Furtwangen in the Black Forest

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Furtwangen in the Black Forest
Furtwangen in the Black Forest
Map of Germany, position of the city of Furtwangen in the Black Forest highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 3 '  N , 8 ° 12'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Schwarzwald-Baar district
Height : 879 m above sea level NHN
Area : 82.57 km 2
Residents: 9091 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 110 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 78120
Area code : 07723
License plate : VS
Community key : 08 3 26 017
City structure: 4 districts

City administration address :
Marktplatz 4
78120 Furtwangen
Website : www.furtwangen.de
Mayor : Josef Herdner
Location of the city of Furtwangen in the Black Forest in the Schwarzwald-Baar district
Schweiz Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Emmendingen Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Tuttlingen Landkreis Waldshut Ortenaukreis Landkreis Rottweil Bad Dürrheim Blumberg Bräunlingen Bräunlingen Brigachtal Dauchingen Donaueschingen Furtwangen im Schwarzwald Gütenbach Hüfingen Hüfingen Königsfeld im Schwarzwald Mönchweiler Niedereschach St. Georgen im Schwarzwald Schönwald im Schwarzwald Schonach im Schwarzwald Tuningen Triberg im Schwarzwald Unterkirnach Unterkirnach Unterkirnach Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen Vöhrenbachmap
About this picture
Furtwangen from the north

Furtwangen in the Black Forest is a town in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in Baden-Württemberg . The local companies , the Furtwangen University and, from a historical point of view, the watch industry are characteristic of the small town .


Furtwangen (bottom right) and the Kandel
Furtwangen taken from the Meisterberg


Furtwangen is located in the Southern Black Forest Nature Park in the Southeastern Black Forest , around 25 kilometers west of the district town of Villingen-Schwenningen and around 27 kilometers northeast of Freiburg .

The city is between 850 and 1150 m above sea level. NN and describes itself as the "highest town in Baden-Württemberg". The city of Meßstetten on the Swabian Alb , which is between 737 and 989 m above sea level. NN is, measured by the altitude of the respective parish churches, is higher than Furtwangen. However, Meßstetten only claims to be "one of the highest cities in the Federal Republic of Germany". The Brend is at 1149 m above sea level. NN highest point in Furtwangen and is located northwest of the city. The city is beautifully situated at the intersection of three valleys and is surrounded by densely forested mountains.

The European watershed runs on the Black Forest ridge through Furtwangen . The district of Neukirch drains towards the Rhine and the North Sea, the urban area and the other districts drain towards the Danube and the Black Sea.

The Breg rises on the edge of Furtwangen . It is the longest source river of the Danube and flows together with the Brigach in Donaueschingen . That is why Furtwangen claims the source of the Danube for itself in the rather humorous Danube Spring dispute, there is no source of the Danube (even if the “ Danube Spring ” is so called in the Donaueschingen Castle Park).

The “state-approved climatic health resort ” (the seal actually only applies to the Neukirch suburb ) is industrial, but also plays a role as a hiking and winter sports area for tourists. The Furtwangen University is also of great importance with around 6400 students, 3470 of them at the Furtwangen location.

Community structure

In addition to the town itself, the municipality of Furtwangen also includes 4 other districts and 151 other villages, hamlets, Zinken, farms and houses.

District coat of arms Incorporation Residents
Linach Linach coat of arms 1st October 1972 115
Neukirch Neukirch coat of arms July 1, 1971 1,806
Rohrbach Rohrbach coat of arms 1st October 1973 448 (2009)
Schönenbach Schoenenbach coat of arms July 1, 1971 998

Neighboring communities

Furtwangen borders in the north on Schönwald in the Black Forest and Triberg , in the east on St. Georgen in the Black Forest and Vöhrenbach (all in the Black Forest-Baar district ), in the south on St. Märgen and Titisee-Neustadt (both in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district ) and in the west to Gütenbach (Schwarzwald-Baar district) and Simonswald ( Emmendingen district ).


