from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Petrified melt scale fish on slate concretion
Concretion embedded in slate on Svalbard

A concretion is an irregular, often rounded mineral aggregate that is sintered out in a different type of fine-grained sediment from an aqueous, circulating solution (pore water) .

The concretion starts at a crystallization center , mostly due to a different chemistry, and gradually grows further outwards. Examples of this are Cretaceous flint nodules in lime, geodes in clay and loess clusters . The latter, carbonate concretions up to the size of a ball, are also described in soil science . These are generally irregular, round, to nut-sized accumulations of iron and manganese oxides , which form when exposed to air, in the aerobic phase, in gley and pseudogley soils . They are dark brown to black and usually dissolve again when the anaerobic phase occurs again. But turf iron stone can also form.

Concretions up to three meters in size and often perfectly spherical can be found on Champ Island .

The concretions found on Spitzbergen ( Svalbard ) are also almost spherical, but mostly only a few centimeters in size.

With the formation of cracks and the subsequent filling of the cracks with newly formed minerals, septaries arise .



Web links

Commons : Concretion  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Concretion  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations