Leutkirch in the Allgäu
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 47 ° 50 ' N , 10 ° 1' E
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Height :||654 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||174.96 km 2|
|Residents:||22,803 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||130 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88299|
|Primaries :||07561, 07563, 07567|
|License plate :||RV, SLG , ÜB , WG|
|Community key :||08 4 36 055|
|LOCODE :||DE LEU|
|City structure:||Core city and 8 districts|
City administration address :
88299 Leutkirch im Allgäu
|Lord Mayor :||Hans-Jörg Henle|
|Location of the city of Leutkirch in the Allgäu in the Ravensburg district|
Leutkirch im Allgäu [ ˈlɔʏ̯tkɪʁç ] is a former imperial city with around 25,000 inhabitants in the Ravensburg district in the south-east of Baden-Württemberg . Located in the Westallgäu between Memmingen and Wangen on the A 96 , the city forms a middle center for the surrounding communities. With an area of 175 km², Leutkirch is the fifth largest municipality in Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart , Baiersbronn , Bad Wurzach and Ehingen .
Leutkirch im Allgäu has been a major district town since January 1st, 1974 . The city of Leutkirch has entered into an agreed administrative partnership with its neighboring communities Aichstetten and Aitrach .
Leutkirch is located on the edge of the Württemberg Allgäu northwest of the Adelegg , which contrary to popular belief is not a northern foothill of the Allgäu Alps . The urban area, which has been expanded by numerous incorporations, borders on Bavaria in the east . The old town is located between the right bank of the Eschach and the Wilhelmshöhe, part of an ice age moraine area on the eastern edge of a wide basin in the Aitrach area . The Eschach emerges from the actual Adelegg in the extreme southeast at Schmidsfelden and enters the urban area, then flows in a northeastern direction through the eastern urban area, past Emerlanden, Winterstetten, Friesenhofen and Urlau, then reaches the core city, which it runs from south to north flows through. It then flows past the town of Milan and unites not far north with the Wurzacher Ach, coming from the west, to form the Aitrach, which leaves the Leutkirch urban area a few kilometers north and flows into the Iller . The south-western district of Gebrazhofen is drained to Lake Constance via tributaries of the Argen . Thus Leutkirch lies on the European main watershed , which is a valley watershed in the area of the Speckenlochs .
The following cities and communities border the city of Leutkirch im Allgäu in a clockwise direction , starting in the east: Lautrach ( Unterallgäu district ), Legau (Unterallgäu district), Altusried ( Oberallgäu district ), Buchenberg (Oberallgäu district) and Isny im Allgäu , Argenbühl , Kißlegg , Bad Wurzach and Aichstetten (all districts of Ravensburg).
The urban area Leutkirch consists of the core city and in the context of local government reform incorporated in 1972 former municipalities Diepoldshofen, Friesenhofen, Gebrazhofen, Herlazhofen, court, Reichenhofen, Winterstetten and Wuchzenhofen.
The incorporated municipalities are also towns within the meaning of Baden-Wuerttemberg Municipal Code, that is, they each have one of the eligible voters in each local election to be elected Ortschaftsrat with a mayor as chairman. In each of the localities there is a local administration, the head of which is the local chief.
All parts of the city and the core city still have many spatially separated residential areas with their own names, which often have few residents, and residential areas whose names have emerged in the course of development and whose boundaries are usually not precisely defined. In detail these are:
|Part location||Residents||Living spaces|
|Core city||11,513||Moosmühle, Riedlesmühle, Ziegelstadt, Nibel Settlement, Pfingstweide Settlement, Repsweihersiedlung, Isnyer Settlement, Krähloh Settlement, Schiller Settlement, Ringweg settlement|
|Diepoldshofen||572||Bergkönig, Bodenhaus, Erlenstockhof, Hünlishofen, Oberburkhardshofen, Rast, Riedlings, Rimmeldingen, Staighaus, Stegrot, Übendorf, Unterburkhardshofen, Weißenbauren|
|Friesenhofen||777||Brook flood, Badhaus, Friesenhofen train station, Boschen, Bottentann, Ellmeney, Friesenhofer Sägmühle, Halden, Hitzenlinde, Kaltbronnen, Oberhofen, Rimpach, Rinnebühl, Speckenloch, Unteres Moos, Wald|
|Gebrazhofen||1,807||Engelboldshofen, Engerazhofen, Enzlesmühle, Feldershof, Fuchsberg, Grimmelshofen, Grünenberg, Hinterberg, Kolbshof, Liezenhofen, Merazhofen, Moosacker, Mühlhof, Nannenbach, Roßwinkel, Sackhof, Sackmühle, Schönenbühl, Spechtshof, Stampfe, Toberazhofen, Uttenhofen, Vogelhof, Winter Wolferazhofen, Wolferazhofer Bad|
|Herlazhofen||2,522||Gebrazhofen train station, Berg, Berger, Bettelhofen, Birnmann, Bufler, Burris, Ellerazhofen, Ewigkeit, Gaile, Gerber, Grünenbach, Haselburg, Haslerhöfe, Heggelbach, Hinterberg, Hundhöfe, Kapf, Kauter, Kellers, Krug, Lanzenhofen, Missen, Mühle, Öschhöfe , Schuhmacher, Sonthofen, Spitzenrain, Stemmer, Tautenhofen, Tautenhofer Einöden, Unger, Urlau, Urlau-Oberösch, Urlau-Unterösch, Vesterhof, Viehweide, Weipoldshofen, Welschen, Willerazhofen, Willerazhofer Bad, Zollhaus|
