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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Nusplingen
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Nusplingen highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 8 '  N , 8 ° 53'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Tübingen
County : Zollernalb district
Height : 723 m above sea level NHN
Area : 20.75 km 2
Residents: 1838 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 89 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 72362
Area code : 07429
License plate : BL, HCH
Community key : 08 4 17 045
Address of the
municipal administration:
Marktplatz 8
72362 Nusplingen
Website :
Mayor : Jörg Alisch
Location of the municipality of Nusplingen in the Zollernalb district
Landkreis Sigmaringen Landkreis Tuttlingen Landkreis Rottweil Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Reutlingen Albstadt Balingen Bisingen Bitz Burladingen Dautmergen Dormettingen Dotternhausen Geislingen (Zollernalbkreis) Grosselfingen Haigerloch Hausen am Tann Hechingen Jungingen Meßstetten Nusplingen Obernheim Rangendingen Ratshausen Rosenfeld Schömberg (Zollernalbkreis) Straßberg (Zollernalbkreis) Weilen unter den Rinnen Winterlingen Zimmern unter der Burgmap
About this picture

Nusplingen (local: Nischplenga / Nuschplenga ) is a municipality in the Zollernalb district in Baden-Württemberg ( Germany ).


Nusplingen (view from the southwest)


Nusplingen is located on the Heuberg , the southwestern part of the Swabian Alb in the valley of the Bära . The district is part of the Obere Donau Nature Park .

Community structure

The municipality of Nusplingen includes the village of Nusplingen, the hamlets Dietstaig, Harthöfe and Heidenstadt and the houses Heckental and Steighaus.

The desert areas of Beuren, Dellerhofen, Dietstaig and Pettenweiler are in the municipal area . Beuren was near Heckental and was first mentioned as a field name in 1581. Dellerhofen was near Heidenstadt and was mentioned as a field name in 1461. Dietstaig was a medieval settlement that had been abandoned before 1390. Today's hamlet Dietstaig was founded in its place in 1826. Pettenweiler was first mentioned in 735 as Pettinwilare and was a court of the St. Gallen monastery in the 14th century and a Hohenberg fiefdom in the 14th century .


Nusplinger Plattenkalk

Cycnorhamphus suevicus , one from the Nusplingen Plattenkalk erstbeschriebener pterosaur

In the late Jurassic period , around 165 to 145 million years ago, there was an extensive tropical shallow sea in what is now southern Germany . At the bottom of this shallow sea, partly because of the distance to larger mainlands, carbonate ("calcareous") sediments formed , from which the limestones and dolomites known today as the White Jura emerged , from which the Swabian and Franconian Jura are predominantly composed. About 150 million years ago there was a deep, oxygen-poor lagoon in the Nusplingen region, in which lime sludge was deposited layer by layer . Many of the animals living at the time ( ammonites , sea ​​crocodiles and fish, but also pterosaurs if they fell over the lagoon) were embedded in this lime mud after their death. Due to the lack of oxygen, they were only incompletely decomposed, and the fine grain of the sediment, the matrix , made it possible to preserve filigree anatomical structures. With the solidification of the lime sludge to a dense limestone, today's Nusplinger Plattenkalk , these animals were finally preserved as extraordinarily detailed fossils .

The "Geological Quarry" in the "Nusplinger Plattenkalk" excavation reserve

The Stuttgart Natural History Museum has been digging in the Nusplinger Plattenkalk since 1993 . Outstanding finds from these excavations are numerous specimens of ray-like sharks, the so-called sea ​​angels . The more common fossils in the Nusplinger Plattenkalk include shrimp up to 25 cm long . Finds of ammonites are particularly numerous, some of which have been very well preserved, with some specimens even the stomach contents can still be recognized. Among the land animals, findings of insects are particularly noteworthy, including a giant dragonfly preserved in organic matter with a wingspan of over 15 cm. Among the numerous fish finds particularly the finds from in addition to the sea angels coelacanths striking. To date, more than 7,000 individual finds have been recovered.

The excavations of the Stuttgart Natural History Museum will continue in the coming years. Visits to the “Nusplinger Plattenkalk” excavation reserve on the Westerberg are possible at any time. However, it is forbidden to dig for fossils yourself. A small knocking area was set up on the old path for children.

An established geological nature trail provides information about the specialty and history of the Nusplinger slab limestone and the related Kuppenalb .

The Nusplinger Plattenkalk has been recognized as an important geotope and geopoint of the UNESCO Geopark Swabian Alb since 2016 .


