Ludwigsburg district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Ludwigsburg district Map of Germany, position of the Ludwigsburg district highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 53 '  N , 9 ° 12'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
Region : Stuttgart
Administrative headquarters : Ludwigsburg
Area : 686.84 km 2
Residents: 543,984 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 792 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : LB, VAI
Circle key : 08 1 18
Circle structure: 39 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Hindenburgstrasse 40
71638 Ludwigsburg
Website :
District Administrator : Dietmar Allgaier ( CDU )
Location of the Ludwigsburg district in Baden-Württemberg
Frankreich Schweiz Österreich Bodensee Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Freistaat Bayern Alb-Donau-Kreis Baden-Baden Landkreis Biberach Landkreis Böblingen Bodenseekreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Enzkreis Landkreis Esslingen Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Göppingen Heidelberg Landkreis Heidenheim Landkreis Heilbronn Heilbronn Hohenlohekreis Landkreis Karlsruhe Karlsruhe Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Lörrach Landkreis Ludwigsburg Main-Tauber-Kreis Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Ortenaukreis Ostalbkreis Pforzheim Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Ravensburg Rems-Murr-Kreis Landkreis Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Landkreis Schwäbisch Hall Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Sigmaringen Stuttgart Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Tuttlingen Ulm Landkreis Waldshut Zollernalbkreismap
About this picture

The Ludwigsburg district is a regional authority in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the region of Stuttgart in Stuttgart Region . The seat of the district is the former Württemberg residence city of Ludwigsburg , which is also its largest city. With 543,984 inhabitants (December 31, 2018), the district of Ludwigsburg is the district with the sixth highest population in Germany .


The Hohenasperg


The district of Ludwigsburg is largely located in the Neckar basin . The Neckar flows from Stuttgart in the south into the district area, crosses it in many loops and divides it into a slightly larger western part and a smaller eastern part. The western district area is divided by the river valleys of the Enz and its tributary Glems . The Stromberg extends north of the Enz and the Strohgäu on both sides of the Glems . Running from Stuttgart to the north, Kornwestheim , Ludwigsburg, Freiberg am Neckar and Bietigheim-Bissingen form a heavily populated compression axis in and on the Neckar valley. This central part of the district is overlooked by the historically significant Hohenasperg . The eastern part of the district includes the lower Murr and a large part of the Bottwartal and in the north still has a share of the Löwenstein mountains .


The list of places in the district of Ludwigsburg contains around 210 places ( cities , villages , hamlets , farms and living spaces ) in the district of Ludwigsburg in the geographical sense.

Neighboring areas

The district borders on the Heilbronn district in the north, the Rems-Murr district in the east, the Stuttgart district in the southeast, the Böblingen district in the southwest and the Enzkreis in the west . Except for the latter, which is part of the administrative district of Karlsruhe , all also belong to the administrative district of Stuttgart .

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.

Nature reserves

Night heron in the nature reserve Pleidelsheimer Wiesental

The Ludwigsburg district has the following 20 nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 646.40 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 0.94 percent.

The nature reserves often extend across the boundaries of several communities. Partly also over the area of ​​other counties (Buchenbachtal, Gerlinger Heide, Greutterwald and Unteres Remstal). The administration of the nature reserves in the Stuttgart administrative region is the task of the Stuttgart regional council.

Nature reserve Size
(in ha )
District share
(in ha )
Altneckar 37.2 37.2 Pleidelsheim, Ingersheim and Freiberg am Neckar
Buchenbach valley 118.4 93.5 Affalterbach, Burgstetten (Rems-Murr-Kreis)
Enzaue near Roßwag and Burghalde 70.4 70.4 Vaihingen an der Enz
Favorite park 72.0 72.0 Ludwigsburg
Gerlinger Heide 14.9 14.5 Leonberg (Boeblingen district), Gerlingen
Greutterwald 151.3 1.9 Stuttgart (urban district of Stuttgart), Korntal-Münchingen
Großglattbacher Riedberg 0.8 0.8 Vaihingen an der Enz
Hessigheim rock gardens 5.0 5.0 Hessigheim
Howlerberg 5.6 5.6 Vaihingen an der Enz
Kirchheimer Wasen 17.6 17.6 Kirchheim am Neckar
Leudelsbachtal 117.9 117.9 Markgröningen, Bietigheim-Bissingen
Neckarhalde 28.1 28.1 Besigheim, Hessigheim
Upper valley 17.8 17.8 Ingersheim
Pleidelsheimer Wiesental 6.8 6.8 Pleidelsheim
Roter Rain and surroundings 8.6 8.6 Vaihingen an der Enz
Summer mountain 15.9 15.9 Sachsenheim
Lower mountain 14.8 14.8 Sachsenheim
Lower lake and surroundings 61.5 61.5 Sersheim, Vaihingen an der Enz
Lower Remstal 158.3 34.6 Remseck am Neckar, Waiblingen (Rems-Murr-Kreis)
Lower valley / Haldenrain 18.5 18.5 Mundelsheim, Ingersheim
All in all 941.4 643.0


