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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Jagsthausen community
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Jagsthausen highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 19 '  N , 9 ° 28'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
County : Heilbronn
Height : 210 m above sea level NHN
Area : 17.67 km 2
Residents: 1880 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 106 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 74249
Area code : 07943
License plate : HN
Community key : 08 1 25 048
Community structure: 2 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Hauptstrasse 3
74249 Jagsthausen
Website : www.jagsthausen.de
Mayor : Roland Halter
Location of the municipality Jagsthausen in the district of Heilbronn
Abstatt Abstatt Bad Friedrichshall Bad Rappenau Bad Wimpfen Beilstein Beilstein Beilstein Brackenheim Cleebronn Eberstadt Ellhofen Ellhofen Eppingen Erlenbach Flein Gemmingen Güglingen Gundelsheim Hardthausen am Kocher Heilbronn Ilsfeld Ittlingen Jagsthausen Jagsthausen Kirchardt Langenbrettach Lauffen am Neckar Lauffen am Neckar Lehrensteinsfeld Leingarten Löwenstein Löwenstein Löwenstein Massenbachhausen Möckmühl Neckarsulm Neckarwestheim Neudenau Neuenstadt am Kocher Nordheim Obersulm Oedheim Offenau Pfaffenhofen Roigheim Schwaigern Siegelsbach Talheim Untereisesheim Untergruppenbach Weinsberg Widdern Wüstenrot Zaberfeldmap
About this picture

Jagsthausen is a community with around 1800 inhabitants in the Heilbronn district in the Franconian north-east of Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Heilbronn-Franken region and the outer metropolitan region of Stuttgart .


Geographical location

Jagsthausen is located in the northeast of the Heilbronn district on the lower reaches of the Jagst , about 50 km from its confluence with the Neckar .


The landscape is part of the Swabian-Franconian stepland and is strongly structured despite the slight differences in altitude (approx. 150–400 meters). The valley slopes consist of shell limestone , the plain outside the valley is partially covered with loess ; The lower Keuper forms the elevations that protrude little above the plain .

Neighboring communities

Neighboring towns and municipalities of Jagsthausen are (clockwise, starting in the southwest): Hardthausen am Kocher , Widdern (both Heilbronn district), Schöntal and Forchtenberg (both Hohenlohe district ). Jagsthausen has entered into an agreed administrative partnership with Möckmühl , Roigheim and Widdern .

Community structure

The community consists of the districts Jagsthausen and Olnhausen . The hamlets of Äußerer Pfitzhof, Mittlerer Pfitzhof, Pfitzhof and Unterer Pfitzhof as well as the farms Edelmannshof, Leuterstal (Stahlhof) and Stolzenhof belong to the district of Jagsthausen . Lost locations are on the Jagsthausen marker Forsthof and Höhfelden, on the Olnhausen marker Burkhardsweiler.

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.


Until the 17th century

Around 160 AD, the Romans built a fort on today's Jagsthausen district to monitor a section of the Upper German-Raetian Limes . One of the two thermal baths is still visible . This bath, excavated in 1991, was probably built with the fort. Unique inscriptions carved into stone have been preserved in Jagsthausen for the history and understanding of the entire Roman Limes. With the fall of the Limes in AD 260 at the latest , not only did the fort with the First Teutonic Cohort camped there sink, but also the camp village.

Today's Jagsthausen, originally just Hausen , could have been mentioned for the first time with a Ruggerus de Husun in a confirmation document from Comburg Abbey in 1090. The lords of Hausen, documented with certainty from the late 12th century, were feudal people of the lords of Dürn and, through several marriages, were closely related to the lords of Berlichingen , who replaced the original local nobility by the middle of the 14th century.

In the first half of the 14th century the castle in Jagsthausen came partly to the Archbishop of Mainz and partly to the Bishop of Würzburg . The Würzburger Burglehen included a share in the village of Jagsthausen as well as goods and rights in other places. The Lords of Berlichingen owned both castle fiefs, but their property was at times further divided among different branches of the widely ramified family. In addition, the Seligental Monastery , the Murrhardt Monastery , the Schöntal Monastery , the Lords of Neudeck , the Lords of Frankenstein , the Lords of Handschuhsheim and even the Margrave of Brandenburg had property or rights in Jagsthausen .

In terms of church, Jagsthausen was originally a branch of Aries , but was given its own parish as early as the 14th century . The Reformation was carried out in Jagsthausen by the blind Thomas von Berlichingen, a nephew of Götz von Berlichingen , against the resistance of the Schöntal monastery. During the Thirty Years War , the place was set on fire on August 10, 1646 by Swedish troops, the reconstruction took a long time. For the reconstruction of the church, the former captain Georg Hochstetter in Sweden collected donations in 1649. The parish in Olnhausen , which at that time had been provided for a long time from Jagsthausen, was abolished in 1662 and the local believers were parished to Jagsthausen.

