaced persons and a refugee camp.
Weinsberg was founded as a city from the start. It already served the Lords of Weinsberg as an administrative center for their nearby Weinsberg possessions, and the new owners from 1440, the Count Palatinate of the Rhine and the Counts and Dukes of Württemberg, did the same. The latter made the city the seat of an upper office, the regional church, which is closely linked to the state, made it the seat of a church district. Over the centuries, representative official buildings were built, which were rebuilt or replaced after the destruction of the city in the Peasants' War in 1525 and the city fire in 1707. Even the most recent destruction in 1945, which destroyed large parts of the old town, nevertheless survived some buildings.
The plans to replace the medieval townscape with the narrow streets with new, wide streets after the fire of 1707 could not be implemented because of the large vaulted cellars that were vital for viticulture, only the market square was made more spacious. Even today, Weinsberg still has a large number of these old wine cellars, most of which, however, are no longer used as such. The reconstruction in 1946 no longer had to take them into account so much, which enabled significantly wider streets in some places, for example in the main street, which for decades served as federal highway 39 leading through the town.
Römerbad (remains of a Roman villa rustica )
The Weinsberger Römerbad, which was discovered and excavated by chance in 1906 while a tree was planted, was part of a Roman estate on the Römerstrasse between Böckingen and Öhringen in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD and is now one of the oldest testimonies to Roman history in Baden -Wuerttemberg. In 1977 the rest of the facility, if not overbuilt, was exposed and restored by the city. It can be visited free of charge all year round.
Weibertreu castle ruins
The Weinsberg Castle, located on the castle hill above the city, was probably built as an imperial castle in the 11th century. It was damaged when the city was conquered in 1504, destroyed in the Peasants' War in 1525 and fell into disrepair over the centuries. Justinus Kerner stopped the further decline from 1823. The castle ruins can be visited for an admission fee.
City wall and watchtower
Soon after the city was founded, probably in the early 13th century, the city was surrounded by a city wall made of humpback ashlars, which originally also included the castle, but was closed off opposite the castle in the 14th century (probably 1332). It had six towers and two gates: the Upper Gate in the east, on the road to Ellhofen and Öhringen, and the Lower Gate in the southwest, on the old road to Heilbronn. After the Peasants' War and the destruction of the city in 1525, the wall and its towers were to be razed, but this did not happen. In 1784, after devastating city fires in other cities, the establishment of an (open) fire gate near the southern watchtower made a breach in the previously unbroken city wall for the first time. In 1803 the remaining parts of the battlements were demolished, from 1805 onwards, in a process that took decades, almost the entire remaining city wall was demolished. In two steps in 1811 and 1844/1845 the road to Heilbronn at the western exit of the city was relocated to a new, less steep route, for which further parts of the city wall and also some houses were demolished. Remnants of the city wall still exist in the north and northeast of the old city center; in the south there is only a small piece to be found. Three of the towers - Wolfsturm, Diebsturm (later called Geisterturm) and Küh-, Säu- or watchtower - are also still preserved, but only the stump of the wolf tower in the northwest corner of the city fortifications right next to the church.
The watchtower was built as part of the southern city wall around 1200/1210 from humpback blocks typical of the Staufer era. Other names of the tower were Kühturm, Säuturm or Saubachturm. It is one of the oldest preserved buildings in the city and was built to improve the city's defense at this point, which apart from the city wall could only be supported by an often almost dried up moat that was fed by the Stadtseebach or Saubach. The north side of the tower facing the city was probably initially left open and only later closed with a half-timbered wall. During the great city fire of 1707, the tower remained intact. Its use as accommodation for the poor has been handed down for 1784. In 1853 it caught fire and burned out, but was repaired in the same year. The town's night watchman's guard room was also located here until 1857. Over the years it has also been used as the watchman's apartment, prison, poor shelter and youth hostel. The bell of the former Protestant church of the Weinsberg camp, which was demolished in 1975, hangs in the bell cage on the top floor. After an extensive renovation of the tower in 1986/1987, the watchtower today includes various displaced country teams housed. They maintain a home parlor in the tower that can be visited.
Evangelical St. John's Church
The Johanneskirche on Ökolampadiusplatz, a Romanesque basilica and choir tower church , is the church of the Protestant parish of Weinsberg. The construction of the church began around 1200/1210, probably on behalf of the Lords of Weinsberg. When the city was destroyed in the Peasants' War in 1525, the church burned down and was then rebuilt. The church survived the later destruction of the city by fires in 1707 and 1945 unscathed. On the east side of the church is the memorial for the dead and missing of the First World War. The church can be visited daily in summer, otherwise by appointment.
The oldest preserved buildings in the city after the castle and Johanneskirche are in places that were not affected by the city fires in 1707 and 1945. Four houses from the 16th century have been preserved on the church staffel, which connects the Ökolampadiusplatz at the Johanneskirche with the market square below, including the former rectory, the former Latin school and the former sacristy and German school. The market square was built in its current form after the city fire in 1707. At its upper end, the current Protestant dean's building, built in 1708 as a bailiwick, towers over it. The west side of the square survived the war destruction in 1945, while the east side with the town hall burned down. The town hall was replaced by a new building that was inaugurated on August 29, 1953.
To the southwest of the market square, the former town courtyard of the Schöntal Monastery in Mönchhausgasse has stood the test of time and gave the street its name. The monastery had been in Weinsberg since at least the 14th century, its town courtyard, which was needed for the processing and storage of the products of the monastery fields and vineyards, is first mentioned in 1455. After the destruction in the Peasants' War in 1525, the house was rebuilt in the same place. A little further south, at the former lower city gate, the city hospital for the poor, the sick and the elderly extended, donated by an Engelhard von Weinsberg and first attested in 1354. Rebuilt after the destruction in 1525 and not destroyed in 1707, the hospital remained in operation until 1799. Today the former hospital church and half of the beneficiary's house are still preserved.
To the east of the market square, on today's Seufferheldplatz, stands the Baukelter , a former manorial wine press. It was built before the fire in 1525 and burned out in that year as well as in 1707 and 1945, but could be rebuilt again and again because of its strong walls. The building has been in the hands of the city since the 19th century. From 1933 to 1945 it served as the party home of the local NSDAP , then from 1949 until the inauguration of the new town hall in 1953 as the seat of the city administration. It was last restored in the mid-1990s and has since been home to the city's music school and the Michael-Beheim-Saal, which is intended for events. The vinotheque is housed in the vaulted cellar baptized Helfensteinkeller.
Hallische Strasse, which is doubly petrified
A little-known cultural monument is the double petrified Hällische Strasse . It is an approximately 1.7 km long section of an old long-distance trade route, which here forms the boundary between Heilbronn and Weinsberg. In order to mark the border more clearly after border disputes, Heilbronn pushed for a "double petrification", that is, on opposing boundary stones on both sides of the road. This is the special feature and is not known from any other street in Germany.
Parks and green spaces
The oldest “green space” in Weinsberg is the municipal cemetery, which was laid out a little outside the city in 1612 after a plague outbreak and gradually replaced the former cemetery in the churchyard around the Johanneskirche. Today it is located directly south of the railway line and has a large population of trees. In addition to the graves of well-known Weinsberg citizens such as those of Justinus Kerner and his wife Friederike, there is also the memorial for the Weinsberg dead and missing from the Second World War.
The valley of the Stadtseebach south of the built-up urban area was transformed into a park-like local recreation facility from 1977 to at least partially compensate for the loss of recreational areas suffered in previous years and decades due to the construction of the motorway. Until the inauguration on July 17, 1983, paths and an artificial lake had been created and 6,000 trees and bushes had been planted. In 1986, the area to the west of the railway line up to the residential area was designed in the same way, so that a closed green belt was created along the Stadtseebach up to the southern Stadtsee and Brühltal valleys.
Due to the bankruptcy of the long-established Weinsberger brickworks, the city was able to acquire its large site in the middle of the city (south of the railway line) in 1984. After the building was demolished, 10,000 trees and bushes were planted and converted into the Alte Ziegelei recreation area and opened to the public on June 24, 1990. The western part, in which the brickworks had extracted the required clay and in which a small wetland with ponds had formed, was left as a large biotope .
The Klinikum am Weissenhof is located a little outside the urban area . It was opened in 1903 as a royal sanatorium in the middle of a 43-hectare park, which today has 3,800 trees and around 10 km of paths.
Due to the brisk construction activity after the Second World War, the proportion of natural areas on the Weinsberger Markung has steadily declined. Nevertheless, the city still has larger natural areas, especially in the south of the urban area. The Stadtsee and Brühltal, used by the population as a recreational area, has been classified as an ecologically valuable 89 hectare landscape protection area of Brühl and Stadtseetal (No. 1.25.014) since April 17, 1980 . To the south of it is the Hinteres Brühltal wetland in the forest, which was elevated to the 20.4 hectare Brühl nature reserve (No. 1.254) on December 4, 2002 , after a sub-area had been a natural monument since 1986 . Due to military use since 1936 (as a shooting range) and the associated closure until the 1980s, a retreat for many rare animal and plant species was created here, such as the centaury , the flesh-colored orchid , the smooth snake , the yellow-bellied toad or the great fire butterfly . Also noteworthy is the frequent occurrence of the service tree and the service tree in the forest, which merge into the Brühl and Stadtseetal on the city limits of Heilbronn. Over 50 specimens of the rare service tree have been counted here. The 5 hectare Elsbeerwäldle , located on both sides of the Autobahn 81 directly at the Weinsberg exit, was designated as Schonwald (No. 302) on September 2, 1991 in order to protect the wild service and service tree populations.
The Weinsberg section of the Sulmtal, known in earlier times as being very scenic, has been dominated by the motorway junction since the motorway was built. Nevertheless, there is also a nature reserve here, in the northeast corner of the motorway junction, of which Weinsberg has a small share. The nature reserve Wildenberg (No. 1.187) was established on October 16, 1992 on the western part of the Wildenberg between Weinsberg-Grantschen and Eberstadt, directly south of the A 81. However, the Weinsberg share is rather small at 1.6 ha, compared to Eberstadt's 47.8 ha. Due to several geological outcrops, the protected area has special geological significance as an insight into the history of the reed sandstone . The entire nature reserve and a small adjoining area, a total of 57.5 hectares, was also designated as a protected forest (No. 01) on September 2, 1991 with the aim of maintaining and caring for the natural hardwood stock.
Another protected landscape area is the Burgberg with the Weibertreu castle ruins, which since July 21, 1978 has formed the 17 hectare Burgberg protected landscape area with "Weibertreu" (No. 1.25.002).
Sports and sports facilities
The TSV 1866 e. Is the largest sports club in Weinsberg and also the largest in general. V. Weinsberg, who offers various ball games (soccer, handball, basketball), table tennis, athletics, gymnastics, bowling and riding with numerous departments. The first men's handball team has played in the Württemberg League since the 1997/98 season; for the 2011/2012 season, he was promoted to the (fourth-class) handball league Baden-Württemberg . The new association Turngemeinschaft TG Weinsberg 2006 e. V. (TG) out of the TSV gymnastics department (the TSV department continues to exist in a greatly reduced size). There is also the fishing association Weinsberg e. V., the cycling club Weinsberg e. V., the Schützengilde 1862 Weinsberg, the diving group Weinsberg and the Tennis-Club Weinsberg e. V. 1960 with a water sports department, which is mainly active on the Breitenauer See in Obersulm / Löwenstein.
There are three sports halls in Weinsberg: the Weibertreuhalle multipurpose hall at the Rossäcker school center, inaugurated in 1975, the Rossäcker sports hall built in 2001/2002 and connected to it, and the older Mühlrain gym from 1958. The school center also has outdoor sports facilities. For athletics, lawn games and bowling, the Stämmlesbrunnen sports center, which was inaugurated in 1977, has a TSV clubhouse; right next to it is the tennis facility of the tennis club, which was built between 1960 and 1986. Adjacent to this is the Weinsberg outdoor pool, built in 1929 on the Stadtseebach, which has been renovated and expanded several times, most recently inaugurated on May 31, 2003 and now has four solar-heated pools with a water temperature of 25 ° C. The outdoor pool has tens of thousands of bathers each season, over 100,000 in the hot exceptional year 2003, and over 50,000 in the 2004 season. The riding facility of the riding department of the TSV, which is adjacent to the outdoor pool and was built from 1978, forms the transition from the outdoor pool to the local recreation area Stadtseebachtal to the north.
A fitness trail opened in 1974 in the forest near the Albvereinshaus was in poor condition after decades of use and was dismantled in spring 2008. Instead, the city set up a new running and fitness route under the name Fit im Park , which was opened to the public on July 27, 2008 and which runs in two sections totaling 5.2 km through the city lake valley and the local recreation area. In April 2012, a privately operated forest climbing park was set up in the Heerwald on the Schemelsberg .
From 1977 to 2007 the city festival took place every year on a June weekend in the open air in the old town , where, in addition to a small cultural program, you could essentially eat, drink, chat and listen to the music of the city band and other music bands. Due to the withdrawal of several associations, the city festival had to be canceled in 2008 and 2009 and is to be replaced by "Weinsberger Wine and Rose Days" on Burgberg from 2010 under the title Weinsberger Verführung .
