|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|County :||Zollernalb district|
|Height :||722 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||123.33 km 2|
|Residents:||12,146 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||98 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||72393|
|Primaries :||07475, 07124, 07126, 07477|
|License plate :||BL, HCH|
|Community key :||08 4 17 013|
|LOCODE :||DE URR|
City administration address :
|Location of the city of Burladingen in the Zollernalb district|
The brook Fehla rises in Burladingen and leads through Gauselfingen in an easterly direction to the Lauchert . This rises in the Melchingen district and flows through Stetten unter Holstein and Hörschwag towards the Danube . Immediately west of the central city is the European watershed , which in Killertal lying districts Hausen Killertal , Starzeln and killers are at the Neckar flowing Starzel .
The city of Burladingen consists of the ten districts Burladingen, Gauselfingen , Hausen im Killertal , Hörschwag , Killer , Melchingen , Ringingen , Salmendingen , Starzeln and Stetten unter Holstein , which are spatially identical to the earlier communities of the same name. They are officially named in the form "Burladingen- ...".
The core city without the districts has 5531 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019).
The municipal council is elected according to the system of the false suburbs , accordingly the municipality is divided into electoral districts , which are identical to the districts and are referred to as residential districts according to the Baden-Württemberg municipal code. With the exception of the district of Burladingen, localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code have their own local councils and mayors as their chairmen. In the localities there are offices of the mayor's office known as local administrations.
The Burladingen district includes the city of Burladingen, the hamlet of Hermannsdorf and the Berg, Küche, Mühle and Ziegelhütte farms.
The Hausen district includes the village of Hausen and the houses Untere Mühle and Zementsmühle.
The Ringingen district includes the village of Ringingen and the Seemühle house.
To the district of Stetten the village of Stetten, the house Sägmühle and the Talhof.
The districts of Gauselfingen, Hörschwag, Killer, Melchingen, Salmendingen and Starzeln only include the villages of the same name.
In the urban area of Burladingen there are several abandoned, no longer existing villages. In the Burladingen district, presumably below Burladingen, lies the Mayingen desert . The place was first mentioned in 772 as "Megingen" and was probably lost in the 15th century. In the Ringingen district, probably near Ringingen, was the place Buringen, the 772 ("in Burichinger marca"), 773 ("ecclisia ... in pace ... Burichingas"), 777 ("in Buringen") and before 799 ("Burchingen on der Schär ”) was mentioned. The "Horwe", mentioned in the 12th century as a noble residence, was in the Salmendingen district, but the location of this place is not certain. In the Starzeln district about 800 m west of the village was the Johanniterniederlassung Jungental, it was demolished in the 18th century. The town of Mertingen, mentioned in 772 as "Merioldingen", was in the Stetten district. A farm in Mertingen is still mentioned in the 15th century, which may have been a remnant of this place. Mertingen is now a corridor towards Melchingen.
When the Romans moved the Danube border of the Raetia province to the north, a fort was built around 80 AD in what is now Kleineschle (see Fort Burladingen ). A Roman settlement ( vicus ) developed north of this camp . This civil settlement was abandoned around the year 260 during the Alemanni storms.
The settlement originally designated as an excavation protection area was converted into an industrial area by the Burladingen city administration after negotiations with the Tübingen regional council in spring 2012 . The vicus gave way to a western extension of the Kleineschle industrial park .
The Alemannic Burladingen may have originated in the 4th century east of this pre-existing Roman settlement. The place was first mentioned in a document as Burlaidingen in 772 in the Lorsch Codex on the occasion of a donation to the Lorsch Monastery .
Since 1300 ownership changed several times between the Hohenzollern and the Württemberg people . From 1473 Burladingen was finally owned by the County of Zollern-Hechingen, the later Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen . The place received market rights as early as the 15th century.
In 1544 the Burladingen office was established with the municipalities of Burladingen, Gauselfingen and Hörschwag.
While Hermannsdorf (with the Hofgut Küche) had been politically part of Burladingen since the 1930s, the other parts of the city only became part of Burladingen in the course of the regional reform in Baden-Württemberg in 1975.
