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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Schramberg
Map of Germany, position of the city Schramberg highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 14 '  N , 8 ° 23'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Rottweil
Height : 426 m above sea level NHN
Area : 80.7 km 2
Residents: 21,189 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 263 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 78144, 78713
Primaries : 07422, 07402 , 07729Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : RW
Community key : 08 3 25 053
City structure: Core city and 5 districts

City administration address :
Hauptstrasse 25
78713 Schramberg
Website :
Lord Mayor : Dorothee Eisenlohr (independent)
Location of the city of Schramberg in the Rottweil district
Donau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Tuttlingen Ortenaukreis Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Zollernalbkreis Aichhalden Bösingen (bei Rottweil) Deißlingen Dietingen Dornhan Dunningen Eschbronn Epfendorf Fluorn-Winzeln Hardt (Schwarzwald) Lauterbach (Schwarzwald) Oberndorf am Neckar Rottweil Rottweil Schenkenzell Schiltach Schramberg Sulz am Neckar Villingendorf Wellendingen Vöhringen (Württemberg) Zimmern ob Rottweilmap
About this picture

Schramberg is a city in the central Black Forest , about 25 kilometers north of Villingen-Schwenningen and 47 kilometers northeast of Freiburg im Breisgau . After the district town of Rottweil , located about 25 kilometers to the southeast, it is the second largest town in the Rottweil district and forms a central center for the surrounding communities. Schramberg has been a major district town since January 1, 1972 .



The Schramberg town hall
View of the Schiltach

The core town of Schramberg, the so-called "valley town", is located in the Schiltach valley , which here widens into a basin. This is where the Göttelbach , Kirnbach , Berneck and Lauterbach streams and their valleys flow into , which is why Schramberg is nicknamed "Fifth Valley City". The valleys correspond to the five access roads into the city, which lead from Sulgen , Hardt , Tennenbronn , Lauterbach and Schiltach into the city. The lowest point in the city is at the Schiltachtal sewage treatment plant and measures 396  m above sea level. NN , the highest point is on the Brunnholzer Höhe at Windkapf ( Tennenbronn district ) at 943  m above sea level. NN . The Schramberg town hall is located at 426  m above sea level. NN .


In addition, the following bodies of water can be found in the valley town of Schramberg:

  • the Vogtsbach , a tributary of the Göttelbach ,
  • the Roßwald (tributary of the Göttelbach),
  • the Glasbach (tributary of the Göttelbach) and
  • the Geißhaldenweiher in Lauterbachtal, a reservoir that was formerly used to generate electricity for the Junghanswerke.

The meadow forest pond is located in the mountain suburb of Sulgen .

City structure

district Population (June 30, 2016)
Heiligenbronn 586 inhabitants
Core city 8106 inhabitants
Schönbronn 144 inhabitants
Sulgen 6881 inhabitants
Tennenbronn 3527 inhabitants
Waldmössingen 2031 inhabitants

In addition to the districts mentioned, a distinction is made between a large number of other spatially separated residential areas with their own name, which often have very few residents, and residential areas with their own name, whose names have emerged in the course of development and whose boundaries are usually not precisely defined.

Neighboring communities

The following cities and communities border the city of Schramberg. They are called clockwise starting in the west:

Lauterbach , Schiltach , Aichhalden , Fluorn-Winzeln , Oberndorf am Neckar , Bösingen , Dunningen , Eschbronn , Hardt (all Rottweil district), Königsfeld in the Black Forest , St. Georgen in the Black Forest , Triberg in the Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar district) and Hornberg ( Ortenaukreis).

The city ​​of Schramberg has entered into an agreed administrative partnership with the communities of Aichhalden , Hardt and Lauterbach .

Spatial planning

Schramberg forms a middle center within the Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg region , the middle area of ​​which includes the cities and communities of Aichhalden , Dunningen , Eschbronn , Hardt , Lauterbach , Schenkenzell and Schiltach in the Rottweil district.


