Freiberg am Neckar
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Height :||240 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||13.14 km 2|
|Residents:||15,968 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1215 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||71691|
|Area code :||07141|
|License plate :||LB, VAI|
|Community key :||08 1 18 078|
|LOCODE :||DE FEG|
City administration address :
71691 Freiberg am Neckar
|Mayor :||Dirk Schaible|
|Location of the city of Freiberg am Neckar in the Ludwigsburg district|
Freiberg am Neckar is a town in Baden-Württemberg in the Ludwigsburg district about 17 kilometers north of Stuttgart. It belongs to the Stuttgart region (until 1992 the Middle Neckar region ) and the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart .
Freiberg am Neckar extends from a bend in the river Neckar in the north of the city to the mountain ranges bordering south and west. The height differences in Freiberg range from over at the Geisinger Neckar valley up to on Millennium Hill (near Heutingsheim). It is a typical small town in the affluent, easily accessible periphery of a large city region. The cityscape is characterized on the one hand by residential areas with single-family houses and small multi-family houses, on the other hand by traffic and a ring of commercial areas. The A 81 motorway runs through the city .
There is a tidy landscape on the hills around the city. The fertile clay- limestone soils are well suited for intensive agricultural use. The farms are located in the middle of fields and fruit-growing areas, loosely distributed outside the closed urban area. From the hills above the city there are sweeping views of the Neckarland, Hohenasperg and Stromberg , and the valleys and mountains of the Murr and Bottwar regions. However, these panoramas are shaped by high-voltage pylons: Immediately south of the Freiberg district is the large Ludwigsburg-Hoheneck substation . From there, power lines run in a star shape in all directions, including over the mountain ranges south, east and west of Freiberg.
The city of Freiberg am Neckar consists of the formerly independent communities of Beihingen am Neckar, Geisingen am Neckar and Heutingsheim. The former community of Beihingen am Neckar includes the village of Beihingen am Neckar and the abandoned community of Bruderhaus. The village of Geisingen am Neckar belongs to the former municipality of Geisingen am Neckar. The former municipality of Heutingsheim includes the village of Heutingsheim and the Rosenau house, as well as the lost Kasteneck castle .
Freiberg borders in the northwest on the municipality of Ingersheim , in the northeast on the municipality Pleidelsheim , in the east on the municipality Benningen am Neckar , in the south on the Ludwigsburg districts Hoheneck and Eglosheim , in the west on the municipality of Tamm , the small exclave of the city of Bietigheim-Bissingen around their Wilhelmshof, again Tamm and finally in the northwest to the contiguous urban area of Bietigheim-Bissingen. All neighboring communities are also in the Ludwigsburg district.
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
Freiberg am Neckar was created on January 1st, 1972 through the voluntary merger of the three originally agricultural communities of Beihingen, Geisingen and Heutingsheim. On January 1, 1982 Freiberg am Neckar was granted city rights.
- 1810: 1,696 inhabitants, of which 692 in Beihingen, 438 in Geisingen and 566 in Heutingsheim
- 1900: 2,298 inhabitants
- 1939: 3,322 inhabitants
- 1950: 4,516 inhabitants
- 1961: 7,024 inhabitants, of which 3,020 in Beihingen, 1,378 in Geisingen and 2,626 in Heutingsheim
- 1970: 11,052 inhabitants, of which 4,819 in Beihingen, 1,917 in Geisingen and 4,316 in Heutingsheim
- 1991: 14,264 inhabitants
- 1995: 14,800 inhabitants
- 2005: 15,510 inhabitants
- 2010: 15,702 inhabitants
- 2015: 15,741 inhabitants
- 2017: 16,024 inhabitants
After the Reformation , the area of today's city of Freiberg was predominantly evangelical . Today there is still a Protestant parish in each of the three districts that belong to the Ludwigsburg parish of the Evangelical Regional Church . The Roman Catholic parish of St. Maria, Queen of Peace , which belongs to the Ludwigsburg dean's office, has also existed since 1954 . In addition, the Methodist Church , the Mormons ( Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ) and the New Apostolic Church are represented in the city. Today the Catholics make up around 25.5% and the Protestants 44.5% of the Freiberg population.
The results of the municipal council elections on May 26, 2019 as well as the two previous elections are shown in the following list:
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||21.9||5||24.3||5||24.6||6th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||19.8||3||19.8||4th||20.1||5|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||11.3||2||7.7||2||6.4||1|
|FW||Free voters Bietigheim-Bissingen||25.3||6th||21.3||5||20.0||4th|
|OGL||Open green list||18.4||4th||14.5||3||13.4||3|
|ULF||Independent list Freiberg||8.8||2||12.2||3||15.5||3|
badges and flags
The city coat of arms of Freiberg shows three (2: 1) golden balls / laible in blue . The city flag is yellow-blue. The coat of arms and flag were awarded to Freiberg on September 3, 1973.
