Heilbronn district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the district of Heilbronn Map of Germany, position of the district of Heilbronn highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 8 '  N , 9 ° 14'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
Region : Heilbronn-Franconia
Administrative headquarters : Heilbronn
Area : 1,099.9 km 2
Residents: 343,068 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 312 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : HN
Circle key : 08 1 25
Circle structure: 46 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Lerchenstrasse 40
74072 Heilbronn
Website : www.landkreis-heilbronn.de
District Administrator : Detlef Piepenburg (independent)
Location of the district of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg
Frankreich Schweiz Österreich Bodensee Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Freistaat Bayern Alb-Donau-Kreis Baden-Baden Landkreis Biberach Landkreis Böblingen Bodenseekreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Enzkreis Landkreis Esslingen Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Göppingen Heidelberg Landkreis Heidenheim Landkreis Heilbronn Heilbronn Hohenlohekreis Landkreis Karlsruhe Karlsruhe Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Lörrach Landkreis Ludwigsburg Main-Tauber-Kreis Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Ortenaukreis Ostalbkreis Pforzheim Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Ravensburg Rems-Murr-Kreis Landkreis Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Landkreis Schwäbisch Hall Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Sigmaringen Stuttgart Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Tuttlingen Ulm Landkreis Waldshut Zollernalbkreismap
About this picture

The district of Heilbronn is a district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Heilbronn-Franken region in the Stuttgart administrative region . Its area encloses the urban district of Heilbronn , which lies in the middle of the district area, but does not belong to the district.



The district of Heilbronn is traversed from the south in a wide arc to the northwest by the Neckar , which divides the district into two roughly equal parts. The Neckar basin , bordered by the Odenwald and Kraichgau, fills more than a third of the circular area. Heilbronn and Neckarsulm lie in the middle . His brown soils made of loamy sand on Keuper with plenty of loess are fertile. The lowest point of the circle at Gundelsheim with 139  m above sea level. NN lies here in the narrowing valley. Otherwise, hills dominate the landscape. The western part is mainly part of the Kraichgau with wide plateaus and large fields, the eastern part rises towards the Hohenlohe plain to the Löwenstein mountains . In the Zabergäu , the mild weather on the Stromberg and Heuchelberg enables viticulture as well as in the valleys of the Neckar and its tributaries and in parts of the Kraichgau. At 564 m, the highest point is in the southeast of the district near Wüstenrot in the Mainhardt Forest. Between Kocher and Jagst , barren plateaus again tower over the relatively deep river indentations in the east, which contain only small but very fertile agricultural areas. Other waters are Bottwar , Brettach , Lein , Elsenz , Zaber , Seckach , Sulm and Schozach .


The list of places in the district of Heilbronn contains the places (including hamlets , residential areas and deserted areas ) of the district of Heilbronn in the geographical sense.

Neighboring areas

The district of Heilbronn borders in a clockwise direction in the north on the districts of Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis , Hohenlohekreis , Schwäbisch Hall , Rems-Murr-Kreis , Ludwigsburg , Enzkreis , Karlsruhe and Rhein-Neckar-Kreis .


Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.

Nature reserves

Heilbronner Land in autumn; View from the Weibertreu castle ruins . In the foreground the Schemelsberg .

The Heilbronn district has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 391.28 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 0.36 percent.

  1. Altneckar Horkheim : 43.2 ha; Landmarks Lauffen am Neckar , Nordheim and Heilbronn
  2. Böttinger quarry ponds : 6.1 ha; Gundelsheim district
  3. Brettachtal above Geddelsbach : 25.7 ha; Districts Geddelsbach (Hohenlohekreis) and Maienfels
  4. Brühl : 20.4 ha; Weinsberg district
  5. Elsenzer Bruchgraben : 19.8 ha
  6. Two meadows : 6.9 ha; Löwenstein district
  7. Frankenbacher gravel : 14.4 ha (of which 9.7 ha in the Heilbronn district), municipality of Leingarten
  8. Gäßnersklinge-Hohberg : 13.7 ha; Heinsheim district
  9. Haberschlachter Valley : 18.1 ha; District Brackenheim
  10. Semi-dry grassland in the Fuchs area : 4.3 ha; Jagsthausen district
  11. Hörnle : 20.1 ha; Roigheim district
  12. Knortrenwald : 4 ha; district Obergimpern
  13. Lauffener Neckarschlinge : 60.7 ha; District Lauffen am Neckar
  14. Impact slope of the Neckar near Lauffen : 2.96 ha; Districts Lauffen am Neckar , Talheim and Horkheim
  15. Schlierbach-Kohlrain : 40.0 ha; Gemarkungen Rappenau , Heinsheim and Siegelbach
  16. Spitzenberg-Michelbach-Baiershilder : 45.9 ha
  17. Vineyard in the Hergstbachtal : 3.8 ha; Mark Möckmühl-Korb
  18. Meadows in the Rot- and Dachsbachtal near Finsterrot : 12.8 ha; Markings Wüstenrot and Finsterrot
  19. Wildenberg : 49.4 ha; Markings Grantschen and Eberstadt
  20. Zaberauen from Meimsheim and Botenheim : 34 ha; Districts Brackenheim , Botenheim and Meimsheim