Similar to the earlier city festival, the Weibertreu autumn, also known as the autumn festival, takes place every year on a weekend in September or October on the fairground on the Grasigen Hag (north of the Johanneskirche). The festival takes place here in the marquee. There is also a selection of rides , lot booths, etc.
Since 1996, the Weibertreu Festival with theater and guest performances has taken place every two years on the Weibertreu castle ruins. The organizer is the theater association Weinsberg. After the 2014 Festival, the event is to take place in the odd instead of the even years from 2017.
Since 1998, the municipal administration association “Raum Weinsberg” has organized the children's town Gnurpsel-City every two years during the summer school holidays for two weeks for 260 nine- to twelve-year-old children from the association's locations.
Economy and Infrastructure
The usual facilities for a sub-center such as grocery stores, post office, general practitioners, pharmacies, elementary schools, city administration, etc. are all available in Weinsberg, and some of the features characteristic of a medium-sized center such as secondary schools, specialists, lawyers and a hospital can be found, which is why the City is classified as a sub-center with medium-central functions. The attempts of the city administration to be classified as a medium-sized center have so far (as of 2006) been unsuccessful.
Agriculture, especially viticulture , was the essential component of the Weinsberg economy until the 19th century. Crafts and gastronomy have always been represented. In addition, there were also typical urban institutions such as a Latin school early on . The establishment of the church district and the Oberamt in Weinsberg increased the number of employees in administrative institutions in the broadest sense, and the establishment of state institutions such as the viticulture school (1868) and sanatorium (1903) increased this even further. Even after the dissolution of the Oberamt in 1926, this remained essentially the case; the loss of some facilities was compensated for by the expansion of the others (for example the secondary schools from the late 1960s). Industry did not settle in the city until the beginning of the 20th century, especially the steam brickworks and the bodyworks in Weinsberg employed a significant number of workers. Despite the decline of these companies, there is still industry in Weinsberg today, two larger and a number of small and medium-sized companies. The trading company Spar (now Edeka) with a large warehouse and a building materials wholesaler settled in the commercial areas at the motorway junction that were built from the 1970s onwards.
Until the 1980s, retail was typically small-town with many owner-managed food trade (bakers, butchers) and grocery stores and specialty shops for clothing, stationery, haberdashery and more, supplemented by a few smaller supermarkets and a branch of a food cooperative (coop). This changed from the late 1980s and especially in the 1990s. The owner-managed retail trade is still present, but on the decline. The supermarkets and coop gave up, food discounters and a larger hypermarket ( Handelshof ) settled in instead. Since purchasing power had been found to be draining into the directly neighboring Oberzentrum Heilbronn and the also not far away Mittelzentrum Neckarsulm, as well as further to cities further away, the city administration had deemed these settlements necessary and therefore a dispute with the neighboring communities in Purchase taken.
The viticulture was how the city name shows, in earlier times, the basis of the Weinberger economy and plays an important role today. Viticulture in Weinsberg was first mentioned in 1271, and in 1636 there are 28 wine presses in the town. With 417 hectares of vineyards (as of 2011, including localities), around two thirds of which are red grape varieties , Weinsberg is now fifth among the wine-growing communities in the Württemberg wine region . In 1868 the winegrowers ' cooperative Weinsberg was founded, which on June 14, 1972 merged with the winegrowers' cooperatives from Erlenbach and Heilbronn to form the Heilbronn-Erlenbach-Weinsberg e. G. (today located in the Erlenbacher district), to which most of the Weinsberg winegrowers are still affiliated. But there are also some self-marketers, i.e. wineries that develop and market their wine themselves. In addition, there is the State Teaching and Research Institute for Viticulture and Fruit Growing (LVWO or Viticulture School for short), founded in 1868 , which trains and markets its wine as the Weinsberg State Winery. Since January 19, 1957, the federal college for the wine-making trade has also been located in Weinsberg, which holds a preparatory course for the master craftsman's examination in this trade every year . Since 1972, the Württemberg winegrowing association has had its headquarters in Weinsberg, which in 2002 founded the Württemberg Wine Institute, which is also located in Weinsberg .
The Weinsberg motorway junction , built from 1966 onwards, is located in the Weinsberg area in the Sulmtal , where the A 6 ( Mannheim - Heilbronn - Nuremberg ) and A 81 ( Würzburg - Stuttgart ) motorways intersect. The A 81 in the direction of Würzburg has little traffic, the other three routes are all the more busy. Since the opening of the Eastern Bloc, the A 6 in particular, which runs in an east-west direction, has often been close to a traffic gridlock with a daily traffic volume of up to 102,000 vehicles in 2001 (Weinsberg – Walldorf route), around 30% of which are trucks , one of the highest proportions in the German motorway network. The six-lane expansion of the previously four-lane A 6 has long been an urgent request of the entire Heilbronn region , which has therefore taken on the pre-financing of the expansion planning from the Weinsberger Kreuz to the Bavarian border in an unprecedented step. As a temporary remedy to the expansion, which is promised, but not terminated, which were hard shoulder of the A relabeled 6 to makeshift lanes.
The busy federal road 39 ( Heilbronn - Schwäbisch Hall ) used to lead in a west-east direction through the middle of the city and practically divided Weinsberg into a north and a south part. Crossing the B 39 away from traffic lights was almost impossible, so that for decades the desire for a bypass road grew, which was finally inaugurated on July 13, 1990. Coming from Heilbronn, it crosses the Schemelsberg in a tunnel in the west, bypasses Weinsberg in the north along the route of the A 6 and finally meets the old B 39 again in the east, in the direction of Ellhofen. The old route of the B 39 through the town center has been traffic-calmed . At the border to Ellhofen, the B 39a motorway feeder branches off to the south, which leads to the Weinsberg motorway junction on the A 81 (south of the Weinsberger Kreuz junction ). Weinsberg is connected to its localities and the other neighboring communities by state and district roads.
Local public transport is provided by the Heilbronn Stadtbahn and the buses in the HNV transport association . Weinsberg lies on the Heilbronn – Öhringen – Crailsheim railway line, which was built between 1860 and 1867 . In addition to normal Deutsche Bahn trains , light rail trains operated by the Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft have also been running from Heilbronn to Öhringen since December 2005 , thus establishing the connection to the Heilbronn light rail network. The previously non-electrified line, in which nothing had been invested in for a long time and the signaling state of 1900, was modernized for this purpose from 2003 to 2005 and provided with an overhead line for the first time as far as Öhringen . In addition, new breakpoints were built; in Weinsberg these are the Weinsberg West stops (since March 2009) and Weinsberg / Ellhofen industrial area (since December 2006), so that Weinsberg, together with the Weinsberg Bahnhof stop, has three stops.
