|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Height :||303 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||30.39 km 2|
|Residents:||24,883 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||819 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||71254|
|Primaries :||07156, 07152|
|License plate :||LB, VAI|
|Community key :||08 1 18 011|
City administration address :
|Am Laien 1
|Lord Mayor :||Michael Makurath (independent)|
|Location of the city of Ditzingen in the Ludwigsburg district|
Ditzingen is a centrally located city in the state of Baden-Württemberg , which borders on the northwest of Stuttgart . After Ludwigsburg , Bietigheim-Bissingen , Kornwestheim , Vaihingen an der Enz and Remseck am Neckar , Ditzingen is the sixth largest city in the Ludwigsburg district and belongs to the central area of Stuttgart with the regional center of the same name . The community of Ditzingen received city rights on April 26, 1966 and has been a major district town since October 1, 1976 .
Ditzingen is located in the southwestern Neckar basin in the Strohgäu at the transition to the so-called Langen Feld . The urban area lies between the Strudelbach in the west and the Glems in the east. The Glems, a right tributary of the Enz , flows through the core town of Ditzingen. The city center is to the right of the river.
The following cities and communities border the city of Ditzingen. They are called clockwise starting in the east:
- Stuttgart (Weilimdorf district) ( urban district )
- Gerlingen ( Ludwigsburg district )
- Leonberg and Weissach (both districts of Böblingen )
- Eberdingen , Hemmingen and Korntal-Münchingen (all three in the Ludwigsburg district)
The former communities are neighborhoods and also towns within the meaning of Baden-Wuerttemberg Municipal Code , that is, they have a Ortschaftsrat , which a mayor projects. The local councils are elected by the local population with voting rights at each local election. There is also an administrative office in each village that serves as the local town hall.
The town of Ditzingen within the limits of June 30, 1970 includes the town of Ditzingen, the Grüner Baum and Lerchenhöfe farms, the Maurener Berg, Oberes Glemstal, Ölberg and Steinröhre residential areas and the Ferbermühle, Tonmühle and Zechlesmühle houses .
The village Heimerdingen and the abandoned settlement of Stetten belong to the former community of Heimerdingen .
The village of Hirschlanden and the abandoned villages of Holzheim and Rotweil belong to the former municipality of Hirschlanden .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
Prehistory and early history
The earliest traces of settlement on Ditziner Markung come from the Neolithic . Archaeological finds show two linear ceramic settlements on the Maurener Berg and southwest of today's location in the garment Hinter der Steig on the road to Leonberg . Three somewhat more recent settlements of the Rössen culture were found in the guise of the Weinbergpfad southwest of the area currently built on, in the corridor Stütze on the road to Leonberg and also in the north of the Maurener Berg. There are also some finds from the Bronze Age . In the 1960s, two important finds from the Hallstatt period were found on the markings of today's Hirschlanden and Schöckingen districts: the warrior von Hirschlanden and the women's grave from Schöckingen . Finally, several sites are known from Roman times, including in the Beutenfeld robe in the area of today's Römerhofstrasse, where a Roman cellar with a light well of the cellar window and a vaulted wall niche were uncovered during construction work.
After the abandonment of the Upper German-Raetian Limes in 260, today's Strohgäu was taken over by Alemannic settlers. Today's Ditzingen is also an Alemannic foundation. In a deed of donation from the Lorsch monastery from 769, it is mentioned for the first time under the name Tizingen . During the construction of a shopping center in 1986, traces of early medieval settlement with ceramic fragments from the time of the Merovingians to the High Middle Ages were uncovered along the Bauernstraße . Ditzingen is one of the few places in Baden-Württemberg where an early medieval settlement has been archaeologically proven. In a pit house there were 56 looms that belonged to one of the largest known weight looms of the Middle Ages. The burial ground belonging to the settlement was located northwest of the settlement in the area of the later brickworks and their clay pit and is documented by numerous finds that were made there between the first half of the 19th century and the 1930s.