The district of Heilbronn goes back to the old Oberamt Heilbronn , which was established after the transition of the former imperial city to Württemberg after 1803 and to which more than half of the communities of the dissolved Oberamt Weinsberg were attached in 1926 . On January 29, 1934 the Oberamt Heilbronn was transferred to the Heilbronn district (since November 28, 1938 Heilbronn district), which was enlarged on October 1, 1938 to include the municipalities of the dissolved Oberämter Neckarsulm , Brackenheim , Marbach and Besigheim . At the same time, the Heilbronn district was created. Since then Heilbronn has not belonged to the district area, but remained the seat of the district administration.

In May 1939, around 107,000 people lived in around 30,000 households in the Heilbronn district; the area of ​​the district was around 85,000 hectares. The number of inhabitants rose steadily to over 119,000 people during the Second World War and the immediate post-war period up to December 1945, despite many victims. The male losses from war and relocation were largely offset by relocation gains (refugees from the destroyed cities and displaced persons), while the female population grew strongly. In December 1945, the Heilbronn district was around 600 people (around 1%) behind the pre-war population among its male inhabitants, while the female population had grown by 14,000 people (around 26%) over the same period. The clear surplus of women had a particular impact on employment structures.

During the district reform , the Heilbronn district was expanded on January 1, 1973 to include seven communities in the Sinsheim district , two communities in the Mosbach district , three communities in the Öhringen district and the Finsterrot community in the Schwäbisch Hall district .

As early as January 1, 1971, the municipality of Korb in the district of Buchen was incorporated and incorporated into the town of Möckmühl . On September 1, 1971, Unterkessach was added, which opened up in the city of Aries . The district of Heilbronn, in turn, ceded the town of Kleingartach to the district of Sinsheim on December 1, 1971.

Gronau moved to the Ludwigsburg district on January 1, 1972 . On March 1, 1972, Ruchsen was taken over from the Buchen district and integrated into the town of Möckmühl. Kirchhausen came to the Heilbronn district on July 1, 1972. One day before the district reform came into effect, on December 31, 1972, the municipality of Stein am Kocher - previously in the district of Mosbach - was incorporated and incorporated into the city of Neuenstadt am Kocher .

The communities of Biberach (January 1, 1974), Frankenbach and Horkheim (both April 1, 1974) were given to the city of Heilbronn.

On January 1, 1977, Brettach came to the Hohenlohe district through its reunification from Wüstenrot to Bretzfeld .

After the municipality reform in Baden-Württemberg has been completed, the district still comprises 46 municipalities, including 17 towns and of these, in turn, three large district towns (Bad Rappenau, Eppingen and Neckarsulm). The largest city is Neckarsulm , the smallest municipality is Roigheim in the northeast of the district.

Population development after the district reform in 1973

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).

date Residents
December 31, 1973 236,300
December 31, 1975 232.151
December 31, 1980 244,633
December 31, 1985 250.146
May 25, 1987¹ 252,458
December 31, 1990 272.357
date Residents
December 31, 1995 303,513
December 31, 2000 320.955
December 31, 2005 329.503
December 31, 2010 328.364
December 31, 2015 334,388


The district is administered by the district council and the district administrator.

District council

The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following preliminary results.