According to figures from the Federal Employment Agency, 436 of the 11,796 Weinsberg residents were unemployed on June 30, 2004 , which corresponds to 5.5% of 15 to 65 year olds. 3,969 residents were employed subject to social security contributions, of which 3,054, i.e. around 77%, worked as commuters outside of Weinsberg. Conversely, there are also 2,843 commuters who live outside of the country, so that a total of 3,759 employees subject to social insurance work in Weinsberg. Of these, 67.3% work in the tertiary sector ( services ), 31.5% in the secondary sector ( manufacturing , construction and others) and 1.1% in the primary sector (mainly agriculture and forestry ). For high proportion of the service sector contribute significantly to various public facilities such as the Klinikum am Weissenhof , the wine school , which worried by the municipality administration of the local government association and the schools at. The self-employed are not included in these figures .
Two larger companies in the metal industry are based in Weinsberg. The Vollert Anlagenbau GmbH (formerly: Hermann Vollert KG) is a 1925 Locksmith established, medium-sized company in the mechanical engineering and plant construction , which with 200 employees worldwide, including in the manufacture of precast concrete plants , intralogistics - and maneuvering systems, as well as heavy, conveying , transport - and warehouse technology is active.
Founded in 1958 Fibro GmbH , since 1974 a subsidiary of the Heilbronn Läpple Group is in the fields of standard parts , rotary tables , automation and robotics business. Fibro has over 900 employees in two plants in Weinsberg and Haßmersheim . The tool and mold making company Läpple AG , based in Heilbronn today , was also founded in Weinsberg in 1919.
In the joint industrial area with Ellhofen, the company SPAR Handels AG maintained a large warehouse (as well as a Eurospar store) for decades. After the takeover of the German SPAR by Edeka , approved by the Federal Cartel Office in 2005, this warehouse was also transferred to Edeka. Of the once (as of mid-December 2005) more than 700 jobs, only 370 have now been left; by September 2006 the number had risen to 540 again.
Karosseriewerke Weinsberg GmbH (KW), founded in 1912, was also located in Weinsberg until 2011. They are best known for the mobile homes they built under the Weinsberg brand from 1969 to 1992. Cars were also manufactured for Fiat and NSU , including the Fiat Coupé Weinsberg 500 in the 1960s. Later, the company concentrated on manufacturing parts and making fixtures and tools. Due to the poor economic situation of the customers, bankruptcy was filed in April 2002 . The economic crisis led to another bankruptcy in March 2009. KW still employed 560 people in 1987; In 2009 there were still 23. After the takeover of KW by the Bretzfelder Wolpert Group in December 2009, the KW headquarters were relocated to Bretzfeld- Schwabbach in 2011 .
Former Weinsberg companies that no longer exist today include: the steam brickworks Weinsberg, later Ziegelwerke Koch & Söhne, then Weinsberger Ziegel GmbH (founded in 1900, takeover of several companies such as the Böckingen brickworks , went bankrupt in 1983), on the former site of which the old brickworks recreation facility is now , the Weinsberg tobacco factory (founded in 1924, Production of pipe tobacco, buildings demolished in the 1970s) and the chemical factory in Weinsberg (founded in 1909, production of wax polish, floor cream and shoe cream under the brand name Weibertreu ).
Supply and disposal
The water supply vineyard was formerly ensured by its own sources. Water pipes fed fountains such as the market fountain from 1803. From 1900 onwards, an elevated tank on the castle hill, which supplied 74 hydrants in the urban area, improved the situation. In 1937, to secure the drinking water supply in the source area of the Saubach in the south of the urban area, two small reservoirs were created, which together with the existing and other, newly developed springs supplied drinking water until the 1970s. From 1961 the connection to the Bodensee water supply was considered, in 1962 the joining of the Zweckverband Bodensee water supply (BSWV) took place. 1974/1975 Weinsberg was then connected from Heilbronn to the BSWV network; the first water from Lake Constance flowed into the Weinsberg pipeline network on March 27, 1975.
In 1904 a municipal gas works was built, which supplied the city with city gas produced by coal gasification . As of December 20, 1962, self-generation was given up in favor of gas, which was obtained from Heilbronn through a newly built pipeline. From 1973 onwards the company switched to natural gas . Stadtwerke Weinsberg GmbH is responsible for the gas and water supply. Stadtwerke Heilbronn takes care of the technical processing .
The self-generated town gas was also used to operate the public street lighting , which was first lit with gas on December 31, 1904. On October 8, 1957, the conversion to electric street lighting began, which had to be accelerated in the early 1970s due to the conversion to natural gas and was completed on June 8, 1972. The power supply was carried out in 1912 on the Überlandwerk Hohenlohe-Öhringen ; later the energy supply Schwaben (EVS) was responsible, today's EnBW , which has been operating a substation in Weinsberg since 1964 .
The open trenches ( dolens ), which used to be used to dispose of sewage, were replaced by underground pipelines after 1900 . To purify the wastewater , Weinsberg used to operate two of its own sewage treatment plants . Since 1976, the city has been using two sewage treatment plants in Ellhofen and Neckarsulm that were built and operated jointly with several neighboring communities.
The daily newspaper Heilbronner Voice reports on the events in Weinsberg in its edition for the Weinsberger Tal (WT) . From March 5, 1875 to 1934, Weinsberg also had its own daily newspaper, the Weinsberger Zeitung , and from May 1, 1898 to June 21, 1901, a competing newspaper , the Weinsberger Tagblatt, was even published. Since March 1, 1952, there has also been a weekly city gazette, the news sheet for the city of Weinsberg , with a circulation of 3,000 copies (as of 2002). There is also the echo advertising paper from the Heilbronner Voice publishing group, which is distributed free of charge on Wednesdays and Sundays . The weekly advertising and news paper sulmtal.de, which has been appearing in Obersulm since October 2000 - das extrablatt (for the Weinsberger Valley) has also been distributed in Weinsberg since September 2006, and in Grantschen and Wimmental since August 2002. Since September 8, 2006 it has been bringing in Another publisher from Bad Friedrichshall from another advertising paper for the Weinsberger Tal, the Sulmtaler Woche .
The SWR4 Frankenradio of the Südwestrundfunk -Studio Heilbronn occasionally reports on Weinsberg on the radio . Südwestrundfunk has also been operating a VHF radio station in Weinsberg since July 1, 1976 , which is located directly on the western boundary of Heilbronn in the forest on the Galgenberg and was also a basic television broadcaster until November 5, 2008 .