With around 1870 liters of precipitation per square meter (average 1979 to 2006), Furtwangen is one of the rainiest and snowiest places in Germany. On the other hand, the city is located in one of the sunniest regions of the country with an annual solar radiation of 1110 kilowatt hours per square meter. The mean temperature is 5.7 degrees Celsius. Since the beginning of 1979, the data has been recorded by a private weather station that was set up on the Kussenhof at 956 meters above sea level.


Furtwanger costume

Until the 18th century

The first mention is in a bull by Pope Alexander III. in the year 1179. Here the ownership of the municipality of Furtwangen including the church is confirmed to the St. Georgen monastery . The place must have been of considerable size (because of its own church) even then, but was probably founded only a few years earlier.

Furtwangen in 1808
Furtwangen around 1900 in the same direction of view

The economic importance of Furtwangen increased. Markets have been held regularly in Furtwangen since at least the beginning of the 17th century , to the annoyance of neighboring towns. Only Empress Maria Theresia gave Furtwangen an official market right in 1761 (at the time when Furtwangen belonged to Upper Austria ).

The historical development differs significantly from the history of Furtwangen itself in many respects (e.g. rule and ownership relationships).

19th century

The city charter was Furtwangen until the year 1873. Earlier attempts to get the municipal law failed because Furtwangen time no town hall had.

After a series of fires in 1857, including a particularly devastating fire, citizens of the city founded the Furtwangen volunteer fire brigade (Pompier Corps) based on the Villinger model in August of the same year .

20th century

The Bregtalbahn (since 1892, closed in 1972) from Donaueschingen to Furtwangen was important for the economic development . Watchmaking shaped the artisanal and industrial history of the city. The Baden state government founded the first German watchmaking school here in 1850 . The first headmaster was the well-known engineer Robert Gerwig . A vocational school and the Furtwangen University developed from the watchmaking school . This made watchmaking in Furtwangen and the surrounding area more professional. Numerous watch factories were founded. However, watch production declined continuously after the First World War. Only companies that have developed further from the watchmaking and supply industry have survived. The result was a modern industry of metal processing , precision engineering and electronics , whose companies have a worldwide reputation.

View over the city center


As part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg , on July 1, 1971, the previously independent municipalities of Neukirch and Schönenbach were incorporated. On October 1, 1972, Linach was incorporated. Rohrbach was incorporated on October 1, 1973.

Population development

The population is around 9,100 and has declined overall over the past two decades: Most of the population - 11,128 - was recorded in 1974.

  • 0June 6, 1961: 0000007,404 inhabitants
  • May 27, 1970: 0000008,592 inhabitants
  • December 31, 1974: 11,128 inhabitants
  • December 31, 1991: 10,623 inhabitants
  • December 31, 1995: 10,055 inhabitants
  • December 31, 2005: 09,622 inhabitants
  • December 31, 2010: 09,249 inhabitants
  • December 31, 2015: 09,091 inhabitants


Municipal council

The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result:

Furtwangen town hall
Party / list Share of votes Seats 2014 result Result 2009
CDU 30.8% 5 36.6%, 7 seats 41.3%, 8 seats
Free voters 27.0% 5 23.7%, 4 seats 24.4%, 4 seats
SPD 20.4% 4th 21.9%, 4 seats 19.4%, 3 seats
Independent list 21.8% 4th 17.8%, 3 seats 14.8%, 3 seats

The turnout was 59.5% (2014: 52.9%; 2009: 53.6%).


  • 1903-1919 Alois Herth
  • 1919–1932 Albert Wild
  • 1932–1945 Jakob Miltner
  • 1945–1948 Ludwig Zier
  • 1948–1957 August Hug
  • 1957–1977 Hans Frank
  • 1977–1993 Adolf Herb
  • 1994–2009 Richard Krieg
  • Josef Herdner since 2010

coat of arms

Description : "In silver on green ground a red castle ruin, accompanied by two green fir trees."

In 1806 the city became part of the Grand Duchy of Baden . The oldest seal of the city, which simply showed the coat of arms of Baden, dates from this time. From 1821 the seal showed the ruins of the Heidenschloss surrounded by pine trees. This arrangement has also been used in the coat of arms in a somewhat simplified manner since 1873.

Town twinning

Public facilities

Educational institutions

HFU main building on the Furtwangen campus


Economy and Infrastructure


Furtwangen was on the Bregtalbahn , which connected the city with Donaueschingen until 1972 . The line is now closed and completely dismantled between Furtwangen and Bräunlingen , so that Furtwangen no longer has a rail connection. The closest train station is Triberg on the Black Forest Railway .

Lead through Furtwangen

Public transport

Furtwangen is connected to various cities via several bus routes, the Südbadenbus, as part of the Schwarzwald-Baar transport association. In the urban area of ​​Furtwangen (excluding the districts) there is a volunteer-run citizens' bus to connect the residential areas on weekdays .


Furtwangen has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Germany.

Well-known companies include:

In 2005, the then Federal Chancellor Schröder coined the term “Modell Furtwangen” for the unusual success of the Furtwangen companies, which was coined by many “ hidden champions ”: “This is because the narrow valley in the Black Forest is literally crammed with whatever we call them "hidden champions" who offer world-class products in many industries, from control technology to precision mechanics. Many of these companies are spin-offs from students from Furtwangen University . "

Culture and sights

Tourist routes

The tourist road B 500 and the German Clock Road lead through Furtwangen .


  • In the German Clock Museum , the largest German watches -Sammlung, the close ties Furtwangen is the Black Forest watchmaking documented.
  • The Arche open-air museum of the history and local history association documents the development in gastronomy and tourism in the late 19th and 20th centuries using the former “Arche” inn.
  • The computer museum at the Furtwangen University in the business informatics faculty documents the development from the first calculating machine to the modern computer and beyond that the development of mathematical devices and office machines.



Religious communities

Roman Catholic Church

Furtwangen is predominantly Roman Catholic . Furtwangen was probably founded from the neighboring St. Georgen monastery . The town of Furtwangen was first mentioned in a papal document for the monastery in 1179. Today Furtwangen and its districts have a total of four parishes , which are combined with the parish of Gütenbach and the three parishes of Vöhrenbach to form the “ pastoral care unit Bregtal” and are looked after by a pastoral care team ( pastor , cooperator , parish officers ):

  • St. Cyriak (urban area of ​​Furtwangen)
  • St. Nikolaus (district Schönenbach with branch St. Wendelin Linach )
  • St. Johann ( Rohrbach district )
  • St. Andreas ( Neukirch district )

Until August 15, 2010 there was a branch of the Salesians Don Bosco in Furtwangen , who ran a youth hostel (especially for schoolchildren and trainees) with a youth hostel and got involved in school pastoral work and by helping out in the surrounding parishes. The Furtwangen ski boarding school was also integrated into the youth hostel .

Protestant church

The Protestant parish of Furtwangen came into being at the end of the 19th century, after the number of Protestants in the city had risen to almost 100 , mainly due to the watchmaking school . In 1901 the Protestant church was built. The Protestant pastor also looked after the parishes in Vöhrenbach and Gütenbach . In 2013 the three congregations merged to form the “Evangelical Church Community Furtwangen-Gütenbach-Vöhrenbach”.

Old Catholic Church

Furtwangen, along with Gütenbach and Neukirch, was an important place for the founding of the old Catholic church in the 1870s. Up until the beginning of the 20th century there were strong conflicts with the Roman Catholic Church here. Today the area of ​​the old Catholic parish extends from Furtwangen to Villingen-Schwenningen and the Rottweil district. In addition, the independent parish of Gütenbach is also supplied. Your parish church is named Christ Resurrection .

Free evangelical community

A few years ago a small, free evangelical church was founded here.

Free Christian Church

A congregation of the Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden with a full-time pastor and its own parish hall at Baumannstraße 19.

New Apostolic Church

The New Apostolic parish, founded in 1905, is relatively well represented and has its own church in Furtwangen on Geschwister-Scholl-Weg 5.