District election 2019 in the Heilbronn district
Turnout: 59.0%
n. k.
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-11.4  % p
+ 23.6  % p.p.
-4.8  % p
+ 4.0  % p
+ 4.1  % p
+ 6.7  % p
+ 0.5  % p
+ 0.4  % p
-22.3  % p
-0.7  % p
Allocation of seats in the Heilbronner Kreisag 2019
11 12 18th 19th 6th 
A total of 76 seats
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 25.3 19th 36.7 27 38.0 29 43.9 37 47.7 38 38.2 33 38.2 31
FW Free voters 23.6 18th - - - - - - - - - - - -
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 15.3 12 20.1 15th 23.3 18th 22.3 17th 24.1 18th 29.1 23 30.3 24
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 14.8 11 10.8 8th 9.4 7th 7.7 6th 7.1 5 9.1 7th 8.2 6th
AfD Alternative for Germany 7.8 6th 3.7 3 - - - - - - - - - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 6.7 5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
ÖDP Ecological Democratic Party 3.7 3 3.2 2 3.6 2 - - - - - - - -
THE LEFT. THE LEFT. 2.9 2 2.5 2 2.5 1 - - - - - - - -
FDP / FWV Free Democratic Party / Free Electoral Association - - 22.3 17th 23.2 18th 19.5 15th 15.4 11 17.4 14th - -
WNM Forest, nature and people - - 0.7 - - - - - - - - - - -
REP The Republicans - - - - - - 3.5 2 2.7 2 4.2 3 5.0 3
Flat share Electoral associations - - - - - - - - - - - - 18.3 15th
Otherwise. Others - - - - - - 3.1 2 3.0 2 2.0 1 - -
total 100.0 76 100.0 74 100.0 75 100.0 79 100.0 76 100.0 81 100.0 79
voter turnout 59.0% 49.6% 52.0% 53.3% 56.2% 69.0% 65.8%
  • WG: Voter associations, as the result from 1989 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.

District Administrator

The district council elects the district administrator for a term of office of 8 years. He is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.

The district councils of the district Heilbronn:

The former Oberamtmen are shown in the article Oberamt Heilbronn .

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Heilbronn district

The blazon of the coat of arms of the district of Heilbronn reads: In red a mutilated silver eagle below. The coat of arms was awarded to the district on June 20, 1955 by the state government, after the new formation of the district again on September 3, 1973 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior.

The coat of arms goes back to the oldest city seal of the city of Lauffen am Neckar , which probably shows an imperial eagle . At the time of the award in 1955, it was still assumed that the mutilated eagle was the coat of arms of the Counts of Lauffen , who owned or administered parts of today's district in the High Middle Ages. It is now assumed that the Counts of Lauffen had a lion or leopard in their coat of arms.

The old coat of arms of the Heilbronn district

Before 1955, the district had a different coat of arms, which had been adopted by the Heilbronn District Office. In 1927, the administrative body of the Upper Office requested a proposal for a coat of arms from the Württemberg archives. The archive management recommended a coat of arms which, as symbols for Neckar shipping and viticulture, should show a silver anchor in blue, each accompanied by a silver cup. The district council, however, rejected the two cups as an overly emphasized symbol of enjoyment. Instead, the Oberamt adopted a different coat of arms designed by Walther Eberbach in 1928 , which remained in use until 1955. In a split shield with a lowered, curved tip, it showed a silver ear of wheat in front in black, behind in red a silver hammer turned to the left, below in gold a hanging blue grape; a blue anchor in the silver heart shield. The ear of wheat stood for agriculture, the hammer for industry and trade, the grape for viticulture and the anchor for shipping on the Neckar. From a heraldic point of view, this coat of arms was too overloaded, which is why in 1954 negotiations between the Baden-Wuerttemberg archives department and the district office came to a simpler, history-based coat of arms, from which the coat of arms awarded in 1955 emerged.

See also: List of coats of arms in the Heilbronn district

Economy and Infrastructure

In the 2016 Future Atlas , the district of Heilbronn was ranked 16th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with “very high future prospects”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 22nd out of 401.



The federal highways 6 Mannheim - Nuremberg and 81 Stuttgart - Würzburg cross at the Weinsberger Kreuz in the district . Furthermore, several federal roads as well as state and district roads open up the district.


Railway network LK Heilbronn.png

In 1848, the Württemberg State Railroad used the Neckar Valley for its first railway line in this area from Stuttgart to Heilbronn ( Northern Railway ). This was followed in 1862 by the Kocherbahn to Schwäbisch Hall and in 1866 by the extension of the Northern Railway along the Neckar Valley to Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld. From here, construction continued in the Jagsttal in 1869 to Möckmühl and on in the direction of Osterburken , where the Badische Odenwaldbahn Heidelberg –Würzburg was reached.

