|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Height :||317 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.15 km 2|
|Residents:||4518 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||445 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||71563, 71364|
|Area code :||07144|
|License plate :||LB, VAI|
|Community key :||08 1 18 001|
|LOCODE :||DE AFB|
|Address of the
|Marbacher Strasse 17
|Mayor :||Steffen Döttinger|
|Location of the municipality of Affalterbach in the Ludwigsburg district|
Affalterbach is a municipality in the Ludwigsburg district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Stuttgart region and the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart . It is part of the Marbach am Neckar community administration association .
Affalterbach is located in the eastern part of the Neckar basin about five kilometers southeast of Marbach am Neckar on the lower eastern slope of the Lemberg , on which the highest point of the municipality is almost level. At the northeast corner it extends down to the valley floor of the Murr , where the lowest point is at a little below on the river. Most of the eastern border of the district runs in the lowest valley of the Buchenbach tributary to the left of the Murr . The municipality of Affalterbach is located on the eastern border of the Ludwigsburg district.
In addition to the eponymous village of Affalterbach, the municipality also includes the small hamlet Steinächle, in the southeast and east of which the hamlet Wolfsölden, both on the left above the Buchenbachtal. The homestead Birkachhof is located opposite Steinächle in a tip of the municipality over the height to the right of the Buchenbach. The newer garden settlement Birkhau is isolated between the main town and Wolfsölden and covers the same area. In addition to this settlement area without district status, there are still a few agricultural settlement groups, including the Bollenhöfe south of Affalterbach, which are not districts either.
Affalterbach borders the communities of Kirchberg an der Murr in the north, Burgstetten in the east, Leutenbach in the southeast and south and also in the south with the city of Waiblingen in the south, all of which belong to the neighboring Rems-Murr district . In the southwest, the area exclave around the hamlet of Siegelhausen borders the city of Marbach am Neckar , in the west the city of Ludwigsburg , in the west and northwest the municipality of Erdmannhausen , which all belong to the district of Ludwigsburg .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014. The entire area of the Affalterbach community covers approx. 1018 ha.
The place was first mentioned in a document in the year 972. However, finds show that this area was settled 6000 years ago in the Neolithic Age. There are also other finds from the Urnfield period and from the times of Celtic and Roman settlement. A few kilometers away in Steinheim an der Murr, the skull of Homo steinheimensis was discovered, which is estimated to be 250,000 years old. It is believed that all Europeans descend from this Homo steinheimensis. From a cultural and historical point of view, Affalterbach lies on the border between the dominions of the Franks and the Alemanni .
The Alemanni had managed to conquer a huge area over the course of 200 years. The Franks faced battle in 496 south of Cologne. They defeated the Alemanni and threw them far south. As a border they determined a line that ran across the Lemberg and Hohenasperg. This made the Affalterbach markings an immediate border area. Presumably the Franks set up a military post on the Lemberg, which secured the border from this dominant point and monitored road traffic, as an important peoples route led across our markings.
Origin of name
The community name "Affalterbach" is derived from the old German word Affalter ( = apple tree ). Already in 972 there was more fruit growing here than anywhere else. In 1965 there were 29,907 tall fruit trees on the parish. The uppermost part of the Strombach is called the Apfelbach, a small river in the south of Affalterbach. The place name should therefore be derived from the name of this brook.
16th century to World War II
Detailed records are only available from 1525. At that time there were 43 houses in Affalterbach and three houses in Wolfsölden, in which 269 residents lived. By 1584, the number of residential buildings and residents had almost doubled. The Thirty Years War brought great disaster to Affalterbach. Around 1640, the last survivors are likely to have left their home village, which was now exposed to destruction and total decay by spring 1649. An inventory in 1652 showed that not a single house was intact and habitable. 50 years later (1703) there were 344 residents in Affalterbach. This number tripled within 100 years. In 1802 Affalterbach had 1,033 inhabitants.
This development brought with it considerable social problems, since the livelihoods had remained the same. Nevertheless, the population continued to skyrocket. In 1864 it reached its highest level for the time being in 1532. This made Affalterbach one of the most important communities in the Marbach District Office . Like everywhere else in the country, the economic conditions in Affalterbach were bad, as agriculture could no longer feed the many people. Some residents tried their hand at craftsmen . In Affalterbach in 1806, the year the Kingdom of Württemberg was founded , there were no fewer than 10 tailors , 18 weavers , 8 shoemakers , 4 butchers , 1 miller , 4 bakers , 5 blacksmiths , 3 wagons , 4 coopers , 7 masons , 7 carpenters , 2 carpenters , 2 shepherds and 1 barber . Most of them did not even reach a subsistence level. So many people left their homeland and looked for happiness far away. 496 Affalterbachers emigrated from 1816 to 1910. Most (383) went to America . Only when industrialization began at the end of the 19th century did economic conditions improve. However, this development completely bypassed Affalterbach. Trade and industry could not gain a foothold here. The local council did its part because it wanted to keep Affalterbach as an agricultural community. So many people moved away. The population fell steadily and reached its lowest level in 1939 at 1,034.
1945 until today
Since the place had become part of the American occupation zone after the Second World War , it had belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden since 1945 , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.
At the beginning of the 1960s, the largest local company - the Friedrich Feyhl joinery on Winnender Strasse - only had five employees. At that time the community had no income from business tax. Today Affalterbach is a residential and industrial community with partly still village character. Affalterbach was twice able to win the title of the most beautiful village in the Ludwigsburg district. At the same time, modern industrial companies have their headquarters here. Apart from one company, all the other companies with fewer than 20 employees started in Affalterbach. Today there are over 1700 jobs and the number is rising.