In 1295, among other things, the Reichenbach monastery owned a farm in Ditzingen, through which it made a comparison with the local nobility Johann und Balsam von Ditzingen. The place remained of little importance for centuries and fell under the rule of the Württemberg people as early as the 14th century .
Ditzingen was part of the Oberamt Leonberg . When the young Kingdom of Württemberg was reorganized at the beginning of the 19th century, the Leonberger Oberamt survived the administrative reform and Ditzingen remained assigned to it until 1938. With the connection to the route network of the Württemberg State Railroad in the course of the construction of the Black Forest Railway in 1868, industrialization began. The largest employers included the United Brick Works, which produced until the 1960s, the Johannes Fuchs KG , the United Wachswarenfabriken and the Dobelmann shoe factory. Under the National Socialist Mayor Gottlieb Diez, the expansion of the industrial area south of the railway line was pushed further. But only the construction of the Stuttgart-Feuerbach junction of today's A 81 created the conditions for further industrial development.
The simultaneous increase in the resident population led to the city survey in 1966 . In 1971 the two neighboring communities Schöckingen and Heimerdingen were incorporated. During the district reform on January 1, 1973 , Ditzingen was assigned to the Ludwigsburg district. On January 1, 1975, the city of Ditzingen merged with the municipality of Hirschlanden to form the new city of Ditzingen, which exceeded the 20,000 population limit. As a result, the city administration applied for a major district town , which the Baden-Württemberg state government then decided with effect from October 1, 1976.
- July 1, 1971: incorporation of Schöckingen into Ditzingen
- December 1, 1971: incorporation of Heimerdingen into Ditzingen
- January 1, 1975: Ditzingen and Hirschlanden merged to form the new town of Ditzingen
The community of Ditzingen was originally on the border of two dioceses , Constance and Speyer , which was formed by the Glems river. Therefore, Ditzingen originally had two parish churches, the Konstanzer church , which belonged to the Landkapitel Cannstatt , and the Speyer church , which belonged to the Landkapitel Grüningen in the Archdiakonat Trinitatis . From 1524 to 1527 the Hirsau Benedictine and chronicler Nikolaus Basellius was the owner of the Ditzinger Marien-Pfarrei (Konstanz church). Due to the fact that it belonged to Württemberg at a very early stage, the Reformation was introduced in Ditzingen in 1534 , as a result of which the place was predominantly Protestant for many centuries. The Konstanz church has remained the main Protestant church in the area to this day. The Speyer church was handed over to the Dominican convent in Pforzheim by the bishop in 1347 and acquired by Württemberg in 1565. It then served as a cemetery church (until today). The Reformation was also introduced early on in today's Ditzingen districts. All four parishes belonged to the dean's office or church district Leonberg within the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Württemberg .
In 1978 the new deanery or church district Ditzingen was formed from parts of the deaneries or church districts Ludwigsburg and Leonberg , which initially belonged to the Stuttgart Prelature , then to the Ludwigsburg Prelature and since May 1, 2003 again to the Stuttgart Prelature. Today the Ditzingen deanery comprises 14 parishes, including the four parishes in the Ditzingen urban area (Ditzingen, Heimerdingen, Hirschlanden and Schöckingen).
After the Second World War , more and more Catholics also moved to Ditzingen. They were able to hold their services in the Speyer church from 1946 before they were able to build their own church of St. Mary Queen of the Holy Rosary in 1961/64 . In 1965 Ditzingen became its own parish. From the beginning the community belonged to the deanery Ludwigsburg of the diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart . A Catholic parish was also established in Hirschlanden in 1976. The Church of the Holy Trinity was built there in 1974. The Catholic parish in Hirschlanden also looks after the Catholics in Heimerdingen and Schöckingen. Heimerdingen has its own church (Heilig-Geist-Kirche) from 1964. Both parishes (Ditzingen and Hirschlanden) together with the Catholic parish of St. Peter and Paul Gerlingen form the Southern Strohgäu pastoral care unit .
In addition to the two large churches in Ditzingen, there is the South German Community in Gartenstrasse, whose umbrella organization ( South German Community Association ) also belongs to the Protestant church. There are also several free churches , for example Treffpunkt Leben e. V. (origin of the Forum Leben Association ) and Evangelical Free Churches in Ditzingen and in the Hirschlanden district. In addition, the New Apostolic Church is represented in all Ditzingen districts.
Great county seat
The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. In addition to the mayor, the local council in Ditzingen has 26 members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result (with comparative figures from the previous election):
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||26.20||7th||32.78||8th|
|Green||ALLIANCE 90 / THE GREENS||20.46||5||13.99||4th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||13.02||3||17.90||5|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||6.90||2||3.15||1|
At the head of the community of Ditzingen was a mayor or mayor . Since the elevation to a major district town on October 1, 1976, the mayor has been named mayor . This is elected directly by the electorate for eight years. He is chairman of the municipal council. His general deputy is the 1st alderman with the official title of mayor.
badges and flags
The coat of arms of the city of Ditzingen shows a split shield in front in silver two diagonally crossed red wall hooks, behind in red under a silver cross with paw ends a fallen silver ploughshare. The city flag is red and white. Ditzingen used the coat of arms and flag even before the municipal reform (the flag since 1967). The city that was newly created during the municipal reform had to have its coat of arms and flag re-awarded; this happened on April 23, 1976 by the Ludwigsburg district office.
The cross was also to be found in the coat of arms of the formerly independent municipality of Schöckingen. The ploughshare is supposed to symbolize agriculture, which used to be the main livelihood for all parts of the city. The wall hooks are an old landmark in Ditzingen.
The coats of arms of the Ditzingen districts were as follows:
- Heimerdingen: In blue, two obliquely crossed, overturned golden rakes, including a golden lance.
- Hirschlanden: In gold under a lying black stag pole, a red wagon set as a pole.
Flag: red-yellow. (Coat of arms and flag awarded on January 23, 1961)
- Schöckingen: Under a golden shield head, inside a black deer pole, in red a continuous silver cross, angled by four golden horseshoes.
Ditzingen maintains a town twinning with
Economy and Infrastructure
Ditzingen is a modern commercial town. Mechanical engineering , the publishing industry (e.g. Reclam publishing house ) and the printing industry are particularly well represented. The largest company in Ditzingen is the mechanical engineering company Trumpf . In the 2017/18 financial year, it achieved sales of around EUR 3.6 billion with around 13,500 employees. In 2014, the new German headquarters of Thales Deutschland was opened in Ditzingen . The Stuttgart , Korntal and Pforzheim locations have been combined here. A new building complex with a usable area of 51,500 square meters was built on the A 81 motorway for the more than 1,400 employees of the technology group, which can accommodate up to 1,800 employees and is equipped with the latest building technology. The dealer cooperation Euronics Germany , which has around 1,800 members, is also of supraregional importance .
Ditzingen is also the location for many medium-sized companies, such as the construction fittings manufacturer Gretsch-Unitas , the Cetelon paint factory or the Ditzinger oil mill. Ditzingen is also the headquarters of the pasta manufacturer Bürger . Loba GmbH & Co KG, founded in 1922, is one of the traditional companies in the chemical industry .
Ditzingen is in the immediate vicinity of the federal motorway 81 Heilbronn - Stuttgart - Singen , directly at the Stuttgart-Feuerbach exit . Until it was downgraded, the federal highway 295 Stuttgart - Leonberg - Calw ran through the city center . In 2019 it was replaced by the A 81 and A 8 between Stuttgart-Feuerbach and Leonberg-West.