For the Baden State Railway , Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld was the starting point for connections to Heidelberg , namely in 1868/69 the Elsenz Valley Railway via Sinsheim to Meckesheim - there also with a connection to the Badische Odenwald Railway - and in 1879 the Neckar Valley Railway along the river valley via Eberbach.

In the years 1878 to 1880 the Kraichgaubahn Heilbronn – Karlsruhe was built , of which the two state railways and the city of Karlsruhe had each built a section. In 1900, in Eppingen, the Badische Staatsbahn branched off a connection to Steinsfurt near Sinsheim.

The Württemberg State Railroad dedicated two 750 mm narrow-gauge railways to local traffic:

A third narrow-gauge railway, the Jagsttalbahn , was opened by the Vering & Waechter company in 1900 and 1901 from Möckmühl in the direction of Dörzbach.

In the lower Kochertal, the Württembergische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft started operating the Untere Kochertalbahn from Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld to Neuenstadt in 1907 and on to Ohrnberg in 1913 as a standard-gauge branch line .

Two routes operated by Badische Lokal-Eisenbahnen AG only marginally touched the district:

The rather dense railway network reached a maximum extent of almost 235 km. After the closure of several branch lines, 143 km of passenger traffic remained in operation. The following were shut down for passenger traffic:

  • 1951: Jagsttalbahn Möckmühl – Jagsthausen (–Dörzbach) (16 km; between 1967 and 1979 resumption for school traffic)
  • 1960: Katzbachbahn (Odenheim–) Elsenz (–Hilsbach) (3 km)
  • 1966: Bottwartalbahn (Marbach–) Beilstein – Heilbronn Süd (21 km)
  • 1986: Zabergäubahn Lauffen – Güglingen – Leonbronn (20 km; by 2011 the reactivation to Zaberfeld is planned for light rail operations)
  • 1993: Lower Kochertalbahn Bad Friedrichshall-Jagstfeld-Kochersteinsfeld (-Ohrnberg) (19 km)
  • 2009: Krebsbachtalbahn (Neckarbischofsheim Nord–) Obergimpern – Siegelsbach (–Hüffenhardt) (7 km)

The S4 line of the Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft runs on the Kraichgaubahn and parts of the Heilbronn – Crailsheim railway from Achern via Karlsruhe, Bretten , Eppingen and Heilbronn to Öhringen .

District facilities

The district of Heilbronn is responsible for the following vocational schools : Peter-Bruckmann-Schule (commercial and domestic school) Heilbronn, Andreas-Schneider-Schule (commercial school) Heilbronn, Christiane-Herzog-Schule (domestic and agricultural school) Heilbronn and Christian-Schmidt- School (commercial school) Neckarsulm, as well as the following special education and advice centers : Brothers Grimm School (special focus on language) with kindergarten in Heilbronn, Hermann Herzog school (focus on vision) with kindergarten in Heilbronn, Kaywald School (focus on mental development and physical and motor skills Development) with school kindergarten Lauffen am Neckar and Astrid-Lindgren-Schule (special focus on mental development and physical-motor development) with school kindergarten Neckarsulm.

The district of Heilbronn with the Heilbronn partner of the SLK-Kliniken Heilbronn gGmbH (SLK stands for S tadt and L and k reis) . The company operates the hospitals Klinikum am Gesundbrunnen Heilbronn, Klinikum am Plattenwald Bad Friedrichshall, Brackenheim Hospital with geriatric rehabilitation, Möckmühl Hospital and Löwenstein Clinic in the city and district of Heilbronn .

Jewish cemeteries

There are 15 Jewish cemeteries in the city ​​and district of Heilbronn : in Affaltrach , Bad Rappenau , Bad Wimpfen , Berwangen , Eppingen , Heilbronn , Heinsheim , Ittlingen , Kochendorf , Neckarsulm , Neudenau , Oedheim , Schluchtern , Sontheim and in Stein am Kocher . They are cultural monuments that are worth protecting - stone witnesses to formerly existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life up to the 1930s.