Weinsberg has a notary's office , a police station that is responsible for the southeastern district of Heilbronn, and a traffic police department (since 2014, previously since 1969 motorway police station ). The Weinsberg Voluntary Fire Brigade is responsible for fire protection and accident assistance in the city area and also on the A 6 and A 81 motorways (a few kilometers in three directions from the Weinsberger Kreuz, a total of 40 km). In addition, the following public facilities are located in Weinsberg:
The Klinikum am Weissenhof was opened as a royal sanatorium (for the mentally ill) in 1903 on the grounds of the Weißenhof state domain . Today the Klinikum am Weissenhof is a modern hospital for psychiatry (with departments for geriatric psychiatry , forensic psychiatry and child and adolescent psychiatry ), neurology , addiction and psychotherapeutic medicine . The hospital employs over 800 people, making it the largest employer in the city of Weinsberg.
State teaching and research institute for viticulture and fruit growing (LVWO) with state winery
The state teaching and research institute for viticulture and fruit growing was founded as the Royal Viticulture School in 1868 and is the oldest German wine and fruit growing school. She is dedicated to training and research in viticulture and fruit growing , for which she cultivates various fruit estates and vineyards in Weinsberg and other places. Some important grape varieties , including the Kerner and the Dornfelder , were bred at the viticulture school. The wines and sparkling wines produced by LVWO have been marketed under the name Staatsweingut Weinsberg since 1995.
Weinsberg is well supplied with kindergartens : In addition to five municipal kindergartens , there is a Protestant and a Catholic kindergarten. The young people have the youth center maintained by the municipal administration association, which has been housed in a converted former goods shed at the train station since 1995. Before that, a municipal youth center had existed elsewhere since 1980. For children and adolescents in need, a Protestant institution, together with the Heilbronn district in Weinsberg , has been running youth welfare in the field of life (JuLe), since 2002 in a newly constructed building.
The Diakonische Bezirksstelle Weinsberg , supported by the Diakonie , provides advice and support in general social matters . On October 21, 2005, the Aufbaugilde Heilbronn opened the Lebenshaus in Weinsberg , an institution that aims to help addicts to reintegrate into life. Up to 30 people with chronic multiple injuries can get used to everyday life here after withdrawal.
The Backhaus meeting place was opened on May 6, 1995 as a meeting place for the elderly . Right next door, the old people's home Feierabendstift was built from 1991 to 1994 (today Wohnstift der Dienst für Menschen gGmbH ). The “Raum Weinsberg” social station , which is run by the municipal administration association and has a total of 35 employees, offers care services and neighborhood help. The Franconian Hospice , run by a non-profit association and in operation since the beginning of 2003, is the first inpatient hospice in the Heilbronn-Franconia region . Eight rooms are available here for terminally ill people who are cared for with palliative medicine at the end of their life .
The Weinsberg elementary school goes back to the old Weinsberg elementary school, which was located in the immediate vicinity of the town hall and Johanneskirche. It was last called the primary and neighborhood secondary school in Weinsberg and on January 12, 1973 it was divided into primary and secondary secondary school. The primary school continued to use the existing buildings, the secondary school moved together with the grammar school to a new building in the south of the city, the Rossäcker education center . With the establishment of a second elementary school, the Rossäcker elementary school, which was inaugurated on April 30, 1997, the Weinsberg elementary school was renamed the Grasigen Hag elementary school. For the 2017/18 school year, the two primary schools reunited to form the (new) Weinsberg primary school at the location of the Rossäcker primary school. As an open all-day school , the Weinsberg primary school offers all-day care four days a week.
The Justinus-Kerner-Gymnasium Weinsberg was probably founded around 1500 as a Latin school . The construction of a new schoolhouse has been documented for 1540. In addition to the Latin school, there was a German school for a time and a secondary school for two decades in the middle of the 19th century . In 1903 a secondary school train was set up at the Latin school. The school was then called Latin and Realschule Weinsberg from 1907–1909 and from 1909 finally Realschule Weinsberg. After further renaming (1937 Oberschule Weinsberg, 1953 Progymnasium Weinsberg, 1955 Justinus-Kerner-Progymnasium Weinsberg), the school was finally expanded into a full high school from 1970 and has been bearing its current name since then.
The neighborhood secondary school , supported by the municipal administration association, had been connected to a Werkrealschule since 1995 . For the school year 2010/2011 it was completely converted into a Werkrealschule and since then has been called the Stauferwerkrealschule Weinsberg . For the 2015/2016 school year, the Werkrealschule and the Realschule Weinsberg, founded in 1980, merged to form a joint school with the Realschule and Werkrealschule departments, which was named Weibertreuschule . With the grammar school and the primary school in Weinsberg, the woman loyalty school is housed in the Rossäcker education center, which was built in 1971 in the south of the city.
A municipal music school was established in January 1993. It has been housed in the historical building press since 1995 . 15 music teachers teach around 250 music students there.
The city-based Klinikum am Weissenhof offers its school-age patients a school for sick people in long-term hospital treatment. Together with the Löwenstein Clinic, the clinic also runs a nursing school (where nurses are trained). Since January 1st, 2004 the school is officially called Health and Nursing School and trains health and nursing staff.
In Weinsberg there is also the State Teaching and Research Institute for Viticulture and Fruit Growing (LVWO - see above), which is part of the State. Certified technician for viticulture and cellar management, to the Staatl. Certified economist for viticulture and the state. trained economist for fruit growing.
The Weinsberg city library with a stock of almost 23,000 media is open to all citizens of Weinsberg and other communities. It was opened on March 8, 1971, following on from other libraries in the city and the Protestant parish.
An adult education center was first established in 1922. It only lasted a few years. After interludes in 1945 and 1950–1959, operations were finally resumed in 1969. Since June 20, 1991, the Weinsberger VHS has been part of the Unterland adult education center, which was newly founded on that day . In autumn 2018, the adult education center was able to take over several floors in a building previously used by the primary school on Grasigen Hag and thus merge the previously scattered rooms.
From the 1950s onwards, Weinsberg was a popular destination for special trains operated by the Deutsche Bundesbahn with several hundred or even over a thousand guests. Up to the mid-1980s, up to four special trains ran to Weinsberg every year. With the increasing popularity of the automobile and the easy accessibility of Weinsberg via the new highways, this later shifted to bus tourism and individual tourism.
