Neuenstadt am Kocher
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Height :||182 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||41.18 km 2|
|Residents:||10,123 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||246 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||74196|
|Primaries :||07139, 06264|
|License plate :||HN|
|Community key :||08 1 25 069|
|LOCODE :||DE NNT|
|City structure:||5 districts|
City administration address :
74196 Neuenstadt am Kocher
|Mayor :||Norbert Heuser ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Neuenstadt am Kocher in the Heilbronn district|
Neuenstadt am Kocher is a town in the district of Heilbronn in the Franconian north-east of Baden-Württemberg . It is a sub-center in the northeastern district. The city belongs to the Heilbronn-Franken region and to the edge of the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart .
Neuenstadt lies in the east of the district on the Kocher , into which the Brettach flows here. The area of the city is part of the natural areas of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains , Kocher-Jagst Plains and Hohenloher-Haller Plains .
Neighboring cities and communities in Neuenstadt are (clockwise, starting in the south): Eberstadt , Neckarsulm , Oedheim , Bad Friedrichshall , Neudenau , Hardthausen am Kocher and Langenbrettach (all districts of Heilbronn ). Neuenstadt has entered into an agreed administrative partnership with Hardthausen am Kocher and Langenbrettach .
The city is divided into Neuenstadt am Kocher itself and the districts of Bürg , Cleversulzbach , Kochertürn and Stein am Kocher . The Hösselinshof residential area belongs to Bürg, the Brambacher Hof hamlet to Kochertürn, the Buchhof hamlet to Stein and the Lobenbacherhof residential area. Lost places are on the Neuenstadt Helmbund mark , on the Bürg Harthausen and Osternbach mark, on the Cleversulzbach Eberstal mark and on the Stein Unteres Buch mark.
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
Neuenstadt's mother settlement is the Helmbund settlement , first mentioned in 797 , which was located in the floodplain of the Brettach. Presumably at the beginning of the 14th century, this settlement was relocated to the ridge between Kocher and Brettach, about a kilometer away, and the “new city” of Neuenstadt was created. The Helmbund no longer exists today, the ruins of the Gothic Helmbund Church are one of the last remains.
Initially, Neuenstadt was owned by the Lords of Weinsberg , who built the manor house attested there in 1392, then came to the Electoral Palatinate and was conquered in 1504 by Duke Ulrich of Württemberg . Duke Christoph expanded Neuenstadt into a secondary residence. In 1558 the lime trees near the castle were walled and around 1565 the castle was expanded. From 1617 to 1631 it was the secondary residence of Duke Friedrich Achilles (1591–1631), after his death it returned to the main line of Württemberg. After the Battle of Nördlingen in 1634 and the flight of the Duke of Württemberg outside the country, the Emperor handed the castle in Neuenstadt over to Count Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff . After being billeted numerous times, it was completely looted at the end of the Thirty Years' War . After the restitution of the Württemberg people in 1649, the Württemberg-Neuenstadt branch resided in Neuenstadt, which expired with Carl Rudolf in 1742.
Neuenstadt was the seat of the old Württemberg office of the same name and came to the Upper Office Neckarsulm in 1806 when the new administrative structure in the Kingdom of Württemberg was implemented .
In 1939 there were 1272 inhabitants, at the end of 1945 there were 1316. Towards the end of the Second World War , fighting in April 1945 destroyed about 80% of Neuenstadt's inner city; The famous ancient linden tree at the city gate also fell victim to these battles.
Since the city had become part of the American zone of occupation , Neuenstadt had belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden since 1945 , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.
In 1972/73, in the course of the municipality reform in Baden-Württemberg, four surrounding municipalities were incorporated into the city of Neuenstadt. It all started on January 1, 1972 in Cleversulzbach, followed by Kochertürn on September 1, 1972, and Stein am Kocher on December 31, 1972, which moved from the district of Mosbach to the district of Heilbronn. Finally, on January 1, 1973, Bürg was incorporated.