(Residents on December 31, 2018)


  1. Bad Friedrichshall (19.264)
  2. Bad Rappenau , large district town (21,398)
  3. Bad Wimpfen (7359)
  4. Beilstein (6195)
  5. Brackenheim (16,106)
  6. Eppingen , large district town (21,819)
  7. Güglingen (6353)
  8. Gundelsheim (7254)
  9. Lauffen am Neckar (11,640)
  10. Leingarten (11,633)
  11. Lowenstein (3394)
  12. Möckmuehl (8078)
  13. Neckarsulm , large district town (26,492)
  14. Neudenau (5266)
  15. Neuenstadt am Kocher (10,123)
  16. Schwaigern (11,425)
  17. Weinberg (12,336)
  18. Rams (1809)
The cities and municipalities of the Heilbronn district

Other communities

  1. Abstatt (4803)
  2. Cleebronn (2983)
  3. Eberstadt (3103)
  4. Ellhofen (3724)
  5. Erlenbach (5121)
  6. Flein (7041)
  7. Gemmingen (5145)
  8. Hardthausen am Kocher (4159)
  9. Ilsfeld (9568)
  10. Ittlingen (2571)
  11. Jagsthausen (1880)
  12. Kirchardt (5921)
  13. Langenbrettach (3848)
  14. Lehrensteinsfeld (2479)
  15. Massenbachhausen (3499)
  16. Neckarwestheim (3961)
  17. Nordheim (8270)
  18. Obersulm (13,914)
  19. Oedheim (6455)
  20. Offenau (2911)
  21. Pfaffenhofen (2424)
  22. Roigheim (1442)
  23. Siegelbach (1626)
  24. Talheim (4962)
  25. Untereisesheim (4173)
  26. Untergruppenbach (8304)
  27. Desert red (6750)
  28. Zaberfeld (4087)

Agreed administrative communities and municipal administration associations

  1. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Bad Friedrichshall and the communities of Oedheim and Offenau
  2. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Bad Rappenau and the communities of Kirchardt and Siegelsbach
  3. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Brackenheim and the municipality of Cleebronn
  4. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Eppingen and the communities of Gemmingen and Ittlingen
  5. Local government association Flein-Talheim based in Flein; Member communities: Flein and Talheim
  6. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Lauffen am Neckar and the communities of Neckarwestheim and Nordheim
  7. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Möckmühl and the municipalities of Jagsthausen and Roigheim and the city of Widdern
  8. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Neckarsulm and the municipalities of Erlenbach and Untereisesheim
  9. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Neuenstadt am Kocher and the communities of Hardthausen am Kocher and Langenbrettach
  10. Local government association “Oberes Zabergäu” with its seat in Güglingen; Member communities: City of Güglingen and the communities of Pfaffenhofen and Zaberfeld
  11. Agreed administrative partnership between the municipality of Obersulm and the city of Löwenstein
  12. Local authority association “Raum Weinsberg” with its seat in Weinsberg; Member communities: City of Weinsberg and communities of Eberstadt, Ellhofen and Lehrensteinsfeld
  13. Community administration association “Schozach-Bottwartal” based in Ilsfeld; Member communities: communities Abstatt, Ilsfeld and Untergruppenbach as well as the city of Beilstein
  14. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Schwaigern and the community of Massenbachhausen

Municipalities before the district reform

Before the district reform in 1973 or before the community reform , the (old) district of Heilbronn comprised 99 communities , including 15 towns . In 1945 the former Baden community Schluchtern was added to the 97 communities since 1938 and in 1952 the former Hessian town Bad Wimpfen , which had belonged to the district of Sinsheim since 1945 , to the district of Heilbronn.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the old district of Heilbronn was made by the communities of Großgartach and Schluchtern, which merged on January 1, 1970 to form the new community of Leingarten . The municipality of Klingenberg was incorporated into the Heilbronn district on the same day and thus left the district. In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. On January 1, 1972, the municipality of Gronau was incorporated into the municipality of Oberstenfeld , Ludwigsburg district. On July 1, 1972, Kirchhausen was also incorporated into the Heilbronn district. These communities also left the district. The remaining communities in the old district of Heilbronn merged on January 1, 1973 in the new, enlarged district of Heilbronn; however, on January 1, 1974, he gave the municipality of Biberach and on April 1, 1974 the municipalities of Frankenbach and Horkheim, which before 1973 belonged to the old Heilbronn district, to the Heilbronn urban district.

The largest community in the old district of Heilbronn was the city of Neckarsulm . The smallest community was Bittelbronn.

The old district of Heilbronn last covered an area of ​​872  km² and had a total of 193,751 inhabitants at the 1970 census .