Weinsberg is on the Castle Road ; the castle ruin Weibertreu is the main tourist attraction of the city with 26,000 visitors in 2004. The Schwäbische Dichterstrasse also takes visitors into the city and into the Kernerhaus, which in 2004 had 2,800 visitors. After all, Weinsberg is also located on the Württemberger Weinstrasse , which was newly established in 2004 and on which you can tour the sights of the Württemberg wine-growing region .
The city has had voluntary tour guides since 1993 who can be booked for general city and castle tours or themed tours about, for example, the Peasants' War in Weinsberg, Wein or the women of Weinsberg. Around 5,000 guests took advantage of this offer in 2004. In addition, the city administration, in cooperation with the local gastronomy and hotel industry, offers various sightseeing and accommodation packages and tries to cater to individual travel requests.
Recently, Weinsberg has granted the following people honorary citizenship (with the date of the award):
- Honorary citizen of Weinsberg
- Friedrich August von Heyd (born December 1, 1749 - March 12, 1840), Protestant pastor and dean in Weinsberg (probably 1835)
- Christian Jakob David Hildt (* December 25, 1814 - † February 17, 1909), builder and architect (probably before 1895)
- Johann Wilhelm Philipp Ammon (born October 6, 1829 - † November 16, 1897), pastor and dean in Weinsberg from 1881 to 1896 (November 14, 1896)
- Theobald Kerner (born June 14, 1817 - † August 11, 1907), son of Justinus Kerner, poet and doctor (June 14, 1897)
- Karl Weller (born November 22, 1866; † December 24, 1943), historian, published 1903 "Die Weiber von Weinsberg" (June 11, 1903)
- Erwin Hildt (born July 1, 1851 - † February 25, 1917), co-founder of the Justinus Kerner Association and founder of the Hildthalle festival hall named after him (March 21, 1909)
- Gottlob Wagner (born November 9, 1839; † September 7, 1926), senior civil engineer in Weinsberg and long-time member of the municipal council (September 17, 1925)
- Hermann Ganzenmüller (born January 1, 1858 - † December 20, 1941), city architect and long-term councilor (October 3, 1929)
- On March 16, 1933, Adolf Hitler and Paul von Hindenburg were made honorary citizens of Weinsberg. Hitler's honorary citizenship was revoked on March 12, 1946. Hindenburg remained an honorary citizen, but is not listed as an honorary citizen in the yearbook for the city of Weinsberg .
- Karl Rebmann (* March 8, 1883; † June 1, 1970), senior building master, district fire chief, long-time councilor, mayor (1945/1946), new founder of the volunteer fire brigade in Weinsberg and in the district (March 8, 1963)
- Karl Weinbrenner (born October 5, 1888 - † May 10, 1968), Mayor 1924–1945, purchaser of the Weinsberger Stadtwald on the Gemmingen mark (October 5, 1963)
- Ernst Klenk (born January 6, 1905 - † July 19, 1996), director and head of the State Teaching and Research Institute for Viticulture and Fruit Growing (January 6, 1970)
- Erwin Heim (born February 15, 1910; † March 17, 1987), mayor 1948–1972, holder of the Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class (March 24, 1972)
- Jakob Ringhof (* July 6, 1911; † August 27, 1993), long-time member of the local council and district council, 1st Deputy Mayor 1965–1984 (December 4, 1984)
- Helmut Läpple (April 4, 1916 - September 23, 2005), long-time partner and managing director (1940 to 2004) of the Läpple group of companies (December 11, 1992)
- Jürgen Klatte (born August 23, 1942), Mayor 1972–1996 (March 29, 1996)
- Gerhard Scherr (born September 23, 1933), long-time member of local councils and local councils in Wimmental and Weinsberg, 1st Deputy Mayor 1984-2004 (September 23, 2004)
- Honorary citizen of Gellmersbach
- Ludwig Bauer (born November 16, 1919; † June 6, 2006), 1946–1974 mayor, 1975–1989 mayor of Gellmersbach (December 11, 1974)
sons and daughters of the town
- Hans Schweiner (approx. 1473–1534), master builder , builder of the west tower of Heilbronn's Kilian Church
- Johannes Oekolampadius (1482–1531), theologian, reformer from Basel
- Friedrich Vischlin (1566–1626), church builder
- Julius Friedrich von Malblanc (1752–1828), law scholar and university professor
- Franz Fraas (1802–1877), city scholar of Weinsberg, member of the state parliament
- Friedrich Betz (1819–1903), doctor and medical writer
- Heinrich Seufferheld (1866–1940), artist and Tübingen university professor
- Hermann Distel (1875–1945), architect
- Emma Joos (1882–1932), painter and graphic artist
- Carl Krayl (1890–1947), architect
- Jürgen Blätzinger (* 1948), Chief Medical Officer of the Bundeswehr
- Lutz Wegner (* 1949), computer scientist
- Rainer Bähr (* 1958), lawyer and insolvency administrator
Other personalities associated with the city
- Michael Beheim (born September 27, 1416; † around 1474), Meistersinger born in Sülzbach near Weinsberg with the nickname Poeta Weinsbergensis , from 1439 in the service of Imperial Treasurer Konrad (IX.) Von Weinsberg
- Sebastian Breuning († December 11, 1516), Württemberg Vogt Weinsberg, who was executed for alleged high treason
- Friedrich Christoph Oetinger (born May 2, 1702; † February 10, 1782), Protestant theologian (prelate from 1765), special superintendent (dean) and pastor in Weinsberg from 1752 to 1759
- Friedrich Christoph Steinhofer (born January 16, 1706 in Owen (Teck), † February 11, 1761 in Weinsberg), Protestant theologian and Pietist.
- Johann Georg Hildt (born March 17, 1785; † November 23, 1863), master craftsman and architect, friend of Justinus Kerners, builder of the Kernerhaus
- Justinus Kerner (born September 18, 1786 - February 21, 1862), poet and doctor who lived in the city from 1819. The house he built in 1822, at the time a meeting place for poets and thinkers, can still be visited today. He also campaigned for the preservation of the Weibertreu castle ruins and prevented its further demolition. Today the Justinus Kerner Association and Women's Association is concerned with maintaining this cultural heritage .
