A trailer is a specially designed trailer to transport behind trucks , tractors or equipment . The site trailer consists of a conventional trailer chassis on which a cabin made of wood or the sandwich panels commonly used today is located. A round roof is common as the roof structure for construction vehicles in Germany today. On construction sites on larger bodies of water, building shelters can be used.
The trailer gets its name from its predominant use on construction sites , where it provides mobile accommodation for the construction workers employed there during working hours . On construction sites, construction trailers serve as a changing room , lounge and tool store. The interior of a construction trailer is limited in its original state to seating, a stove and lockers or cupboards.
In addition to the mostly gray color, the exterior stovepipe with cover is characteristic of older construction trailers. Due to their design, construction vehicles can usually only be moved at a maximum of 25 km / h on public roads, old models without road approval only at 10 km / h. Such slow-moving construction vehicles are too inflexible for the logistics of supraregional construction companies, which is why there are also high-speed vehicles that can be approved for a maximum speed of 100 km / h and which cost many times over due to the more complex chassis required.
Although it is very economical, especially on small and day-to-day construction sites , because it can be used flexibly, the traditional site trailer has in some cases been replaced by more modern, universally applicable container buildings , which are equipped differently depending on the purpose. Because specialized trucks and possibly cranes are required for loading and unloading such accommodations, construction vehicles can hold their own where the time-consuming delivery / collection of containers would not pay off.
A well-known construction trailer in Germany is the one from the children's television series Löwenzahn . At first Peter Lustig lived in a converted construction trailer on the show, now it's Fritz Fuchs .
In the trailer scene , construction trailers are converted into homes. They are often gathered on site for a trailer. Residents are often young dropouts or students who appreciate the freedom of such a special and inexpensive apartment (often heated with wood or coal stoves ).
Other uses of converted construction trailers are toilet trailers , mobile sales stands, party rooms or the basis for electronic installations (for example for use as mobile cell phone stations at major events or in the event of disasters). In rural areas, young people occasionally use disused construction trailers as a meeting point, which represent a form of youth center. Disused construction trailers are also often used as a garden shed in the allotment garden , as a stable for small cattle such as chickens and for similar purposes.
- Hans-Gustav Olshausen: Civil engineering VDI-Lexikon . Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1991, ISBN 978-3-662-30425-9 , pp. 65 .
- Original dandelion construction trailer - Filmpark Babelsberg. In: filmpark-babelsberg.de. Retrieved December 28, 2016 .
- Police in Karlsruhe are subject to the Hamburg trailer scene - Kommunales - Hamburg Nachrichten - Hamburger Abendblatt. In: Abendblatt.de. Retrieved December 28, 2016 .