The table shows the population development in the old district of Heilbronn up to 1970. All population figures are census results.

date Residents
May 17, 1939 109,774
September 13, 1950 143.160
date Residents
June 6, 1961 161,601
May 27, 1970 193,751

In the table, the municipalities of the old district of Heilbronn are before the municipal reform. With the exception of the five municipalities incorporated into the Heilbronn district (¹) and Gronau, which is part of the Ludwigsburg district due to its incorporation into Oberstenfeld, all of the communities still belong to the Heilbronn district today.

Heilbronn district before the district reform
former parish today's parish Resident
on June 6, 1961
Abstatt Abstatt 1,048
Affaltrach Obersulm 1,652
Auenstein Ilsfeld 1,077
Bachenau Gundelsheim 420
Bad Friedrichshall , city Bad friedrichshall 8,574
Bad Wimpfen , city Bad Wimpfen 5.117
Beilstein , city Beilstein 2,338
Biberach ¹ Heilbronn 2,035
Bittelbronn Möckmühl 194
Bonfeld Bad Rappenau 1,203
Messenger home Brackenheim 908
Brackenheim , city Brackenheim 3,058
Brettach Langenbrettach 1,017
Citizen Neuenstadt am Kocher 361
Cleebronn Cleebronn 1,659
Cleversulzbach Neuenstadt am Kocher 502
Dahenfeld Neckarsulm 639
Degmarn Oedheim 522
Drought rooms Brackenheim 704
Duttenberg Bad friedrichshall 428
Eberstadt Eberstadt 1,391
Eibensbach Güglingen 441
Eichelberg Obersulm 406
Ellhofen Ellhofen 1,408
Erlenbach Erlenbach 2,998
Eschenau Obersulm 1,432
Flein Flein 2,935
Frankenbach ¹ Heilbronn 3,510
Women Güglingen 456
Fürfeld Bad Rappenau 693
Gellmersbach Weinberg 503
Oxen Hardthausen am Kocher 945
Grantschen Weinberg 504
Gronau Oberstenfeld 970
Grossgartach Leingarten 3,908
Güglingen , city Güglingen 1.932
Gundelsheim , city Gundelsheim 3,220
Haberschlacht Brackenheim 354
Hausen on the Zaber Brackenheim 1,150
Höchstberg Gundelsheim 583
Wooden Eberstadt 290
Horkheim ¹ Heilbronn 1,421
Hößlinsülz Lion's Arch 332
Ilsfeld Ilsfeld 2,437
Jagsthausen Jagsthausen 954
Kirchhausen ¹ Heilbronn 2,091
Kleingartach , city Eppingen 978
Klingenberg ¹ Heilbronn 1,094
Stone hob Hardthausen am Kocher 835
Kochertürn Neuenstadt am Kocher 663
Lampoldshausen Hardthausen am Kocher 836
Lauffen am Neckar , city Lauffen am Neckar 8,593
Lehrenstein field Lehrenstein field 1.011
Leonbronn Zaberfeld 629
Löwenstein , city Lion's Arch 1,693
Massenbach Schwaigern 934
Massenbachhausen Massenbachhausen 1,464
Meimsheim Brackenheim 1,341
Michelbach am Heuchelberg Zaberfeld 384
Möckmühl , city Möckmühl 3,012
Neckarsulm , city Neckarsulm 15.307
Neckarwestheim Neckarwestheim 1,422
Neipperg Brackenheim 502
Neuenstadt am Kocher , city Neuenstadt am Kocher 1,656
New speakers Desert red 390
Niederhofen Schwaigern 577
Nordhausen Nordheim 430
Nordheim Nordheim 3,315
Obereisesheim Neckarsulm 2,094
Obergriesheim Gundelsheim 605
Ochsenburg Zaberfeld 553
Oedheim Oedheim 2,950
Offenau Offenau 1,581
Olnhausen Jagsthausen 330
Pfaffenhofen Pfaffenhofen 1,259
Roigheim Roigheim 1,563
Ravages Leingarten 1,807
Schmidhausen Beilstein 572
Schozach Ilsfeld 404
Schwaigern , city Schwaigern 4.169
Siglingen Neudenau 1,245
Stetten am Heuchelberg Schwaigern 1,223
Stockheim Brackenheim 549
Sülzbach Obersulm 804
Talheim Talheim 2,484
Tiefenbach Gundelsheim 533
Untereisesheim Untereisesheim 1,017
Untergriesheim Bad friedrichshall 648
Untergruppenbach Untergruppenbach 2.133
Unterheinriet Untergruppenbach 1,205
Hamlet on the Zaber Pfaffenhofen 381
Hamlet near Weinsberg Obersulm 358
Weinsberg , city Weinberg 7.166
Aries , city Rams 1,134
Willsbach Obersulm 2,265
Wimmental Weinberg 354
Desert red Desert red 1,665
Zaberfeld Zaberfeld 981
Züttlingen Möckmühl 940


