State Museum for Natural History Stuttgart
The State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart (SMNS) consists of two museums in Stuttgart's Rosenstein Park that combine exhibition and research activities. While extending Museum Schloss Rosenstein of Biology is dedicated, is the museum at the Lion Gate , the focus on the paleontology and geology . The museum building was planned by the German architect and engineer Curt Siegel .
The museum is subordinate to the Ministry of Science, Research and Art Baden-Württemberg .
The museum emerged in 1950 from the natural history collection of the dukes of Württemberg , which was established in 1791 , which in turn came from the art and curiosity chamber of the Württemberg dukes . In 1817, King Wilhelm I declared them to be the state's public collection. The foundation stone for a museum building in the city center was laid in 1822. From 1854 Oscar Fraas worked on the systematic expansion of the geological, palaeontological and mineralogical departments in the Royal Natural History Cabinet and, from 1894, his son Eberhard Fraas .
In September 1944 the building burned down completely. The majority of the natural history collection, which had been relocated in previous years, was retained. Nevertheless, many type specimens from the collections of first descriptors from earlier decades have been lost.
From 1950 to 1955, the former "royal country house" Schloss Rosenstein was expanded into a museum for the biological collection and opened to the public in 1956.
With the museum at the Löwentor , built from 1981 to 1985 , another museum for the paleontological collection was created.
The following two museums and research institutions are maintained in Stuttgart:
In addition, the State Museum for Natural History Stuttgart is responsible for the scientific support of the following museums under municipal sponsorship:
- Federseemuseum in Bad Buchau (location: )
- Hohenloher Urweltmuseum in Waldenburg
- Meteor Crater Museum in Steinheim am Albuch (location: )
- Museum Auberlehaus in Trossingen (location: )
- Museum for bridge building and discovery in Braunsbach- Geislingen
- Museum in the herb box in Albstadt- Ebingen
- Urmensch Museum in Steinheim an der Murr (location: )
The museum has been sponsored for over 100 years by the Society for the Promotion of the Natural History Museum Stuttgart eV , which was founded on May 6, 1912 as an association for the promotion of the Royal Natural History Collection.
- Richard C. Gallon: Revision of the African genera Pterinochilus and Eucratoscelus (Araneae, Theraphisidae, Harpactirinae) with description of two new genera. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 12, 5, pp. 201-231, 2002, p. 201