Until 1938 the place belonged to the Oberamt Marbach and was then assigned to the district of Backnang . With the Baden-Württemberg district reform in 1973 , however, this was dissolved and Affalterbach was incorporated into the Ludwigsburg district.
- 1525: 269 inhabitants
- 1602: 435 inhabitants
- 1703: 344 inhabitants
- 1730: 502 inhabitants
- 1802: 1033 inhabitants
- 1864: 1532 inhabitants
- 1939: 1034 inhabitants
- 1961: 1521 inhabitants
- 1970: 3061 inhabitants
- 1991: 4513 inhabitants
- 1995: 4524 inhabitants
- 2000: 4511 inhabitants
- 2005: 4625 inhabitants
- 2010: 4453 inhabitants
- 2014: 4470 inhabitants
- 2015: 4451 inhabitants
- 2016: 4365 inhabitants
The Affalterbach municipal council has 14 members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result.
The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Parties and constituencies||
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||32.17||4th||37.24||5|
|FWV||Affalterbach Free Electoral Association||34.65||5||29.11||4th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||18.98||3||22.82||3|
|ULA||Independent list Affalterbach||14.20||2||11.37||2|
badges and flags
|Blazon : "In silver (white) over a blue wave shield base, a natural apple tree with green leaves and red apples."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: Since the first half of the 19th century, a goblet has been identified as a stamp image in the mayor's office seals. This symbol is related to local viticulture. When the community tried to get a regular coat of arms in 1936, the Stuttgart archives suggested the current "talking" characters. The first part of the community name "Affalter" is an old word for "apple tree".|
The municipality flag is green and white. The coat of arms and flag were awarded on May 24, 1965.
On the edge of Affalterbach is the 365 meter high Lemberg . When the weather is nice, Lemberg above the vineyards is a popular regional excursion point.
Economy and Infrastructure
Affalterbach is only connected to the S-Bahn in Marbach am Neckar and thus further to Stuttgart via bus lines . There are also buses to Winnenden at peak times, early in the morning and in the afternoon . The municipality of Affalterbach is part of the Stuttgart Transport and Tariff Association . The nearest train stations are in Marbach am Neckar (6 km), Winnenden (8 km), Backnang (9 km) and Ludwigsburg (12 km).
Affalterbach is home to the rotating beacon Luburg (LBU VOR / DME), which transmits on 109.2 MHz.
In addition to a large number of small and medium-sized companies, larger companies have also settled in Affalterbach. These include:
- Mercedes-AMG GmbH, a subsidiary of Daimler AG
- HWA AG outsourced areas of automobile racing, today's DTM team "AMG-Mercedes" and parts of special vehicle construction
- Stern GmbH, garden and leisure furniture
- Schwaderer GmbH, manufacturer of machine feet, leveling feet, articulated feet, leveling feet
Since September 2003 there has been a local history museum in the former home of Affalterbach mayor Friedrich Kurz. The community archive is located on the ground floor of this building.
The largest sports club is TSV Affalterbach, founded in 1909, with the departments football , handball , bowling , athletics , swimming , table tennis and gymnastics . The Holzäcker sports facility with an artificial turf pitch , a stadium and a multi-purpose sports hall is available for this purpose . The TC Affalterbach also operates a tennis facility with six outdoor clay courts. There is also the Affalterbach rifle club , which operates a shooting range on Lemberg . The training and competition rooms of DC Wolfsölden , which is now one of the largest dart clubs in Baden-Württemberg (as of 2018), are also located in this facility . Other club activities have included the Musikverein Affalterbach , the volunteer fire department Affalterbach , DRC , YMCA , Kleintierzuchtverein , Motorcycle Club , Cycling Club , Horticultural Association , Chess Club and Grill Sports Club .
In terms of culture, the clubs d'Gerstenlupfer and the Theaterfreunde Die Lemberger offer classic Swabian theater entertainment in the Lemberghalle. Also located on the Lviv to the beer garden 7 oak trees , which is featured with 180 degree views from the east via Stuttgart to West, cultural events such as concerts , shows and stand-up comedy offers outdoors.
Supply and disposal
The electricity and gas network in the community is operated by Syna GmbH, a subsidiary of Süwag Energie AG. The drinking water is obtained from the state water supply . Waste disposal is taken over by the waste recycling company of the Ludwigsburg district (AVL), a 100% subsidiary of the Ludwigsburg district . AVL is commissioned to carry out the tasks of avoiding, recycling and disposing of waste on behalf of the Ludwigsburg district.
The rapper Shindy published a song of the same name because his Mercedes-AMG comes from Affalterbach.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Ludwig Hercules Daser (1705–1784), Lutheran theologian
- Maria Margaretha Aichholz, emigrated from Wolfsölden to Georgia in 1816, grandmother of Stalin's second wife Nadezhda Allilujewa
- Paul Sauer (1931–2010), born in the Wolfsölden district, historian and archivist
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume III: Stuttgart District, Middle Neckar Regional Association. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 . Pp. 431-433
- Detailed map of the Affalterbach community on: State Institute for the Environment Baden-Württemberg (LUBW) ( information )
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Affalterbach.
- Worth knowing: Affalterbach community. Retrieved September 7, 2017 .
- Yesterday: Affalterbach community. Retrieved September 7, 2017 .
- Today: Affalterbach municipality. Retrieved September 7, 2017 .
- Election information for the municipal data center
- http://www.fair-hotels.de/Museen-Kultur/Museum- Affalterbach.690.html
- DC Wolfsölden 1985 eV In: Website of the association. Retrieved October 9, 2018 .
- FRIENDS WITH MONEY: Shindy - Affalterbach (prod. By OZ, Nico Chiara & Shindy). March 21, 2019, accessed May 4, 2019 .