The Heilbronn district is managed by the HeilbronnerLand e. V. marketed for tourism under the name HeilbronnerLand . In Heilbronner Land, over one million overnight stays are counted every year. The Heilbronner Land is characterized by diverse natural landscapes, with vineyards and river landscapes as well as extensive forest areas in two nature parks:

Cycling and wine are the main tourist themes in the Heilbronn district. Winter sports can only be found in parts of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Nature Park . On the Breitenauer See in the Weinsberger Valley and on the Neckar near Lauffen there is the possibility to practice water sports such as sailing and windsurfing. There is a wide range of spa and wellness offers in the brine baths in Bad Wimpfen and Bad Rappenau .

Tourist destinations

Places worth seeing include the historic Kaiserpfalz Bad Wimpfen , the parks of the State Garden Show 2008 in Bad Rappenau and the half-timbered town of Eppingen . Along the German Framework Road and Castle Road in the Heilbronner Land is more interesting towns and castles find.

The Wildparadies Tripsdrill near Cleebronn is an extensive zoological park on the Stromberg with around 50 animal species.

Bike paths

A dense network of cycle paths runs through the district of Heilbronn, where many long-distance cycle paths through Baden-Württemberg meet. Numerous signposted day tours enable rallies along the long-distance cycle paths.

  • Kocher-Jagst-Radweg - 340 km in the valleys of Kocher and Jagst
  • Neckar Valley Cycle Path - 410 km from Villingen-Schwenningen to Mannheim
  • Kraichgau-Hohenlohe-Weg - 160 km from Bad Schönborn to Rothenburg ob der Tauber
  • Alb-Neckar-Radweg - 270 km from Ulm to Eberbach
  • Castle Road Cycle Path - cycle from castle to castle

Hiking trails

In the Stromberg-Heuchelberg Nature Park and the Swabian-Franconian Forest Nature Park, in particular, there are numerous hiking trails, some of which are nationally attractive. The basic structure is the hiking trail system of the Swabian Alb Association with longitudinal and cross paths.

  • Neckarsteig - 124 km certified quality hiking trail from Heidelberg to Bad Wimpfen
  • Jagst cultural hiking trail - 103 km from Bad Friedrichshall to Langenburg
  • Frankenweg (HW 8) - 220 km from Pforzheim to Rothenburg ob der Tauber
  • Württemberg Wine Trail

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign HN when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.


  • The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume IV: Stuttgart District - Regional Associations Franconia and East Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1
  • Julius Fekete: Art and cultural monuments in the city and district of Heilbronn . Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-8062-1662-2
  • The nature reserves in the Stuttgart administrative region . Edited by Reinhard Wolf . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2002. ISBN 3-7995-5173-5

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Heilbronn  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Portal: Heilbronn  - Overview of Wikipedia content on Heilbronn

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
  3. LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  4. ^ Notices from the Württemberg and Baden State Statistical Office No. 1: Results of the population census and the determination of residence on December 4, 1945 in North Württemberg, Stuttgart 1946
  5. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 450 f. and 464 ff .
  6. https://www.statistik-bw.de/Wahlen/Kommunal/02043000.tab?R=KR125
  7. [1]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989–2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de  
  8. [2]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in district elections 1989–2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de  
  9. ^ Sources for the coat of arms section:
    Heinz Bardua: The district and community coat of arms
    in the Stuttgart administrative region . Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0801-8 (district and municipality coat of arms in Baden-Württemberg, 1). P. 22
    Eberhard Gönner : Book of arms of the city and district of Heilbronn with a territorial history of this area . Archive Directorate Stuttgart, Stuttgart 1965 (Publications of the State Archive Administration Baden-Württemberg, 9). P. 51 f.
    The district coat of arms for the district of Heilbronn (accessed on January 8, 2013)
  10. Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  11. PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
  12. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).