Neuenstadt, where the Reformation was introduced in 1541, is the seat of a deanery in the Weinsberg-Neuenstadt church district of the Württemberg regional church , which was merged on January 1, 2020 . The Protestant parish of Neuenstadt, which also includes Kochertürn, Stein and Bürg, has around 2960 members. Cleversulzbach has its own Protestant parish. The Catholic parish in Kochertürn is responsible for the entire former Württemberg part of Neuenstadt. In Neuenstadt itself there is the Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd . Stein has its own parish that belongs to the Archdiocese of Freiburg . The Jehovah's Witnesses and the New Apostolic Church are also represented in Neuenstadt . A local community of the Free Church of God (Restoration) is represented in Stein am Kocher , which through a sponsoring association maintained an unapproved private religious school in Stein am Kocher until 2009 , the continued operation of which was prohibited by the Stuttgart Regional Council in July 2009.
Local council and local councils
The municipal council in Neuenstadt is elected according to the procedure of the false sub-district selection. The number of local councils can change due to overhang mandates . After the local elections on May 25, 2014 , the Neuenstadt municipal council has 20 seats (previously 21). The election result was as follows:
|Party / list||Share of votes||+ / -||Seats||+ / -|
|CDU||44.6%||+ 3.0||9||± 0|
|SPD||17.2%||- 3.1||3||- 1|
|Citizens' Community (BG)||38.1%||± 0||8th||± 0|
|Turnout: 47.6% (- 2.4)|
Another member of the council and its chairman is the mayor.
There is also a local council in each of the four towns of Bürg , Cleversulzbach , Kochertürn and Stein am Kocher . At his suggestion, the council elects a volunteer for each village mayor . These bodies are to be heard on important matters affecting the locality.
In 2002 Norbert Heuser was elected as the new mayor, in September 2010 he was confirmed in office with 99%. His re-election took place on September 23, 2018 with 98.9%.
badges and flags
The blazon of Neuenstadt's coat of arms reads: Two silver triangular shields next to each other in blue above, below a left-facing silver bucket helmet. The city colors are white-blue.
The Neuenstadt coat of arms was first handed down in a city seal from the late thirteenth century. The two triangular shields are taken from the coat of arms of the alleged city founders, the Lords of Weinsberg , who had three silver shields in a red field as coats of arms. The helmet, as a speaking sign, points to the origin of Neuenstadt as a re-establishment of the now defunct Helmbund settlement; the Helmbund local nobility had three helmets in their coat of arms. In essence, the coat of arms remained unchanged from the beginning, only the bucket helmet turned to the left was replaced by a stech helmet turned to the right in seals and other depictions at the latest in the 16th century . It wasn't until 1954 that the city reintroduced the original helmet. The colors have remained unchanged since 1535. In a mayor's office stamp that was used until 1931, the coat of arms was attached to the trunk of a linden tree, which goes back to the town name Neuenstadt an der Linde , which was used to differentiate between places of the same name .
Neuenstadt am Kocher is a member of the largest international city friendship working group Neustadt in Europe , in which 37 cities and municipalities (as of April 2014) named Neustadt from Germany, Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia and the Netherlands have come together.
Culture and sights
- In New Castle townspeople resided from 1618 to 1781 the Wurttemberg collateral line Württemberg-Neuenstadt. The oldest part of the castle was built in 1559–1565 on the foundation walls of a castle mentioned in 1392 by the Lords of Weinsberg. The oldest component is the three-storey stone north wing, the so-called Dürnizbau , which has a Renaissance portal on its east side. The east wing, known as the Prinzessenbau , was also built as a three-story stone house in the second half of the 17th century. The royal stables are also part of the castle, which once surrounded a square courtyard with all its wings . The castle was the residence of the Württemberg-Neustadt line until 1781 and later served as a fruit store and barracks. In April 1945 the upper floor of the east wing was destroyed by air fire. A wooden gallery was later installed in its place.