The oldest evidence of human presence in the district is the 250,000 year old skull of Homo steinheimensis , which was found near Steinheim an der Murr in 1933 . From the Neolithic period onwards , numerous archaeological finds show that there was continuous settlement. The Hohenasperg was the seat of Celtic princes, of whose power the richly furnished graves at Kleinaspergle and in Hochdorf an der Enz testify.

From 85 AD the Romans conquered the country and left their traces u. a. with the castles of Walheim and Benningen . In the 3rd century the Alamanni took over the land . After they were subjugated by the Franks , the Franconian-Swabian tribal border ran through today's district area, roughly along a line from the Glems over the Hohenasperg to Lemberg near Affalterbach .

Gröningen official area around 1605
The residential palace around 1705

In the 14th century, the Counts of Württemberg began to attract more and more parts of the region, initially in the south and east. In 1302 they acquired Marbach , 1308 the county of Asperg with the Glemsgau , 1322 the rule Wolfsölden and 1336 the former imperial city Grüningen , today Markgröningen . With the acquisition of the rule of Lichtenberg in 1357 they established themselves in the Bottwartal, in 1360 they inherited the Counts of Vaihingen in Enzgau , in 1561 the rule of Sachsenheim came into their hands, in 1564 the Mariental monastery including the imperial market town of Steinheim an der Murr. When the current dukes bought the rulership of Besigheim from the margraves of Baden in 1595 , with the exception of Bönnigheim and individual knightly villages, the entire current district area was in their hands.

In the 17th century the region suffered badly from wars. The Thirty Years War decimated the population. Repeated incursions by French troops in the course of the wars of succession between 1688 and 1707 caused further devastation and economic damage.

A significant turning point was the construction of the palace and city of Ludwigsburg from 1704. Ludwigsburg grew into the new center of the region, at the expense of Markgröningen and Marbach, which increasingly lost their central local functions. The Ludwigsburg Oberamt, established in 1718 in the Markgröninger district, was to become the nucleus of today's district . 1805 won Württemberg , the sovereign over the last remaining rich knightly areas; From now on, the entire current district area belonged to the Kingdom of Württemberg, established in 1806, and shared its fortunes.

In today's district there were all or part of the offices and from 1758 mostly the upper offices of Brackenheim , Sachsenheim , Besigheim , Bietigheim , Marbach , Waiblingen , Ludwigsburg , Asperg , Gröningen , Leonberg , Vaihingen and Maulbronn . The upper offices were redistributed in 1806 and again in 1810, some of which were dissolved. After a petition to the new King Wilhelm had failed in 1816, Markgröningen had to finally stop the almost hundred years of resistance to the reorganization.

In 1938 the Oberamt became the "District of Ludwigsburg" and expanded to include most of the Oberämter Besigheim and Marbach as well as individual communities in the new districts of Waiblingen and Vaihingen. The Oberamt Maulbronn and some communities of the Oberamt Brackenheim came to the “District Vaihingen”.

During the district reform , the Ludwigsburg district was re-established on January 1, 1973, around half of the Vaihingen district (the other half came to the Enzkreis ) as well as some communities in the Leonberg district and the Affalterbach community of the Backnang district to its present size enlarged.

Before that, on January 1, 1972, the municipality of Gronau in the district of Heilbronn was added and incorporated into the municipality of Oberstenfeld . On July 1, 1972, Rielingshausen came from the Backnang district and was incorporated into the city of Marbach am Neckar .