City survey 1978
Due to its increased importance, Burladingen was elevated to the status of town by the then Prime Minister Hans Filbinger with effect from July 1, 1978 .
In the municipality of Burladingen there are the following castle ruins and remains: Burg Aufhofen , Burg Azilun , Burg Burladingen (Ortsburg near the Georgskirche), Falken ruins (Gottfriedfelsen), Frundsburg (Frundsbürgle, Eineck), Hasenfratz ruins (Frazenhas), Hohenburladingen Castle (Hochwacht) , Hohenmelchingen ruin (Melchingen), Hohenringingen ruin (nutritional castle), Kapf ruin (Burladingen) , Leckstein ruin (Lagstein), Ringelstein ruin (Ringingen, Alisschlössle), Salmendingen ruin , Hölnstein Castle , and the lost Killer Castle .
In the course of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg , the following previously independent municipalities were incorporated into Burladingen:
- January 1, 1973: Melchingen, Hausen im Killertal, Killer, Salmendingen, Starzeln and Stetten under Holstein
- January 1, 1974: Gauselfingen and Ringingen
- July 1, 1974: Hörschwag (January 1, 1973 to June 30, 1974 in the Reutlingen district)
Before January 1, 1973, all communities belonged to the district of Hechingen .
The municipal council of the city of Burladingen consists of a total of 28 members. In the local elections on May 26, 2019 , 12 seats went to the CDU , 8 to the Free Voters and four each to the Greens and AfD . Compared to the 2014 election, the CDU lost four seats, the Free Voters retained 8 seats, the Greens and AfD moved into the committee, which had been increased by four seats.
- 1875–1900: Josef Leibold (last Vogt)
- 1900–1909: Vitus Mauz (first mayor)
- 1909–1922: Johann Müller
- 1922–1931: Fridolin Mauz
- 1932–1936: Leopold Bausinger (first full-time mayor)
- 1936–1937: Bruno Seemann (official administrator as 1st alderman)
- 1937–1945: Heinrich Rettich
- 1945–1946: Josef Widmaier
- 1946–1948: Johann Graf
- 1948–1970: Heinrich Rettich
- 1970–1994: Peter Höhnle
- 1994-1999: Michael Beck
- 1999–2020: Harry Ebert
The mayor is elected for an eight-year term.
The third term of office of the last mayor Harry Ebert ended at his own request on June 1, 2020. For a long time he was non-party, meanwhile a CDU member and later saw himself close to the AfD . At the beginning of March 2018 he joined the AfD, making Burladingen the first city in Baden-Württemberg with an AfD mayor. Previously had to derogatory remarks made by him about refugees several parliamentary leader of the municipal council resigned in protest their office and the district office a disciplinary procedure initiated against Ebert. At the end of March 2018, after legal intervention, he withdrew a ban on entering and entering municipal facilities and a ban on reporting in Burladingen against journalists of the Schwarzwälder Bote in early December 2017, with the threat of criminal consequences. On July 4, 2019, Harry Ebert announced his resignation from the office of mayor on November 1, 2019, but remained in office anyway. On January 2, 2020, Ebert announced his resignation on June 1, 2020. [obsolete] At the end of June 2018, the journalists' association Netzwerk Recherche awarded Harry Ebert the negative prize " Locked oyster " for his self-proud and disrespectful treatment of the local press .
coat of arms
The blazon of the coat of arms reads: "In black two diagonally crossed silver keys (beards on top, turned outwards)."
Salmendingen coat of arms
- Le Plessis-Trévise in France , formal partnership since 1988
- Ourém in Portugal , informal partnership
Burladingen belongs together with Hechingen , Haigerloch , Bisingen , Rangendingen , Grosselfingen and Jungingen as part of the regional planning and planning region Neckar-Alb to the central area of Hechingen .
Culture and sights
The Pleißne is a regional sociolect from the peddler in the Burladinger Killertal, which is one of the dialects of Rotwelschen . Until the motorization after the Second World War and the associated decline of the whip trade , it served the Burlading traders as a secret language. Pleißne, which is still practiced in the context of maintaining local traditions, has shaped the vocabulary of the local colloquial language.