Hohenschramberg castle ruins

Schramberg's development up to the 19th century

Schramberg was first mentioned in 1293 as Schrammenberg . As an extension of Schiltach, the place soon belonged to the Lords of Teck and was passed on from them to the Lords of Schilteck. In 1347 the Lords of Falkenstein acquired the property. In 1444 parts of the rule were pledged to Württemberg , but redeemed again in 1449. After that the place changed hands several times. In 1547 the place received market rights. From 1648 Schramberg was mainly owned by the imperial counts of Bissingen-Nippenburg . This territory was also known as the Schramberg rule . The city belonged to the knightly canton Neckar-Black Forest and was incorporated into the Electorate of Württemberg in 1805 as part of the mediatization . When the new administrative structure was implemented in the Kingdom of Württemberg , which was founded in 1806 , the place became the seat of an upper office , which, however, was annexed to the Upper Office Hornberg as a lower office as early as 1807. In 1810 the place came to the Oberamt Oberndorf . As a result of the strong growth through industrialization, Schramberg received city ​​rights on September 7, 1867 .


As in many Black Forest communities, industrialization began in Schramberg in the 19th century . The first factories produced earthenware ( Schramberger majolica factory ), straw goods and enamel . The watch manufacturer Junghans was founded in 1861 and became the city's most important employer. Numerous suppliers, for example of watch springs, settled in his environment. In 1892, with the opening of a branch line to the Kinzig valley line via the Schiltach valley , Schramberg was connected to the rail network of the Baden and Württemberg state railways . For the Baden Black Forest Railway , which was built earlier, a route via Wolfach , Schiltach , Schramberg, Tennenbronn and Königsfeld was also considered, which would have been structurally simpler than the one via Hornberg , but would have led over the Württemberg region.

Nazi and post-war period

Due to the administrative reform during the Nazi era in Württemberg , the district (until 1934 Oberamt) Oberndorf was dissolved and Schramberg was assigned to the district of Rottweil.

After the Second World War, the city of Schramberg fell into the French occupation zone and thus came to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern in 1947 , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

During the district reform in 1973 , Schramberg remained part of the Rottweil district, but with the dissolution of the Southern Württemberg-Hohenzollern administrative district, the current assignment of the district and thus Schramberg to the Freiburg administrative district came about .

Special events

  • On May 21, 1959, Schramberg was hit by a severe storm, during which the water masses earth and rubble from the surrounding mountains washed into the city of five valleys.
  • In February 1982 a McDonnell F-4 Phantom fighter aircraft lost an AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile over the city. After several days of searching, the rocket was found in a barn on a farm in Upper Kirnbach. It had broken through the roof and was stuck in the concrete floor, but it did not explode.
  • In 1986 there was a spectacular accident when a truck coming from Lauterbach with failed brakes sped against the one-way street into the city center and came to a stop in a supermarket. No one was injured except the driver.
  • In 2000 the Baden-Württemberg Home Days took place in Schramberg .
  • On June 1, 2005, the biggest fire damage so far in the history of Schramberg took place. The major fire at Schweizer Electronic AG had to be extinguished with the help of several fire brigades from the area and around 250 emergency services.


The following communities or parts of the community were incorporated into the city of Schramberg:

  • 1939: Sulgen, formed in 1935 by the union of the municipalities of Sulgen and Sulgau
  • December 1, 1971: Waldmössingen
  • January 1, 1975: Brambach, Glasbach, Hochholz, Lienberg, Oberreute, Rappenbauernhof (until then parts of the municipality of Aichhalden)
  • January 1, 1977: Hutneck (until then partly part of the Hardt community)
  • May 1, 2006: Tennenbronn

After Waldmössingen was incorporated on December 1, 1971, the city's population rose to over 20,000. The city administration applied for a major district town , which the state government of Baden-Württemberg decided with effect from January 1, 1972. But soon the population sank again below 20,000, but Schramberg was able to keep the status of "large district town". On May 1, 2006, the previously independent municipality of Tennenbronn was incorporated into Schramberg, bringing the city's population back to over 20,000.


