An accommodation (also shelter or live ) is a protected site ( building , Logis , tent , vehicle , etc.) which at least serves to stay. Most of the accommodations are for living .
- Accommodations for permanent residential are apartments , houses (z. B. bungalows , villas and castles or fortresses ), monasteries or homes.
- Accommodation for temporary living are hotels (including resorts and motels ), hostels , guest houses ( guest rooms ), youth hostels , holiday homes , holiday apartments , quarters , mountain huts , barracks , barracks , tents (e.g. yurts , wigwams and tipis ), arbors , allotment huts , Vineyard huts , alpine huts , hospitals , nursing homes , old people's homes , residential containers , camping , garden houses ( arbours ), emergency sleeping places (asylum) and city residences ( homeless shelters ). When traveling, some people also sleep in the waiting areas of traffic structures (e.g. in airport halls and train stations ). A specialty are prisons ( detention cells ) or closed institutions where convicts have to live for a long time.
Even vehicles can serve as accommodation (usually temporary): cars , motor homes , caravans , festvertäute houseboats , barges and residential buses . Watercraft (e.g. ferries , cruise ships and yachts ) as well as trains or passenger planes can also serve as accommodation for the duration of a trip .
Statistical information is only collected for accommodation if it was inhabited at the time of the census. Caravans and arbours are only recorded as inhabited accommodation if their residents did not have any other apartment or other residential unit. Buildings with only one or two leisure units are also shown as accommodation, provided that their total living space is less than 50 m².
Some people spend the night without accommodation, e.g. B. in the open air ("Hotel 1000 Stars"), in the forest, city park or under bridges / underpasses , furthermore there are people who are voluntarily or involuntarily generally without shelter .