|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 16 ' N , 8 ° 51' E
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Administrative headquarters :||Balingen|
|Area :||917.72 km 2|
|Residents:||188,935 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||206 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||BL, HCH|
|Circle key :||08 4 17|
|Circle structure:||25 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Günther-Martin Pauli ( CDU )|
|Location of the Zollernalb district in Baden-Württemberg|
The Zollernalbkreis is a district in Baden-Württemberg . Together with the district of Reutlingen and the district of Tübingen, it forms the Neckar-Alb region in the Tübingen administrative region .
The Zollernalbkreis has a share in three landscapes of the south-west German layer level country : the Upper Gäu in the north-west, the Alb foreland in the central area and the Swabian Alb in the south-east. In the north the district border extends almost to the Neckar , in the southeast almost to the Danube .
The district borders in a clockwise direction in the north, starting with the districts of Tübingen , Reutlingen , Sigmaringen , Tuttlingen , Rottweil and Freudenstadt .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
Particularly noticeable in the landscape is the north-west facing step front of the Swabian Alb - the so-called Alb eaves . Its steep slopes are mostly forested and interspersed with craggy rocks, e.g. B. the Punch and the Hörnle (near Balingen) or the hanging stone (near Albstadt - Onstmettingen ). In the area of the Zollernalb, the Albtrauf reaches its maximum height difference of around 400 meters between the Alb plateau and the Alb foreland. It stretches across the district and divides it into two roughly equal halves. The Keuperbergland , which is also mostly wooded , is somewhat less pronounced , the edge of which separates the Alb foreland from the Gaulandschaft.
The Zollernalbkreis has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 1561.57 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 1.70 percent.
- At the mill : 7.0 ha; City of Burladingen - Stetten unter Holstein
- Beurener Heide : 31.6 ha; City of Hechingen - Beuren district
- Braunhartsberg : 3.2 ha; City of Albstadt - Tailfingen district
- Breilried : 5.8 ha; City of Haigerloch - Trillfingen district
- Bürgle : 14.1 ha; Community Jungingen - district Jungingen
- Dobelwiesen : 18.6 ha; City of Albstadt - district Laufen an der Eyach
- Eichberg : 17.8 ha; City of Geislingen - Erlaheim district
- Donkey mill : 50.0 ha; Community of Straßberg - district of Straßberg, city of Albstadt - district of Ebingen
- Espenloch-Hintere Halde : 22.3 ha (of which 10.0 ha in the Zollernalb district); Community Rangendingen - district Rangendingen
- Galgenwiesen : 47.8 ha (including 27.1 ha in the Zollernalb district); Nusplingen municipality - Nusplingen district
- Geifitze : 33.0 ha; City of Albstadt - Onstmettingen district
- Gnagen : 7.5 ha; City of Geislingen - Geislingen district
- Häselteiche : 28.9 ha; City of Rosenfeld - Bickelsberg district
- Heimberg : 32.9 ha; City of Meßstetten - districts Unterdigisheim and Oberdigisheim
- Hessenbol : 5.1 ha; City of Hechingen - Weilheim district
- Heuberg : 7.5 ha; City of Balingen - Balingen and Endingen districts
- Hochberg : 17.6 ha; City of Albstadt - Tailfingen district
- Hohegert : 2.3 ha; Community Bisingen - district Wessingen
- Hülenbuchwiesen : 41.9 ha; City of Meßstetten - Tieringen district
- Immerland : 1.9 ha; City of Rosenfeld - Leidringen district
- Irrenberg-Hundsücken : 127.7 ha; City of Albstadt - district Pfeffingen , city Balingen - district Streichen and Zillhausen , municipality Bisingen - district Bisingen and Thanheim
- Känzele : 3.6 ha; City of Albstadt - Tailfingen district
- Kapfhalde : 11.8 ha (of which 5.6 ha in the Zollernalb district); Rangendingen community - Bietenhausen district
- Kornbühl : 10.0 ha; City of Burladingen - Salmendingen district
- Kugelwäldle : 12.9 ha; City of Albstadt - Truchtelfingen district
- Length hole : 5.5 ha; City of Albstadt - Onstmettingen district
- Leek heap : 18.3 ha; City of Hechingen - Stein district
- Lauen : 6.1 ha; City of Albstadt - Truchtelfingen district
- Gluing : 25.3 ha; City of Albstadt - Tailfingen and Truchtelfingen
- Flour tree : 12.4 ha; City of Albstadt - Ebingen and Margrethausen districts
- Sewing mountain : 29.3 ha; City of Burladingen - Killer district
- Oberberg-Köpfle : 33.7 ha, city of Burladingen - Hausen im Killertal district