Sulgen was first mentioned in 1323. The medieval scattered settlement appears after 1444 under the two names Sulgen and Sulgau. Both places developed independently of one another and were run as independent communities, which were only united under the name "Sulgen" in 1934, but were incorporated into the city of Schramberg in 1939.


Waldmössingen was first mentioned in 994 as "Mesinga" and in 1262 as "Waltmessingen". In the 11th and 12th centuries there was a local nobility. The town and the town of Oberndorf belonged to the Dukes of Zähringen, later to the Lords of Teck, and Oberndorf came to Austria in 1381. In 1805 the place became part of Württemberg. In 1806 he belonged to the Obervogteiamt Oberndorf, from 1807 to the Oberamt Rottweil and from 1810 to the newly created Oberamt Oberndorf. When it was dissolved in 1938, Waldmössingen became part of the Rottweil district.

Population development

Population development of Schramberg from 1810 to 2016

Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices (main residences only).

year Population numbers
1810 1,746
1823 2,035
1834 2,551
1849 3,261
1861 3.125
December 1, 1871 3,453
December 1, 1880¹ 4,571
December 1, 1900 ¹ 8,551
December 1, 1910¹ 11,267
June 16, 1925 ¹ 12,113
June 16, 1933 ¹ 11,741
May 17, 1939 ¹ 16,010
September 13, 1950 ¹ 16,458
year Population numbers
June 6, 1961 ¹ 18,114
May 27, 1970 ¹ 18,951
December 31, 1971 20,147
December 31, 1975 19,677
December 31, 1980 19,157
May 25, 1987 ¹ 18.102
December 31, 1990 19,086
December 31, 1995 19,598
December 31, 2000 18,883
December 31, 2005 18,391
June 30, 2006² 22.093
December 31, 2010 21,242
December 31, 2015 20,985
December 31, 2016 21,048
December 31, 2019 21,362

¹ census result ² update wg. Incorporation of Tennenbronn


Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 50.9% were Roman Catholic , 23.8% of the population were Protestant and 25.3% were non-denominational or belonged to another religious community. At the end of June 2020, of the 21,361 inhabitants, 9,442 (44.2%) were Roman Catholic, 4,512 (21.1%) were Protestant and 7,407 (34.7%) were non-denominational or belonged to another religious community.


New Apostolic Church
Catholic Holy Spirit Parish Church

Schramberg initially belonged to the diocese of Constance and was assigned to the archdeaconate “in front of the forest”. The place was first a branch of Dunningen, then of Sulgau (today Sulgen). A chapel is mentioned as early as the 14th century. The Lords of Landenberg introduced the Reformation in 1534 , but it was ousted again by Rochus Merz von Staffelfelden in 1547. Therefore Schramberg and the associated places remained predominantly Catholic until the 19th century. In the 16th century the chapel on Schlossberg was elevated to a parish church. The originally Gothic chapel was rebuilt several times and received a tower in 1716. Today it serves the parish church of St. Maria Himmelfahrt, which was built next to it from 1838 to 1842 . The community has belonged to the Rottenburg diocese ( deanery association Rottweil-Oberndorf) since 1821 and 1827 . As a result of strong growth, the parish was divided. This is how the Heilig-Geist-Pfarrei was established in 1957 (church from 1912/14). Sulgen also remained predominantly Catholic until the 19th century. The parish church of St. Lorenz (Laurentius) is a late Gothic church with a tower from 1496. The nave was built in 1826. The new St. Laurentius Church was built in 1967. In Heiligenbronn there is another Catholic parish (St. Gallus). The Waldmössing Church of St. Valentin, which was built in 1884 instead of a Romanesque predecessor church, burned down completely on the night of January 4, 1969 and had to be demolished. The current church was consecrated on September 3, 1973 by Bishop Georg Moser . This parish also belongs with St. Laurentius and St. Gallus to the deanery association Rottweil-Oberndorf. Since June 25, 1989, the chapel “Sel. Bernhard von Baden ”of the Priestly Society of St. Pius X. After a new building on the Lienberg, it was renamed“ Church of the Annunciation ”.