After the municipal reform has been completed, the Ludwigsburg district still comprises 39 municipalities, including 18 towns and of these, in turn, six large district towns (Bietigheim-Bissingen, Ditzingen, Kornwestheim, Ludwigsburg, Remseck am Neckar and Vaihingen an der Enz). By far the most populous city and municipality in the district is Ludwigsburg, the smallest municipality in terms of population is Hessigheim, the largest city and municipality is Vaihingen , the smallest municipality is Freudental (as of December 31, 2013).


Population development

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).

date Residents
December 31, 1973 426,897
December 31, 1975 423,805
December 31, 1980 435,649
December 31, 1985 434.254
May 25, 1987¹ 442,389
date Residents
December 31, 1990 465.429
December 31, 1995 485.831
December 31, 2000 497.764
December 31, 2005 513.317
December 31, 2010 517.985
December 31, 2015 534.074

With a population increase of 20,200 inhabitants from the end of 2000 to the end of 2010, the district of Ludwigsburg was the district with the largest increase in population in all of Baden-Württemberg.

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 40.0% (203,717) of the population were Protestant , 22.4% (114,439) Roman Catholic and 37.6% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestant and Catholic church members in the Ludwigsburg district has decreased significantly since then. It fell in 2019 compared to the previous year from 281,042 to 275,959, of which 30.2% (164,543) were Protestants and 20.5% (111,416) Catholics. 49.2% either had another religion or no religion at all.


District council

The district council is elected by the electorate for five years and has at least 84 members. The additional mandates are compensation mandates in accordance with Section 22, Paragraph 6 of the District Code. The election of the district assembly on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats with a turnout of 60.1% (105 seats, previously 103):

4th 16 21st 8th 27 26th 
A total of 105 seats
District election 2019
Turnout: 60.10%
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 0.42  % p
-6.61  % p
+5.62  % p.p.
-3.63  % p.p.
+ 2.45  % p
+ 0.36  % p.p.
+ 2.88  % p
Parties and constituencies 2019 2014 2009 2004 1999 1994 1989
% Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats % Seats
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 24.00 26th 30.61 32 28.54 29 32.8 35 37.0 39 32.3 35 33.6 41
FW Free voter association, District Association Ludwigsburg e. V. 24.73 27 24.31 26th 23.76 26th - - - - - - - -
Flat share Electoral associations - - - - - - 23.9 25th 22.8 21st 19.3 20th 17.3 22nd
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 14.41 16 18.04 18th 18.52 18th 19.7 19th 21.2 21st 22.4 24 24.0 30th
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 21.34 21st 15.72 16 14.14 13 12.1 11 9.4 9 13.9 14th 13.0 15th
FDP Free Democratic Party 8.40 8th 5.95 6th 9.53 9 6.3 6th 5.1 4th 5.9 6th 7.8 9
left The left 4.24 4th 3.88 4th 2.93 2 - - - - - - - -
REP The Republicans - - 1.50 1 2.02 1 3.3 3 4.5 4th 5.0 4th 4.3 3
AfD Alternative for Germany 2.88 3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Otherwise. Others - - - - - - 1.4 1 - - 1.2 - - -
total 100.0 103 100.0 98 100.0 100 100.0 98 100.0 103 100.0 120
voter turnout 60.12% 50.10% 52.20% 52.8% 53.1% 68.3% 61.2%
  • WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.

District Administrator

The district council elects the district administrator for a term of eight years. The district administrator is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as the chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.

The district councils of the district Ludwigsburg in 1938:

The district administrators of the former Vaihingen district from 1945 to 1972 are shown under Vaihingen district .

The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt are shown under Oberamt Ludwigsburg .

coat of arms

Württemberger deer sticks
Markgröninger city arms
Coat of arms of the district

The coat of arms of the district of Ludwigsburg shows a red-armored and red-tongued black eagle in gold under a black stag pole. The coat of arms was adopted on January 28, 1939 and re-awarded on August 30, 1974 after the 1973 district reform.

The stag bar stands for the Duchy of Württemberg , whose dukes founded the city of Ludwigsburg and ruled almost all of today's district area very early on. The eagle stands for the imperial city of Grüningen , which was free until 1336 , today Markgröningen , which was the guardian of the imperial storm flag and Ludwigsburg's predecessor as the upper administrative city ​​of Württemberg . The imperial storm flag with the eagle also forms the coat of arms of the district town.