- Ferdinand Ludwig Immanuel Dillenius (* January 2, 1791; † December 11, 1871), long-time pastor and dean in Weinsberg, who wrote a city chronicle
- Immanuel Dornfeld (* May 15, 1796; † December 29, 1869), administrative officer, from 1850 camera administrator for the Oberamt Weinsberg , main initiator of the viticulture school in Weinsberg
- Friederike Hauffe née Wanner (* 1801; † 25 August 1829), the so-called seer of Prevorst, was Justinus Kerner's best-known patient, who wrote a book about her (Die Seherin von Prevorst)
- Hermann Bauer (born September 19, 1814 - † May 18, 1872), dean in Weinsberg and local history researcher from Württemberg
- Theobald Kerner (born June 14, 1817, † August 11, 1907), doctor and poet, son of Justinus Kerner, looked after his father's legacy
- Johannes Mühlhäuser (born October 27, 1834; † April 2, 1914 in Ulm), head of the viticulture school from 1869 to 1895
- Richard Meißner (* April 23, 1868; † January 12, 1938), director of the Württemberg Wine Research Institute and chairman of the Justinus Kerner Association, author of several publications on the city and its history
- Hermann Essig (born August 28, 1878; † June 21, 1918), playwright and poet, went to school in Weinsberg and published the satirical comedy Die Weiber von Weinsberg in 1909
- Otto Mörike (born April 7, 1897 - † July 9, 1978), Protestant dean of Weinsberg from 1953 to January 1959, Righteous Among the Nations
- August Herold (born August 7, 1902 - † January 8, 1973), grape grower at the State Training and Research Institute for Viticulture and Fruit Growing in Weinsberg
- Rolf Becker (born September 12, 1912 - May 9, 1984), poet and teacher
- Egon Susset (born June 3, 1929 - † December 26, 2013), CDU member of the Bundestag born in Wimmental
- Gerhard Götz (born June 5, 1931), director of the state teaching and research institute for viticulture and fruit growing, Weinsberg, awarded the city's golden medal of honor
- Hagen von Ortloff (* May 1949), radio presenter, went to school in Weinsberg
- Jan Jankeje (* 1950), jazz musician and composer, lives in Weinsberg
- Lutz Hübner (* 1964), playwright, actor and director, grew up in Weinsberg
In Ohio , USA, there was a small town called Weinsberg that was founded in the early 19th century and named after its German model. In 1833 it was renamed Winesburg when a post office opened there. It still exists under this name today. Winesburg, Ohio is also the title of a 1919 novel by Sherwood Anderson .
- State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2020 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
Sources: The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by districts and municipalities . Volume II. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1975, ISBN 3-17-002349-7 , p. 134.
That. Volume IV. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1 , pp. 142ff.
Topographic map 1:25 000, No. 6821 Heilbronn, 3rd edition 2001.
City administration Weinsberg by email from October 30, 2006.
Natural areas of Baden-Württemberg . State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart 2009.
- Source: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 2010 , p. 93.
- Yearbook for the city of Weinsberg 1958 .
- Structural and regional database of the State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg (accessed on December 27, 2009, 2012: May 22, 2016, 2016: April 29, 2020).
- According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Weinsberg.
- Regional plan Heilbronn-Franken 2020 . Regionalverband Heilbronn-Franken, Heilbronn 2006, pp. 29–40 (also as PDF ; 5.34 MB).
- As of June 30, 2011. Source: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 2011 , p. 93.
Additional source for the urban structure section: Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Official description by districts and municipalities. Volume IV: Administrative region of Stuttgart, regional associations of Franconia and East Wuerttemberg. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1 , pp. 142-146.
Dumitrache / Haag: Archaeological City Register Weinsberg (see literature), p. 16ff.
- Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst, long-term mean values (accessed on March 25, 2018)
- Annual reports of the LVWO Weinsberg (with climate data)
- Kilian Krauth: The climate also changes the wine . In: Heilbronner Voice of January 19, 2007, p. 38.
- Entry in the cultural monuments project in the Heilbronn-Franken region (accessed on March 23, 2018).
- Ulrich Maier: Settlement History of the Unterland. From the stone age to today . District of Heilbronn, Heilbronn 1997 (series of publications of the district of Heilbronn, 4), ISBN 3-9801562-4-9 , pp. 49–53.
- Simon M. Haag, Helmut Deininger, Manfred Wiedmann: The side walls between the castle and the city of Weinsberg and the outer bailey settlement or the support of historical research through recent scientific achievements . In: Württembergisch Franken 84 . Historical Association for Wuerttemberg Franconia, Schwäbisch Hall 2000, pp.  –101.
- Simon M. Haag: "Jtem de Winsberc LX mr." Selected documents in the picture for the history of Weinsberg . In: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 1996 , pp. 311–321.
- Simon M. Haag: Rise and fall of the knightly Weinsberg bailiff Lutz Schott (1455–1484) . In: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 1997 , pp. 277–289.
- Simon M. Haag: On the building history of the Oberamtsstadt Weinsberg , Weinsberg 1995, pp. 112–116 and 166.
- Rosemarie Wildermuth: "Twice there is no dream to be had". The women of Weinsberg and the woman faithful . German Schiller Society, Marbach 1990 (Marbacher Magazin; 53).
- Paul-Gerhard Seitz: On the history and development of the sanatorium Weinsberg from the 3rd Reich to 1975. Weissenhof-Verlag Dr. Jens Kunow, Heilbronn 1993, ISBN 3-923067-82-2 , pp. 25-27.
- Erwin Bosler: From the days of horror in Heilbronn . New edition. Heilbronn 1952, p. 23.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27th, 1970 to December 31st, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 451 and 465 .
- Website of the Evangelical Church Community in Weinsberg
- yearbook for the city of Weinsberg 2015 , p. 84
- Website of the Gellmersbach parish
- Website of the Evangelical Church Congregation Sülzbach
- St. Oswald, Wimmental at dekanat-heilbronn.de (accessed on February 7, 2016)
- St. Joseph, Wweinsberg at dekanat-heilbronn.de (accessed on February 7, 2016)
- On Jews in Weinsberg: Wolfram Angerbauer , Hans Georg Frank: Jewish communities in the district and city of Heilbronn . District of Heilbronn, Heilbronn 1986 (series of publications of the district of Heilbronn, 1), p. 238f.
- Source: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 2015 , p. 151.
- Self-presentation of the Methodist Church Community in Weinsberg (accessed on February 7, 2016).
- Status of the population figures: Grantschen November 1973, Gellmersbach and Wimmental October 1975. Source: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 1973, p. 101 and Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 1975, p. 87.
- Election results of the 2014 municipal council election on weinsberg.de
- Results of the municipal council election 2019 on weinsberg.de
Additional sources for the Mayor section :
The “who is who” of street names in Weinsberg . Series in the news paper for the city of Weinsberg . Follow Pfaffstrasse , No. 50/2006, p. 2; Follow Käpplingerstraße , No. 10/2007, p. 3; Follow Seufferheldstrasse , No. 25/2007, p. 3.