Protestants moved to Schramberg again in the 19th century . These were initially looked after from Schönbronn. A parish administrator had been active there since 1835. In 1851 the first Protestant service in Schramberg was held in a converted garden hall. A parish of its own was established in 1866, the town church was then built in 1874 (expanded in 1898). All Protestants in the smaller residential areas of Schramberg also belong to the community of Schramberg. Today the parish together with the neighboring parish Lauterbach forms the overall parish of Schramberg. Sulgen had its own church in 1956 and its own parish in 1959. This community also includes several smaller living spaces and the community of Seedorf. The Waldmössing Protestants are looked after by the neighboring community of Fluorn. All three parishes (Schramberg, Sulgen and Fluorn) belong to the Deanery Sulz of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg .

In addition to the two large churches, Schramberg also has a congregation each of the New Apostolic Church , the Seventh-day Adventist Church and the Evangelical Methodist Church .

The Turkish-Islamic Cultural Association maintains a mosque in Schramberg which, like the mosque run by the Islamic Association Schramberg, is not part of any umbrella organization.


Local elections 2019
Turnout: 52.4% (2014: 43.0%)
Colorful e
AB f
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-8.6  % p
-1.7  % p
-4.8  % p
+1.5  % p
+ 3.4  % p
+ 10.3  % p
Colorful e
AB f
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
e Great Spotted Woodpecker & Greens, 2014 only Great Spotted Woodpecker
f Active citizens

Municipal council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 brought the following result:

Party / list Share of votes Seats +/-
CDU 31.8% 8th - 4th
SPD 15.7% 4th - 2nd
FW 20.8% 6th ± 0
ödp 10.2% 3 + 1
Great Spotted Woodpecker & Greens 11.2% 3 + 1
Active citizens 10.3% 3 + 3


The administration of Schramberg was in the hands of the bailiffs until 1805. The Upper Bailiwick Office, to which several offices were subordinate, stood above the bailiffs.

After the transition to Württemberg, the mayor or mayor was the head of the place. When the town was granted town charter in 1867, the head was called "Stadtschultheiß" and from 1930 mayor.

The mayor of Schramberg has been named " Lord Mayor " since it was elevated to the status of a major district town in 1972 . This is now directly elected by the electorate for a term of eight years. He is chairman of the municipal council. In the past, his general deputy was the 1st alderman with the official title " Mayor ". This post was abolished some time ago. Today there are honorary deputy mayors who are provided by the parliamentary groups of the local council and are elected by the local council.

Mayor or Lord Mayor of Schramberg since 1954

City-owned companies

The Stadtwerke Schramberg GmbH & Co KG is the city's own energy and water utilities in the city Schramberg. They also operate a parking garage and two swimming pools.

coat of arms

The coat of arms of Schramberg shows in black a red armored and red-tongued golden griffin , which holds a silver sword in the right front paw. The flag is black and yellow.

An old village seal is not known. It was not until the 19th century that the griffin was chosen as a coat of arms symbol. It is taken from the coat of arms of the Lords of Nippenburg , who ruled the place for many decades. At first the griffin stood on a mountain of three. But from 1910 the Dreiberg was abandoned. In 1926 a gear was added to the coat of arms as a symbol of the local industry. In 1938 the gear was removed and the current form of the coat of arms was determined.

Town twinning

Schramberg maintains a city ​​partnership with the following cities :

Economy and Infrastructure

The Junghans watch factory below the Hohenschramberg

The place is on the German Clock Road .

The watch industry ( Junghans watches) and the precision engineering industry are important branches of industry.

