Line of sight
In urban planning and in park and landscape design, a visual axis or visual axis is a laid-out or kept clear aisle that allows a view of important buildings or landscape-defining elements along an axis . Lines of sight can simultaneously be the path connection to the property, as is common in baroque buildings (e.g. Karlsruhe ), or a pure line of sight without path connection, as was preferred in English horticulture (example Wörlitz). Often a line of sight ends in a point de vue as a visual target.
Karlsruhe is remarkable in terms of urban planning. Due to the fan-shaped arrangement, numerous streets form a street fan on the castle . This is also called a viewing fan. Similarly, there is the market of Neustrelitz (Mecklenburg-Strelitz) and Wörlitz display compartments.
- Ax historique in Paris
- New garden Potsdam
- Heilandskirche at the Port of Sacrow
- Neubrandenburg city gates in a straight layout
- Maximilianeum in Munich
- Nymphenburg Palace Park in Munich
- Schleißheim palace complex near Munich
- Rosental (Leipzig)
- Babelsberg Park in Potsdam and Sanssouci Park
- Dessau-Wörlitzer Gartenreich with the grounds of Wörlitz , Georgium , Luisium and others
- Fürst-Pückler-Park Bad Muskau
- Herrenhausen Gardens in Hanover
- Belvedere Palace in Vienna
- Kinross House in Kinross, Scotland
- Benrath Palace Park in Düsseldorf
One of the many visual axes in Wörlitzer Park (here: to the Temple of Venus)
Example of an everyday visual axis in the cityscape: the parish church in Weissenbach an der Triesting as the visual destination and end point of the avenue
- Karsten Ley: space, time, function. The dimensions of the axis in urban planning. FdR, Aachen 2005, ISBN 3-936971-08-0 .
- Wilhelm Rave : The axis in architecture. TH Berlin (diss.), 1929.
- Clemens Steenbergen and Wouter Reh: Architecture and Landscape. The Design Experiment of the Great European Gardens and Landscapes. Prestel, Munich / New York 1996, ISBN 3-7643-0335-2 .