- Lindenhof Theater in Melchingen
- Georg Schuler, back then in the Swabian Killertal. Everyday memories and peculiarities 1933-1945 . Zeitgut Verlag 2005, ISBN 978-3-933336-81-1 (Georg Schuler was born in Hausen in 1929).
- German Whip Museum in Killer
- Village museum in Melchingen
- Local history museum in Hausen in the Killertal
- Grave of Josef Reinhard (monument since 2012)
- Gravesite of the Grupp family , around 600 m² in size.
- The Lichtenstein ruin lies between the Gauselfingen and Neufra districts. The double castle, which is divided into the Vorderlichtenstein, also called Bubenhofen, and the Hinterlichtenstein, was the seat of the Lords of Lichtenstein.
- The roller mill of the sisters Marie and Klara Walz became known through a SWR report.
- The church of St. Georg on the edge of the old town center of Burladingen. Founded in the 8th century AD, it served as a parish church until 1933/34. After the parish rights were transferred to the newly built, larger St. Fidelis Church, St. George was used partly as a church and partly as a place for cultural events. On the occasion of a comprehensive renovation in 1982, an archaeological excavation took place inside the church, which revealed the founding and construction history of the church.
- The Salmendinger St. Anna Chapel was first mentioned in a document on September 28, 1507. The Renaissance altar dates from the 17th century. It is located on the 886 meter high Kornbühl between Salmendingen and Ringingen, a way of the cross with 14 stations leads up . The three mighty wooden crosses in front of the chapel symbolize the Calvary .
- The parish church of St. Michael in Salmendingen houses two altar paintings by Franz Joseph Spiegler .
The Burladingen-Salmendingen ski area offers the Ghaiberg lift, a large lift 750 meters long, and a practice lift. There are three different floodlit runs possible. For cross-country skiers there is the five-kilometer, well-groomed Ghaiberg trail and the six-kilometer Kornbühl trail.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the 20th century, Burladingen and today's Gauselfingen district were dominated by the textile industry. Due to the structural change in the industry, a large number of jobs in this area have been lost. Trigema , on the other hand , is known nationwide , the last remaining large textile company that also produces locally.
In the meantime, mainly small and medium-sized metal construction companies are based in the urban area.
Bus and rail transport
|Bus route 3||Hohenzollerische Landesbahn AG||Burladingen - Gauselfingen - Ebingen|
|Bus line 5||Hohenzollerische Landesbahn AG||Burladingen - Stetten - Melchingen - Salmendingen - Ringingen - Burladingen|
|Bus line 7||Hohenzollerische Landesbahn AG||City traffic Burladingen
(Burladingen Bahnhof - Alemannenstraße - Stettener Straße - Fehlabrücke - Hermannsdorfer Straße - Town Hall - Josengasse - Im Wasen - School Center - Ambrosius-Heim-Straße - Reuteweg - Hirschaustraße - Jahnstraße - Blumenstetter Straße - Uhlandstraße - Wilhelm-Hauff-Straße - Mörikeweg - Panoramastraße - Delisbergweg - Sonnenhalde - Zollerstraße - Saalbau - Ambrosius-Heim-Straße - School center - Im Wasen - Josengasse - Hermannsdorfer Straße - Fehlabrücke - Stettener Straße - Alemannenstraße - Burladingen train station)
Local public transport
sons and daughters of the town
- Sebastian Emele (1825–1893), born in Melchingen, Baden governor
- Alois Hauser (1831–1909), restorer
- Johann Evangelist Maier (1833–1899), born in Hörschwag, member of the Reichstag and Landtag of the Center Party
- Johann Adam Kraus (1904–1992), born in Ringingen, pastor and local researcher
- Fidel Rädle (* 1935), Medievalist
- Wolfgang Grupp (* 1942), entrepreneur
- Fritz Steimer (* 1947), born in Hausen im Killertal, professor for digital media
- Franz Grupp (1905–2003), manager and owner of today's Trigema company
- Official website of the city
- Susanne Stiefel: Turning right in Burladingen - report in context: weekly newspaper , edition 323 of June 7, 2017
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Main statute of the city of Burladingen from October 23, 2008 (PDF; 56 kB) accessed on August 25, 2012
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VII: Tübingen administrative region. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 . Pp. 209-215
- Trade instead of Roman heritage , Südwest Presse of March 3, 2012 (accessed on March 8, 2012).
- Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 5), Document 3275, September 17, 772 - Reg. 806. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 137 , accessed on April 20, 2018 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 529 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 540 .
- Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf Germany: Burladingen: Bigger, more colorful and much fresher - Schwarzwälder Bote. Retrieved July 8, 2019 .
- The only AfD mayor in Baden-Württemberg resigns. spiegel.de, accessed on June 1, 2020 .
- Interview with AfD Mayor Harry Ebert - Baden-Württemberg - Eßlinger Zeitung . ( esslinger-zeitung.de [accessed on March 30, 2018]).
- suedkurier.de : 
- Badische Zeitung: The mayor of Burladingen joins the AfD - Südwest - Badische Zeitung . ( badische-zeitung.de [accessed on March 11, 2018]).
- Susanne Stiefel, © ZEIT ONLINE, Susanne Stiefel, Überland: AfD: The quiet protest of the conservatives . In: The time . June 10, 2017, ISSN 0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed on March 29, 2018]).
- Mayor joins AfD , SWR currently. March 9, 2018
- Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf, Germany: Burladingen: House ban for journalists not tenable - Burladingen - Black Forest Bote. Retrieved March 24, 2018 .
- Freedom of the press - House ban in Burladingen . In: Deutschlandfunk . ( deutschlandfunk.de [accessed April 4, 2018]).
- Südwest Presse. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
- https://www.swr.de/swraktuell/baden-wuerttemberg/tuebingen/Erster-AfD-Buergermeister-Baden-Wuerttembergs-Burladinger-Buergermeister-Ebert-tritt-zurueck,burladingens-afd-buegermeister-ebert-tritt-zurueck -100.html
- Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart: Burladingen: “Locked oyster” goes to Burladingen - Mayor Ebert receives negative award from journalists. Retrieved June 30, 2018 .
- Werner Metzger: Albvereinsblätter- Speech 125 years of the Albverein . Ed .: Schwäbischer Albverein Stuttgart. S. 3 .
- On Pleißne Burladingen see Werner Metzger: Speech 125 Years of the Swabian Alb Association . In: Leaves of the Swabian Alb Association 2013 , Stuttgart, May 4, 2013.
- (Stopper): Grave of Josef Reinhard. In: Schwarzwälder Bote from February 28, 2012.
- Mega grave site for Trigema boss ( Memento from February 10, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) - Stuttgarter Nachrichten, February 10, 2010
- Dietrich Klaus Hartmann: The former Catholic parish church of St. Georg in Burladingen (= Archaeological Reports . Volume 33 ). Verlag Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte, Kerpen-Loogh 2020, ISBN 978-3-945663-07-3 , doi : 10.11588 / propylaeum.653 ( dguf.de - print edition; electronic edition in Open Access.).
- Dennis Knappe: Winter Sports. The region's ski lifts start operating . In: Schwäbische Zeitung from November 28, 2008
- KBS 768 Hohenzollern Railway (ZAB 2). In: HzL-online.de. HzL Hohenzollerische Landesbahn AG, accessed on January 17, 2018 .
- Gauselfingen - Burladingen - Ebingen. (PDF) In: naldo.de. naldo Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau GmbH, November 24, 2017, accessed on January 17, 2018 .
- Burladingen - Stetten - Melchingen - Salmendingen - Ringingen - Burladingen. (PDF) In: naldo.de. naldo Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau GmbH, November 22, 2017, accessed on January 17, 2018 .
- Burladingen city traffic. (PDF) In: naldo.de. naldo Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau GmbH, November 22, 2017, accessed on January 17, 2018 .