Significant resident companies

  • Hugo Kern and Liebers GmbH & Co. KG : the parent plant of the international Kern-Liebers group of companies led by Hans-Jochem Steim is the largest company in Schramberg; Founded as a supplier of tension springs for clockworks, Kern-Liebers is now active in four business areas of metal processing: strip springs, wire springs, stamping technology and components (especially plates) for textile machines
  • Watch factory Junghans GmbH & Co. KG ; Once the largest watch factory in the world, since 2011 also owned by the Steim family
  • The Schweizer Electronic AG is one of the largest European manufacturers of printed circuit boards (PCBs), Customer is mainly the automotive industry
  • Trumpf Laser GmbH ; a global laser manufacturer with headquarters in Ditzingen
  • MS-Schramberg (formerly Magnetfabrik Schramberg); Magnet maker


Schramberg can be reached by car via the Bodenseautobahn A 81 Stuttgart– Singen , exit Rottweil and then via the federal road 462 , or from the west via the B 294 (Bretten-Freiburg), from which the B 462 branches off in Schiltach towards Rottweil. On July 1, 2013, an environmental zone was set up in Schramberg that encompasses almost the entire valley town and in which only vehicles with a yellow or green sticker are allowed to drive.

Schramberg is the largest city in Baden-Württemberg without a rail connection. The Schiltach – Schramberg railway line, opened in 1892, was closed for passenger traffic in 1959 and finally closed completely in 1991. A cycle path to Schiltach now runs along the former track . Schramberg is connected to local public transport via the bus routes operated by Südbadenbus GmbH. These lead z. B. to Schiltach, Rottweil, Alpirsbach, Hornberg, Oberndorf and Königsfeld. The city traffic in Schramberg is also operated by Südbadenbus.

The airfield Winzeln-Schramberg (EDTW) is from Luftsportverein Schwarzwald operated.


Schramberg has a notary's office .


The daily newspaper in Schramberg is the Schwarzwälder Bote with a local edition. The city is located in the broadcasting area of Südwestrundfunk , Radio Neckarburg , Antenne 1 and the two regional programs Radio Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg (for more Baden- oriented listeners) and Radio Tübingen (for more Württemberg-oriented listeners) from SWR4 Baden-Württemberg . The Schramberg FM transmitter is on the Hohenschramberg .

Educational institutions


Schramberg has a grammar school ( Gymnasium Schramberg ), a secondary school , a special needs school ( Peter Meyer School ), two elementary schools (Berneckschule and Waldmössingen elementary school) and three elementary and secondary schools (Graf-von-Bissingen-Schule Schramberg, elementary and secondary school) with Werkrealschule Sulgen and the primary and secondary school in Tennenbronn).

The Rottweil district is responsible for the commercial and home economics school, the business school, the Helene Junghans nursing school at the Schramberg district hospital and the Wittum school for the mentally handicapped.

A private school kindergarten, a private school for the blind and visually impaired as well as for the deaf and hearing impaired (both sponsored by the St. Franziskus Heiligenbronn Foundation ) round off the school offerings in Schramberg.

Community College

The adult education center (VHS) has existed in Schramberg since 1950 , initially founded by the citizens of Schramberg as a popular education center. Over the course of six decades, it has developed into the largest adult education institution in the Rottweil district. The VHS is run by the city of Schramberg.
The offer of the VHS includes topics of political education , general education and professional qualifications . In the VHS seminar building, the VHS participants have four seminar rooms, a work room, a painting workshop, a teaching kitchen and a gymnastics room, which are appealing and modernly furnished. There is also a media center in the Schramberg grammar school for the IT courses.
The VHS offers around 7,100 participants each year. According to its statutes, it is the task of the VHS to maintain and promote adult education in the area of ​​the city of Schramberg and in the municipalities of the central area on a non-partisan and non-denominational basis. The VHS offers its participants help with learning as well as with life orientation, judgment formation and self-realization. Through its intercultural education, the VHS makes a significant contribution to integration and mutual tolerance, thereby promoting the cosmopolitan community of city and society.

With its branch in Schiltach / Schenkenzell , the VHS organizes a diverse program for adult education. The current semester program appears every six months in January and September.

Popup Laboratory Baden-Württemberg

From October 19 to 23, 2020, Schramberg will be the location of the Popup Laboratory for the districts of Rottweil, Schwarzwald Baar and Tuttlingen. The project sponsor is the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO in Stuttgart.

Leisure and sports facilities

The city of Schramberg operates an outdoor swimming pool in Tennenbronn. The indoor swimming pool in Sulgen has been demolished. In its place, the new indoor pool was opened in July 2015, which bears the name "Badschnass" and is equipped with an aquacross system.

The Sportgemeinschaft Schramberg (SG Schramberg 1858) is the largest sports club in the region with 2,300 members. It was created in 2011 from the merger of the Schramberger Turnerschaft and the Sulgen gymnastics club and, with a total of thirteen departments, has a wide range of sports, including a handball and basketball department.

There is also a gliding club (LSV Schwarzwald), a football club ( SpVgg 08 Schramberg ), a shooting club (SGes 1560 Schramberg), and many other sports clubs.

In the Tennenbronn district there is a small children's ski lift and some cross-country trails.

Culture and sights


The city museum
  • The city museum in the classical castle from the 19th century shows the historical development of Schramberg.
  • The Diesel Museum in the HAU (Hamburg American Watch Factory) industrial park, which was founded by Paul Landenberger in 1875 and merged with the Junghans watch factory in 1930 , is a technology and industrial park.
  • The Steim car collection was reopened in May 2007 in Göttelbachstrasse (on the B462) in the direction of Sulgen. The 3000 m² modern building contains over 100 rare and extremely interesting exhibits from automotive history over the past 100 years. So is z. E.g. an Adler Le Mans racing car on display, which was only built three times. Federal President Heinrich Lübke was the first owner of a Mercedes 300 C and the Saxon Four Roadster, built in 1915, is in its original condition and is also ready to drive.
  • The car museum and Clock Museum ErfinderZeiten shows on the one hand the development of the mobility of the "little man" in 1945 and, secondly, a journey through the history of watchmaking in the Black Forest. In addition to cars and clocks, the museum also presents technology and automobile history and the clock and car exhibits in connection with everyday scenes typical of the time, such as shopping in the corner shop with items from the relevant era.
  • The Black Forest Railway Museum is a museum for model railways and houses an extensive model railway collection of gauge 2 .
  • The terrace building by the Junghans company, which was built from 1916 to 1918, is a masterpiece by the industrial architect Philipp Jakob Manz and is one of the most architecturally interesting industrial buildings in the world. The "Junghans Terrassenbau Museum", which opened in 2018, shows the history of Black Forest clocks, the Junghans clock factory and the associated supplier industry.


Hohenschramberg Castle, entrance to the Front Palace
  • Three castles characterize the townscape of the valley town: the Hohenschramberg castle ruins , the Schilteck ruins and the Falkenstein ruins .
  • There are also two other castle ruins, of which only small remains have been preserved: the Ramstein ruins and the Berneck ruins .
  • The Catholic Church of St. Maria is a classicist new building from 1838 to 1842 with a roof turret. The organ by Eberhard Friedrich Walcker is well known . The church portals and the design of the chancel were artistically designed by Erich Hauser , the Way of the Cross by Sepp Biehler . Other churches and chapels are the Heilig-Geist-Kirche from 1913 (architect: Joseph Cades ) and the Falkensteiner Chapel, which originally dates from the 13th century but was rebuilt in the 18th century. The Pietà is particularly worth seeing there .
  • Terrace construction by the Junghans company
  • In the districts there is the old St. Laurentius Church Sulgen, which was rebuilt in 1826, the new St. Laurentius Church from 1967, the pilgrimage church of St. Gallus Heiligenbronn from 1873 as well as the Protestant town church from 1873 and the Protestant church Sulgen from 1956. Today's St. Valentin Catholic Church in Waldmössingen was completed in 1973 after the previous building had burned out completely in 1969 and had to be demolished.
  • Since 1946 a memorial stone in the park between Schillerstraße and Mühlengraben has been commemorating six Schramberg citizens who were victims of fascism . Since 1982, the city has been creating documentation on her life.
  • The partial reconstruction of the Waldmössingen fort , which was built in the 1st century AD, is located in the Waldmössingen district .

Park of the times

In the years 2002 to 2007 the city's spa gardens were redesigned into the Park of the Times . The historical elements of the villa park were preserved. Offers for families and places for cultural events were renewed or added. New are a children's playground, a pond with play and relaxation areas, water features and watercourses, a magnolia, a rhododendron and a rose garden. The area with the concert shell for open-air events has been renovated.

The concept of time should be made experimentally, artistically and sensually experienceable through works of art, such as the stone bench 4-cardinal points by Georg Hüter or a sunbed that rotates with the sun.

Customs and Traditions

The Schramberger Fasnet

Schramberger Narro
Da-Bach-na driver in Schramberg

Schramberg is a stronghold of the Swabian-Alemannic Carnival or "Fasnet". The most famous attraction is the “ Da-Bach-na-Fahrt ” on Carnival Monday, which since 1936 has attracted up to 30,000 spectators every year.

In addition to the “Bach-na-Driver” and the “Narro”, there is the “Hansel” and “Bruele” fool's clothes. Numerous witches' guilds are also active at the Schramberger Fasnet. The “pretzel blessing”, which takes place at several events during the carnival days, is also known. Here the Hansel distribute pretzels to the visitors, especially the children, when they sing the Schramberger fool's call “Hoorig, hoorig, hoorig isch dia Katz”.

The Kilbesingen

An old tradition in Schramberg and the Schramberg area (former territory of the Schramberg rule ) is the Kilbe or Kilbesingen on the penultimate Saturday in October and the following days up to Wednesday. In the early evening hours, children go from house to house with their lanterns, sing songs and receive sweets or Kilbe-Küchle (yeast donuts baked in fat).

Kilbe saying:

Hit ish Kilbe, morga ish Kilbe, until midweek Obed. And when I come to my Schäzele, no I say guada'n Obed. Guada Obed Schäzele, buy mr au a Bretzele Un an Schobba roda Wi. Morga should be my Hochzit.

Kiachle out, Kiachle out or I throw a Stoi at the house. Sugar on, sugar on or I just eat it at the window.

(The text varies from place to place)


Honorary citizen

List of honorary citizens of Schramberg

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities who worked here

  • Franz Xaver Mezler (1756–1812), physician, personal physician to the Counts of Bissingen in Schramberg
  • Erhard Junghans (1823–1870) founded the Junghans watch factory
  • Philipp Bauknecht (1884–1933), expressionist artist, spent his youth in Schramberg after his parents returned from Barcelona
  • Augustinus Hieber (1886–1968) was a chaplain in Schramberg
  • Eva Zeisel (1906–2011), was a designer at Schramberger Majolika
  • Otto Nitze (1924–1988) was municipal music director from 1961 to 1965 and founder of the municipal youth orchestra of the Schramberg town music
  • Ernest Majo (1916–2002), was the municipal music director and head of the music school
  • Julius Viel (1918–2002), Untersturmführer of the Waffen-SS, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in 2001; headed the local editorial office of the Schwäbische Zeitung in Schramberg
  • Martin Grüner (1929–2018), politician (FDP); grew up in Schramberg
  • Erich Hauser (1930–2004), sculptor, resident in Schramberg 1952–1959
  • Evelyne Marie France Neff (* 1941), local politician and state politician (SPD); worked and lived in Schramberg for a long time, received the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon in 2003 for her political and voluntary work
  • Bernd Richter (* 1943), Federal Chairman of the ÖDP 1993–95; lives in Schramberg
  • Christophe Neff (* 1964), the geographer, spent childhood and youth in Schramberg
  • Gitta Saxx (* 1965), Playmate of the Century; grew up in Schramberg

Literature and Notes

  • Franz Fehrenbacher: City History , ed. from the city of Schramberg, Schramberg 1989
  • Franz Fehrenbacher and Gisela Lixfeld: City in the picture.Schramberg. Sutton, Erfurt 1999. ISBN 3-89702-150-1
  • Erich Keyser (Ed.): Württembergisches Städtebuch. Volume IV Sub-Volume Baden-Württemberg Volume 2 from “German City Book. Handbook of Urban History ” . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1962.
  • Gisela Lixfeld: Snapshots Schramberg. A reader. Straub, Schramberg 1992.
  • Large district town Schramberg (Ed.): Schramberg. An illustrated book with texts. With texts by Franz Fehrenbacher and Rolf Linkenheil. Self-published, Schramberg 1981.
  • Museum and History Association Schramberg e. V. and large district town Schramberg (ed.): Schramberg. Aristocratic rule, market town, industrial city. Straub, Schramberg 2004. ISBN 3-9807406-3-3
  • C. Neff, S. Bassing, A. Scheid, C. Jentsch, S. Franger: Emploi du brûlage dirigé pour la protection de l'environnement et l'entretien du paysage - observations sur quelques exemples français (Pyrénées Orientales & Gard) et allemands (Schramberg Forêt Noire / Allemagne region) . In: Alexander Scheid, Christophe Neff, Christoph Jentsch (eds.): Area extension in the Middle Black Forest. Results and discussion of the geographical and landscape fire-ecological investigations carried out in the Schramberg area . (Materials on Geography, Vol. 34). Geographical Institute of the University of Mannheim, Mannheim 2004. pp. 89–107. ISBN 3-923750-92-7 .
  • G.Reichelt: Schramberg 1. Topography and Environment . In: Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (Hrsg.): The district of Rottweil Volume II B. The municipalities Historical bases and the present (continuation). Lauterbach to Zimmer ob Rottweil . Pp. 195-197. Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 2003. ISBN 3-7995-1365-5 .
  • Elke Ringl-Klank, Gernot Stähle: 75 years of Schramberg workers' welfare . Schramberg 2003.
  • Losch Hans-Joachim, The Concentration Camp Victims of National Socialism in Schramberg, Schramberg 1982.
  • Ulrike Roggenbuck-Azad: The terrace construction of the Junghans company in Schramberg. From the watch factory to the watch museum. Newsletter of the preservation of monuments in Baden-Württemberg, year 2018, issue 3, pp. 159-164 (PDF; 9.8 MB)

Web links

Commons : Schramberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Schramberg  - Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 532 .
  3. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 515 .
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 516 .
  5. StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2006
  6. . City of Schramberg Religion -in%, 2011 census
  7. Schramberg Numbers Facts accessed on July 7, 2020
  8. Black Forest Messenger: The bishop knocks on the portal three times
  9. ^ Mosques in Schramberg
  10. Preliminary result of the election for the Schramberg Municipal Council 2019 , accessed on September 10, 2019
  11. Zinell has been Ministerial Director in the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior since May 13, 2011, and his successor was elected on July 31, 2011.
  14. István Gromon – Ágnes Rimár – István Bácsatyai: Werischwar, city guide. Mayor's office of Pilisvörösvár, August 2016.
  15. Gisela Lixfeld (Ed.): Timepiece - Signs of the Times. Watch production in Schramberg. Schramberg 1986.
  16. Johannes Fritsche: Innovation boost for the region | Economy | The PopUp Labor Baden Württemberg comes to Schramberg | Participation phase has started . In: Black Forest Messenger . No. 189 . Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, August 17, 2020.
  17. Website of the Junghans Terrassenbau Museum
  18. Archived copy ( memento of the original from June 23, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  19. Ulrike Roggebuck-Azad: The terrace construction of the Junghans company in Schramberg . In: Preservation of monuments in Baden-Württemberg. News bulletin of the state monument preservation . 47th year, no. 3 , 2018, p. 159-164 .
  20. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, pp. 78f., ISBN 3-89331-208-0 .
  21. “Park der Zeiten”  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 27, 2012@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /