Sulz am Neckar

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Sulz am Neckar
Sulz am Neckar
Map of Germany, position of the city of Sulz am Neckar highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 22 '  N , 8 ° 38'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Rottweil
Height : 443 m above sea level NHN
Area : 87.6 km 2
Residents: 12,394 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 141 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 72172, 72160, 72186
Area code : 07454
License plate : RW
Community key : 08 3 25 057
City structure: 9 districts

City administration address :
Obere Hauptstrasse 2
72172 Sulz am Neckar
Website :
Mayor : Gerd Hieber
Location of the city of Sulz am Neckar in the Rottweil district
Donau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Tuttlingen Ortenaukreis Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Zollernalbkreis Aichhalden Bösingen (bei Rottweil) Deißlingen Dietingen Dornhan Dunningen Eschbronn Epfendorf Fluorn-Winzeln Hardt (Schwarzwald) Lauterbach (Schwarzwald) Oberndorf am Neckar Rottweil Rottweil Schenkenzell Schiltach Schramberg Sulz am Neckar Villingendorf Wellendingen Vöhringen (Württemberg) Zimmern ob Rottweilmap
About this picture

Sulz am Neckar is a town on the upper reaches of the Neckar in the Rottweil district in Baden-Württemberg .



Sulz embedded in the Neckar valley

The city is located between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb around 60 kilometers southwest of Stuttgart at an altitude of 410 to 675  m above sea level. NHN . With a size of 87.60 km², Sulz has the largest municipal area in the Rottweil district .

City structure

The town of Sulz is divided into the core town of Sulz with its two districts Sulz-Kastell and Sulz-Schillerhöhe as well as the nine districts Bergfelden , Dürrenmettstetten, Fischingen , Glatt , Holzhausen , Hopfau, Mühlheim, Renfrizhausen, Sigmarswangen.

Protected areas

There are two nature reserves in Sulz : the Albeck nature reserve around the ruin of the same name south of the city and the Hungerbühl-Weiherwiesen nature reserve east of Mühlheim and Renfrizhausen. The Place stockpile above the city center was as Schonwald reported.

Sulz also has a share in three larger landscape protection areas, the Diessental and parts of the Neckar and Glatt valleys , the Heselgraben and the Glatt and Dobeltal . A fourth landscape protection area comprises the parcel 5774 around the Albeck castle ruins and is the remainder of the former Schafweide landscape protection area near the Albeck ruins , which was designated as a nature reserve in 1972.

In addition, the city has a share in two FFH areas , the meadows and heaths on Glatt and Mühlbach and the Neckar valley between Rottweil and Sulz .

The districts of Dürrenmettstetten, Glatt and Hopfau belong to the Black Forest Middle / North Nature Park .


Early history

The first traces of settlement date from the Celtic era , as evidenced by a series of burial mounds and a square hill .

A Roman fort ( Kastell Sulz ) was built around the year 74 AD on a hill south of today's city center. Today the city district Sulz-Kastell is located there with an industrial area.

The first documentary mention dates back to 790 as "villa publica Sulza". The city owes its name to its salt springs , which have shaped the city's history for centuries. The first owners of the salt works were the Counts of Sulz in the 11th century . From 1250 onwards, the lords of Geroldseck ruled over the city and the salt pans, while the counts of Sulz were pushed back to peripheral properties; the process is not yet completely clear. Lossburg and the valleys behind Schenkenzell also belonged to the domain of the Counts of Sulz .

The Lords of Geroldseck were also the builders of Albeck Castle southwest of the city. In 1284 King Rudolf von Habsburg granted Sulz town rights . Between 1301 and 1473, the city was the seat of the Geroldsecker line who resided here, although they experienced a steady economic decline in the 15th century despite some inheritances and finally had to sell to Württemberg under massive pressure in 1473 .

The rule of the Geroldsecker after the expulsion of Duke Ulrich von Württemberg by the Swabian Federation in 1519 was only an interlude that ended in 1534 with the return of the Duke. The only thing left for the Geroldseckers was the title “von Geroldseck und Sulz”. The city burned down almost completely within the city walls twice (1581 and 1794). It took two years to rebuild; in the meantime it has been repeatedly plundered by French soldiers.

The district of Mühlheim was mentioned in a document as early as 772 in the Lorsch Codex as Muliheim .