- The Protestant Nikolauskirche goes back to the chapel of the castle, was parish church of the city in 1481 and enlarged to its present size in 1596. Under the sacristy and the choir of the church there is a crypt in which numerous members of the Württemberg-Neuenstadt line were buried from 1650 to 1781. The upper gate tower (built around 1300 and renewed in 1703) of the city fortifications serves as the church tower. The gate tower has had its current shape since it was renovated in 1831 after a fire.
- In the center of Neuenstadt, only a few historic half-timbered buildings have survived after the great war destruction in April 1945, including the Mörike pharmacy (also known as the old pharmacy ) from 1801 and the neighboring town house from 1600 with a half-timbered bay window . Other important historical buildings in the city include the late Gothic stone house from 1561, the office building of the Schöntal monastery from 1488, which was later used as a deanery , the rectory from 1749, the schoolhouse from 1795 and the Mörickestift, which dates back to a building from around 1830 .
- In the lime tree complex by the castle, in front of the upper gate tower, there was an old, allegedly thousand-year-old lime tree until April 1945 , which Neuenstadt gave the nickname to the lime tree . It was surrounded by younger linden trees, the branches of which are supported by ornate stone pillars donated by nobles and citizens since the Middle Ages. The linden tree was destroyed in the fighting towards the end of the Second World War. The younger linden trees and stone columns with ornate coats of arms have been preserved as an impressive arcade.
- In the south and north of the city, parts of the medieval city wall have been preserved, at the Mühlweg the lion fountain marks the former course of the city fortifications with a railing dated 1744. Another historical fountain with a column from 1703 stands in front of the schoolhouse. The city's cemetery was opened in 1636 and has a Baroque portal from 1767. A stone bridge leading over the Kocher was built around 1790.
- The Neuenstadt cemetery was laid out in 1636 and has numerous historical tombs from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. In addition to the graves of the Neuenstadt families Möricke, Kachel and Payer, historical civic graves and the graves of various Württemberg-Neustadt officials are noteworthy. The baroque cemetery portal from 1767 was made by Georg Wilhelm Ortner.
- In the Brettachauen there are remains of the tower of the church of the former Helmbund settlement , from which Neuenstadt am Kocher emerged. The Helmbundkirche was the “Neue Stadt” church until 1481, the surrounding cemetery was the burial place for Neuenstadt and Cleversulzbach until the 17th century and the crypt of the church was the burial place of various regional nobles, including some of the lords of Weinsberg.
The freilichtspiele neuenstadt play since 1958, a year in June and July in the moat of the castle Neuenstädter classics and folk plays and recorded up to 20,000 spectators a year.
The city museum in the sheepfold was opened in 1991 and offers a memorial for the Mörike family and exhibits on local history, changing exhibitions all year round. The museum in the city tower includes the former tower house and the former city prison and shows folkloric exhibits. There is a Mörike Museum in Cleversulzbach.
Every year, usually at the end of March or in April, the nationwide famous Neuenstadt Lindenlauf takes place in Neuenstadt am Kocher . Runners from all over Germany compete on one of the three running routes (5 km run, 10 km run and half marathon) and in special school runs. In addition, the Motorman Run has been held every September in Neuenstadt am Kocher since 2010. A record number of participants was reached in 2013, when the organizer, TSV Neuenstadt, imposed a registration freeze on 1,500 participants. It is characteristic of the Motorman Run that the runners take part in costumes (there are runners in chimney-sweep uniforms or suits with ties, runners in wedding dresses, in bikinis, etc.), and that there are various obstacles on the running course that the athletes have to complete.
Economy and Infrastructure
One of the largest companies based in the municipality is the direct sales company Förch , which deals in workshop supplies.
From 1907 to 1993 there was a connection to the rail network in Neuenstadt and Kochertürn via the Untere Kochertalbahn Bad Friedrichshall - Ohrnberg as a private railway of the Württembergische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (WEG). The operating center of the line was in Neuenstadt. The city of Neuenstadt took the closure as an opportunity to partially use the railway line for a bypass , which was opened at the end of 2007. Otherwise, a cycle path will run along the route from spring 2009 .
The daily newspaper Heilbronner Voice reports on the happenings in Neuenstadt in its edition Landkreis Nord as well as the city gazette of the city Neuenstadt aK
Neuenstadt has a police station.
In Neuenstadt there is the elementary school Lindenschule, the secondary and secondary school Helmbundschule, the Eduard-Mörike- Gymnasium as well as a special school and a music school. There is a primary school in Stein am Kocher. There are also six municipal kindergartens , two Catholic (in Kochertürn and Stein) and one Protestant (in the city center). In addition, the Unterland Adult Education Center in Neuenstadt has a branch.
sons and daughters of the town
- Basilius Sattler (1549–1624), theologian , ducal-Brunswick chief preacher
- Friedrich August (1654–1716), Duke of Württemberg
- Ferdinand Wilhelm (1659–1701), Duke of Württemberg
- Anton Ulrich (1661–1680), Duke of Württemberg
- Carl Rudolf (1667–1742), Duke of Württemberg
- Friederike (1699–1781), Abbess of the Wallö Monastery, last representative of the House of Württemberg-Neuenstadt
- Ludwig August von Autenrieth (1802–1872), lawyer and politician
- August Ruoff (1809 – after 1854), printer, publisher and democratic politician
- Johann Gottlieb Herrmann (1813–1882), Württemberg senior actuary and senior magistrate
- Albert von Wolff (1818–1886), Oberamtmann in Württemberg
- Abraham Gumbel (1852–1930), banker, born in the Stein am Kocher district
- Alfons Hitzler (1897–1945), NSDAP district leader and from 1933 member of the Reichstag, born in the Stein am Kocher district
- Josef Lang (1897–1965), CDU politician and member of the state parliament , born in the Kochertürn district
Other persons connected with Neuenstadt am Kocher
- Otto Speidel (1895–1957), politician (NSDAP), city councilor, Neckarsulm district leader
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Heuser wants for CDU in district council . In: Heilbronn voice . March 14, 2009.
- Natural areas of Baden-Württemberg . State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart 2009
- Source for the urban structure section: Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: Stuttgart district, Franconian and East Württemberg regional associations. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1 . Pp. 123-127
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Neuenstadt am Kocher.
- Communications from the Württ. And Bad. State Statistical Office No. 1: Results of the population census on December 31, 1945 in Northern Württemberg
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 450 f .
- Website of the Evangelical Church District Weinsberg-Neuenstadt
- Website of the parish of Neuenstadt am Kocher
- Website of the Cleversulzbach parish
- Page on the local church of God's church in Stein am Kocher ( memento of the original from January 20, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Gertrud Schubert: Schools prohibited . In: Heilbronn voice . July 25, 2009 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on May 11, 2010]).
- Carsten Friese: Serious allegations against God's church . In: Heilbronn voice . September 3, 2009 ( from Stimme.de [accessed on May 11, 2010]).
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg 2014 ( Memento of the original from November 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
Sources for the section coat of arms and flag:
Heinz Bardua: The district and community coat of arms in the Stuttgart administrative region . Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0801-8 (district and municipality coat of arms in Baden-Württemberg, 1). P. 104
Eberhard Gönner: Book of arms of the city and district of Heilbronn with a territorial history of this area . Archive Directorate Stuttgart, Stuttgart 1965, p. 120f. ( Publications of the State Archives Administration Baden-Württemberg. Volume 9)
- Website for the Lindenlauf
- Wolfgang Müller: Old bridge in ruins . In: Heilbronner Voice of August 21, 2008 . ( at Stimme.de ).
- VHS Unterland branch offices .