Königsfeld in the Black Forest

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Königsfeld in the Black Forest
Königsfeld in the Black Forest
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Königsfeld in the Black Forest highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 8 '  N , 8 ° 25'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Schwarzwald-Baar district
Height : 763 m above sea level NHN
Area : 40.24 km 2
Residents: 6027 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 150 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 78126
Area code : 07725
License plate : VS
Community key : 08 3 26 031
Address of the
municipal administration:
Rathausstrasse 2
78126 Königsfeld
Website : www.koenigsfeld.de
Mayor : Fritz Link
Location of the municipality of Königsfeld in the Black Forest in the Schwarzwald-Baar district
Schweiz Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Emmendingen Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Tuttlingen Landkreis Waldshut Ortenaukreis Landkreis Rottweil Bad Dürrheim Blumberg Bräunlingen Bräunlingen Brigachtal Dauchingen Donaueschingen Furtwangen im Schwarzwald Gütenbach Hüfingen Hüfingen Königsfeld im Schwarzwald Mönchweiler Niedereschach St. Georgen im Schwarzwald Schönwald im Schwarzwald Schonach im Schwarzwald Tuningen Triberg im Schwarzwald Unterkirnach Unterkirnach Unterkirnach Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen Vöhrenbachmap
About this picture

Königsfeld in the Black Forest is a municipality in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in Baden-Württemberg . The health resort is one of the centers of the Moravian Brethren .


Geographical location

Königsfeld in the Black Forest is located on the hilly eastern edge of the Black Forest on the border with the shell limestone landscape of the Baar . About 10 km northwest of Villingen not far from the federal highway 33 , Königsfeld is located on a slight slope above the Hörnlebach, which borders the town to the south and east and flows northeast of the town into the Sägeweiher, which once functioned as a reservoir for a sawmill.

Königsfeld is located at the intersection of two highways that lead on the one hand in a north-south direction from Schramberg to Villingen-Schwenningen and on the other hand in an east-west direction from Rottweil to St. Georgen .

The high altitude health resort of Königsfeld is shaped by the forest areas around the village. Agriculturally used areas are only found sporadically and mostly at a somewhat greater distance from the village itself. The red sandstone and granite found here were primarily used as local building materials for the historical buildings . In the district atlas of 1889, the quarry and the sand pit in the Kohlwald northeast of the village can still be seen clearly. In addition, the softwood that is abundantly available here was used.

Neighboring communities

The community borders in the north on Hardt and Eschbronn , in the east on Zimmer ob Rottweil , all in the Rottweil district . Furthermore in the east to Niedereschach , in the south to Villingen-Schwenningen and Mönchweiler and in the west to the city of St. Georgen , all in the Schwarzwald-Baar district.


Königsfeld in the Black Forest (old coat of arms)
Zinzendorfplatz from the east (around 1814)

The remains of Bärenberg Castle from the 11th century are located on a spur of the Hutzelberg .

Königsfeld in the Black Forest is a planned settlement of the Moravian Brethren from 1806. In search of a suitable settlement location for the Brethren, the diaspora keeper Lorenz Nagel wrote in August 1804 about the Hörnlishof located here, on whose area of ​​only 150 hectares the later colony should arise:

"The place is in the [...] Black Forest, 20 hours from Basel and just as far from Stuttgart [...] Of course, it is a shame that [...] you couldn't give it 4 - 6 weeks longer in summer. But even if the climate is a little rough, it is healthy. "

Königsfeld thus became the first settlement to be established in the area of ​​today's Baden-Württemberg of the Brethren founded in 1727 in Herrnhut by Nikolaus Ludwig Graf von Zinzendorf .

The founding document of King Frederick I of Württemberg dates to August 12, 1806. The actual colonization began on April 21, 1807 with the surveying of the area, whereupon an overall plan as well as detailed plans were made by the Moravian brother Johann Gottfried Schulz in Niesky . The houses around Zinzendorfplatz were gradually built in the following years.

The first beginnings of tourism appeared very early. These were initially in close context with the religious life of the Moravian Brethren. This exercised a great attraction for Christians living in the diaspora from pietistic circles in Württemberg, the Palatinate and Switzerland. In addition, there was the visitor traffic of the educational institutions of the Brethren, which were established as early as 1809 for girls and 1813 for boys. Königsfeld's first building, the “Gemeinlogis” (from 1880 “Gasthof”, today “Herrnhuter Haus”) is symbolic of tourism, which was promoted early on. The first spa guests from Basel arrived there as early as July 1809.