- Ortenberg : 5.1 ha; Community Wolfratshausen - Wolfratshausen district
- Owinger Bühl : 21.1 ha; City of Haigerloch - District Owingen (Haigerloch)
- Plettenkeller : 36.0 ha; City of Schömberg - district Schömberg, community Dotternhausen - district Dotternhausen, community Ratshausen - district Ratshausen
- Riedbachtal : 38.6 ha; Community Dormettingen - district Dormettingen
- Roschbach : 109.3 ha; City of Albstadt - district Pfeffingen and city Balingen, district Zillhausen
- Salenhofweiher : 8.0 ha; City of Haigerloch - Trillfingen and Hart districts
- Schafberg-Lochenstein : 102.0 ha; City of Balingen - district Weilstetten , community Hausen am Tann - district Hausen
- Scharlenbachtal-Hofwald : 99.2 ha; City of Burladingen - Starzeln district
- Slag heaps : 11.6 ha; City of Meßstetten - Oberdigisheim district
- Schwarzenbach : 82.0 ha (of which 47.3 ha in the Zollernalb district); City of Schömberg - district Schömberg, community Zimmer under the castle - district Zimmer
- Stettener Weinberg : 27.8 ha; City of Haigerloch - Stetten and Owingen districts
- Stromelsberg-Hessenbühl : 43.6 ha; Community of Obernheim - district Obernheim, city of Meßstetten - district Tieringen
- Tailfinger Ried : 9.6 ha; City of Albstadt - Onstmettingen and Tailfingen districts
- Deep path : 13.7 ha; Ratshausen community - Ratshausen district
- Lower corner : 89.7 ha; Cities Albstadt - district Laufen, Balingen - district Frommern and Weilstetten and Meßstetten - district Tieringen
- Juniper bush : 33.0 ha; City of Burladingen - Hausen district
- Warrenberg : 18.3 hectares; City of Haigerloch - District Owingen
- Westerberg : 42.8 ha; Nusplingen municipality - Nusplingen district
- Winter heap : 54.0 ha (of which 53.1 ha in the Zollernalb district); City of Hechingen - Stein and Bechtoldsweiler districts
- Zellerhornwiese : 4.4 ha; City of Albstadt - Onstmettingen district
- Zollerhalde : 90.6 ha; Bisingen municipality - Wessingen and Zimmer districts
Almost 200 million years ago there was a sea where the Zollernalb is today - the Jurassic Sea . Fossils from this period can be viewed in the fossil museum of the cement works in Dotternhausen (on the B 27 between Balingen and Rottweil).
Hard coal broken in Zollernalbkreis was polished to a gemstone and traded as Gagat . The drilling of gemstones was promoted by the Württemberg government in Meßstetten. Gaga bracelets were already in use in Dautmergen in the Hallstatt period . Iron ore was mined in the Zollernalb district until 1870. These are almost sulfur and phosphorus-free ore concretions . Today limestone, oil shale, sand and in Stetten near Haigerloch salt are extracted.
Prominent elevations in the Zollernalb district
The elevations are listed from east to west:
Kornbühl (887 m), Dreifürstenstein (860 m), Raichberg (957 m), Zeller Horn (913 m), Hohenzollern (858 m), Heersberg (965 m), Hundsücken (931 m) ), Gräbelesberg (913 m), Lochen (964 m), Weichenwang (988 m), Schafberg (999 m), Plettenberg (1002 m), Oberhohenberg (1010 m).
The Zollernalbkreis lies on the territories of the formerly sovereign states of Prussia (Hohenzollernsche Lande) , Württemberg and (with a small proportion) Baden .
The Zollernalbkreis was formed by the district reform on January 1, 1973 by the union of the Balingen district with most of the communities in the Hechingen district (some came to the enlarged Freudenstadt and Rottweil districts ), three communities in the Sigmaringen district and the Hartheim and Heinstetten communities in the Stockach district . On February 1, 1973, the community of Schörzingen was reclassified from the Rottweil district to the Zollernalb district (incorporation into the town of Schömberg). Hörschwag from the Reutlingen district (incorporated into Burladingen) followed on July 1, 1974 .
The old district of Balingen emerged in 1938 essentially from the Oberamt of the same name , which was established in 1806 after the transition to the Kingdom of Württemberg . In the course of history this was changed several times, in 1938 the district of Balingen was assigned places from the Oberämter Sulz , Spaichingen and Rottweil . The old district of Hechingen was formed in 1925 from the Hechingen -Prussian Oberamt Hechingen and Haigerloch and some places of the Oberamt Gammertingen . The upper offices of Hechingen and Haigerloch also changed their boundaries several times in the course of history (including the abolition of the upper offices of Glatt and Straßberg in 1854 ).
After the community reform has been completed, the Zollernalb district will still comprise 25 communities, including nine towns, including the two large district towns of Albstadt and Balingen . The largest city in the district is Albstadt, the smallest municipality is Dautmergen . Between 1990 and 1994 there was an administrative partnership with the Freital district in Saxony , but this ended after the Saxon district reform .
In the area of the Zollernalb district was up to the Second World War alongside the Swabian dialect and Yiddish and Pleißne in use. Romany is still spoken today. The Pleißne is a historical regional sociolect from the peddler trade in the Zollernalb district, which is one of the dialects of Rotwelschen . Until the motorization after the Second World War and the associated decline of the whip trade , it served the Burlading traders as a secret language. Pleißne continues to be practiced in the context of maintaining local traditions and has shaped the vocabulary of the local colloquial language.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office (main residences only).
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats (55 seats, previously 60 seats) :
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||33.4||19th||40.7||25th||36.82||23||39.7||27||43.5||26th||39.5||23||40.8||21st|
|FW||Zollernalb Free Electoral Association||23.1||13||23.6||15th||25.73||17th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||-||-||28.9||18th||27.9||17th||27.7||17th||30.3||17th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||11.2||6th||17.5||10||16.26||9||16.6||9||17.9||9||24.3||12||23.7||11|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||9.5||5||7.9||4th||11.09||6th||6.3||4th||3.2||1||-||-||-||-|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||12.9||7th||8.0||5||8.19||5||7.2||4th||5.6||3||8.5||4th||5.1||2|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||7.9||4th||0.5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
The district council elects the district administrator for a term of eight years. The district administrator is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as the chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.
- The district administrators of the Balingen district 1945–1972
- 1945–1948: Robert Wahl
- 1948–1967: Friedrich Roemer
- 1968–1972: Erhard Lazi
- The district administrators of the Hechingen district 1945–1972
- 1945 Clemens Moser :
- 1945–1946: Peter Remark
- 1946–1966: Hans Speidel
- 1966–1972: Hans-Jörg Mauser
- The district administrators of the Zollernalb district since 1973
- 1973–1981: Erhard Lazi
- 1981–1991: Heinrich Haasis ( CDU )
- 1991-2007: Willi Fischer ( FW )
- since 2007: Günther-Martin Pauli ( CDU )
coat of arms
Blazon : in a split shield in front of silver and black, in the back three black stag poles lying in gold
(Award of the coat of arms: August 2, 1974)
Meaning: The front half of the picture shows the coat of arms of the Hohenzollern . Until 1945, the Hechingen area was part of the Hohenzollern Lands that were inherited by Prussia in 1850 . The stag sticks symbolize Württemberg , to which the area around Balingen and Albstadt belonged.
The list of coats of arms in the Zollernalbkreis shows the coats of arms of the current and former municipalities of the district.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the future atlas 2016 , the Zollernalbkreis ranked 202nd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 228 out of 401.
The Zollernalb belongs to the highest part of the Swabian Alb and therefore opens up to the Alps or the Black Forest if the weather permits. The region is well developed for tourists with signposted hiking and cycling trails. The tourist routes Hohenzollernstraße , Römerstraße Neckar-Alb-Aare and Schwäbische Albstraße as well as the Swabian-Alb-Nordrand-Weg run through the Zollernalb district.
The cities of Albstadt, Balingen, Burladingen, Haigerloch and Hechingen offer museums, exhibitions, theaters and concerts as well as some well-preserved historical inner cities.
The Württemberg State Railways first opened the line from Tübingen to Hechingen in 1869; it was extended to Balingen in 1874 and to Ebingen and Sigmaringen in 1878.
The Hohenzollerische Landesbahn crosses in Hechingen , which ran its routes from here in 1901 to Burladingen and in 1908 in the direction of Sigmaringen, while in 1912 it went west to Stetten, where a connection to Haigerloch-Eyach had existed since 1901.
The "Talgangbahn" between Ebingen and Onstmettingen, which has since been closed and was built in 1901 by the Württembergische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft , is still located within Albstadt . From 1911 the trains of the Württemberg State Railways ran from Balingen to Schömberg, from where the Deutsche Reichsbahn continued to Rottweil from 1928 ( Balingen – Rottweil line ).