|Hofs||916||Alexanderhof, Alpenblick, Ausnang, Bergs, Beyschlechts, Bimmlings, Bremerwies, Brühlhof, Bruggen, Dinghof, Dietmanns, Dietrichshof, Dornhof, Eisbäuerleshof, Ellmeney, Freihalden, Fuchsen, Gallenhöfle, Gegenbauerhof, Grund, Höll, Jockenbauernhof, Lochmacherhof, Klotzbauernhof, Krbatten Martinshof, Mooswiesen, Muschhof, Quickenhof, Raggen, Reischach, Rotis, St. Leonhard, Sonnenhalde, Tobelhof, Vogelsang, Vorderreischach, Waldhörnle, Waldhof, Wiesental|
|Reichenhofen||1.914||Auenhofen, Bernhard, Boschen, Brunnentobel, Greishof, Haid, Haider Einöden, Haldenhaus, Herbrazhofen, Hinterberg, Hinterstriemen, Milan, Rostall, St. Wolfgang, Schloss Zeil , Sebastianssaul, Unterzeil, Vorderberg, Vorderstriemen|
|Winterstetten||442||Emerlanden, Emerlander Mühle, Hinznang , Hitzenlinde, Isgazhofen, Jörger, Öschhof, Schmidsfelden , Unterhitzenlinde, Unterselach, Vogelberg, Weidach|
|Wuchzenhofen||1,980||Adrazhofen, Allmishofen, Balterazhofen, Bauernhalden, Berghof, Bergschmid, Boschenmühle, Einsiedler, Furt, Geigers, Glockenreute, Grafenbrandhöfe, Grenzhof, Großenbauer, Gschwend, Haldenhof, Hammerschmiede, Hasenberg, Hinterer Spitalhof, Höll, Kesselbrunn, Kiechle, Lauttolsberg, Metzger , Neumühle, Nibelhöfe, Niederhofen, Nonnenbühl, Ölmühle, Ottmannshofen, Quellenhof, Schachen, Schadenhof, Schorniggelhäuser, Schorniggelhöfe, Spitalriedhöfe, Talhof, Tannhöfe, Vorderer Spitalhof, Waldbauer, Weiherhof, Weißweber, Wielazhofen|
Leutkirch im Allgäu is a medium-sized center within the Bodensee-Oberschwaben region, the upper centers of which are the cities of Ravensburg (around 44 km), Weingarten (around 40 km) and Friedrichshafen (around 64 km). Due to the border location with Bavaria, the regional centers are spatially far away and the links with the regional center of Memmingen are far closer than the regional centers assigned to the regional plan.
The Leutkirch area comprises the northeastern area of the Ravensburg district, specifically the towns and communities of Aichstetten , Aitrach , Bad Wurzach , Isny im Allgäu and Leutkirch. In addition, there are links with the communities of the neighboring regional center of Memmingen in Bavaria. According to the Baden-Württemberg State Development Plan, Leutkirch is on the state development axis Lindau - Wangen - Leutkirch - Memmingen and the regional development axis Bad Saulgau - Aulendorf - Bad Waldsee - Bad Wurzach - Leutkirch - Isny .
History of the core city
Traces of prehistory and early history are rare in the Allgäu. It is all the more noticeable that a grave find from the time of the Migration Period is known from Leutkirch (eponymous for fibulae of the Leutkirch type). Apparently settled in advance of the Danube-Iller-Rhine-Limes at which the near Castle Isny heard early Alemanni down. Settlement of the western Allgäu hill country during the Merovingian period has hardly been proven archaeologically, but based on historical sources - early mentions, patronage and place name forms - it can be assumed.
The city emerged from the merging of two villages, Ufhofen and Mittelhofen, which were located at the foot of the St. Martin Church. The Leutekirche as namesake is shown in the city's coat of arms. A first documentary mention of the old church and court location of the Nibelgau is in a St. Gallen document from the year 766, in which the area was awarded to the Counts of Bregenz and subsequently to the Counts of Montfort after the Udalrichinger died out . During their reign a market settlement was established between Ufhofen and Mittelhofen.
In 1293 Leutkirch were given the rights of the city of Lindau by King Adolf von Nassau ; it thus became an imperial city. Earlier documents with the term in burgo also suggest an urban settlement.
The main trade in the city became the linen trade . The largest guild with up to 200 members were the weavers, whose products were traded as far as Italy and Spain . In 1488 Leutkirch became a member of the Swabian Federation and gained a seat and vote on the Reichstag and in the Swabian Federation.
In 1546 the Reformation found its way into Leutkirch . Mayor Georg Bock (1512–1589) signed the Lutheran concord formula of 1577 for the city council. The Thirty Years War hit the city hard. Numerous houses were destroyed, the number of citizens sank to 184. Even the period after 1648 was not a heyday for the city, whose debt continued to increase. Despite these bad economic times, the baroque town hall was built in 1740. The stucco ceiling by Johannes Schütz is one of the main attractions of the city.
When it was mediatized in 1803, Leutkirch first became Bavarian . In 1810 the city became part of the Kingdom of Württemberg and became the seat of the Leutkirch Oberamt . In 1872 it was connected to the route network of the Royal Württemberg State Railways . The Herbertingen – Isny railway was opened in 1872/1874 , followed by the Leutkirch – Memmingen railway in 1889 . Industrialization began hesitantly in the 19th century.
