Line of sight

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The Karlsruhe fan

In urban planning and in park and landscape design, a visual axis or visual axis is a laid-out or kept clear aisle that allows a view of important buildings or landscape-defining elements along an axis . Lines of sight can simultaneously be the path connection to the property, as is common in baroque buildings (e.g. Karlsruhe ), or a pure line of sight without path connection, as was preferred in English horticulture (example Wörlitz). Often a line of sight ends in a point de vue as a visual target.

Karlsruhe is remarkable in terms of urban planning. Due to the fan-shaped arrangement, numerous streets form a street fan on the castle . This is also called a viewing fan. Similarly, there is the market of Neustrelitz (Mecklenburg-Strelitz) and Wörlitz display compartments.



  • Karsten Ley: space, time, function. The dimensions of the axis in urban planning. FdR, Aachen 2005, ISBN 3-936971-08-0 .
  • Wilhelm Rave : The axis in architecture. TH Berlin (diss.), 1929.
  • Clemens Steenbergen and Wouter Reh: Architecture and Landscape. The Design Experiment of the Great European Gardens and Landscapes. Prestel, Munich / New York 1996, ISBN 3-7643-0335-2 .

Individual evidence