With a length of 115 km, the railway network reached its maximum extent. Of this, only 68 km are fully served by passenger traffic. Passenger traffic ended:
- 1971: Schömberg – Schörzingen (–Rottweil) (3 km)
- 1971: Balingen – Schömberg (13 km, now tourist railway)
- 1972: (Eyach–) Bad Imnau – Haigerloch (6 km, now tourist railway)
- 1973: Haigerloch – Hechingen Landesbahnhof (17 km, now tourist railway)
- 1998: Albstadt-Ebingen – Albstadt-Onstmettingen (8 km, regional light rail in planning)
The district area is not touched by any federal motorway. However, the A 81 Stuttgart - Singen (Hohentwiel) motorway only passes a few kilometers west of the district. The most important federal highways are the B 27 Stuttgart - Balingen - Villingen-Schwenningen , the B 32 Hechingen - Sigmaringen and the B 463 Empfingen - Balingen - Sigmaringen.
In the Zollernalb district, the daily newspapers Zollern-Alb-Kurier , Schwarzwälder Bote and the Hohenzollerische Zeitung are available with corresponding local sections. The Südkurier reports from the former Baden districts of Meßstetten . The regional TV station RTF.1 (television for the Neckar-Alb region) can be received via cable.
The Zollernalbkreis is responsible for the following vocational schools : Commercial School Center Balingen, Home Economics Schools Albstadt, Home Economics Schools Hechingen, Commercial Schools Albstadt and Commercial Schools Hechingen as well as the following special education and advice centers : Rossental School Albstadt (focus on intellectual development), Sprachheilschule Balingen (focus on language) and Weiherschule Hechingen (special focus on intellectual development).
The Zollernalbkreis is a partner of the Zollernalb Klinikum gGmbH based in Balingen. This society is responsible for the clinics in Albstadt and Balingen.
cities and communes
(Residents on December 31, 2018)
On January 1, 1973, the district was assigned the BL distinguishing mark , which had been valid for the Balingen district since July 1, 1956 . It is still issued today.
Until the 1990s, vehicles from the sub-circles were given special identification numbers, in all cases the numbers from 1 to 999 were assigned:
- In the sub-district of Balingen the letter groups from AA to AZ, EA to EZ, KA to KY and from MA to MZ.
- In the Albstadt district, the letter groups from CA to DZ and from LA to LZ.
- In the district of Hechingen, the letter groups from HA to HZ and from JA to JZ.
Since February 25, 2013 in connection with the license plate liberalization also the distinguishing sign HCH (Hechingen) available.
- The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume VII: Tübingen District, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4
- License plate BL - local customer for the Zollernalb district; Ernst Klett Verlage, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-12-258310-0 .
- Journal for Hohenzollern History (ZHG), since 1965 (predecessor since 1868) ISSN 0514-8561 ( table of contents )
- Hohenzollerische Heimat , local history journal, since 1951 ISSN 0514-8561 ( digitized volumes )
- A city through the ages, Heimatbuch Meßstetten 2019, ISBN 978-3-00-064226-5 ,
- Official website of the Zollernalb district
- Literature on the Zollernalb district in the catalog of the German National Library
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
- ↑ LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Holdings B40 Bü1240 on Landesarchiv-BW.de
- ↑ Sigrid Hirbodian , Andreas Schmauder , Manfred Waßner (eds.): The story of Meßstetten . A city in transition (= community in transition . Volume 19 ). 2019, p. 198 , (not yet published). .
- ^ Siegfried Kurz: Burial customs in the western Hallstatt culture . S. 171 .
- ↑ : Iron Industry . In: Schwarzwälder Bote , September 28, 2016.
- ↑ Sigrid Hirbodian , Andreas Schmauder , Manfred Waßner (eds.): The story of Meßstetten . A city in transition (= community in transition . Volume 19 ). 2019, p. 24 , (not yet published). .
- ↑ : sand . In: Schwarzwälder Bote , March 17, 2017.
- ↑ Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 539 ff .
- ↑ (Stopper): Grave of Josef Reinhard. In: Schwarzwälder Bote from February 28, 2012.
- ↑ Werner Metzger: Albvereinsblätter- Speech 125 years of the Albverein . Ed .: Schwäbischer Albverein Stuttgart. S. 3 .
- ↑ On Pleißne Burladingen see Werner Metzger: Speech 125 Years of the Swabian Alb Association . In: Leaves of the Swabian Alb Association 2013 , Stuttgart, May 4, 2013.
- ^ District office Zollernalbkreis: European and local elections 2019. Accessed on July 8, 2019 .
- ↑ District election, distribution of votes ( memento from September 1, 2014 in the web archive archive.today ) 1989–2009.
- ↑ District election seat distribution ( Memento from September 1, 2014 in the web archive archive.today ) 1989–2009.
- ↑ Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ History book
- ↑ book
- ↑ Sigrid Hirbodian , Andreas Schmauder and Manfred Waßner (ed.): Community in transition . Volume 19 A city in transition The history of Meßstetten. No. 19 . Tübingen 2019, p. 224 , (1500 copies from the city of Meßstetten) .
- ↑ Home history