A local nobility is attested in numerous documents in Nusplingen. Knight Heinrich von Tierberg with the nickname Haiterbach had very probably sold his property in Haiterbach and acquired his new rule of Meßstetten in return. In addition to Tieringen , Meßstetten , Hossingen and the Vogtrecht von Nusplingen, Wenzelstein Castle (Winzeln) was also part of it. The Catholic St. Lamprechts Church in Meßstetten, which was important at the time, is supported by Heinrich and Burkhard von Tierberg and is a collegiate church. In 1360 the Tierbergers donated a year for themselves, their ancestors and descendants in the church in Meßstetten (St. Lamprecht, largely renovated after the earthquake damage in 1911), where his mother, his wife and three sisters are buried in the crypt . The city moats of Nusplingen were filled with water. Concerning the particular fate of Nusplingen, it should be mentioned that it was burned down in 1475 by the Rottweilers, on October 16, 1633 by the Swedes, and in 1659 by a woman, in 1692 by a boy (parish description) . - On September 16, 1503, Johann Wernher von Zimmer gathered the armed forces here, with whom he took Messkirch the following day ( Zimmerische Chronik 2, 104); During the Schmalkaldic War, the Rottweiler invaded Nusplingen (for an unknown reason) and burned down a house there (Ruckgaber 2b, 209).

A bomb attack on Nusplingen on January 15, 1945 resulted in deaths and injuries, and the water supply on the Heuberg was destroyed.

In the course of mediatization , Nusplingen came to Württemberg in 1805 . In the Kingdom of Württemberg , Nusplingen was assigned to the Upper Office of Spaichingen from 1810 . In 1938 it came to the Balingen district through the regional reform . After its dissolution, Nusplingen has been part of the Zollernalb district since January 1, 1973.



The mayor is elected for an eight-year term. The current incumbent is Jörg Alisch, who succeeded Alfons Kühlwein in 2016. Kühlwein was mayor from 1992 to 2016.

Municipal council

The local council in Nusplingen consists of 10 people. The local elections on May 25, 2014 led to the following official final result. The turnout was 62.7%.

  • Free voters - 4 seats
  • Free citizens - 3 seats
  • Young list - 3 seats

Culture and sights


St. Peter and Paul

Old cemetery church of St. Peter and Paul

The old cemetery church is consecrated to St. Peter and Paul and dates back to a Carolingian foundation around the year 800. Archaeological excavations uncovered foundations that may have come from a secular building , but also remains of a church with graves came to light. This suggests that this is a noble residence with its own church. The current church building was built around 1000. The western expansion and the three-story choir tower can be dated to the year 1250 and can therefore still be assigned to the Romanesque . Around 1380 the choir and the nave were rebuilt, Gothic style elements were introduced. The valuable frescoes, which were uncovered from 1972 to 1975, date from this period. The tower was raised in later times and brought into its present form. A structural feature of the church is the medieval hagioscope , a so-called leprosy fissure . It also has valuable wooden sculptures from the Ulm School, Renaissance frescoes and a baroque coffered ceiling .

In 1463 the chapels in Unterdigsheim and Hartheim belong to the Nusplinger Church. In 1459 the tithe belongs to the church in Ensisheim .

The church was named " Monument of the Month March 2019" by the Monument Foundation Baden-Württemberg .


Nusplingen has prepared trails for winter sports enthusiasts and a 250-meter-long ski lift on the Hart. The difference in altitude is 50 meters. The municipalities of Bärenthal , Irndorf , Nusplingen and Schwenningen created a joint network of trails for cross-country skiing in 2011 . After the newly created cross-country ski trail on Gnadenweiler could be connected to the Indorfer cross-country ski trail network, a large cross-country ski area was created through the merger with the existing Nusplinger and Schwenninger trails through the Irndorfer Hardt.

Economy and Infrastructure


In the basement of numerous houses, weaving mills are operated as small businesses. These entrepreneurs are jokingly referred to as basement manufacturers.


First cotton processing by the Hechingen court factor Maier-Levi, supported by the rulers. Jewish textile merchants appeared as publishers . They supplied yarn and took over the distribution of the finished goods in the parent companies.

Since 1900

Numerous branches emerged, many residents lived as house traders or from wage and home work for Albstadt textile companies, the manufacture of musical instruments or the production of metal machine elements for the textile industry, turned parts and medical technology.


According to the original plans, the Heubergbahn from Spaichingen was to run from 1912 to Nusplingen. This should also connect the Heuberg communities further away from Spaichingen to the Oberamtsstadt . Construction began in 1913, due to the First World War , completion was delayed until 1928, and the railway was only built as far as Reichenbach am Heuberg , eight kilometers away . The remaining part of the route to Nusplingen was to be built at a later date. Another project envisaged the construction of a railway line from Ebingen to Nusplingen, where the line from Spaichingen was to be connected. In 1909 detailed plans were drawn up for this purpose, but they were not implemented. Nusplingen remained without its own rail connection. The Heubergbahn, which ran to Reichenbach, was no longer completed as far as Nusplingen and was shut down in 1966.

The public transport is now by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau guaranteed (NALDO). The community is located in honeycomb 335.


