Schwarzwald-Baar district

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Schwarzwald-Baar district Map of Germany, position of the Schwarzwald-Baar district highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 4 ′  N , 8 ° 28 ′  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
Region : Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg
Administrative headquarters : Villingen-Schwenningen
Area : 1,025.27 km 2
Residents: 212,381 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 207 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : VS
Circle key : 08 3 26
Circle structure: 20 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Am Hoptbühl 2
78048 Villingen-Schwenningen
Website :
District Administrator : Sven Hinterseh ( CDU )
Location of the Schwarzwald-Baar district in Baden-Württemberg
Frankreich Schweiz Österreich Bodensee Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Freistaat Bayern Alb-Donau-Kreis Baden-Baden Landkreis Biberach Landkreis Böblingen Bodenseekreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Enzkreis Landkreis Esslingen Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Göppingen Heidelberg Landkreis Heidenheim Landkreis Heilbronn Heilbronn Hohenlohekreis Landkreis Karlsruhe Karlsruhe Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Lörrach Landkreis Ludwigsburg Main-Tauber-Kreis Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Ortenaukreis Ostalbkreis Pforzheim Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Ravensburg Rems-Murr-Kreis Landkreis Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Landkreis Schwäbisch Hall Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Sigmaringen Stuttgart Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Tuttlingen Ulm Landkreis Waldshut Zollernalbkreismap
About this picture

The Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis is a district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg region in the Freiburg administrative region and covers the area between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb. Both the Danube and the Neckar have their source here, which is why it is also known as the source country.



The Schwarzwald-Baar district encompasses the southeast of the Middle Black Forest , the northern part of the Randen and the Baar landscape , a region of the Gäu or Alb fore between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb . The highest elevation of the district with 1,164 m is somewhat hidden within the elongated Farnberg Plateau, which runs in north-south direction, south of the more famous Rohrhardsberg peak near the Griesbacher Eck . The lowest point of the district is on the Gutach between Triberg and Hornberg in the area of ​​the so-called Himmelreichkurve of the federal road 33 at 472 m. The average height of the district is approx. 800 m, none of the independent cities and municipalities is below 600 m (Triberg train station: 616 m).

Danube and Neckar

The Danube and Neckar have their source in the district. Two cities, Donaueschingen and Furtwangen , each claim the source of the Danube . Both cities, as well as the two source rivers Brigach and Breg , belong to the district. The origin of the Neckar is located in the Schwenningen district of the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. The water of both rivers takes different routes; while the Danube flows into the Black Sea, the Neckar flows over the Rhine into the North Sea. The European main watershed thus crosses the entire district area in a large loop around the Danube sources that is open to the east. Individual houses (e.g. the Escheck near Furtwangen, the Kalte Herberge near Vöhrenbach-Urach or the Sommerau near St. Georgen in the Black Forest ) or even entire localities such as the Blumberg districts of Kommingen, Randen and Zollhaus are located on or close to the watershed as well as Bräunlingen-Döggingen and Mönchweiler. Other rivers like the Elz , the Wilde Gutach , the Gutach , the Schiltach and a tributary of the Biber also begin their course in the district, the Wutach touches it. This means that the district drains south to the Upper Rhine / Lake Constance, west and north-west to the Upper Rhine, north-east into the Neckar and east into the Danube. Because of this unique selling point, the district likes to refer to itself as the source district of Schwarzwald-Baar .


The list of places in the Schwarzwald-Baar district contains around 846 places ( towns , villages , hamlets , Zinken , farms and residential areas ) in the geographical sense.

Neighboring areas

The county borders in the clockwise direction in the northwest starting from the districts of Ortenaukreis , Rottweil , Tuttlingen and constancy (all in Baden-Wuerttemberg) to which the Switzerland belonging to Canton Schaffhausen and to the counties Waldshut , Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and Emmendingen (all turn in Baden- Württemberg).

Nature reserves

The Schwarzwald-Baar district has the following 26 nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 2,085.39 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 2.03 percent.

  1. Albtrauf Baar : 365.6 ha (of which 103.3 ha in the Schwarzwald-Baar district); City of Bad Dürrheim
  2. Betzenbühl : 2.0 ha; City of Donaueschingen
  3. Billibuck : 11.0 hectares; City of Blumberg
  4. Birch mean: 170.9 ha; Cities of Bad Dürrheim and Donaueschingen
  5. Blindensee : 16.5 ha; Community of Schönwald in the Black Forest
  6. Briglirain : 26.0 ha; City of Furtwangen and the community of Schönwald in the Black Forest
  7. Deggenreuschen - Rauschachen : 124.9 ha; community Hüfingen
  8. Elzhof : 137.3 ha; Community of Schönwald in the Black Forest
  9. Gifitzenmoos : 7.2 ha; Community Mönchweiler
  10. Grüninger Ried : 10.8 ha; City of Donaueschingen and the municipality of Brigachtal
  11. Günterfelsen and the surrounding area : 1.7 ha; City of Furtwangen
  12. Hondinger Zisiberg : 1.9 ha; City of Blumberg
  13. Laubeck-Rensberg : 232.9 ha; Community of Schonach
  14. Mönchsee-Weiherwiesen : 34.7 ha; City of Villingen-Schwenningen and Mönchweiler municipality
  15. Mühlhauser Halde : 51.8 ha; City of Villingen-Schwenningen
  16. Palm hump : 0.3 ha; Community of Bräunlingen
  17. Flat moss : 55.7 ha; City of Villingen-Schwenningen and the municipality of Brigachtal
  18. Rohrhardsberg-Obere Elz : 558.1 ha (of which 520.3 ha in the Schwarzwald-Baar district); City of Furtwangen and the communities of Schonach in the Black Forest and Schönwald in the Black Forest
  19. Schlossberg-Hauberg : 107.0 ha (of which 89.8 ha in the Schwarzwald-Baar district); City of Triberg in the Black Forest
  20. Schwenninger Moos : 97.4 ha; Cities of Bad Dürrheim and Villingen-Schwenningen
  21. Tannhörnle : 23.2 ha; City of Villingen-Schwenningen
  22. Unterhölzer Wald : 633.9 ha (of which 137.6 ha in the Schwarzwald-Baar district); Cities of Bad Dürrheim and Donaueschingen
  23. Weiherbachtal : 39.0 ha; City of Donaueschingen
  24. Wutachflüh : 374.2 ha (of which 145.9 ha in the Schwarzwald-Baar district); City of Blumberg
  25. Wutach Gorge : 968.8 ha (of which 63.8 ha in the Schwarzwald-Baar district); community Hüfingen
  26. Zollhausried : 76.4 ha; City of Blumberg


Formation of the counties

The Schwarzwald-Baar district was formed by the district reform on January 1, 1973 by merging the districts of Donaueschingen and Villingen as well as the communities of Deißlingen and Weigheim of the district of Rottweil and the community of Tuningen of the district of Tuttlingen . Deißlingen returned to the Rottweil district on January 1, 1974.

The two old districts of Donaueschingen and Villingen emerged in 1936/1939 from the old administrative districts of the same name, which were established at the beginning of the 19th century after the dissolution of Upper Austria and the transition to the Grand Duchy of Baden . In the course of history these were changed several times (1924 the district office Triberg was abolished). The former Baden city of Villingen and the former Württemberg city of Schwenningen were merged on January 1, 1972 to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen, which became the district town of the new district after the establishment of the Schwarzwald-Baar district.

After the community reform has been completed, the Schwarzwald-Baar district will comprise 20 communities, including ten towns and of these, two large district towns (Donaueschingen and Villingen-Schwenningen). The largest city is Villingen-Schwenningen, the smallest municipality is Gütenbach.


Today's district area has an eventful history of its territorial affiliation. In the Carolingian era , the upper reaches of the Danube and Neckar ruled the Alaholfinger or Bertholde. Of the settlements that were created at that time, however, as an Aachen donation agreement of 817 shows, 42 villages went to St.Gallen, including Villingen , Schwenningen, Tannheim, Pfohren and Hondingen.

After the collapse of the Franconian Empire in 843, the Baar area belonged to Eastern Franconia and from around 920 to the Duchy of Swabia . After its end, in 1273 under Rudolf II , it was largely part of the Habsburg Front Austria and the Landgraviate of Baar to the Principality of Fürstenberg of the Swabian Empire.

After the Napoleonic Wars, the area was added to the now enlarged Margraviate of Baden and the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806 . However, there were several small enclaves and exclaves along the border between Baden, Württemberg and the Prussian Hohenzollern region , which were cleared up late through the swap of territories. On the whole, the three states formed the federal state of Baden-Württemberg since 1952 .

At the end of April 1945 the region of what is now the district got into extensive fighting and then became part of the French zone of occupation .

Population development

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office (main residences only).

date Residents
December 31, 1973 202.138
December 31, 1975 199,550
December 31, 1980 199,570
December 31, 1985 194.211
May 25, 1987 ¹ 192.620
date Residents
December 31, 1990 202.025
December 31, 1995 208,828
December 31, 2000 210,347
December 31, 2005 211,320
December 31, 2010 206,535
December 31, 2015 209,648


District election 2019
Turnout: 53.4% ​​(2014: 46.3%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-3.6  % p
-4.0  % p
-3.4  % p
+ 6.9  % p
+ 3.4  % p
+1.7  % p
-0.8  % p

District council

The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the provisional result shown in the adjacent diagrams.

Distribution of seats in the district council
8th 10 10 22nd 
A total of 58 seats
The district office in Villingen
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 35.0 22nd 38.6 26th 34.7 26th 38.6 26th 42.1 29 35.6 26th 36.0 25th
FW Free voters 16.9 10 20.9 12 22.3 13 - - - - - - - -
Flat share Electoral associations - - - - - - 17.5 9 16.3 9 18.8 10 14.7 8th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 13.9 8th 17.3 10 20.0 11 22.2 13 24.1 15th 25.7 17th 24.3 14th
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 18.2 10 11.3 7th 10.2 6th 8.6 5 6.6 4th 10.0 6th 9.1 5
FDP Free Democratic Party 9.4 5 6.0 4th 9.4 7th 9.3 7th 8.1 6th 7.2 6th 8.7 7th
AfD Alternative for Germany 5.5 3 3.8 1 - - - - - - - - - -
DLVH German League for People and Homeland 1.2 - 2.0 1 3.2 1 - - - - - - - -
REP The Republicans - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.7 -
Otherwise. Others - - - - - - 3.8 1 2.9 1 2.8 1 4.6 1
total 100 58 100 61 100 64 100 61 100 64 100 66 100 60
voter turnout 53.0% 46.2% 47.5% 49.0% 51.9% 63.1% 58.8%
  • WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.

District Administrator

The district councilor is elected by the district council for a term of eight years. He is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.

The district administrators of the Donaueschingen district 1945–1972
The district administrators of the Villingen district 1945–1972
  • 1945–1947: Karl Paul Bienzeisler
  • 1947–1948: Othmar Diele (acting)
  • 1948–1972: Josef Astfäller
The district administrators of the Schwarzwald-Baar district since 1973

coat of arms

Description : Quartered by silver and blue: In field 1 a blue-armored and blue-tongued red eagle

(Coats of arms awarded June 7, 1974)

Meaning: The two blue fields symbolize the rivers Danube and Neckar , which arise in the district area. The silver fields symbolize the two eponymous landscapes, Black Forest and Baar . The red eagle stands for the Zähringer family , who founded the city of Villingen.


The Schwarzwald-Baar district maintains a district partnership with the Bács-Kiskun county in Hungary .

Economy and Infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district was ranked 127th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with “future opportunities”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 109th out of 401.

The Schwarzwald-Baar district is home to some particularly economically powerful regions. So z. For example, the city of Furtwangen has a particularly low number of unemployed in a national German comparison. Many medium-sized companies have settled in the region, most of which have made a name for themselves in their specific sub-sector.



The Ringzug in Donaueschingen
Museum railway "Sauschwänzlebahn"

The district area is accessed by a total of five active railway lines:

Another line that connected Bad Dürrheim with the Black Forest Railway was shut down and dismantled in the mid-1960s.

The district is incorporated into the Schwarzwald-Baar transport association . The district is directly connected to the nationwide intercity network through the Black Forest Railway. There are long-distance traffic connections without changing trains from Donaueschingen, Villingen, St. Georgen or Triberg to Hamburg , the Ruhr area or Hanover . Since the introduction of the ring train in 2003, local rail traffic in the district has improved.


The eastern district is touched by the federal highway 81 Stuttgart - Singen (Hohentwiel) . Furthermore, several federal, state and district roads open up the district. The most important federal road is the B 33 Offenburg - Villingen-Schwenningen and the B 500 Baden-Baden - Waldshut-Tiengen .

District facilities

The Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis supports the following vocational schools :

  • Villingen-Schwenningen trade school,
  • Commercial schools in Donaueschingen,
  • Robert-Gerwig-Schule (industrial and commercial school) Furtwangen,
  • State vocational school for the hotel and restaurant industry with boarding school Villingen-Schwenningen,
  • Commercial schools I Villingen-Schwenningen,
  • David Würth School (Commercial School) Villingen-Schwenningen,
  • Commercial and home economics schools in Donaueschingen,
  • Technical High School Villingen-Schwenningen,
  • Albert Schweitzer School (housekeeping, social care and agricultural school) Villingen-Schwenningen and
  • Technical college for agriculture in Donaueschingen.

In addition, the following special education and advice centers :

  • Carl-Orff-Schule with school kindergarten Villingen-Schwenningen (special focus on intellectual development)
  • Christy Brown School Villingen-Schwenningen (special focus on physical and motor development)
  • Karl Wacker School with a school kindergarten in Donaueschingen (focus on intellectual development)
  • Special education and advice center for students in long-term hospital treatment in Villingen-Schwenningen

The Schwarzwald-Baar district is a partner in the Schwarzwald-Baar Klinikum Villingen-Schwenningen GmbH, an academic teaching hospital of the University of Freiburg. The GmbH operates the hospitals in Villingen-Schwenningen and Donaueschingen. With around 3000 employees, it is the largest employer in the district. The new central clinic between the Villingen and Schwenningen districts was built by July 2013.

cities and communes

Schweiz Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Emmendingen Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Tuttlingen Landkreis Waldshut Ortenaukreis Landkreis Rottweil Bad Dürrheim Blumberg Bräunlingen Bräunlingen Brigachtal Dauchingen Donaueschingen Furtwangen im Schwarzwald Gütenbach Hüfingen Hüfingen Königsfeld im Schwarzwald Mönchweiler Niedereschach St. Georgen im Schwarzwald Schönwald im Schwarzwald Schonach im Schwarzwald Tuningen Triberg im Schwarzwald Unterkirnach Unterkirnach Unterkirnach Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen VöhrenbachMunicipalities in VS.svg
About this picture

Agreed administrative communities and municipal administration associations

  1. Community Administration Association Donaueschingen with seat in Donaueschingen; Member communities: Cities of Bräunlingen, Donaueschingen and Hüfingen
  2. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Furtwangen and the community of Gütenbach
  3. Local government association “Raumschaft Triberg” based in Triberg in the Black Forest; Member communities: City of Triberg in the Black Forest and communities Schönwald in the Black Forest and Schonach in the Black Forest
  4. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Villingen-Schwenningen and the communities of Brigachtal, Dauchingen, Mönchweiler, Niedereschach, Tuningen and Unterkirnach
Cities in the Schwarzwald-Baar district
city coat of arms Area
December 31, 2018
PE density
PE per km²
above sea level
Bad Durrheim Bad Duerrheim coat of arms.svg 000000000000062.090000000062.09 000000000013260.000000000013,260 000000000000214.0000000000214 000000000000703.0000000000703
Blumberg Coat of arms Blumberg.svg 000000000000098.680000000098.68 000000000010127.000000000010.127 000000000000103.0000000000103 000000000000704.0000000000704
Bräunlingen Coat of arms Braeunlingen.png 000000000000062.100000000062.10 000000000005828.00000000005,828 000000000000094.000000000094 000000000000693.0000000000693
Donaueschingen , large district town DEU Donaueschingen COA.svg 000000000000104.6300000000104.63 000000000022526.000000000022,526 000000000000215.0000000000215 000000000000686.0000000000686
Furtwangen in the Black Forest Coat of Furtwangen.svg 000000000000082.570000000082.57 000000000009091.00000000009.091 000000000000110.0000000000110 000000000000870.0000000000870
Hüfingen Coat of arms Huefingen.png 000000000000058.530000000058.53 000000000007799.00000000007,799 000000000000133.0000000000133 000000000000684.0000000000684
St. Georgen in the Black Forest Wappen St Georgen im Schwarzwald.png 000000000000059.850000000059.85 000000000012958.000000000012,958 000000000000217.0000000000217 000000000000862.0000000000862
Triberg in the Black Forest Coat of arms Triberg in the Black Forest.png 000000000000033.320000000033.32 000000000004794.00000000004,794 000000000000144.0000000000144 000000000000684.0000000000684
Villingen-Schwenningen , large district town Coat of arms Villingen-Schwenningen.png 000000000000165.4700000000165.47 000000000085181.000000000085.181 000000000000515.0000000000515 000000000000758.0000000000758
Voehrenbach Coat of arms Voehrenbach.png 000000000000070.470000000070.47 000000000003853.00000000003,853 000000000000055.000000000055 000000000000797.0000000000797
Municipalities in the Schwarzwald-Baar district
local community coat of arms Area
December 31, 2018
PE density
PE per km²
above sea level
Brigachtal Coat of arms Brigachtal.svg 000000000000022.800000000022.80 000000000005137.00000000005,137 000000000000225.0000000000225 000000000000705.0000000000705
Dauchingen Coat of arms Dauchingen.png 000000000000010.040000000010.04 000000000003767.00000000003,767 000000000000375.0000000000375 000000000000732.0000000000732
Guttenbach Coat of arms Gütenbach.svg 000000000000018.490000000018.49 000000000001137.00000000001,137 000000000000061.000000000061 000000000000826.0000000000826
Königsfeld in the Black Forest Coat of arms Koenigsfeld in the Black Forest.png 000000000000040.240000000040.24 000000000006027.00000000006,027 000000000000150.0000000000150 000000000000763.0000000000763
Mönchweiler Coat of arms Moenchweiler.png 000000000000009.60000000009.60 000000000002977.00000000002,977 000000000000310.0000000000310 000000000000757.0000000000757
Niedereschach Coat of arms Niedereschach.png 000000000000033.070000000033.07 000000000005917.00000000005,917 000000000000179.0000000000179 000000000000625.0000000000625
Schonach in the Black Forest Coat of arms Schonach in the Black Forest.png 000000000000036.710000000036.71 000000000004045.00000000004,045 000000000000110.0000000000110 000000000000881.0000000000881
Schönwald in the Black Forest Coat of arms Schoenwald in the Black Forest.png 000000000000027.810000000027.81 000000000002444.00000000002,444 000000000000088.000000000088 000000000001000.00000000001,000
Tuning Coat of arms Tuningen.svg 000000000000015.590000000015.59 000000000002931.00000000002,931 000000000000188.0000000000188 000000000000743.0000000000743
Unterkirnach Coat of arms Unterkirnach.svg 000000000000013.170000000013.17 000000000002582.00000000002,582 000000000000196.0000000000196 000000000000815.0000000000815

License Plate

On January 1, 1973, the district was assigned the VS distinctive sign, which had been valid since January 1, 1972 for the Villingen-Schwenningen district. It is still issued today.

The earlier distinctive signs DS (Altkreis Donaueschingen) and VL (Altkreis Villingen) have not yet been reintroduced.

See also


  • Rainer Gutknecht (Ed.): The Black Forest Baar District , Stuttgart / Aalen 1977. ISBN 3-8062-0146-3
  • The state of Baden-Württemberg . Official description by districts and communities (in eight volumes). Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume VI: Freiburg administrative region; Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2

Web links

Commons : Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis: Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis. Retrieved June 6, 2020 .
  3. LUBW protected area statistics Status: updated daily
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 517 .
  5. Symposium History of Religions in the Schwarzwald-Baar Region  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  6. See: territorial peculiarities in southwest Germany after 1810
  7. Local election results for the election on May 26, 2019
  8. [1]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989-2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  9. [2]  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in the district elections 1989-2009@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  10. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  11. Future Atlas 2019. Accessed December 10, 2019 .
  12. Christina Nack: Central Clinic in Villingen-Schwenningen costs 12 million euros more. In: Südkurier. November 21, 2013, accessed May 20, 2014 .
  13. a b Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).