Islamic community

The Islamic community in Furtwangen has its own mosque, which has since been expanded.


A farm in Furtwangen- Neukirch has been the location for the exterior shots of the TV seriesDie Fallers ” by Südwestrundfunk since 1994 , and other scenes are regularly filmed in and around Furtwangen.

The ski boarding school in Furtwangen and the German Clock Museum were selected as two of 365 locations to represent Germany in the “ Land of Ideas ” campaign. The action in the ski boarding school took place on April 13, 2006, the one in the watch museum on November 1, 2006.

In 2007, a Ludwigsburg film and television production company wanted to produce a black comedy based on the urban legend that Furtwangen is the place with the highest suicide rate in Germany . The then mayor Richard Krieg threatened with an injunction, whereupon the company announced that there was no filming in Furtwangen, nor would the name of the city appear in production.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities related to the city

  • Peter Bielenberg (1911–2001), resistance fighter against National Socialism, hid as a deserter in Rohrbach in 1945 . Christabel Bielenberg has added the following dedication to the second volume of her autobiography and the biography of Peter Bielenberg:

When I look back at this time, I can see that neither he nor, presumably, the rest of us would have survived without the integrity of the people of Rohrbach to whom this book is dedicated. "

Robert Gerwig
  • Robert Gerwig (1820–1885), engineer, from 1850 to 1857 head of the watchmaking school
  • Heinrich Hansjakob (1837–1916), pastor and local writer. He maintained close relationships with his mother's hometown, the Rohrbach district of Furtwang
  • Alexander Herr (* 1978), ski jumper
  • Georg Hettich (* 1978), Nordic combined athlete
  • Helmuth Kainer (1924–2018), founding rector of the Furtwangen University of Applied Sciences
  • Konstantin Merz (1856–1915), member of the Reichstag, doctor and honorary citizen of Furtwangen
  • Martin Schmitt (* 1978), former ski jumper, started for the Furtwangen ski club
  • Thorsten Schmitt (* 1975), Nordic combined athlete, started for the Furtwangen ski club
  • Konrad Maria Uttenweiler (1934–2018), holder of the citizen medal of the city of Furtwangen
  • Sabrina Weckerlin (* 1986), singer and musical performer, grew up in Furtwangen
  • Nadine Weinauge (* 1993), German wrestling champion

Web links

Commons : Furtwangen im Schwarzwald  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ City of Furtwangen in the Black Forest. City info. In: furtwangen.de. City administration of Furtwangen in the Black Forest, accessed on June 29, 2011 : “Furtwangen is the highest town in Baden-Württemberg. Between 850 m and 1,150 m. ü. M. it is in an attractive landscape in the upper Bregtal of the Central Black Forest in the headwaters of the Danube. "
  3. City of Meßstetten. where the Alb is highest! In: messstetten.de. City of Meßstetten, accessed on February 19, 2016 : "At up to 989 meters above sea level, Meßstetten is one of the highest cities in the Federal Republic of Germany."
  4. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 568-572
  5. www.furtwangen.de
  6. Südkurier online from July 5, 2008 This is where measurements are taken
  7. Bernward Janzing : Sun, Wind and Snow Records - Weather and Climate in Furtwangen in the Black Forest . For the 25th anniversary of the weather station. Freiburg, self-published, 2004
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 494 f. and 517 .
  9. Südkurier online from September 27, 2008  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. A fight for every citizen@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.suedkurier.de  
  10. Archive link ( Memento of the original from May 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de
  11. ^ Election results for the 2019 Furtwangen municipal council , accessed on June 23, 2019
  12. ^ Furtwangen - coat of arms of Furtwangen. In: www.ngw.nl. Retrieved October 15, 2016 .
  13. library.fes.de (PDF; 391 kB)
  14. http://www.rechnermuseum-furtwangen.de/
  15. ^ Furtwangen: Last day of the Salesians suedkurier.de August 17, 2010, accessed on August 17, 2010
  16. Christabel Bielenberg, It was a long way to Munny House, Munich 1993, p. 6