19th and 20th centuries

For a long time the only saltworks in the country was located in Sulz in Württemberg. When the much more productive salt works on the Kocher became part of Württemberg in 1803 , the city lost its economic status as a salt city, but remained the seat of the Oberamt Sulz , which gained considerably in size in the early years of the Kingdom of Württemberg , which was founded in 1806 as part of the new administrative structure of Württemberg . In 1867, with the expansion of the Plochingen – Immendingen line on the Horb to Talhausen section, it was connected to the route network of the Royal Württemberg State Railways .

In 1938, during the administrative reform during the Nazi era in Württemberg, the Sulz district, which emerged from the Sulz Oberamt in 1934, was dissolved and became part of the Horb district .

Towards the end of the Second World War, a satellite camp of the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp was set up in Sulz am Neckar . In 1944, Gestapo people interrogated and tortured Polish slave laborers suspected of being linked to a resistance organization in the former local court prison. At least seven of the prisoners were killed.

After the Second World War, the city fell into the French occupation zone and thus came to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern in 1947 , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

During the district reform in 1973 , Sulz came to the Rottweil district. With the dissolution of the administrative district of Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern at the same time , the city of Sulz became part of the administrative district of Freiburg .

From 1963 to 1993 there was a Bundeswehr depot in Sulz.

In remembrance of the earlier importance of salt production from brine , the swimming pool has been filled with brine since the new outdoor pool was built, making it the only brine outdoor pool in the area.

21st century

Covid-19 pandemic 2020

On April 6, 2020, Sulz recorded a sharp increase in confirmed corona cases, both in absolute numbers and in relation to the number of infected people per 1000 inhabitants. On April 15, 2020, Sulz appears again in the presentation of the number of cases with 118 of 483 confirmed cases as the municipality in the Rottweil district most affected by the Covid 19 pandemic . The spread of the virus is detected in three home facilities. Employees and their relatives were also infected with Covid-19 in a large company. On April 17, 2020, Sulz am Neckar was the first city in Baden-Württemberg to introduce a mask requirement with a general decree. The criticism is loud from one doctor, the infection process was caused by the high number of tests.

Even when the press reported a few days later that the dynamic in the district was decreasing, Sulz was referred to as a “hotspot” in the district. Infections in three companies and "all residents and three quarters of the nursing staff" in a home are the focus of the reporting. In response to the spread of the virus and the staffing restriction of the nursing staff, all 13 residents who tested positive were transferred to hospital.

One week after the introduction of the mask requirement, Sulz remains at the head of the affected communities in the Rottweil district before the cities of Rottweil (93), Oberndorf (84) and Schramberg with 152 confirmed infected people.

On May 2nd - four days later - the number of people recovered is estimated at 78. Regarding the numbers, the head of the Rottweil Health Department, Heinz Joachim Adam, notes that no second confirmatory test will be made for those who have tested positive, so there will also be false positives. In contrast to the Robert Koch Institute , the Rottweil Health Department assessed the recovery as "symptom-oriented" and inquired directly with those affected. This explains the difference to the previous number according to RKI criteria. In local school transport - from May 4, 1,500 pupils at vocational and special schools should attend school - a mask requirement applies in the Sulz-Oberndorf area. This means that the measures here are more stringent than in the district, where only wearing a mask is recommended on the school bus.

On May 8, 2020, 114 of the 156 infected corona cases considered confirmed are already officially registered as symptom-free and in this sense considered healthy. After these numbers remained the same until May 12, there were official reports on May 13 from six “officially corona-free communities” and the Sulz hotspot: There are still 43 people there with the corona virus. The frequency distributions or incidences are now reported , which in Sulz is 12.70 cases per 1000 inhabitants. In a district overview of those infected with COVID-19 from June 1, 2020, 149 out of 157 confirmed infected people in Sulz are officially healthy. In this sense, 9 out of 22 communities are now corona-free, including the neighboring cities and communities Dornhan and Vöhringen.


As part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg , the following municipalities were incorporated into Sulz am Neckar:

  • January 1, 1972: Bergfelden, Hopfau and Mühlheim am Bach
  • March 1, 1972: Fischingen
  • January 1, 1974: Holzhausen, Renfrizhausen and Sigmarswangen
  • January 1, 1975: Dürrenmettstetten and Glatt


Evangelical town church

Sulz has been Protestant since the Reformation . The Protestant parish Sulz has seven parishes, and the districts of Fischingen and Glatt have their own Protestant parish. All together belong to the Protestant Dean's Office Sulz. The city is also the seat of the Sulz church district of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg . The official seat of the Protestant church district Sulz a. N. responsible school dean is in Freudenstadt. The Berneuchen movement within the Protestant Church has its center in the former Kirchberg monastery .

St. John Evangelist

The Roman Catholic Church initially disappeared from Sulz in the reformatory upheavals of the 16th century. With the renewed influx of Catholics after the Second World War, however, a Catholic parish was founded. The Church of St. Johannes Evangelist was built in 1950 according to plans by the architect Hans Lütkemeier. The Catholic community belongs to the Rottweil deanery .

In addition, the people's mission of determined Christians , the Free Baptist Congregation Sulz , a New Apostolic Church Congregation , the Jehovah's Witnesses and an Islamic Congregation are represented in the city.


Local elections 2019
Turnout: 53.6% (2014: 48.1%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+1.4  % p
−8.1  % p
+ 4.7  % p.p.
−1.3  % p
+ 3.3  % p.p.
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
c Green alternative list

Municipal council

The local election on May 26, 2019 led to the result shown opposite, which led to the following distribution of the 22 (- 2) seats in the local council:

Party / list Share of votes +/-% p Seats +/-
FWV 42.5% + 1.4 100 ± 0
CDU 23.4% - 8.1 5 - 2nd
GAL 20.1% + 4.7 4th ± 0
SPD 10.7% - 1.3 2 - 1
AfD 03.3% + 3.3 1 + 1

±: Difference to the municipal council election on May 25, 2014


In March 2015 Gerd Hieber (* 1962) was re-elected for the second time.

Town twinning

The city of Sulz maintains a twin city partnership

Economy and Infrastructure


Sulz train station
Neckar bridge on Rottweiler Strasse

Sulz is located on the Plochingen – Immendingen or Gäubahn railway and is a regional express and intercity stop on line 87 . There are hourly trains to Stuttgart and Rottweil , and every two hours to Singen . There are also a few direct connections to Constance and Villingen .

Sulz can be reached via the federal highway 81 ( Würzburg - Gottmadingen ) and the federal road 14 ( Stockach - Waidhaus ). The city is 60 km from Stuttgart and 100 km from Lake Constance .

Sulz has an ultra-light airfield. The Sulz rotating radio beacon (116.10 MHz) is also located here .

Educational institutions

  • Albeck high school
  • Lina Hähnle Secondary School
  • Elementary and secondary school with Werkrealschule
  • Elly-Heuss-Knapp School, Sulz Commercial Schools with Business High School
  • Community College

Leisure and sports facilities

  • Susolei outdoor pool (swimming pool filled with brine (salt water))

Culture and sights

Sulz is located on the Hohenzollernstrasse and the Roman road Neckar – Alb – Aare , both of which lead past many sights.

  • Stone fountain stick of the market square fountain (1807) with decorated metal cast plates
  • Epitaphs of the old cemetery laid out in 1542
  • Bronze tomb of Anna von Hohengeroldseck née Countess von Lindow and Ruppin and their son Walter in the Sulzer Stadtkirche (1533)


  • Gustav Bauernfeind Museum in the building Untere Hauptstrasse 5
  • Culture and museum center in the Glatt moated castle
  • Roman cellar museum in the area of ​​the former Roman fort Sulz
  • The studio of the Paul Kälberer Art Foundation in the Glatt district contains an exhibition of Kälberer's paintings and graphics


  • The castle of the current ruins of Albeck was built at the end of the 13th century by Freiherr von Geroldseck and destroyed and set on fire on December 30, 1688 by a French patrol corps.
  • The Kirchberg monastery is a former Dominican convent. Today it serves as a Protestant conference and retreat.
  • The Amber School , former art academy in the former monastery of the Franciscan Brothers in Bernstein.
  • The 24 m high observation tower Mettstetten, built in 1998, is not far to the west of the Sulzer district of Dürrenmettstetten. Its viewing platform is exactly at 700  m above sea level. NHN .


Honorary citizen

Poster by Oliver Michael Gutmann, a grandson of Paul Schmid
  • Paul Schmid , born on February 28, 1895 in Sulz am Neckar, died on December 27, 1977 in Sulz am Neckar. Literary man, writer, dialect poet and art miller. Awarded the last honorary citizenship to date in 1966.

sons and daughters of the town



  • Sulz. Old town on the young Neckar. Festschrift for the 700th anniversary of the city charter. Edited by the city of Sulz am Neckar. Sulz am Neckar, 1984.
  • Christoph Bühler : The rule of Geroldseck. Studies on their composition and the family history of the Geroldsecker in the Middle Ages. In: Publications of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg. Volume 96. Stuttgart 1981.
  • Christa Schmidt-Lotz: "The legacy of the bishop. Historical novel Oertel and Spröder Verlags-GmbH + Co.KG 2011
  • Georg Reinhold Wunderlich: attempt of a medical topography by Sulz am Neckar, Tübingen 1809.

Web links

Commons : Sulz am Neckar  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Sulz am Neckar  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2019 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. LUBW data and map service
  3. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 5), Certificate 3272, September 17, 772 - Reg. 805. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 137 , accessed on April 19, 2018 .
  4. Ingrid Bauz, Sigrid Brüggemann, Roland Maier (eds.): The Secret State Police in Württemberg and Hohenzollern. Stuttgart Schmetterling-Verlag, ISBN 3-89657-138-9 , p. 349ff.
  5. ^ Corinne Otto: Big jump in Sulz. Development | A total of 301 infected . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. 82 R 2. Schwarzwälder Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen April 7, 2020.
  6. Schwarzwälder Bote (Ed.): Coronavirus: Seventh death to be deplored . 87 R 2. Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen April 15, 2020.
  7. Armin Schulz: Two more deaths. Coronavirus | According to the district office, the situation in clinics is tense / 483 infected people in total . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. 88 R 2. Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen April 16, 2020.
  8. Coronavirus in Sulz am Neckar | First city in Baden-Württemberg introduces mandatory masking. Stuttgarter Zeitung, April 17, 2020, accessed on April 18, 2020 .
  9. ^ Armin Schulz: Tenth death in the district. Coronavirus | Nursing home in Tuttlingen badly affected . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. 90 R 2. Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen April 18, 2020.
  10. Armin Schulz: Coronavirus in a circle: Dynamism is decreasing | Health | Location seems under control | 13 deaths . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. 93 R 2. Schwarzwälder Mediengesellschaft mbH, April 22, 2020.
  11. Corinne Otto: Not in the emergency room out of fear of corona | Development | The decrease in the Helios Clinic is 40 percent . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. 95 R 2. Schwarzwälder Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen April 24, 2020.
  12. Schwarzwälder Bote (Ed.): 349 healthy again, 15 died | Corona | A total of 592 positive cases . No. 98 . Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen April 28, 2020.
  13. Corinne Otto: The situation in the district remains stable | Press conference | Small direction steps normality / admissions office opens again regularly / 614 cases . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. 101 R 2. Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen May 2, 2020.
  14. Schwarzwälder Bote R 2 (Ed.): Emergency brake far away | Corona crisis | Another fatality . No. 186 . Schwarzwälder Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen May 9, 2020.
  15. Corinne Otto: Six communities are officially "corona-free" | Statistics | Only two new cases in the district . Ed .: Black Forest Messenger. R 2 edition. No. 109 . Schwarzwälder Bote Mediengesellschaft mbH, Villingen-Schwenningen May 13, 2020.
  16. District overview of infected Covid-19 infections. In: Rottweil district, accessed on June 2, 2020 .
  17. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27th, 1970 to December 31st, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 529 .
  18. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27th, 1970 to December 31st, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 530 .
  19. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27th, 1970 to December 31st, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 515 .
  20. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27th, 1970 to December 31st, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 516 .
  21. Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office: Results of the 2019 municipal council elections - City of Sulz am Neckar
  23. Armin Braun: small monuments in cities and towns from A to Z . Ed .: Rottweil district, Bernhard Rüth, Armin Braun. regional culture publisher, 2018, ISBN 978-3-89735-973-4 , p. 290 .
  24. Herwart Kopp, Josef Flaadt: The epitaphs on the cemetery wall in Sulz am Neckar, in : Bernhard Rüth, Armin Braun : Kleindenkmale im Landkreis Rottweil , 2018, p. 100f
  25. ^ Website of Dürrenmettstetten - Freizeit
  26. see Irene-Annette Bergs:  Schweickher, Heinrich. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 24, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-428-11205-0 , p. 44 f. ( Digitized version ).
  27. ^ Karl Friedrich Gödeke: Armbruster, Johann, Michael . In: Historical commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (Hrsg.): Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie . tape 1 , 1875, p. 533-534 .
  28. ^ Georg Reinhold Wunderlich: Attempt of a medical topography of the city of Sulz am Neckar in the Kingdom of Würtemberg . Cotta, 1809 ( [accessed July 14, 2018]).