18th to 20th century

Due to the various family lines of the Lords of Berlichingen, there were several mansions on site early on. Three castles are still preserved today, next to Jagsthausen Castle, the Red Castle from the 16th century and the White Castle from the late 18th century. The latter was built as a replacement for the old castle , which was last used as an office building and was demolished in 1857 because it was dilapidated.

In 1806 Jagsthausen, until then in imperial knighthood possession and belonging to the Franconian knight circle , came to Württemberg . In 1939 there were 657 inhabitants, at the end of 1945 there were 884.


On January 1, 1972, Olnhausen was incorporated.


Jagsthausen has its own Protestant parish with a branch parish in Olnhausen. With the Jakobuskirche in Jagsthausen and the Johanneskirche in Olnhausen the community has two historical churches.

The Catholics in Jagsthausen and Olnhausen are looked after by the Catholic parish in the neighboring village of Berlichingen (community Schöntal ). Since 1980 they have had their own church building in Jagsthausen.


Municipal council

Since the last local election on May 25, 2014, the council has 12 members. The choice brought the following result:

Free voter association Jagsthausen / Olnhausen     7 seats
Free citizens Jagsthausen / Olnhausen 5 seats

Another member of the council and its chairman is the mayor.


Roland Halter was elected mayor in 1986 and was confirmed in office in 1994, 2002, 2010 and 2018. He is thus entering his fifth term.

badges and flags

Jagsthausen coat of arms
Blazon : "In a split shield above in silver a lying, iron, black right arm with a clenched fist, below in black a five-spoke silver wheel."
Justification of the coat of arms: Jagsthausen used to have a talking coat of arms in its stamps that showed a house. In 1935, with the consent of the Württemberg archives directorate, the municipality replaced this with the current coat of arms, which shows the Iron Hand of Götz von Berlichingen above and the wheel below with the coat of arms of the Barons von Berlichingen, who have lived in Jagsthausen since the 14th century . The coat of arms and the flag colors were awarded to the community on March 4, 1963 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior.

The flag of the municipality is black and white Civil flag of Prussia 1701-1935.svg, in contrast to the coat of arms, the black is up here.

Culture and sights


White lock


  • The Jagsthausen (also Old Castle or Götzenburg called) goes to the historic castle from the 14th and 15th centuries back, on the Götz von Berlichingen some years of his childhood spent and later mainly by Goethe's drama Götz von Berlichingen was known. It was given its present form after renovations and extensions from 1876 to 1878 by the Ulm minster builder August von Bayer . Since 1950 the building has served as a backdrop for the summer open-air theater of the Jagsthausen Castle Festival .
  • The Red Castle was built in 1572 by Hans Reinhard von Berlichingen and became the headquarters of a separate line of the Lords of Berlichingen. In the 18th century the building was expanded to its present form with a wide facade and a mansard roof .
  • The White Palace (also New Palace ) was built in 1792 by Joseph von Berlichingen as a neo-baroque mansion and is surrounded by an extensive park. In addition to his well-known relative Götz, the client was one of the most important members of the Lords of Berlichingen, was considered a scholar, published a Latin translation of Goethe and was elevated to the rank of count. Christiane Hegel , sister of the philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel , worked for many years as an educator in his palace .
  • The Protestant St. James Church , built in Gothic style with an octagonal tower, was first mentioned towards the end of the 15th century. The Swedish Queen Christina , the Swedish Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna and the Swedish general Gustaf Horn gave money for its reconstruction after the Thirty Years' War .
  • The old town hall in the center is a half-timbered building from 1513, next to it is the new town hall. A Götz figure by Gunther Stilling adorns a fountain in the square between the two buildings .
  • Not far from the Götzenburg is the community's memorial to the fallen with two regiment memorials, which are integrated into the castle complex with a historicizing turret.
  • On the other bank of the Jagst is the cemetery with a historical crypt of the Barons of Berlichingen, where various personalities related to the Berlichingen family are buried, including Count Paul Yorck von Wartenburg and his wife Else Eckersberg .


A Jagsthausen attraction is the annual Jagsthausen Castle Festival , which takes place from June to August, with plays, children's plays, musicals and concerts.


Jagsthausen Roman Baths

The Friedrich Krapf Museum, housed in the Old Town Hall, houses more than 2000 Roman finds. Another important collection of antiquities on local history is in the castle museum in the Götzenburg. Götz von Berlichingen's two “Iron Hands” are also exhibited there. Since 1994 there has been an annual sculpture exhibition by well-known artists in Jagsthausen. So far, Alfred Hrdlicka and Karl-Henning Seemann have been represented . The archaeological monument and open-air museum Römerbad Jagsthausen is located in the center of the village .

Regular events

From May to October there is a motorcycle service every first Sunday of the month at the Trautenhof near Jagsthausen , attended by an average of 1200 visitors.

In summer there is a biennial village festival, which is organized in particular by the local associations.