From 1934, the Leutkirch Oberamt was called the Leutkirch district. This district was dissolved in 1938 by the administrative reform during the Nazi era in Württemberg and fell mostly to the district of Wangen , including the city of Leutkirch itself. After the Second World War, the city fell into the French occupation zone and thus came to 1947 newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952. In the course of the territorial reform, eight neighboring communities merged with Leutkirch in 1972. As a result, the number of inhabitants exceeded the limit of 20,000, so that the city administration submitted the application for a major district town . The state government of Baden-Württemberg then decided to do so with effect from January 1, 1974. On June 11, 1974, the name of the city was changed. Since then, the official name has been the large district town of Leutkirch im Allgäu . On January 1, 1973, as part of the district reform in Baden-Württemberg, it was incorporated into today's Ravensburg district (with the new RV license plate ; previously Leutkirch had the WG license plate of the old Wangen district).
History of the incorporated places
In most of the places incorporated into Leutkirch, in the late Middle Ages and in the early modern period, predominantly peasants lived who, as free peasants, were not subject to any master except the emperor. These so-called free people on Leutkircher Heide had their own jurisdiction, so their villages had, at least in the late Middle Ages, the special status of imperial villages . However, since the status of the free farmer was tied to the person, and heredity was regulated differently over the centuries and increasingly to the disadvantage of the free peasant, the importance of the free peasant declined more and more. The House of Habsburg also claimed the villages inhabited by free farmers as part of its bailiwick of Swabia . After all, some pro forma special rights remained in these villages until the end of the Old Kingdom .
Diepoldshofen was first mentioned in 1152. In the 13th century it was owned by the Baindt , Isny and Rot monasteries . The rule was incumbent on the county of Zeil, with which the place fell to Württemberg in 1810. After that the place belonged to the Oberschultheißerei Zeil within the Oberamt Leutkirch. In 1820 the community of Diepoldshofen was formed, which until 1849 belonged to the Princely Waldburg-Zeilschen Amt, then again to the Oberamt Leutkirch. When it was dissolved in 1938, the community came to the district of Wangen.
Friesenhofen was first mentioned around 1176. In the 14./15. In the 19th century the place was owned by the Kempten Monastery . The area formed its own main team of the Trauchburg rule, which was the sovereign state. At the end of the 18th century the settlement was deserted. In 1805/07 several new settlements emerged, for example Bachschwemme, Boschen, Bottentann and Speckenloch. In 1806 the area became part of Württemberg and the municipality of Friesenhofen was formed. This initially belonged to the Oberamt Wangen, came to the Oberamt Leutkirch in 1842 and when it was dissolved in 1938 to the district of Wangen.
Gebrazhofen was first mentioned in 1249 as Egebrechtshoven, but it is not possible to determine with certainty whether it was really where it is today. In 1353 a place was named Geberatzhofen, which formed an office of the Landvogtei Swabia of Upper Austria . It comprised an area that King Rudolf had acquired in 1291 together with the County of Zeil and the city of Leutkirch. In 1415 it was incorporated into the Swabian bailiff and was under the Altdorf Oberamt. From 1802 it was disputed between Austria and Bavaria until it came to Bavaria in 1806. In 1810 it became part of Württemberg and divided into the mayor's offices Gebrazhofen, Herlazhofen, Niederhofen, Tautenhofen and Wuchzenhofen, all of which belonged to the Oberamt Leutkirch. In 1819 Tautenhofen was incorporated into Herlazhofen and Niederhofen after Wuchzenhofen, so that only three communities existed. These came to the district of Wangen in 1938.
Heggelbach - former place names "Hagelnbach" and "Hegilnbach" - belonged to the Free on Leutkircher Heide from the start . Since 1353 the church in Heggelbach was a branch church of Leutkirch and thus the vicariate of the branch . In 1811 the Württemberg government added Heggelbach to the newly built Tautenhofen mayor's office. After these were abolished, both were merged with the new municipality of Herlazhofen, which comes to the Oberamt Leutkirch .
Herlazhofen was first mentioned around 1246 as Erlandishovin . In the 14th century the place came partly to the Lords of Hohentann and in the 15th century to the Kempten monastery. Later it belonged to the office of Gebrazhofen of the Landvogtei Swabia . In 1806 it came under Bavarian and from 1810 under Württemberg administration. Then Herlazhofen became its own municipality in the Oberamt Leutkirch. In 1819 the municipality of Tautenhofen was incorporated and in 1938 the municipality became part of the district of Wangen.
Hofs was first mentioned in 1359 when Truchseß Otto von Waldburg sold it to Weingarten Monastery. The place then belonged to the Ausnang Office, whose high authorities were subordinate to the Landvogtei of Swabia . With Weingarten, the Ausnang office came to Nassau-Orange in 1802, Austria in 1804, Bavaria in 1806 and Württemberg in 1810. Ausnang was already deserted as a place in the 18th century. So in 1810 the municipality of Hof was created within the Leutkirch Oberamt. In 1938 the community came to the district of Wangen.
Reichenhofen was first mentioned in 1127 as Richehoven . In the 14th century the place was the seat of the Lords of Trauchberg. Later the Isny, Rot and Kempten monasteries owned properties, and finally the Waldsee Hospital. In 1756 the place became deserted and other settlements emerged. The county Zeil had sovereignty over the area. With this it came to Württemberg in 1806 and initially belonged to the Schultheißerei Zeil-Zeil, in 1820 it became a municipality in the princely office of Waldburg-Zeil and Trauchburgische Amt Zeil (until 1849), but since 1810 it belonged to the Oberamt Leutkirch and in 1938 came to the district of Wangen.
Tautenhofen was first mentioned as Tutenhofen after 1094 . The place belonged to the office Gebrazhofen of the Landvogtei Swabia and came with this in 1810 to Württemberg. After that Tautenhofen was an independent municipality in the Oberamt Leutkirch. In 1819 it was incorporated into Herlazhofen and came with this in 1938 to the district of Wangen.
Holiday was first mentioned in 833 as Urallon . The place belonged to the office Gebrazhofen of the Landvogtei Swabia and came with this in 1810 to Württemberg. The monastery of St. Gallen owned possessions. In the 15th century it belonged to the Lords of Hohentann and the Kempten Monastery. The church came to the Ammann family in Memmingen through the Lords of Hohentann, who had it as a fief of the Würzburg monastery. Eventually the place came to the lords of Laubenberg via the Feuchtwekk family from Augsburg and in 1700 to the Altshausen Teutonic Order. During the Second World War, a large ammunition plant, the “Muna Urlau” , was built in Tann .
Winterstetten was first mentioned in 833 as Wintirsteti . The area was a main team of the Trauchberg rule, which exercised the sovereignty. In 1806 the area became part of Württemberg and in 1820 the municipality of the same name was formed in the Oberamt Wangen. Then she came to the Oberamt Leutkirch and in 1938 to the district of Wangen.
Wuchzenhofen was first mentioned in 1353 as Wuczenhofen . The place belonged to the office of Gebrazhofen of the Landvogtei Swabia and became part of Bavaria in 1806 and Württemberg in 1810. The municipality of Wuchzenhofen was established in 1811, into which the municipality of Niederhofen was incorporated in 1819. She always belonged to the Oberamt Leutkirch and in 1938 came to the district of Wangen.
The following communities have been incorporated into the city of Leutkirch im Allgäu:
- January 1, 1972: Hofs
- June 1, 1972: Diepoldshofen, Friesenhofen, Gebrazhofen, Herlazhofen , Reichenhofen, Winterstetten and Wuchzenhofen
Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).
¹ census result
The area of today's city of Leutkirch initially belonged to the Diocese of Constance and was subordinate to the Archdiakonat Tannenfels, Dean's Office on the Heide . A church parish was first mentioned in 788 and 797 referred to as St. Martin's Church, which in 1352 by King Charles IV. The Stams gave. In the end, it was exchanged for the Weingarten Monastery . The current church was built in the late Gothic style in 1514/19 , the tower still has Romanesque remains. In 1814 the tower was given an onion dome.
The Reformation did not enter Leutkirch until 1546, five years after the death of the Leutkirch Bishop Johann Fabri from Vienna, who had warned his Leutkirch vigorously against the new faith from Vienna. The population joined the Augsburg Confession and the Schmalkaldic League . The result was long-standing disputes with the patron saint of the parish church of St. Martin, Weingarten Monastery. In 1562, both parties reached a settlement. The Catholics kept the parish church of St. Martin, the Protestants were given the hospital church, which was expanded in 1589. Today it is called the Memorial Church. The hospital was founded in 1418. The number of Catholics was limited after this comparison. From 1613 to 1615, the Protestant community built the Trinity Church, today's main Protestant church in the city, as the first Protestant church building between the Danube and Lake Constance. The architect was Daniel Schopf , who created a church in the style of Heinrich Schickhardt . This was redesigned from 1857 to 1860 in a neo-Gothic style, but this was reversed in 1972 except for the furnishings.
On the initiative of Dean Karl Kästle, the Episcopal Boys' Seminar was opened in Leutkirch in 1958. The bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart , Carl Joseph Leiprecht , who was born in Hauerz , placed the house under the protection of the patroness Regina Pacis, Queen of Peace. The house existed for 28 years as the Regina Pacis Episcopal Study Home, called Semi or Semi Leutkirch by the Leutkirch family , with up to a hundred students. The Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart wanted to enable gifted boys in the Oberland to attend secondary school and hoped that this would also bring offspring for the priesthood.
For cost reasons, the boys' seminar was closed in 1984, rebuilt, modernized and reopened in 1987 as Haus Regina Pacis .
According to the 2011 census , 70.3% of Leutkirch's residents were Catholic , 12.3% Protestant , 0.8% Orthodox and 15.9% belonged to another or no religious community.
The Protestant parish of Leutkirch remained independent until 1802, was incorporated into the Evangelical Church in Württemberg in 1810 and assigned to the Ravensburg deanery. Three pastors (Tanja Götz, Volker Gerlach and Ulrike Rose) work in the community. Protestant residents moved to the districts of Leutkirch, especially after the Second World War. They also belong to the Leutkirch Evangelical Church. In Unterzeil, Gebrazhofen and Friesenhofen, services are usually held regularly in the local Catholic churches or parish halls.