District partnerships

The Ludwigsburg district has had a partnership with the Upper Galilee region in Israel since 1983 . A district partnership has been maintained with the Chemnitzer Land district in Saxony and with the city of Yichang in China and since 1992 with Pest County in Hungary since 1990 . Since 2002 there have also been connections to the province of Bergamo in Italy, which were consolidated in 2005 through a cooperation agreement.

Economy and Infrastructure

The Ludwigsburg district offers around 170,000 jobs. The unemployment is at 3.1% (as of November 2017) much lower than in Germany. Around 37% of the social insurance employed workers in the manufacturing industry employed in trade , hotels and restaurants and transport around 24% and other are services about 39% occupied. Only one percent of all employees work in agriculture and forestry (rounded up), with viticulture being practiced in two thirds of the communities . The main industry in Ludwigsburg is vehicle construction , metal processing and plastics processing . The service sector has been a growing area for years. The Ludwigsburg district is one of the most successful business locations in Germany . In the Future Atlas 2016 , the Ludwigsburg district was ranked 12th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with "very high future prospects". In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 18th out of 401.

Road traffic

The A 81 Stuttgart - Heilbronn - Würzburg runs through the district . It is also accessed by federal, state and district roads. The most important are the B 10 Stuttgart Pforzheim and the B27 Stuttgart-Ludwigsburg-Heilbronn.

The central to southern part of the district is integrated into environmental zones . The environmental zone Ludwigsburg and the surrounding area existed at the beginning of 2013 and the environmental zone Leonberg / Hemmingen and the surrounding area since December 2013 ( overview ).

Rail transport

Railway network in the Ludwigsburg district

Railway lines that cross the district are the Frankenbahn (Stuttgart – Würzburg), from which the railway line to Mühlacker branches off at the Bietigheim-Bissingen railway junction, as well as the Backnang – Ludwigsburg railway and the Strohgäubahn . Parts of the railway lines are used by the Stuttgart S-Bahn network . The S4 line runs from Stuttgart via Ludwigsburg and Marbach am Neckar to Backnang in the Rems-Murr district. The S5 line also runs via Ludwigsburg to Bietigheim-Bissingen. The south-western district is touched by the S6 Stuttgart- Weil der Stadt line . The cities of Gerlingen are also connected to Stuttgart-Mitte by the U6 tram and Remseck am Neckar by the U12. The so-called "Schusterbahn" (R11) connects Kornwestheim with Untertürkheim .

The Mannheim – Stuttgart NBS also runs right through the district . The only stop in the district is Vaihingen an der Enz . On the western edge of Kornwestheim is the Kornwestheim marshalling yard , which was built between 1918 and 1920 and is the second largest marshalling yard in Baden-Württemberg.

The historical development of rail traffic in the district began with the northern line of the Württemberg State Railway , which ran from Stuttgart in 1846 to Ludwigsburg and in 1847 to Bietigheim. This is where the line split and continued to Heilbronn in 1848 and to Mühlacker and Bruchsal in 1853 (as the western line ). The route of today's line S6 with the stations Korntal and Ditzingen emerged 1868/69 as part of the Black Forest Railway , the railway Backnang-Bietigheim 1879 or 1881, when the branch line from Freiberg - was opened to Ludwigsburg - then Beihingen-Heutingsheim. In Marbach, the narrow-gauge Bottwartalbahn to Beilstein and Heilbronn Süd joined in 1894 . In 1896 the freight line from Untertürkheim to Kornwestheim was built to bypass the Stuttgart main station.

In 1904, the Oberamtsstadt Vaihingen received a rail connection to its main railway station, which is located far outside, from the Württembergische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft . Extensive changes in the urban area brought the opening of the new Mannheim – Stuttgart line of the Deutsche Bundesbahn in 1990 . In 1906, the Württemberg branch lines put the Korntal – Weissach Strohgäubahn into operation. The last line of the Württemberg State Railroad in the district was added in 1916 with the Ludwigsburg – Markgröningen branch line .

34 km of the once 141 km long rail network have been closed for passenger traffic:

  • 1958 Bietigheim – Heutingsheim 6 km
  • 1966 Marbach – Oberstenfeld – Heilbronn Süd 13 km (gauge: 750 mm)
  • 1975 Ludwigsburg – Markgröningen 8 km
  • 2002 Vaihingen North – Vaihingen City – Enzweihingen 7 km

Today's tram lines were created in 1926, when the municipality of Gerlingen was connected to Stuttgart by the Feuerbach municipal tram , and in 1999 when Remseck was connected to the Stuttgart tram network.