Economy and Infrastructure

Jagsthausen town hall


The most important traffic connection is the road through the valley of the Jagst. The distance to Heilbronn is approx. 40 km, that to Schwäbisch Hall and the Crailsheim rail and transport hub is approx. 50 km. There is also a junction for the A 81 in Möckmühl . The next operational station is at the Frankenbahn in Möckmühl. The narrow-gauge Jagsttalbahn ( Möckmühl - Dörzbach ), on which Jagsthausen is located, ceased operations in 1988. The traffic is handled by the HNV public transport network .

Long-distance cycle routes

The following cycle paths lead through the city :

Hiking trails

The Limes hiking trail of the Swabian Alb Association , a section of the German Limes hiking trail , crosses the Jagst near Jagsthausen . Part of the Jakobsweg , which runs from Speyer to Rothenburg, runs through Jagsthausen . There are also some local or regional signposted hiking trails.

Established businesses

  • Heimotion GmbH (manufactures figures for ghost trains, amusement parks, etc.)
  • Gartenfrisch Jung GmbH (nationwide supplier of lettuce and vegetables for gastronomy and trade)


The daily newspaper Heilbronner Voice reports on the events in Jagsthausen in its issue N, District North. There is also a communal newsletter for Jagsthausen.


There is a primary school called Grundschule Am Römerbad in Jagsthausen, named after the nearby Römerbad. The community library is located in the old town hall.

Students who go to secondary schools must e.g. B. to Möckmühl , Bieringen , Osterburken or Krautheim . The Unterland Adult Education Center has a branch in Jagsthausen.

Chapel in the quiet forest

Quiet forest

Since 19 October 2008, are in Leuterstaler forest between Jagsthausen and Unterkessach a four hectare large Ruheforst , with the FriedWald in Schwaigern and the rest of the community forestry Obersulm the third such forest cemetery in the district. The institution is responsible for the Jagsthausen community and is operated by the local noble family von Berlichingen.

Food supply

Since July 2012, a cooperative village shop ( corner shop ) initiated by the community has ensured the supply of food and other everyday necessities , after the only bakery and butcher shop in town had previously closed and a planned discount store failed to materialize. The offer also includes regional agricultural products and a café is attached. The village shop has (as of 2018) made a profit in recent years.


  • Götz von Berlichingen (around 1480–1563), Frankish imperial knight, spent his childhood in Jagsthausen
  • Bernhard Cantzler (* around 1566), cartographer, probably born in Jagsthausen
  • Christiane Hegel (1773–1832) worked as an educator in the white castle
  • Karl von Berlichingen (1813–1864), Chamberlain of Württemberg and member of the state parliament, was born in Jagsthausen
  • Roman Herzog (1934–2017), the seventh German Federal President, lived in Jagsthausen until his death and was buried in the Jagsthausen cemetery
  • Ernst Kircher (* 1940), physics teacher, born in Jagsthausen
  • Gregor Meyle (* 1978), musician, comes from Jagsthausen


Web links

Commons : Jagsthausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Jagsthausen  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Source for the section on community structure: Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: Stuttgart district, Franconian and East Württemberg regional associations. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1 . Pp. 110-111.
  3. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Jagsthausen.
  4. Communications from the Württ. And Bad. State Statistical Office No. 1: Results of the population census on December 31, 1945 in Northern Württemberg.
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 450 .
  6. Website of the Evangelical Church Community Jagsthausen (accessed on July 12, 2015)
  7. More about Berlichingen ( Memento of the original from July 13, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the website of the Deanery Hohenlohe (accessed on July 12, 2015) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / dekanatsverband-hohenlohe.drs.de
  8. http://www.stimme.de/heilbronn/nachrichten/region/Roland-Halter- geht-in-seine-fuenfte-Amtszeit; art140897,3980031
  9. Heinz Bardua: The district and community coats of arms in the Stuttgart administrative region. Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0801-8 ( district and municipality coat of arms in Baden-Württemberg, 1). P. 82.
  10. Eberhard Gönner: Book of arms of the city and district of Heilbronn with a territorial history of this area. Archive Directorate Stuttgart, Stuttgart 1965 ( Publications of the State Archive Administration Baden-Württemberg, 9). P. 100.
  11. http://www.jagsthausen.de/jagsthausen/mitteilungsblatt/
  12. VHS Unterland branch offices .
  13. Ute Plückthun: Forest as the final resting place. In: Heilbronner Voice from October 20, 2008.
  14. http://www.dorfladen-jagsthausen.de/seite/173251/%C3%BCber-uns.html
  15. http://www.dorfladen-jagsthausen.de/seite/173252/unser-sortiment.html
  16. Vanessa Müller: It continues behind the sweets. Stimme.de , April 15, 2015 ( PDF )
  17. ↑ Corner shop: And it's still worth it! Communal on September 17, 2018
  18. ^ Christian Gleichauf and Iris Baars-Werner: Roman Herzog buried in Jagsthausen. , Stimme.de, January 27, 2017, accessed January 30, 2017.