Via the Black Forest Railway Weil der Stadt - Stuttgart , on which the lines S6 and S60 of the Stuttgart S-Bahn run, the Ditzingen station is connected to the rail network. The station is used by over 8,000 commuters every day. The Heimerdingen district is connected by the Strohgäubahn .
The public transport service multiple bus lines. The central bus station (ZOB) was redesigned in 2016 and officially opened on December 16, 2016. All lines operate at uniform prices within the Stuttgart transport association .
The Ditzinger Anzeiger appears weekly, in which, among other things, official notices are published.
Authorities and institutions
The Baden-Württemberg logistics center (LZBW) is located in Ditzingen. It is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg and is the central registration office for central purchasing and procurement for the police department and for all state institutions.
Ditzingen has a grammar school (grammar school in Glemsaue), a secondary school (secondary school in Glemsaue), a special needs school (Wilhelmschule), two elementary schools in the core city (Wilhelmschule and Konrad-Kocher-Schule) and another in the Heimerdingen district as well as two elementary and secondary schools with Werkrealschule, namely the Konrad Kocher School in the city center and the Theodor Heuglin School in Hirschlanden-Schöckingen in the Hirschlanden district.
Supply and disposal
The electricity and gas network in the city is operated by EnBW Regional AG. Some of the drinking water is drawn from municipal wells (35%), the rest is drawn from the Lake Constance water supply and the Strohgäu water supply. Together with the city of Stuttgart, Ditzingen operates its own sewage treatment plant in the lower Glems Valley. The waste is taken from the Abfallverwertungsgesellschaft the district Ludwigsburg mbH (AVL), a 100% subsidiary of the district Ludwigsburg. AVL is commissioned to carry out the tasks of avoiding, recycling and disposing of waste on behalf of the Ludwigsburg district.
Culture and sights
The seat of the city museum is the old town hall am Laien , which has a permanent exhibition on the city's history, a room for temporary exhibitions and a "Egerländer Heimatstube". The tour through the city history collection was redesigned in 2009.
The city archive has been headed full-time since 1985 and was housed in the basement of the school center in Glemsaue until 2010. After a devastating flood, it moved into new rooms in the old school building at Laien 4, and in summer 2017 it finally moved to its own premises in the Hirschlanden district. It has preserved the records of the four districts since the 16th century and looks after extensive collections of urban history.
The Stadthalle Ditzingen is the city's event center. Theatrical performances are also offered here.
The city's musical culture is shaped by the numerous clubs, including the Stadtkapelle Ditzingen music association, the Liederkranz in Ditzingen, Heimerdingen and Hirschlanden, the Ditzingen Handharmonika Club 1932 and the Schöckingen Harmonica Friends as well as the Ditzingen Evangelical District Cantor. The Ditzingen youth music school, founded in 1955 and thus the oldest in the Ludwigsburg district, also contributes to shaping musical life with its concerts.
In the city center stands the Konstanzer Kirche , consecrated in 1477 , the main Protestant church of the city. Next to it is the new town hall with the citizens' hall. The city library and gallery are housed in the three-gabled house , which can be described as the city's landmark , and the city museum in the neighboring old town hall. In the city center there is also the Ditzinger Castle , originally a medieval castle complex , which was built in the 15th and 16th centuries. Century was built and was the seat of the local nobility. The Speyrer Church (formerly St. Lambertus), located just outside the city center, dates from the 16th century and is now used as a cemetery church.
A small curiosity is that there are H0 models for both churches that are offered in large series ; the Konstanzer from Vollmer , the Speyrer from Kibri . Overall, there are only about a dozen different models of real sacred buildings in the German-speaking area.
The Protestant church in Heimerdingen was originally consecrated to Saint Peter. It was rebuilt in 1776 as a classical hall church after a fire. The Catholic Holy Spirit Church was built in 1964. In Hirschlanden there is an originally Romanesque church that was enlarged in 1748. The Catholic Holy Trinity Church was built in 1974. The Protestant church in Schöckingen with late Romanesque and late Gothic parts contains tombs of the Lords of Nippenburg and von Gaisberg from the 16th and 17th centuries.