In today's interpretation, the three spheres symbolize the three parts of the city. The coats of arms of the other two districts were as follows:
Economy and Infrastructure
Freiberg is on the Backnang – Ludwigsburg line , which is served by the S4 ( Backnang - Marbach - Stuttgart Schwabstraße ) of the Stuttgart S-Bahn . The train station, which is now in the district of Heutingsheim, was opened in 1879 under the name Beihingen and was initially on the Backnang – Bietigheim line. Two years later a branch line to Ludwigsburg was branched off here. After the city was founded, the station was renamed "Freiberg (Neckar)" on June 1, 1975. The location of the line from Freiberg to Bietigheim-Bissingen, which was not put into operation again after 1945, can still be found today over large parts in nature. In Freiberg, the street “Alte Bahnlinie” runs next to the old embankment, which is still reminiscent of the railway line today. In the further course of the old route, the embankment, an up to 13 m deep incision near the Wilhelmshof, bridges, track fragments and a former station keeper's house can still be found today.
In 2011 the connection in the direction of Marbach to Benningen was expanded to two tracks. Today the S-Bahn station has an annual frequency of 1.4 million passengers.
Around 600 small and medium-sized companies have their home in Freiberg am Neckar, including
- a branch of SAP with around 275 employees
- teamtechnik Maschinen und Anlagen GmbH, manufacturer of automated assembly and testing technology with around 1015 employees worldwide and a turnover of over 175 million euros
- Mieschke Hofmann und Partner (MHP), a subsidiary of Porsche AG with a total of 475 employees
- KED Helmsysteme DHG Knauer GmbH, manufacturer of cycling, riding and ski helmets
- Schweitzer-Chemie GmbH, water treatment technology, with over 100 employees
- Sommer GmbH, producer in the field of industrial labeling and advertising technology
- MESTO Spritzenfabrik GmbH, manufacturer of sprayers for agriculture and industry
- GW Barth AG manufactures machines and systems for the confectionery and food industry
- Geisselmann GmbH, steel, plant, crane and container construction
- Food Masters Freiberg GmbH, specializing in machines for processing cocoa and nuts
Freiberg am Neckar is a wine-growing town whose vineyards belong to the large Schalkstein site in the Württembergisch Unterland area in the Württemberg wine-growing region .
After a competition in 1996, from 1998 to 2001 the Stuttgart architectural partnership Heckmann. Kristel. Jung built the large municipal event center Prisma . Since then, it has been used for cultural and communal events of all kinds. The old castle press opposite the Beihinger Castle is still used for music and theater performances for a smaller audience.
Today the youth center is located in the listed former town hall in the district of Beihingen .
The Oscar Paret School combines a grammar school , a secondary school and a secondary school with a technical secondary school . The Oscar Paret School was the second comprehensive school in Baden-Württemberg. In 2008 she was one of the finalists for the German School Prize . In addition, there are three pure elementary schools , the Flattich school, the Grünland school and the Kasteneck school , as well as six municipal kindergartens with a total of 19 groups, a privately owned forest kindergarten and the Kita Zwergenstüble , which looks after children between one and three years of age.
Supply and disposal
Electricity and gas supply
The electricity and gas networks are operated by Syna GmbH, a subsidiary of Süwag Energie AG.
The districts of Beihingen and Heutingsheim are supplied with mixed water from the Lake Constance water supply and their own water from the Hohes Gestad deep well. The Geisingen district receives mixed water from the Lake Constance water supply and external water from the Bietigheim-Bissingen municipal utility.
The wastewater is treated in the municipal sewage treatment plant in Talstrasse.
The waste disposal company of the district of Ludwigsburg mbH (AVL), a 100% subsidiary of the district of Ludwigsburg, is responsible for waste disposal. The district has commissioned AVL to carry out the tasks of avoiding, recycling and disposing of waste.
Culture and sights
- TuS 1899 Freiberg is the largest local club and offers a wide range of popular sports.
- The SGV Freiberg emerged in 1973 from the SGV Heutingsheim. The most successful division is the soccer department, whose first men's team has played in the Württemberg Association League since 2016 .
- Since 2011 Mamo Baskets Freiberg e.V., which emerged from the basketball department of SGV Freiberg. V. with six youth teams at the start.
- The Stadtkapelle of the Musikverein Stadtkapelle Freiberg a. N. eV currently consists of 45 active musicians.
- The Schachfreunde Freiberg eV have been cultivating chess in the city since 1986 .