30 years of the Free Voters' Association Weinsberg. 1950-1980 . Free Voter Association Weinsberg, Weinsberg 1980 ( online as PDF; 5 MB )
Sources for the section coat of arms and flag:
Heinz Bardua: The district and community coat of arms in the Stuttgart administrative region . Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0801-8 (district and community arms in Baden-Württemberg, 1), p. 139.
Eberhard Gönner: Book of arms of the city and district of Heilbronn with a territorial history of this area . Archive Directorate Stuttgart, Stuttgart 1965 (Publications of the State Archives Administration Baden-Württemberg, 9), p. 149f.
- Joachim Kinzinger: New slogan advertises with romance instead of Kerner . In: Heilbronn voice . June 16, 2007, p. 35 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on September 11, 2010]).
- Joachim Kinzinger: Vines and romance in the new logo . In: Heilbronn voice . September 15, 2008, p. 36 .
- Joachim Kinzinger: 5000 visitors to the Weibertreu Festival . In: Heilbronn voice . August 1, 2014.
- Willi Lutz: Between Heilbronn and Weinsberg: The doubly petrified Hällische Strasse . In: Schwäbische Heimat, Volume 54, 2003, Issue 3, pp. 330–332 and Die doppelversteinte Hällische Strasse . In: Yearbook for the city of Weinsberg 1959 .
- For example by Rolf Becker : "... Dir, o quiet valley ...". Obituary for a landscape . In: Yearbook for the City of Weinsberg 1966 , p. 133.
- Sources for the Nature section : Directory of the nature and landscape protection areas of the State Institute for Environmental Protection, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg , Forest protection areas in Baden-Württemberg at the State Forestry Administration of Baden-Württemberg ( Memento of October 27, 2005 in the Internet Archive ), Environmental Report 2000 of the district of Heilbronn (PDF; 9.5 MB) ( memento of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), p. 32 (all Internet sources accessed on October 8, 2006) as well as yearbooks for the city of Weinsberg 1989, 1991, 2000 and 2002.
- The history of the handball game in Weinsberg ( Memento from August 13, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) at TSV Weinsberg (accessed on May 3, 2007).
- Stephan Sonntag: Pure euphoria in Weinsberg . In: Heilbronn voice . May 23, 2011 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on May 23, 2011]).
- Joachim Kinzinger: Climbing fun with rope rides in the Weinsberger Forest . In: Heilbronn voice . April 5, 2012 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on May 22, 2012]).
- Joachim Kinzinger: Found a replacement for information days . In: Heilbronn voice . March 4, 2010 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on April 25, 2010]).
- Joachim Kinzinger: Wine and Rose Days instead of City Festival . In: Heilbronn voice . March 11, 2009 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on March 15, 2009]).
- Gnurpsel-City website ( Memento from October 6, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Statistical reports of Baden-Württemberg. Agriculture , CI 5 -j / 11, March 8, 2012, online here (PDF; 243 kB)
- Herbert Kaletta: 100,000 euros for the motorway . In: Heilbronner Voice of July 26, 2007, p. 30.
- jof: A 6: New surface and three tracks . In: Heilbronn voice . February 23, 2005 ( from Stimme.de [accessed October 8, 2012]).
- Yvonne Tscherwitschke: You think it often crashes here . In: Hohenloher Zeitung . July 22, 2005 ( from Stimme.de [accessed October 8, 2012]).
- Franziska Feinäugle: "Without hard shoulder , that's life-threatening" . In: Heilbronn voice . August 23, 2005 ( from Stimme.de [accessed October 8, 2012]).
- Sabine Friedrich: Last stop in the circle in operation . In: Heilbronn voice . March 28, 2009 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on March 29, 2009]).
- Heiko Fritze: Under Edeka the camp is blooming again . In: Heilbronner Voice of September 26, 2006, p. 10.
- Manfred Stockburger: Wolpert Group buys KW Weinsberg . In: Heilbronn voice . December 10, 2009 ( from Stimme.de [accessed December 27, 2009]).
- mfd: Wolpert brings KW Weinsberg to Schwabbach . In: Heilbronn voice . January 26, 2011 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on July 30, 2012]).
- sulmtal.de - das extrablatt No. 35/2006, p. 9.
- Announcement from the publishing house Nussbaum Medien ( Memento dated December 7, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Yearbook for the city of Weinsberg 1976 , station table from www.ukwtv.de (accessed on November 27, 2006) and on-site visit.
- Soon more TV programs via antenna in northern Baden-Württemberg . Press release from Südwestrundfunk from August 29, 2008 ( Memento from February 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
- Carsten Friese: 50 Years of the Autobahn Police: The first cell guest was a murderer . Stimme.de , September 29, 2019
- Traffic police headquarters in Weinsberg in future. Heilbronn Voice, June 5, 2012, archived from the original on February 12, 2013 ; Retrieved June 5, 2012 .
- News for the city of Weinsberg from November 17, 2006, p. 6.
- Sabine Friedrich: The last station should be cozy . In: Heilbronner Voice , June 1, 2015
- Weinsberg - The school town on weinsberg.de (accessed on November 3, 2019)
- Karin Freudenberger: The committee agrees on the name of the Stauferschule . In: Heilbronner Voice, WT edition . April 16, 2010.
- History of the municipal music school on musikschule-stadtweinsberg.de (accessed on November 3, 2019)
- Stadtbücherei Weinsberg on weinsberg.de (accessed on November 3, 2019)
- Sabine Friedrich: Finally there is enough space for the VHS in Weinsberg . In: Heilbronner Voice , September 24, 2018
- Uwe Jacobi: The missing council minutes . 3. Edition. Verlag Heilbronner Demokratie, Heilbronn 1995, ISBN 3-921923-09-3 , p. 47.
- Related thread on RootsWeb.com (English, accessed on October 7, 2006) ( Memento from July 1, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- Marianne Dumitrache, Simon M. Haag: Archaeological city cadastre Weinsberg . Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart 1999
Archaeological inventory with city history.
- Simon M. Haag: Römer - Salier - Staufer - Weinsberger: little history of the castle and town of Weinsberg . Edited by the Weinsberg City Archives. Verlag Nachrichtenblatt der Stadt Weinsberg, Weinsberg 1996, ISBN 3-9802689-9-3 Brief
overview on 74 pages in pocket format.
- Simon M. Haag: On the building history of the upper administrative city of Weinsberg . Verlag Nachrichtenblatt der Stadt Weinsberg, Weinsberg 1995, ISBN 3-9802689-8-5
Extensive, richly illustrated historical work that goes into detail on many buildings.
Yearbook for the city of Weinsberg . Jahrbuch-Verlag, Weinsberg 1956-2004; RichterResponse, Weinsberg 2005–
Published annually. With a detailed annual review, population register, information on associations, administration and institutions.