As a regular event, the Ditzinger Port Shard Festival takes place every two years on the last weekend of summer vacation.
The largest sports club are the TSF Ditzingen , which are particularly successful in fencing , volleyball and chess . The footballers of TSF Ditzingen played temporarily in the Regionalliga Süd . In 2003 and 2006, the Ditzinger fencers won the Germany Cup in men's epee, a team competition that is comparable to the DFB Cup in football. In addition, the TSF Degen team reached the semi-finals of the German championships in 2004 and 2006. The women's epee team of TSF Ditzingen reached the final of the German Cup in 2011. In 2011 the Ditzinger won all three titles at the German Epee Championships of the B youth: Samuel Unterhauser won the single title in 1997, Simon Greul won the 1998 class; Samuel Unterhauser and Fabian Heuer (5th in individual 1997) won the DM team title the next day with the selection of Württemberg. In 2001, the TSF provided Vice-World Champion Degen Seniors over 50 with Bruno Kachur; The TSF seniors (over 40s) have been the German team champions in men's epee three times since 2002, and the women's over 40s win twice.
The municipality or city of Ditzingen has granted the following people honorary citizenship:
- 1887, June 20: Andreas von Renner , Württemberg Finance Minister (1814–1898)
- 1917, July 9th: Wilhelm Stähle, Schultheiss
- 1999: Alfred Fögen , retired Lord Mayor D.
- 2001: Berthold Leibinger , entrepreneur
- 2020: Günther Oettinger , Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg, EU Commissioner
sons and daughters of the town
- 1740, Christoph Dionysius von Seeger , born in Schöckingen, † 1808 in Blaubeuren, teacher and main organizer of the Hohen Karlsschule
- 1775, Ludwig von Gaisberg , born in Schöckingen, † 1852 in Neudegg near Donauwörth, judicial officer, member of the state parliament
- 1786, Konrad Kocher , † 1872 in Stuttgart , church musician, organist at the Stuttgart collegiate church, later also music director there
- 1787, Johann Jacob Mann , chief magistrate in Wangen, Münsingen and Vaihingen
- 1810, Johann Ulrich Wirth , † 1879 in Winnenden, Protestant theologian and philosopher
- 1814, Andreas von Renner , † 1898 in Stuttgart, Minister of Finance of the Kingdom of Württemberg.
- 1815, Gottlieb Friedrich Krauss , † 1895 in Stuttgart, lithographer, representative of the labor movement in Stuttgart
- 1824, Theodor von Heuglin , born in Hirschlanden, † 1876 in Stuttgart, ornithologist and Africa researcher
- 1849, Karl Immendörfer , born in Heimerdingen, † March 24, 1911 in Heimerdingen, farmer and politician
- 1881, Karl Siegle , † 1947 in Berlin, politician, trade unionist and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime
- 1881, Jakob Wilhelm Hauer , † 1962 in Tübingen, Indologist and religious scholar
- 1940, Peter Gamper , track and field athlete and media scientist
- 1998, Jonas Hämmerle , actor, comes from the Heimerdingen district
- 2002, Janna Schweigmann , volleyball player, comes from the Heimerdingen district
Other personalities associated with Ditzingen
- Nikolaus Basellius (approx. 1470–1532), Hirsau Benedictine and chronicler, 1524 to 1527 owner of the local Marien parish (Konstanz church)
- Ludwig von Janowitz (1583–1641), administrative officer and envoy, owner of the Ditzingen Palace
- Alfred Fritz (1860–1941), pseudonym Joseph Hahn , Protestant pastor, archivist and writer
- Erwin Starker (1872–1938), impressionist painter
- Rudolf Hruschka (1881–1961), Sudeten German teacher and local researcher, came to Ditzingen as a displaced person after the Second World War
- Robert Eberwein (1909–1972), painter, graphic artist and illustrator; lived in Ditzingen from 1950 to 1972
- Heinrich Eberhardt (1919–2003), painter, graphic artist and art teacher; lived in Ditzingen from 1926 to 2003
- Kurt Weinmann (1922–2007), chemist, managing partner of Loba-Holmenkol-Chemie Dr. Fischer and Dr. Weinmann KG in Ditzingen
- Dieter Schnabel (* 1935), lawyer, cultural journalist and local politician in Ditzingen
- Günther Oettinger (* 1953), EU Commissioner for Energy since 2010, Prime Minister of the State of Baden-Württemberg from 2005 to 2010, grew up in Ditzingen and was chairman of the CDU local association, chairman of the CDU parliamentary group in the local council and co-founder of the young Union Ditzingen. In 1982 Oettinger ran unsuccessfully for the office of Lord Mayor of Ditzingen.