The entrepreneur Arthur Benseler was enthusiastic and committed to African art and culture throughout his life . Right from the start, he built his private house as a home for African art, music and literature: the Africa House . For the time after his death he left it as a museum to the city of Freiberg am Neckar. There are around 150 sculptures and pictures in and around this museum, some of which were collected by Arthur Benseler during his 30-year travels, but some of which were supplemented by the city of Freiberg.
The museum in the Schlössle in the Geisinger Gutsschlösschen documents the historical development of Freiberg. It shows the early history from the first evidence of human settlement, the history of the noble landlords, the development of handicrafts, agriculture and industry as well as the history of times of war and times of need on site. There is also an interesting exhibition on Springerle at Christmas time.
The Amandus Church from the 16th century was originally laid out as a fortified church and is located on a hill above the old town center. It is worth seeing because of its structural diversity with elements from many epochs, its paintings and its valuable organ from 1766, whose prospectus was preserved and whose sound structure was renewed in 1981 based on the old model.
The old Beihingen Castle is within sight of the Amandus Church, built by the Lords of Nothaft and the Lords of Gemmingen . The oldest part of the old castle are the remains of a residential tower from the 13th century. The buildings that still exist today were essentially constructed in 1480 and 1680. Today it houses archives and club rooms.
The new castle on the opposite side of the street was built by Friedrich von Breitenbach in 1573 and has since served as a residence for a number of aristocratic families. Today it is privately owned by the von Graevenitz family. In addition to the three-storey main building, the former tithe barn, built in 1591, is visible from Ludwigsburger Strasse; both buildings have been restored in the color scheme of the time they were built.
The castle press is located in the immediate vicinity of the two castles. It was rebuilt in 1730, in place of a wine press that had existed since 1577. The building has been owned by the municipality since 1964. Today it serves as a place for cultural events.
In the former town center, the old town hall from the 16th and 17th centuries, the birthplace of Johann Friedrich Flattich , has been preserved at Neckarstraße 5, where the town's youth center is now located. House no. 6 is the former schoolhouse from 1776. Other historically noteworthy buildings in the old town center are the houses in Mühlstrasse 1 and Benninger Strasse 13, 15 and 17 from the 17th century. The courtyard of house no. 13 belongs to the former Kleinbottwarer Hof, which dates back to the 13th century.
The late Gothic St. Nicholas Church is located in Geisingen. First a chapel was built in 1474, which now serves as a choir. The main nave and tower were added in 1521 and 1522. In 1900 the tower received its current pointed roof instead of an earlier hooded roof. Inside the churches are the tombs of the former local lords, the von Stammheim and Schertlin von Burtenbach families from the 16th century.
Immediately below the church is the upper Geisinger Castle , first mentioned at the end of the 16th century and rebuilt in 1723 , the so-called Kniestedt'sche Castle. About 200 m further below, on the flat valley floor, is the lower castle , the ancestral seat of the Lords of Stammheim, a former moated castle from 1486. The current buildings are all younger; some of them were only rebuilt in the 20th century according to the old models and in their place. An extension of the old moated castle is the so-called Schlössle, which is marked with the year 1671. Other buildings from the 17th century in the courtyard of the lower castle are the old oil mill and the former wine press.
The largest original Chinese house in Europe is located on the outskirts of Ludwigsburg-Eglosheim. It is surrounded by a garden that is open to the public and designed according to Taoist principles. The house and garden were built by Chinese construction workers and craftsmen after the site was developed in 1994 by the Chinese Dashi group of companies. All building materials were specially brought in from China. After opening in 1995, it served as a German-Chinese center and restaurant. In 2007, after the operator filed for bankruptcy in the summer of 2006, the house was given up and stood empty. In 2008 the building and the surrounding garden were closed due to the risk of collapse. In November 2008, the Stuttgart Regional Court decided that the operating company, which is in bankruptcy, must return the house and the surrounding area to the city. Renovation work began in May 2010, for which the new owner, Ming Ze Schaumann, hired Chinese craftsmen. The renovated Chinahaus was reopened on May 15, 2011. At the beginning of 2014, however, the house closed again under unexplained circumstances. For a long time, a legal dispute prevented its use, since October 2018 it has been reopened as the Ming China Center and serves as a restaurant, celebration location and center for Far Eastern culture.
The center of the former village of Heutingsheim, in the midst of a densely built-up town center with narrow streets and alleys, was the classicist town hall from 1781, located on the corner of Kirchstrasse and Wilhelmstrasse. The Protestant parish church of Simon and Judas, a late Gothic west tower church from 1487, has a beautifully designed choir with a ribbed vault inside. The keystones show the biblical apostles Simon and Jude (Thadäus) as well as Mary with the child as queen of heaven. The pulpit rests on a stone sculpture: the pulpit bearer, a kneeling man, created by Anton Pilgram , carries it on his shoulders. In the tower, the big bell with the inscription Osanna dates from 1492.
Heutingsheim also has a castle. The building complex, built around 1700 with its manor house and the three-wing farm building, is separated from the street by a castle wall. It is a typical example of a noble country house from that time. The Low German elements on the street-side half-timbered gable of the farm building are atypical for the area.
The Altneckar nature reserve with its alluvial forest and the adjacent meadow valley is an idyllic recreational area and an ecological oasis between the communities of Freiberg, Pleidelsheim and Ingersheim .
The bridge over the railway line over the A 81 was destroyed on April 20, 1945 by withdrawing German military units. After the Second World War , the bridge was not rebuilt and the railway line was shut down. This side of the A 81, the high embankment of the former Backnang – Bietigheim railway line is protected and maintained as a dry biotope by the city and the local association of the BUND . Beyond the A 81, the railway line cut a deep furrow into the terrain. Through the efforts of the city and the BUND, a protection zone, a dark, damp forest biotope, was also created there.
The citizens' festival takes place on the market square on the third weekend in July. Bands perform on the lake stage, and Freiberg clubs host the Hocketse on the market square . At the beginning of the festival, on Friday, young and old can compete at different distances at the citizens' festival. 2014 was the 40th anniversary of the festival. From 2017 the festival will only be celebrated every two years.
Every year on the Ascension weekend, the Musikverein Stadtkapelle Freiberg organizes the radish festival on the Beihinger Wasen with a large beer tent and numerous musical performances.
The large-capacity Palazzo disco has existed in the Ried industrial area since 1977 , one of the oldest and longest continuously operated of its kind. Until 2010, it had a liftable dance floor as a special feature. In 2018, the first sex doll brothel in Baden-Württemberg opened in the Freiberg industrial park. It was closed again after a short time due to resistance from the city administration.
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Friedrich Flattich (1713–1797), Protestant pastor and educator
- Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Breyer (1771-1818), historian and university professor, was born in Heutingsheim
- Paul Aldinger (1869–1944), theologian and founder of the Hammonia colony, today Ibirama, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Supporters of the Confessing Church.
- Friedrich Fröhlich (1880–1964), mayor of Crailsheim , was born in Heutingsheim
- Wilhelm Lempp (1882–1970), Oberamtmann of Württemberg and administrative lawyer
- Christine Rudolf (* 1965), politician (SPD), member of the state parliament
- Oscar Paret (1889–1972), archaeologist and local researcher, grew up in what is today the Freiberg district of Heutingsheim.
- Ulrich Gräf: Art and cultural monuments in the Ludwigsburg district . Theiss, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-8062-0466-7 , pp. 102-114 .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality . Volume III: Stuttgart District, Middle Neckar Regional Association. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 , p. 405-408 .
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Freiberg am Neckar.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 453 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 814 .
- Ludwigsburger Kreiszeitung - municipal council election May 26, 2019 Freiberg am Neckar , accessed on April 14, 2020
- teamtechnik GmbH press release of February 14, 2012, accessed on March 14, 2014
- BDEW (Ed.): Map of the electricity network operators 2012 . Frankfurt 2012.
- BDEW (Ed.): Map of the gas network operators 2012. Frankfurt 2012.
- City of Freiberg am Neckar: water map (without date).
- Website of the waste disposal company of the Ludwigsburg district , accessed on December 30, 2012
- Kristina Winter: Way paved for the renovation of the Chinahaus , Ludwigsburger Kreiszeitung , November 26, 2008
- Kristina Winter: Finally: Something is happening at the Chinahaus. Ludwigsburger Kreiszeitung, June 1, 2010, p. 12
- Freiberger Nachrichten, May 12, 2011
- Katrin Haasis: The stove is out again. Stuttgarter Zeitung , February 24, 2014, accessed on July 19, 2014
- Julian Illi: future of the Chinahaus uncertain than ever. Stuttgarter Zeitung , July 10, 2015, accessed on July 10, 2015
- # x5D; = 342571 Invitation ( Memento of the original from May 11, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the city of Freiberg am Neckar for the 40th Citizens' Festival, accessed on July 20, 2014
- Freiberg Citizens' Festival. In: City website. Retrieved November 5, 2017 .
- Günther Jungnickl: Disco: Palazzo discotheque reaches Swabian age. In: Südwest Presse. January 19, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2019 .
- Dancing Park Palazzo Freiberg am Neckar. In: Emporis. Retrieved on August 14, 2019 .
- Philipp Obergassner: Sex doll brothel in Freiberg am Neckar: operator defends himself against a possible ban. In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten. October 15, 2018, accessed August 14, 2019 .
- Sex doll brothel in Freiberg closes. In: SWR. October 16, 2018, accessed August 14, 2019 .