The Catholic parish belonged to the diocese of Constance until 1802. Then she was subordinated to the Ordinariat Ellwangen, from which 1821/27 the newly founded diocese Rottenburg (today diocese Rottenburg-Stuttgart ) became. Leutkirch became the seat of a deanery . All Catholic parishes in the districts of Leutkirch belong to it, all of which remained Catholic after the Reformation.
In detail there are the following Catholic churches in the Leutkirch districts:
- St. Johann Baptist Diepoldshofen (church from 1846 with old tower)
- St. Johann Baptist Engerazhofen (church from 1789/90, but older previous building)
- St. Petrus and Paulus Friesenhofen (late Gothic church with later renovations and renovations in the 17th century)
- Mariä Himmelfahrt Gebrazhofen (late Gothic tower with nave from 1689/90)
- Expositurvikariats-Filialkirchengemeinde St. Nikolaus Heggelbach (1631 conversion of a late Gothic church, consecrated 1706)
- St. Stephanus Herlazhofen (church from 1426 with extension in 1717; a church and parish were mentioned as early as 1275)
- St. Gertrud Hinznang (late Gothic building with alterations from the 18th and 19th centuries and neo-Romanesque choir closure from 1884)
- St. Gallus and Magnus Hofs (church and parish named in 1275, the late Gothic church was expanded in 1755 and 1860)
- St. Gordian and Epimachus in Merazhofen (church from 1841 with old tower)
- St. Bartholomäus Ottmannshofen (old church with extension from 1897)
- St. Laurentius Reichenhofen (church from 1500 with tower from 1534 and renovations from 1756 and 1888; a church was mentioned as early as 1275)
- St. Maria Schloss Zeil (built as a collegiate church in 1612, classical changes in 1760)
- Filial parish of St. Magnus Unterzeil (16th century, tower from 1684/90 with onion dome, which was replaced by a helmet in 1828)
- St. Martinus Urlau (Romanesque original church with baroque redesign from 1667 and new choir vault from 1742)
- St. Margareta Willerazhofen (late Gothic church with modifications from 1698 and extensions from the 19th century)
- St. Johannes Baptista Wuchzenhofen (late classical building from 1842 with painting from 1887/88 and late Gothic tower base of the old church from 1353).
There are also some branch churches and chapels, such as St. Leonhard Rimpach (built in 1765 using the previous Gothic building), La Salette Engerazhofen chapel (built in 1864 with a ship from 1889), St. Johann and Paul Herlazhofen chapel (built in 1603, restored in the 19th century), Chapel Ellerazhofen (built 1845), Chapel St. Veit Grünenbach (late Gothic with Baroque renovation), Chapel Lanzenhofen (probably 18th century), Chapel St. Silvester and Wendelin (converted in 1594), Chapel of St. Ottilie Raggen (Neo-Romanesque, former St. Agatha chapel was demolished in 1902), Auenhofen chapel (year of construction unknown), St. Stephan Striemen branch church (Gothic with renovation in 1890), St. Wolfgang chapel (in the hamlet of the same name, built 1427–1467), chapel Sebastianssaul (built 1675), St. Fridolin Chapel (built 1934, previous building from the 18th century), Balterazhofen chapel, Lauben chapel (18th century), Weipoldshofen chapel (year of construction unknown, was 2005 renovated) and Wielazhofen Chapel (built in 1883, expanded in 1954).
Other religious communities
In addition to the two large churches, there are also free-church congregations in Leutkirch , including an Evangelical Methodist congregation . The New Apostolic Church is also represented in Leutkirch. There is a mosque for the Muslim residents of Leutkirch , the Mimar Sinan Camii .
The local election on May 26, 2019 with a turnout of 58.2% in Leutkirch resulted in the proportion of votes and the distribution of seats, which are shown in the diagrams below:
At the head of the imperial city of Leutkirch stood the bailiff appointed by the royal bailiff. There was also a council, first mentioned in 1311, whose members were also the judges. The bailiff was the chairman of the city court. The guild constitution was introduced in the middle of the 15th century. After that, the mayor elected by the citizens took over the presidency of the council. The bailiff was only chairman of the court. In addition to the council, there was also the so-called Committee of Twenty, representing the guilds. Later the bailiff was again a member of the council, which also included two mayors, three secret men and nine councilors.
In 1802 the Bavarian and from 1810 the Württemberg administration was installed. After that there was a city school and the council. In 1935, out of the city mayor, the mayor of the official title since the survey to district town in 1974 Mayor leads. The Lord Mayor is elected for a term of eight years. He is chairman of the municipal council and head of the city administration. The Lord Mayor has a first deputy as a full-time deputy who has the official title of mayor .
The mayors and mayors since 1802:
- 1802–1803: Gottlieb Friedrich Mendler and Johann Jakob Uhland
- 1804–1806: City Commissioner Jäger
- 1807–1817: Johannes Zorn and Abraham Stör (alternating)
- 1818–1833: Gabriel Schneider
- 1833–1845: Johann Früh
- 1845–1875: Wilhelm Blaich
- 1875–1893: Jakob Blaich
- 1893–1928: August Fischer
- 1929–1934: Max Held
- 1934–1939: Fritz Ehrle
- 1940–1943: The official business was carried out by the first or second deputy
- 1943–1945: Walter Reichert
- 1945–1946: Josef Rusch
- 1946–1954: Eugen Herrmann
- 1954–1986: Josef Feger
- 1986–2002: Otto Baumann
- 2002–2008: Elmar Stegmann
- since 2008: Hans-Jörg Henle
coat of arms
The blazon of the coat of arms of the city of Leutkirch im Allgäu reads: In blue a red covered silver church with a large tower on the right with a gable roof and a golden cross as well as two small turrets with conical roofs on the left; a double-headed black eagle in a golden shield above the church roof . The city flag is blue and yellow.
The coat of arms is already included in the seal imprint from 1382. It is a talking coat of arms and refers to the church of St. Martin, the parish church ( Leutekirche ) for a wide area. The eagle indicates the former imperial city. In the 19th century, the eagle was partially replaced by the Württemberg stag sticks, but the current coat of arms finally prevailed again. The flag was taken from the colors of the coat of arms, the civil guard also had a flag in the same colors in 1832.
Leutkirch has had town twinning with Lamalou-les-Bains , Hérépian and Bédarieux in France since 1982 and a town twinning with Castiglione delle Stiviere south of Lake Garda in Italy since 1995 .
Culture and sights
The museum of local history, Museum im Bock, shows exhibits from the history of the town and handicrafts. A glass museum is attached to the glassworks in the former glassmaking village of Schmidsfelden .
The Weltenklanghaus in Heggelbach, founded in 2003 , regularly organizes chamber music concerts with musicians from different cultures and musical traditions.
The old town of Leutkirch has been largely preserved since the early modern period. It is a listed " complete system " according to § 19 Monument Protection Act of Baden-Württemberg.
- The town hall of the former imperial city was built in 1740/1741 with a hipped roof. The historic conference room with stucco ceiling was designed by Johannes Schütz .
- The Gothic House in Marktstrasse is one of the five most important monuments in southern Württemberg. It was built between 1377 and 1379. The Monument Foundation Baden-Württemberg named it Monument of the Month for June 2008 .
- From the former city fortifications, the Bock or Blaserturm and the Powder Tower from 1693 are still preserved.
- The former monastery, which was donated in 1281, served as a schoolhouse from 1853 after it was dissolved in 1804. After the school was rebuilt, it was used as a residential building.
- The Catholic parish church ("Leutekirche") St. Martin, whose first predecessor building was mentioned in 848, has had its current form since 1519 as a late Gothic hall church .
- The Trinity Church was built between 1613 and 1615 and was the first new Protestant church in the Swabian Oberland. After damage from an earthquake, it was renovated in a neo-Gothic style from 1857 to 1860 . In 1972 most of the neo-Gothic elements were removed and the interior was divided into a modern church hall and several parish rooms.
- The hospital, built in 1408, now serves as the city building authority.
- The Kornhaus, built in 1508/09, served the trade and storage of agricultural products until the Second World War. During the renovation between 1965 and 1967, the framework of the inner outer wall shell was replaced by masonry without wood due to rot. After another renovation, it has served as a library and gallery since 1989.
- The Hummelsberg Castle was built in 1636 by the Furttenbach patrician family from Ulm.
- In the 1930s the National Socialists built a Thingplatz below Wilhelmshöhe .
Zeil Castle is five kilometers north of the city center on a mountain on the opposite edge of the valley basin above the village of Unterzeil. The renaissance building can only be viewed from the outside. The parish church of St. Maria belonging to the castle complex is freely accessible.
Truchsess Froben von Waldburg-Zeil had the medieval Zeil Castle demolished in 1598 and construction of today's Renaissance castle began in 1599. The construction dragged on until his death in 1614. As a supporter of the Counter Reformation , Truchsess Froben first had the church and monastery built, and only then the castle. He also ordered that a high mass, a solemn praise of God and a mass be held daily for the dead resting in the crypt.
Studio houses in Rotis
In the Rotis district, a mill, graphic artist, designer and typographer Otl Aicher designed several studio buildings for his office community in the 1980s. Specialist seminars are still held there today. Aicher named his font family Rotis after the district.
In addition to the denominational houses of worship, there is also an ecumenical sacred building in Leutkirch. In July 2002, the Gallus Chapel was consecrated on the Winterberg near the Tautenhofen district as an ecumenical motorway chapel. From the rest area on the A 96, a steep footpath leads up to the chapel; a more comfortable path is from the village of Tautenhofen northeast of the hill. In front of the rotunda are bronze figures of the "Allgäu people" Gallus , Magnus and Columban .
- Leutkirch Spring Festival
- Leutkirch Old Town Summer Festival ALSO
- Leutkirch children's and local festival
- Leutkirch Carnival
- Airfield festival (Propellerfest) in Unterzeil, every year at the end of April
- Gallus market, annually in October
- Leutkirch Cabaret Days, annually in October
- Talk in the buck
- Open stage
- AAARGH Festival in Uttenhofen
- Folk in the Allgäu
Economy and Infrastructure
Leutkirch is located on the Bundesautobahn 96 , which leads from Lindau to Munich . The B 465 supplements the connection to the federal road network.
The Leutkirch Station is located near railroad tracks Herbertingen-Isny and Leutkirch-Memmingen . The city can be reached every two hours (in the morning and in the afternoon, sometimes every hour).
The city is with some bus routes u. a. connected with Isny and Bad Wurzach and belongs to the Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund ( bodo ). The Leutkirch city bus runs within Leutkirch .
The Leutkirch-Unterzeil airfield ( ICAO location code: EDNL ) has existed since 1955 .
In addition, the Black Forest-Swabian-Alb-Allgäu-Weg , also known as Hauptwanderweg 5 , leads through Leutkirch, a 311-kilometer long- distance hiking trail of the Swabian Alb Association between Pforzheim and the Westallgäu .
From 1945 to 2013 Leutkirch was the seat of the Schwäbischer Verlag , which publishes the Schwäbische Zeitung , one of the largest daily newspapers in Baden-Württemberg. At the beginning of February 2013, the central editorial office moved into its new building in Ravensburg. The Memminger Kurier appears twice a week in Leutkirch .
Center Parcs Europe N.V. has created a holiday park on the site of the former Muna Urlau . On September 27, 2009 the majority of the residents of Leutkirch decided in favor of the project in a referendum. At the end of 2015 it was announced that the financing of the 250 million euro project had been secured; By the end of 2018, around 1000 holiday homes and a large covered center with shops, restaurants, entertainment and a large bathing and wellness area should be built. In the end, the concept was then adjusted and enlarged a little. The construction costs have risen to around 350 million. After a false start at the beginning of October 2018, the Leutkirch / Center Parcs Park Allgäu holiday park opened for holiday guests at the end of October 2018.
Authorities, institutions and justice
Leutkirch is the seat of a local court that belongs to the regional court district of Ravensburg and the higher regional court district of Stuttgart. Until 2008, the city was the seat of the Leutkirch deanery of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese and is now part of the Allgäu-Oberschwaben deanery .
In Leutkirch there is the general education Hans-Multscher-Gymnasium, the Otl-Aicher-Realschule, the Don-Bosco-Schule as a special school , elementary schools and technical secondary schools in Leutkirch, Gebrazhofen and Wuchzenhofen. There was also a secondary school in Diepoldshofen until 2011; There are primary schools in Engerazhofen, Friesenhofen, Oberer Graben, Herlazhofen-Willerazhofen, Reichenhofen and Ausnang.
Since the 2015/16 school year there has also been a community school with primary and secondary level I.
The Ravensburg district is responsible for the Leutkirch commercial school with a technical high school and the vocational Geschwister Scholl school for housekeeping, agriculture, the environment, social education and care with a social science high school (SG). There is also a technical school for agriculture and a school kindergarten for children with special needs.
The private school for educational aid St. Anna rounds off the school offerings in Leutkirch.
The city of Leutkirch im Allgäu has granted the following people honorary citizenship:
- 1859: Gustav Griesinger (1804–1888), Protestant pastor, fraternity member and poet
- 1871: Johann Joseph Lauth (1812–1874), Oberamtmann of the Oberamt Leutkirch and founder of the Lauth'schen Foundation
- 1887: Ferdinand Eggmann (1827–1913), clergyman and politician
- 1949: Carl Joseph Leiprecht (1903–1981), Bishop of Rottenburg
- 1959: Ernst Vogler (1879–1966), founder of the Leutkircher Association in Stuttgart and the surrounding area
- 1962: Karl Kästle (1893–1970), Catholic parish priest
- 1969: Emil Vogler (1899–1996), school principal and founder of the Leutkircher Heimatmuseum
- 1978: Josef Siedler (1913–2005), farmer and member of the state parliament
- 1983: Georg Moser (1923–1988), Bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
- 1986: Josef Feger (1920–2010), Lord Mayor from 1954 to 1986
- 1990: Erwin Henning (1901–1993), painter
- 2008: Georg Fürst von Waldburg zu Zeil and Trauchburg (1928–2015), entrepreneur
- 2009: Hans Schmid (1930–2014), pharmacist
- 2020: Hedwig Seidel-Lerch
- 2020: Wolfgang Wild
sons and daughters of the town
- Hans Multscher (around 1400–1467), sculptor
- Ursula Haider (1413–1498), abbess
- Johann Fabri (actually Johann Hegerlin ; 1478–1541), humanist and Archbishop of Vienna
- Joseph Furttenbach (1591–1667), architect
- Anna Barbara Walch-Künkelin (1651–1741), leader of the " Women of Schorndorf "
- Franz von Waldburg-Zeil (1778–1845), Prince of Waldburg zu Zeil and Trauchburg, registrar of the kingdoms of Bavaria and Württemberg
- Karl Gangloff (1790–1814), draftsman
- Georg Ferdinand von Waldburg-Zeil (1823–1866); Jesuit priest, people's missionary and poet
- Paul von Buder (1836–1914), religious scholar, rector of the University of Tübingen
- Alfred Rembold (1844–1922), lawyer and politician (center), member of the state parliament
- Franz Ludwig Baumann (1846–1915), historian and archivist
- Max Ott (1855–1941), Mayor of Salzburg (born in Rimpach)
- Friedrich von Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee (1861–1895), Prince of Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee, later a Jesuit priest
- Carl Schirmer (1864–1942), politician, member of the Reichstag (ZENTRUM, BVP)
- Georg von Waldburg zu Zeil and Trauchburg (1867–1918), Württemberg major
- Richard Preiser (1871–1945), classical philologist and neo-Latin poet
- Dr. Owlglass (actually Hans Erich Blaich ; 1873-1945), poet and writer
- Josef Weiger (1883–1966), Catholic theologian
- Friedrich Heeb (1884–1958), typesetter and politician
- Maria Müller-Gögler (1900–1987), writer
- Thomas Ruf (1911–1996), politician (CDU)
- Richard Zettler (1921–2015), composer, music teacher and conductor
- Georg Moser (1923–1988), Bishop of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
- Alois Graf von Waldburg-Zeil (1933–2014), politician (CDU)
- Gerhard Eckle (* 1935), pianist
- Helmut Schieber (1938–2011), lawyer and bank manager, former President of the LZB Baden-Württemberg
- Marie-Luise Kling-de Lazzer (* 1947), Protestant theologian, ran unsuccessfully in 2005 as the first woman for the office of regional bishop in the Evangelical Church in Württemberg
- Jürgen Binder (* 1947), former district administrator of the Sigmaringen district
- Johannes von Thadden (* 1956), Federal Managing Director of the CDU (2004–2007)
- Wilhelm Halder (* 1958), member of the state parliament
- Wolfgang Ertel (* 1959), computer scientist and university professor
- Peter Nick (* 1962), biologist and university professor
- Gunther Hartmann (* 1966), doctor and university professor
- Heiko Butscher (* 1980), soccer player
- Daniele Gabriele (* 1994), soccer player
- Matthias Waibel (end of the 15th century – 1525), Allgäu reformer, was executed in 1525 on the Leutkircher Haid without a judge's verdict.
- Augustinus Hieber (1886–1968), who became known as the “Blessing Pastor of Allgäu”, was the Catholic pastor of what is now the Leutkirch district of Merazhofen for 31 years until his death in 1968.
- The designer Otl Aicher (1922–1991) lived from 1972 until his death with his wife, the writer Inge Aicher-Scholl , the older sister of the Scholl siblings , in the Leutkirch district of Rotis, where they developed the Rotis font family, which is now widely used .
- Hans Gerhard Brand: Leutkirch im Allgäu as a complete system. In: Monument Preservation in Baden-Württemberg , 9th year 1980, issue 3, pp. 107–112 ( PDF )
- Erich Keyser: Württembergisches Städtebuch Volume IV Partial Volume Baden-Württemberg Volume 2. In: German City Book. Handbook of urban history - on behalf of the working group of historical commissions and with the support of the German Association of Cities, the German Association of Cities and the German Association of Municipalities, Stuttgart 1961
- Johann Wilhelm Loy: Spiritual and secular history of the H. Röm. Imperial free city of Leutkirch . Typographic Society, Kempten 1786 ( digitized version )
- August Friedrich Pauly : Description of the Oberamt Leutkirch . 1843 ( full text in Wikisource )
- Nicola Siegloch: Leutkirch in the Allgäu. City and country . Series of archive images. Sutton, Erfurt 2004 ISBN 3-89702-696-1
- Emil Vogler: Leutkirch in the Allgäu. History, economy and culture as reflected in the centuries . City of Leutkirch, Leutkirch 1963 (3rd edition 2008).
- Internet presence of the city of Leutkirch
- Information and video about the Leutkirch in the Westallgäu
- View from Zeil Castle | Interactive megapixel panorama
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ As of December 2007
- ↑ R. Roeren: An early Halaman grave find from Upper Swabia . In: Festschrift for Peter Goessler . Tübingen contributions to prehistory and early history. Stuttgart 1954, pp. 137-141
- ↑ Cf. confessional writings of the Evangelical Lutheran Church , p. 766; see. P. 17.
- ↑ See Diepoldshofen municipality in the description of the Leutkirch Oberamt from 1843
- Jump up ↑ See Gebratzhofen municipality in the description of the Leutkirch Oberamt from 1843
- ↑ See also: www.mk-heggelbach.de/images/gemeinbu.pdf
- ↑ Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Swabia or a complete alphabetical description of all cities, monasteries, castles, villages, spots, farms, mountains, valleys, rivers, lakes, strange areas, etc. in the entire Swabian district :  .
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 536 .
- ^ Census database - results of the 2011 census. Retrieved on May 5, 2018 .
- ↑ Computing center for communal information processing Reutlingen-Ulm - election results of the municipal council 2019 city of Leutkirch , accessed on September 19, 2019
- ↑ Monument conservation value plan Leutkirch im Allgäu (PDF with descriptions and photos of all listed buildings)
- ↑ Monument Foundation Baden-Württemberg: detailed description of the 'Gothic House' in Leutkirch
- ↑ www.allgaeu.de: Leutekirche St. Martin
- ↑ gastfreund.net: Dreifaltigkeitskirche Leutkirch
- ↑ Tour through the palace complex , accessed on October 20, 2017.
- ↑ Schwäbisch Media moves: "It is not easy to give up your homeland". Schwäbische Zeitung, February 2, 2013, accessed on February 14, 2013 .
- ↑ Thomas Ringhofer: Council is closed behind the amusement park. Schwäbische Zeitung, July 30, 2009, accessed on February 14, 2013 .
- ↑ http://ferienpark.leutkirch.de/index.php?finanzierung , accessed on February 12, 2016.
- ↑ 2nd opening in October , November 6, 2018, accessed on February 19, 2019.
- ↑ Tobias Rehm: Sad: The Diepoldshofen secondary school closes. Schwäbische Zeitung, July 26, 2011, accessed on February 14, 2013 .
- ^ City of Leutkirch im Allgäu - honorary citizen. Retrieved January 11, 2019 .
- ^ City of Leutkirch im Allgäu - city news. Retrieved January 11, 2019 .