The establishment of a doctor and the establishment of a pharmacy in 1815 were just as important for the care of the guests. Both were extremely unusual for a place of this size and ultimately part of the special rights granted to the colony in the charter of 1806. This achievement was to be reflected in a number of well-known doctors who had a significant influence on the development of the spa.

The implementation of the original planning was progressed step by step until the 1860s. A further development can only be determined after 1880, when the restructuring from the school location of the Brethren to the mountain health resort of Königsfeld began. This development - initially only to be observed in Wilhelminian style building in the action on Zinzendorfplatz and at Tannenhof in Friedrichstrasse - led to the town expanding westward across the border to the neighboring village of Buchenberg. Typical buildings of a health resort were built here and characterize the Hermann-Voland-Straße, which was later incorporated into Königsfeld. Large and small private pensions as well as hotels and sanatoriums are lined up here in loose buildings along the street, a small spa park has been created.

The administration, school and church of the Brethren were previously one unit, but after the turn of the century the political community of Königsfeld was created, which manifested itself in its own town hall and school building, with the change from the school location of the Brethren to the high altitude health resort Königsfeld finally being completed.

Politics and administration

Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 14 elected honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local election on May 26, 2019 led to the following official final result.

Parties and constituencies %
Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-0.5  % p
-3.9  % p
+ 3.3  % p.p.
+1.1  % p
FW Free voters 35.1 5 35.6 5 41.8 6th
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 30.6 4th 34.5 5 33.7 5
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 21.5 3 18.2 2 11.7 1
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 12.8 2 11.7 2 12.8 2
| total 100 14th 100 14th 100 14th
voter turnout 60.8% 60.8% 62.0%


Mayor Fritz Link was re-elected in 2007 with 90% of the vote and in April 2015 with 94.39% of the vote.

Community structure

The municipality of Königsfeld in the Black Forest includes five districts in addition to the core town.

district coat of arms Incorporation Residents
Buchenberg Buchenberg coat of arms 1st January 1975 1,034
Castle Hill Coat of arms of Burgberg 1st January 1974 574
Erdmannsweiler Erdmannsweiler coat of arms 1st January 1974 792
Neuhausen Neuhausen coat of arms 1st January 1975 1,138
hamlet Coat of arms of the hamlet 1st January 1973 628

The districts are officially named by prefixing the name of the municipality and then the name of the respective district with a hyphen.

With the exception of the Königsfeld district, localities are set up in the districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code. They each have their own local council and a local mayor as its chairman.

The Hörnlishof farm, which opened in Königsfeld in the Black Forest, was located in the Königsfeld district.

Culture and sights

Church hall and Zinzendorfplatz
town hall
Spa gardens

Königsfeld is located on the Swabian Dichterstrasse , the Ostweg , the Black Forest crossroad Rottweil-Lahr and the German Clock Route , which leads past many sights.

Buildings and leisure

  • Albert Schweitzer House
  • Farm and mill hiking trails
  • Village museum (Buchenberg) with regionally specific clocks and their paintings as well as Black Forest clocks from two centuries
  • Sun experience path
  • solar-heated outdoor pool "Solara"
  • The listed, historic St. Nicholas Church in the Buchenberg district dates from the 11th century. In January 2013, two minors from the Schwarzwald-Baar district destroyed several valuable windows and their leaded glazing. The resulting property damage amounts to several 10,000 euros.
  • Waldau ruins


In Königsfeld there is the Albert Schweitzer Museum in Schweitzer's former home and a museum in the church building that deals with the history of the place and the Moravian Brethren. There is a village museum in the Buchenberg district.


The Evangelical Brethren has a very extensive tradition of blazes and the wind choir of the Evangelical Community as a whole plays regularly at church festivals in the main town in the church, on the square, in the streets and also at funerals. The brass ensemble Eurobrass comes from Königsfeld . There are also 2 music associations in the community: The Neuhausen Music and Costume Association and the Buchenberg Association for Trachtenkapelle Both have a long tradition. They accompany church and secular festivals with their brass music in their districts. In addition, the community's musical program has been greatly expanded to include music from the Zinzendorf Schools in Königsfeld. This offer consists of various choirs and orchestras, as well as theater groups, which are formed by students, teachers and former students.

Start of the Buchenberg trail
Start of the Enzianwiese trail


In Königsfeld there are several signposted trails with a total length of around 25 kilometers. The Buchenberg trail leads in the direction of Buchenberg in a classic style with a black level of difficulty and a length of 8.3 km. In the direction of Mönchweiler there is the “Enzianwiese” trail in the classic style with a red degree of difficulty and a length of 10 km. There is also a skating track with a blue degree of difficulty and a length of 5.1 km.


With the overall community consisting of the cooperation of the Moravian Brethren and the parish of the Baden regional church , Königsfeld is predominantly evangelical . In addition to the three regional Evangelical parishes, the Methodist Church , the Roman Catholic Church and the New Apostolic Church are also represented in Königsfeld.

Economy and Infrastructure


The community is served by several regional bus routes and belongs to the Schwarzwald-Baar transport association. The nearest train stations are in Sankt Georgen (8 km) and Villingen (11 km), both of which are located on the Black Forest Railway . Up until 1981 Brigach also had the Peterzell -Königsfeld train station . The next motorway connections are AS Rottweil ( A 81 Stuttgart - Singen ) and AS Donaueschingen ( A 864 ) or the Bad Dürrheim motorway triangle ( A 81 ). The B 33 also passes in the immediate vicinity .


With the private Zinzendorf schools with boarding school - Hauptschule, Realschule, Gymnasium (G8 and G9, since 2013 also bilingual branch), vocational high schools and technical schools for educators and child care - the Königsfeld elementary school and the Friedrich-von-Schiller elementary school in the Burgberg district and At the Neuhausen elementary school, Königsfeld offers a wide range of educational opportunities. In addition to two Protestant kindergartens in the center of town and in Weiler, there are municipal kindergartens in the Neuhausen, Buchenberg and Erdmannsweiler districts. The association Naturkindergarten Zauberwald Königsfeld e. V. has been running a nature kindergarten based on the concept of the forest kindergarten since 2008. The starting point are two kindergarten construction vehicles in the Gaienbühl garb in the Neuhausen district.


The Albert Schweitzer House in Königsfeld

Honorary citizen

Albert Schweitzer ; In 1923 he built a house in the Königsfeld district that his wife and their daughter lived in until 1933 during his stays in Lambaréné . In 1949, on the occasion of his 65th birthday, Albert Schweitzer was made an honorary citizen of Königsfeld. The Albert Schweitzer House has been a forum for information and communication since 2001.

Sons and daughters of the church

Personalities associated with the community

  • August Heisler (1881–1953), German country doctor and, together with Albert Schweitzer, founder of the “Geistige Nothilfe” in Königsfeld
  • Walter Bau (1888–1967), teacher, geologist and paleontologist from Silesia, head teacher in Königsfeld after 1945; buried there
  • Gerhard Domagk (1895–1964), pathologist, bacteriologist and Nobel Prize winner, died in Königsfeld; in the district of Burgberg a street is named after him
  • Leni Riefenstahl (1902–2003), director and photographer, lived temporarily in Königsfeld


  • Jürgen Page: Königsfeld in the Black Forest. A complete system from the early 19th century. In: Denkmalpflege in Baden-Württemberg , 10th year 1981, issue 2, pp. 47–53. ( PDF; 6.5 MB )

Web links

Commons : Königsfeld im Schwarzwald  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ A b Markus Numberger: Königsfeld in the Black Forest, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis: Historical local analysis. (pdf, 3.9 MB) Office for Building Research and Monument Protection, Esslingen, August 20, 2009, p. 2 , accessed on July 10, 2018 (published on the website of the Baden-Württemberg State Office for Monument Preservation).
  3. Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office: Results of the 2019 municipal council elections - Königsfeld in the Black Forest , accessed on April 2, 2020
  4. Main statute of the municipality of Königsfeld in the Black Forest of September 15, 2004 ( Memento of the original of February 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.koenigsfeld.de
  5. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 574-576
  6. Stephanie Jakober: Minors devastate historical church - huge damage. In: Südkurier . January 14, 2013, accessed July 10, 2018 .
  7. ^ Municipality of Königsfeld in the Black Forest | Winter sports report - here you will find the snow report for the cross-country trails. Königsfeld municipality, accessed on January 21, 2017 .
  8. Simone Höhl: A look into the state archive: Treasures or waste paper. In: Badische Zeitung . August 24, 2011, accessed July 10, 2018 .