In the Middle Ages there was a Mayenbad in the Heckental. The people hoped for healing or at least alleviation of the predominantly rheumatic complaints. From numerous studies it is now known that the sulfur absorbed in the bath stimulates the cell metabolism, intervenes in enzymatic processes and is incorporated into organic substances. The Nusplinger water was also approved by the highly learned Phisices and Doctores of Medicine. Such baths were public facilities like the tavern or the mill, since private houses usually had no such sanitary facilities. In the bathing room, the bather usually offered steam and sweat baths, separated by gender, as well as water baths, to which he added herbs if necessary. Diseases were transmitted through poor hygiene in bloodletting performed in bath houses. As with donating blood , the blood thins and blood pressure drops for about five days. In 1623 the spa is closed. Also in Meßstetten (Weiler Geyerbad ( 48 ° 10 '46.36 "  N , 8 ° 52' 38.29"  O )), Tuttlingen and Bad Sebastiansweiler were and water are applied.


Tannenfels Castle

A castle is said to have stood on the fir rock near Nusplingen in which a noble damsel lived. Konrad Albert Koch made a reconstruction drawing. Once a gypsy woman came with her baby and asked for shelter for the night. For free. Asked again and again in vain. Then the gypsy cursed the young lady until a cradle was made out of one of the rock trees growing there and a baby was cradled in it.

The Archbishop of Cologne

Agnes von Mansfeld-Eisleben

On December 4, 1577, from the Nusplingen ruling family Truchsess Gebhard von Waldburg was elected Archbishop of Cologne. A legend reports that the dark brown, almost black eyes of the pretty Mansfeld woman enchanted and seduced the cleric. The pretty woman confessed to Martin Luther's teaching. He quickly forgot celibacy and met his lover in a remote castle. In 1582 the Archbishop of Cologne also confessed to the Reformation and married Agnes von Mansfeld . According to Lutheran teaching , all nuns and priests are allowed to marry because God's order of creation provides for marriage. On November 5, 1632, Colonel Hans Michael Rau occupied Nusplingen from Meßstetten in order to enforce the controversial will of the former archbishop by military means. According to Wirtenberg's legal opinion, Nusplingen was bequeathed to the Duke of Wirtenberg in a valid will.


Honorary citizen

Sons and daughters of the church

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VII: Tübingen administrative region. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 , pp. 235-236.
  3. Knocking place
  4. ^ Inventory of Julius Kindler von Knobloch on
  5. Upper Baden gender book , p. 222. Digitized, UB Uni Heidelberg
  6. ^ Hermann Krauss: Local and Church History of Meßstetten . 75th anniversary of the church. Ed .: Organ Fund Pastor Peter Gall. Meßstetten, S. 17 .
  7. ^ Upper Baden gender book , p. 223. Digitized version, University Library of Heidelberg
  8. ^ Inventory A 602 No. 6595 = WR 6595: Württembergische Regesten, Weltl. and clerical offices , Balingen GV (as of 2012)
  9. Inventory A602 NR6736 = WR6736 on
  10. ^ Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg , holdings A 602: Württembergische Regesten, Weltl. and clerical offices, Balingen GV (as of 2012)
  11. Weltl. and spiritual offices . In: Landesarchiv (Hrsg.): Württembergische Regesta from holdings: A602 / 1301–1500 . Meßstetten, S. 1250 (Balingen GV order signature: A 602 No. 6747 = WR 6747).
  12. Holdings A 602 on
  13. Eduard Paulus u. a .: Description of the Oberamt Spaichingen . Ed .: Statistical Topographical Bureau of the Kingdom of Württemberg . S. 349 .
  14. Sigrid Hirbodian , Andreas Schmauder and Manfred Waßner (ed.): Community in transition . Volume 19, A City in Transition, The History of Meßstetten. No. 19 . Tübingen 2019, p. 107 .
  15. inventory Ho156 T1 Nr16 on
  16. ^ Karl-Heinz Fahlbusch: Winter fun in the district. Cross-country trails are groomed. In: Südkurier. from January 9, 2009.
  17. Joint trail created. In: Südkurier. from January 5, 2011.
  18. ^ Leo Barek Institute (ed.): Jewish textile entrepreneurs . No. 42 . Tübingen 1984, p. 51 .
  19. ^ Agreement between the municipalities of Ebingen, Meßstetten, Unterdigisheim, Oberdigisheim, Tieringen and Hossingen on the one hand and the government master builder M. Wallersteiner, Nuremberg on the other . In: Albstadt City Archives, HR-E . tape 787.11 / 01-04 .
  20. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Transport Department: Correspondence from the Royal General Directorate of State Railways to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Transport Department - No. 39235/12 1 vol . In: Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg, Main State Archive Stuttgart, archivist unit E 57 . E 57 Bü 21, 1913.
  21. Sulfur well still active
  22. Sigrid Hirbodian , Andreas Schmauder and Manfred Waßner (ed.): Community in transition . Volume 19 A city in transition The history of Meßstetten. No. 19 . Tübingen 2019, p. 88 .
  23. ^ Anton Birlinger : From Swabia. I, p. 261 f.)
  24. Eduard Paulus u. a .: Description of the Oberamt Spaichingen . Ed .: Royal Statistical-Topographical Bureau. S. 349 .

Web links

Commons : Nusplingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Andreas Zekorn: Living on the hard. The "branch" Heidenstadt 1764–2014 . Festschrift on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of Nusplingen-Heidenstadt, Nusplingen 2015.