- Konrad Epple (* 1963), politician, deputy mayor of Ditzingen, member of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg
- Dietmar Haaf (* 1967), athlete, began his career with TSF Ditzingen
- Thomas Dürr alias Thomas D (* 1968), member of the hip-hop and rap band Die Fantastischen Vier , grew up in Ditzingen
- Bastian Knittel (* 1983), professional tennis player
- Mario Mandžukić (* 1986), Croatian soccer player, lived in Ditzingen from 1992 to 1996 and played in the youth of TSF Ditzingen
- Bibliography on city history .
- Florian Hoffmann, Herbert Hoffmann: 1250 years of Ditzingen & Hirschlanden. New contributions to the city's history . Ubstadt-Weiher, Heidelberg, Basel 2019
- Nina Hofmann, Herbert Hoffmann: From Village to City. 50 years of the city of Ditzingen, 40 years of the major district town . Ubstadt-Weiher, Heidelberg, Basel 2016
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume III: Stuttgart District, Middle Neckar Regional Association. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 , pp. 402-405.
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Ditzingen.
- Eduard M. Neuffer: Pre and early history . In: Heimatbuch Ditzingen. Published by the city of Ditzingen on the city survey 1966. Ditzingen 1966, p. 36.
- Minst, Karl Josef [trans.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 5), Certificate 3559, October 2, 769 - Reg. 435. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 215 , accessed on July 6, 2018 .
- Matthias Untermann, Uwe Groß: Medieval settlement findings in Ditzingen, Ludwigsburg district . In: Archaeological excavations in Baden-Württemberg 1987, p. 190.
- Dominik Kimmel: The early medieval grave finds of Ditzingen, district Ludwigsburg (Württemberg) . Diploma thesis for obtaining the master’s degree in philosophy, Vienna, University 1994 p. 35f.
- Württembergisches Urkundenbuch X, No. 4602 and 4734.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 452 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 463 .
- Population development in Baden-Württemberg from 1871 to 2012 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Journal of Württemberg State History , Volume 21, 1962, p. 391; (Detail scan)
- trump increases sales by half ... In: rtl.de . ( rtl.de [accessed on August 5, 2018]). Trumpf increases sales by half ... ( Memento of the original from July 19, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- New-Germany-Headquarters-von-Thales-officially-opened. (No longer available online.) Thales , September 15, 2014, archived from the original on December 8, 2015 ; accessed on November 30, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Florian Hoffmann: "Opening up the Strohgäu to world traffic". 150 years of Ditzingen station . In: Ludwigsburger Geschichtsblätter 73/2019, pp. 107–130.
- Ditzinger Anzeiger, December 22, 2016, p. 4.
- Stadtmuseum Ditzingen at www.ditzingen.de (accessed on March 7, 2018).
- Herbert Hoffmann: 50 years of Ditzingen youth music school. How it all began ... . In: Jugendmusikschule Ditzingen: In the prime of life. 50 years of pivotal point in music . Ditzingen 2005, pp. 19-26.