District facilities

The Ludwigsburg district is responsible for the following vocational schools : Bietigheim-Bissingen industrial and commercial school, Oscar-Walcker school (commercial school) Ludwigsburg, Carl-Schaefer-Schule (commercial school) Ludwigsburg, Robert-Franck-Schule (commercial school) Ludwigsburg, Mathilde Planck School (home economics school) Ludwigsburg and Erich Bracher school (business school) Kornwestheim-Pattonville.

The district is also responsible for the special needs education and advice centers (SBBZ) with a focus on intellectual development with a school kindergarten in Ludwigsburg (Schule am Favoritepark) and Steinheim an der Murr (Kleinbottwar - Paul-Aldinger-Schule), the SBBZ with a focus on language and the SBBZ for schoolchildren in long-term hospital treatment with a school kindergarten with a focus on language in Ludwigsburg (Fröbelschule) and the school kindergarten with a focus on physical and motor development in Ludwigsburg-Hoheneck. Together with the city of Markgröningen , the district is responsible for the Helene-Lange-Gymnasium in Markgröningen with a musical and artistic focus and all-day care.

The Ludwigsburg district is 75% shareholder (25% are owned by the city of Bietigheim-Bissingen) of the Ludwigsburg-Bietigheim gGmbH clinics, which run the hospitals in Ludwigsburg, Bietigheim-Bissingen, Marbach am Neckar and Vaihingen an der Enz as well as the clinic for geriatric rehabilitation Ludwigsburg operates. The clinics in Ludwigsburg and Bietigheim-Bissingen are academic teaching hospitals of the University of Heidelberg.

The district is the sole sponsor of the Kreissparkasse Ludwigsburg .


Erdmannhausen Erdmannhausen Remseck am Neckar Schwieberdingen Marbach am Neckar Marbach am Neckar Marbach am Neckar Marbach am Neckar Oberstenfeld Oberstenfeld Mundelsheim Mundelsheim Affalterbach Asperg Benningen am Neckar Besigheim Besigheim Bönnigheim Erligheim Freudental Gemmrigheim Großbottwar Großbottwar Hessigheim Löchgau Murr (Gemeinde) Murr (Gemeinde) Pleidelsheim Pleidelsheim Steinheim an der Murr Tamm Walheim Ingersheim Freiberg am Neckar Bietigheim-Bissingen Bietigheim-Bissingen Ditzingen Eberdingen Kornwestheim Möglingen Oberriexingen Sersheim Vaihingen an der Enz Sachsenheim Korntal-Münchingen Ludwigsburg Markgröningen Hemmingen Gerlingen Kirchheim am NeckarMap Ludwigsburg district.png
About this picture

Agreed administrative communities and municipal administration associations

  1. Community administration association Besigheim with seat in Besigheim; Member municipalities: City of Besigheim and the municipalities of Freudental, Gemmrigheim, Hessigheim, Löchgau, Mundelsheim and Walheim
  2. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Bietigheim-Bissingen and the communities of Ingersheim and Tamm
  3. Bönnigheim community administration association based in Bönnigheim; Member communities: City of Bönnigheim and the communities of Erligheim and Kirchheim am Neckar
  4. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Freiberg am Neckar and the municipality of Pleidelsheim
  5. Local government association Marbach am Neckar with seat in Marbach am Neckar; Member communities: City of Marbach am Neckar and communities Affalterbach, Benningen am Neckar and Erdmannhausen
  6. Community administration association Schwieberdingen-Hemmingen based in Schwieberdingen; Member communities: Schwieberdingen and Hemmingen
  7. Local authority association Steinheim-Murr with seat in Steinheim an der Murr; Member communities: City of Steinheim an der Murr and the community of Murr
  8. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Vaihingen an der Enz and the city of Oberriexingen and the communities of Eberdingen and Sersheim
Cities in the Ludwigsburg district
city coat of arms Area
December 31, 2018
PE density
PE per km²
above sea level
Asperg DEU Asperg COA.svg 000000000000005.80000000005.80 000000000013480.000000000013,480 000000000002324.00000000002,324 000000000000270.0000000000270
Besigheim DEU Besigheim COA.svg 000000000000016.830000000016.83 000000000012627.000000000012,627 000000000000750.0000000000750 000000000000202.0000000000202
Bietigheim-Bissingen , large district town DEU Bietigheim-Bissingen COA.svg 000000000000031.290000000031.29 000000000043093.000000000043.093 000000000001377.00000000001,377 000000000000211.0000000000211
Bönnigheim DEU Bönnigheim COA.svg 000000000000020.140000000020.14 000000000008015.00000000008,015 000000000000398.0000000000398 000000000000221.0000000000221
Ditzingen , large district town DEU Ditzingen COA.svg 000000000000030.400000000030.40 000000000024883.000000000024,883 000000000000819.0000000000819 000000000000303.0000000000303
Freiberg am Neckar DEU Freiberg am Neckar COA.svg 000000000000013.140000000013.14 000000000015968.000000000015,968 000000000001215.00000000001,215 000000000000240.0000000000240
Gerlingen DEU Gerlingen COA.svg 000000000000017.540000000017.54 000000000019745.000000000019,745 000000000001126.00000000001,126 000000000000336.0000000000336
Grossbottwar DEU Großbottwar COA SK.svg 000000000000025.510000000025.51 000000000008512.00000000008,512 000000000000334.0000000000334 000000000000215.0000000000215
Korntal-Münchingen DEU Korntal-Münchingen COA.svg 000000000000020.710000000020.71 000000000019679.000000000019,679 000000000000950.0000000000950 000000000000304.0000000000304
Kornwestheim , large district town DEU Kornwestheim COA.svg 000000000000014.640000000014.64 000000000033803.000000000033,803 000000000002309.00000000002,309 000000000000297.0000000000297
Ludwigsburg , major district town Coat of arms Ludwigsburg.svg 000000000000043.330000000043.33 000000000093499.000000000093,499 000000000002158.00000000002.158 000000000000293.0000000000293
Marbach am Neckar Marbach Wappen.svg 000000000000018.060000000018.06 000000000016008.000000000016.008 000000000000886.0000000000886 000000000000224.0000000000224
Markgröningen Coat of Arms of City of Markgroeningen.svg 000000000000028.160000000028.16 000000000014785.000000000014,785 000000000000525.0000000000525 000000000000281.0000000000281
Oberriexingen Coat of arms Oberriexingen.svg 000000000000008.17000000008.17 000000000003319.00000000003,319 000000000000406.0000000000406 000000000000203.0000000000203
Remseck am Neckar , large district town Coat of arms Remseck am Neckar.svg 000000000000022.820000000022.82 000000000026467.000000000026,467 000000000001160.00000000001,160 000000000000212.0000000000212
Sachsenheim DEU Sachsenheim COA.svg 000000000000057.920000000057.92 000000000018794.000000000018,794 000000000000324.0000000000324 000000000000246.0000000000246
Steinheim an der Murr DEU Steinheim an der Murr COA.svg 000000000000023.190000000023.19 000000000012220.000000000012,220 000000000000527.0000000000527 000000000000200.0000000000200
Vaihingen an der Enz , large district town DEU Vaihingen an der Enz COA.svg 000000000000073.410000000073.41 000000000029467.000000000029,467 000000000000401.0000000000401 000000000000217.0000000000217
Other communities in the Ludwigsburg district
local community coat of arms Area
December 31, 2018
PE density
PE per km²
above sea level
Affalterbach Affalterbach Wappen.svg 000000000000010.150000000010.15 000000000004518.00000000004,518 000000000000445.0000000000445 000000000000317.0000000000317
Benningen am Neckar Benningen Wappen.svg 000000000000004.87000000004.87 000000000006477.00000000006,477 000000000001330.00000000001,330 000000000000210.0000000000210
Eberdingen DEU Eberdingen COA.svg 000000000000026.210000000026.21 000000000006824.00000000006,824 000000000000260.0000000000260 000000000000272.0000000000272
Erdmannhausen DEU Erdmannhausen COA.svg 000000000000008.71000000008.71 000000000005145.00000000005,145 000000000000591.0000000000591 000000000000269.0000000000269
Erligheim DEU Erligheim COA.svg 000000000000006.19000000006.19 000000000002913.00000000002,913 000000000000471.0000000000471 000000000000259.0000000000259
Freudental DEU Freudental COA.svg 000000000000003.07000000003.07 000000000002486.00000000002,486 000000000000810.0000000000810 000000000000284.0000000000284
Gemmrigheim DEU Gemmrigheim COA.svg 000000000000008.23000000008.23 000000000004351.00000000004,351 000000000000529.0000000000529 000000000000182.0000000000182
Hemmingen Coat of arms Hemmingen (Württemberg) .svg 000000000000012.340000000012.34 000000000008086.00000000008,086 000000000000655.0000000000655 000000000000327.0000000000327
Hessigheim DEU Hessigheim COA.svg 000000000000005.03000000005.03 000000000002458.00000000002,458 000000000000489.0000000000489 000000000000189.0000000000189
Ingersheim DEU Ingersheim COA.svg 000000000000011.550000000011.55 000000000006330.00000000006.330 000000000000548.0000000000548 000000000000254.0000000000254
Kirchheim am Neckar DEU Kirchheim am Neckar COA.svg 000000000000008.53000000008.53 000000000005904.00000000005,904 000000000000692.0000000000692 000000000000178.0000000000178
Löchgau DEU Löchgau COA.svg 000000000000010.950000000010.95 000000000005608.00000000005,608 000000000000512.0000000000512 000000000000260.0000000000260
Possible DEU Möglingen COA.svg 000000000000009.93000000009.93 000000000011361.000000000011,361 000000000001144.00000000001,144 000000000000297.0000000000297
Mundelsheim DEU Mundelsheim COA.svg 000000000000010.200000000010.20 000000000003336.00000000003,336 000000000000327.0000000000327 000000000000195.0000000000195
Murr Coat of arms Murr.svg 000000000000007.80000000007.80 000000000006553.00000000006,553 000000000000840.0000000000840 000000000000203.0000000000203
Oberstenfeld Coat of arms Oberstenfeld.svg 000000000000021.100000000021.10 000000000008027.00000000008,027 000000000000380.0000000000380 000000000000246.0000000000246
Pleidelsheim Coat of arms Pleidelsheim.svg 000000000000010.180000000010.18 000000000006343.00000000006.343 000000000000623.0000000000623 000000000000197.0000000000197
Schwieberdingen Coat of arms Schwieberdingen.svg 000000000000014.870000000014.87 000000000011383.000000000011,383 000000000000766.0000000000766 000000000000274.0000000000274
Sersheim DEU Sersheim COA.svg 000000000000011.480000000011.48 000000000005568.00000000005,568 000000000000485.0000000000485 000000000000217.0000000000217
Tamm Tamm.svg 000000000000008.78000000008.78 000000000012685.000000000012,685 000000000001445.00000000001,445 000000000000259.0000000000259
Walheim DEU Walheim COA.svg 000000000000006.14000000006.14 000000000003264.00000000003,264 000000000000532.0000000000532 000000000000183.0000000000183

Municipalities before the district reform

Before the district reform in 1973 or before the community reform , the (old) district of Ludwigsburg had a total of 50 communities since 1938 , including 11 towns . On April 1, 1942, the community of Stammheim was incorporated into the city of Stuttgart, so that there were only 49 communities.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Ludwigsburg was made on September 1, 1971 by the municipality of Ottmarsheim, which merged with the city of Besigheim . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. On January 1, 1972, the municipality of Gronau was incorporated into the municipality of Oberstenfeld and thus became part of the Ludwigsburg district. All remaining communities in the old Ludwigsburg district were merged into the new, enlarged Ludwigsburg district on January 1, 1973 .

The largest municipality in the old Ludwigsburg district was the district town of Ludwigsburg, which has been a major district town since April 1, 1956 . The smallest community was Hofen.

The old district of Ludwigsburg and included most recently an area of 424 square kilometers had in the census in 1970 a total of 303,158 inhabitants.

The table shows the population development of the old Ludwigsburg district up to 1970. All population figures are census results:

date Residents
May 17, 1939 135.351
September 13, 1950 186.007
date Residents
June 6, 1961 243,849
May 27, 1970 303.158

In the table, the municipalities of the old Ludwigsburg district are before the municipal reform. All communities still belong to the Ludwigsburg district today.

Ludwigsburg district before the district reform
former parish today's parish Resident
on June 6, 1961
Resident on
December 31, 1969
Aldingen Remseck am Neckar 3,362 4,611
Asperg , city Asperg 8,565 12,671
Beihingen on the Neckar Freiberg am Neckar 3,020 4,788
Benningen am Neckar Benningen am Neckar 2,821 3,861
Besigheim , city Besigheim 6,774 7,696
Bietigheim , large district town Bietigheim-Bissingen 16,649 22,488
Bissingen on the Enz Bietigheim-Bissingen 7,396 10.163
Bönnigheim , city Bönnigheim 4,348 5,054
Erdmannhausen Erdmannhausen 2,744 3,537
Erligheim Erligheim 1,121 1,650
Freudental Freudental 955 1,388
Geisingen am Neckar Freiberg am Neckar 1,378 1.965
Gemmrigheim Gemmrigheim 2,562 3,922
Grossbottwar , city Grossbottwar 3,391 4,150
Grossingersheim Ingersheim 2,304 3,105
Großsachsenheim , city Sachsenheim 4,358 6,394
Hessigheim Hessigheim 1,381 1,797
Heutingsheim Freiberg am Neckar 2,626 4,336
Hochberg Remseck am Neckar 1,506 2,531
Hochdorf Remseck am Neckar 857 1,563
Hof and Lembach Grossbottwar 441 543
Hofen Bönnigheim 419 645
Hohenstein Bönnigheim 448 632
Höpfigheim Steinheim an der Murr 862 1,209
Kirchheim am Neckar Kirchheim am Neckar 3,639 4,257
Kleinbottwar Steinheim an der Murr 986 1,276
Kleiningersheim Ingersheim 631 829
Kleinsachsenheim Sachsenheim 1,820 2,324
Kornwestheim , large district town Kornwestheim 26,296 28,574
Löchgau Löchgau 2,754 3.810
Ludwigsburg , major district town Ludwigsburg 73,512 79,538
Marbach am Neckar , city Marbach am Neckar 9,492 10,545
Markgröningen , city Markgröningen 7.002 9,506
Possible Possible 3,753 6,901
Mundelsheim Mundelsheim 2.135 2,470
Murr Murr 2,199 2,811
Neckargröningen Remseck am Neckar 1,350 1,964
Neckarrems Remseck am Neckar 1,804 3.159
Neckarweihingen Ludwigsburg 3,658 5,539
Oberstenfeld Oberstenfeld 2,205 3,538
Ottmarsheim Besigheim 641 753
Pleidelsheim Pleidelsheim 2,282 3,578
Poppenweiler Ludwigsburg 2,217 3,156
Schwieberdingen Schwieberdingen 3,511 6,087
Steinheim an der Murr , city Steinheim an der Murr 3,496 4,590
Tamm Tamm 3,935 4,996
Unterriexingen Markgröningen 1,385 1,792
Walheim Walheim 1,987 2,686
Wineries Grossbottwar 871 1,024

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinguishing mark LB when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today. As a result of the license plate liberalization , the VAI (Vaihingen an der Enz) distinguishing mark has also been available since July 14, 2014 .


  • The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume III: Region Stuttgart - Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2
  • The Ludwigsburg district , ed. by Ulrich Hartmann. 2nd edition, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 1994.
  • The nature reserves in the Stuttgart administrative region . Edited by Reinhard Wolf . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2002. ISBN 3-7995-5173-5

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Ludwigsburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
  3. LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  4. The text of the petition can be found in Gerhard Liebler, Markgröningen - Kurzweilige Treffen mit der Stadt und Its History , ed. v. Working group for historical research and monument preservation Markgröningen, Markgröningen 2011, p. 97 f.
  5. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 452 f. and 462 f .
  6. ^ Ludwigsburg district with the highest population growth since the end of 2000. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg, July 20, 2010, archived from the original on July 19, 2011 ; Retrieved July 20, 2010 (press release No. 229/2010).
  7. District Ludwigsburg Religion , 2011 census
  8. More and more church resignations statistics 2019 , accessed on July 21, 2020
  9. Church statistics of the dioceses in Germany 2019 annual survey Diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart , accessed on July 21, 2020
  10. Results of the 2019 district assembly . July 19, 2019, accessed on August 25, 2019 .
  11. [1]
  12. [2] Result of the district election 2014
  13. [3]  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989–2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  14. [4]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in district elections 1989–2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  15. ^ Ludwigsburg, Employment Agency. Retrieved December 28, 2017 .
  16. District Office Ludwigsburg: Population figures. Retrieved December 28, 2017 .
  17. Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  18. PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .