|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Height :||576 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||52.34 km 2|
|Residents:||10,180 (Dec 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||194 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88326|
|Area code :||07525|
|License plate :||RV, SLG , ÜB , WG|
|Community key :||08 4 36 008|
|City structure:||4 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Matthias Burth|
|Location of the city of Aulendorf in the Ravensburg district|
Aulendorf was originally a market town and residence of the Counts of Königsegg-Aulendorf , grew rapidly as a railway junction in the 19th century , received city rights in 1950 and was enlarged again in 1972 as part of the municipal reform . Aulendorf is a Kneipp health resort and has several clinics and a thermal bath.
Nearby (near Bad Schussenried ) is the Schussenursprung , the source of the Schussen , where Aulendorf is located. The urban area extends from 540 to . The highest point is a point in the forest between the Hohkreuz chapel and Ebisweiler.
The city of Aulendorf borders clockwise , starting in the north: Bad Schussenried (Biberach district), Ingoldingen (Biberach district), Bad Waldsee , Wolpertswende , Altshausen and Ebersbach-Musbach (all Ravensburg district).
The urban area of Aulendorf consists of the core town and the municipalities of Blönried, Zollenreute and Tannhausen, which were incorporated as part of the municipal reform of the 1970s.
These three areas or city areas are at the same time places within the meaning of §§ 67 et seq. Of municipal code, that is, they each have one of the voters at each municipal directly be selected Ortschaftsrat , with a mayor as chairman. The number of local councils is nine in all localities. On January 1, 2006, the local administrations in all three suburbs were dissolved.
Some parts of the city have more spatially separated residential areas with their own names, which often have very few inhabitants, or residential areas with their own name, whose names have emerged in the course of development and whose boundaries are usually not precisely defined. In detail, these are the following areas:
- to Blönried : Steinenbach, Münchenreute, Halderhof, Lohren
- to Zollenreute : Rugetsweiler , Schindelbach, Esbach, Vogelsang, Vogelplatz, Multer, Röschen, Röhren, Wallenreute, Unterrauhen, Siegelhof
- to Tannhausen : Tannweiler, Haslach with the pond of the same name , Tiergarten, Geblisberg, Spiegler, Lippertsweiler, Allgaierhof
Ebisweiler, Laubbronnen, Steegen and Blumenau belong directly to Aulendorf.
Monthly mean values for Aulendorf, 1961 to 1990
Source: DWD Climate Data Germany
Aulendorf until 1950
Aulendorf was first mentioned in the 10th century as Aligedorf . At first it was Welf property , then Staufer , from the late Middle Ages under the Lords of Königsegg, then under the Counts of Königsegg-Aulendorf and from July 12, 1806 under Württemberg . In 1682 Aulendorf received market rights after the newly formed Königsegg-Aulendorf line had moved here in 1681. In the Kingdom of Württemberg the place belonged to the Oberamt Waldsee .
Aulendorf has been on the Ulm – Friedrichshafen railway since May 26, 1849 , and when the Herbertingen – Isny railway was opened on July 25, 1869, the place became a railway junction . The Aulendorf locomotive station, which was still preparing peat -fired locomotives for operation until 1910 , was expanded into a railway depot after the First World War .
During the administrative reform during the Nazi era in Württemberg , Aulendorf came to the Ravensburg district in 1938.
After the Second World War, Aulendorf was part of the French occupation zone and thus became part of the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern in 1947 , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.
In 1950 Aulendorf was elevated to the status of town, in 1956 the Progymnasium and 1974 the fully developed grammar school opened.
On February 1, 1972, the previously independent communities of Blönried, Tannhausen and Zollenreute were incorporated into Aulendorf.
After the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the municipal council has 18 municipal council seats, which are distributed among the individual parties and lists as follows:
- BUS = Alliance for Environment and Social Affairs
The distribution of seats: CDU + 0 seats; BUS +2 seats; FWV +1 seat; SPD +1 seat.
- 1954–1968: August Kink
- 1968–1988: Heinz Lang (CDU)
- 1988-2004: Johannes Heinzler (CDU)
- 2004–2008: Georg Eickhoff (CDU)
- 2008– : Matthias Burth (independent)
Georg Eickhoff (CDU) surprisingly announced his resignation on May 27, 2008. Matthias Burth, who was elected on August 31, 2008 and who was previously a treasurer in Talheim , has been in office since October 1, 2008 . For the period from June to October, Edgar Schaz, leader of the Free Voters faction in the Ravensburg district council, was appointed by the municipal council as administrative administrator .
In 2008, the city of Aulendorf had around 64 million euros in debt with 10,000 residents. This made it the most heavily indebted community in Baden-Württemberg. The debts stem mainly from a failed spa policy in the 1990s and urban mismanagement.
The spa clinics and thermal baths built under Mayor Johannes Heinzler (CDU, 1988–2004) could not be operated profitably from the start. The resulting deficits were covered by the city. Missing annual accounts, fake contracts and booking tricks made it possible to cover up the financial problems from the supervisory authorities for years. At the end of 2004, Aulendorf's official debt was 20 million euros. In 2008, Heinzler was sentenced to a fine by the Bad Waldsee District Court for breach of trust. He had sold urban land below its value.
The mayor from 2004 to 2008, Georg Eickhoff (CDU), privatized the clinic and the nursing home. In addition, he presented a budget security concept that provided for the closure of local administrations, the cancellation of association subsidies, the introduction of hall fees and savings in cleaning services. Nevertheless, the debt load rose to 64 million euros under his aegis. The city lost six million euros because it did not collect sewer and sewage fees from homeowners. Eickhoff accused Kurt Widmaier of the district administrator of the Ravensburg district of having violated his duty to supervise the community during the years in office of his predecessor and thus complicit in the mountain of debts in Aulendorf. The municipal council decided on December 27, 2007 to sue the state of Baden-Württemberg as the legal supervisor of the Ravensburg district for 22.3 million euros. The lawsuit was withdrawn by the local council on August 25, 2008.
The municipal examination institute (GPA) came to the conclusion in June 2008 that the city can no longer dispose of the mountain of debt on its own. She accused the administration of a non-transparent presentation of the actual financial strength, a lack of countermeasures and deficiencies in the structural and procedural organization. Mayor Eickhoff resigned from office shortly before the GPA report was handed over.
In 2009, the Baden-Wuerttemberg Council of Ministers decided on a package of measures that provides the city of Aulendorf with financial aid amounting to 39.2 million euros by 2016, while at the same time making drastic savings. Aulendorf is the only town in Baden-Württemberg that receives financial support from the state.
In 2014, Aulendorf's debt repayment exceeded the targets set in the financial aid agreement concluded with the state of Baden-Württemberg. The total debt was just under 24 million euros. The debt burden was reduced by around 34 million between 2010 and 2014. Until the financial aid contract with the state expires in 2016, 3.23 million euros are still to be repaid.
By the end of 2018, the city's debt is expected to have shrunk to 13 million euros. At the same time, the municipality plans to have reserves of EUR 8.6 million.
coat of arms
Declaration of coat of arms: In the main shield, the coat of arms refers to the red and gold roughened coat of arms of the imperial counts of Königsegg-Aulendorf, the former owners of Aulendorf. The winged wheel stands for Hermes from Greek and Mercurius from Roman mythology . He is the messenger of the gods and symbolizes the connection, the exchange of goods, the trade. The wheel illustrates the importance of Aulendorf as a railway junction or in earlier times without cars.
From 1969 to 2005 Aulendorf took over the sponsorship for the U 12 submarine of the German Navy. Before that, it had sponsored the inland minesweeper Holnis in 1967/68. As a result of these sponsorships, the marine choir was created in Aulendorf.
Culture and sights
- A media adventure course makes the history of Aulendorf Castle tangible in the form of a free app for Android / iOS . Film sequences with shadow figures lead back to earlier times at various stations. If you like, you can deepen your knowledge on additional reading levels.
- The citizens' museum in the old cinema presents a tour of the city's history.
- The Catholic parish church of St. Martin includes features pieces from all eras from Gothic to Classicism , including a Dreikönigsaltar of 1515 and the grave lay of the Counts of Königsegg (with Renaissance - Epitaph of 1606).
- The Aulendorf Castle combines five epochs: It rests on the remains of a castle from the early 13th century. The three-storey half-timbered house from 1480 was expanded into a late Gothic residential castle in the 16th century. In the 18th century it was converted into a representative castle.
Until 1999, a small garden railway ran around the museum locomotive. While some of the tracks are still there, the garden railway has moved to Kürnbach , as part of the area was needed for a new road.
There are 137 small monuments around Aulendorf and its suburbs and hamlets .
Aulendorf is a stronghold of the Swabian-Alemannic carnival . The driving force is the Aulendorf fools' guild with the fool figures Eckhexe (since the late 1930s), Schnörkele and Fetzle as well as the pair of figures Tschore and Rätsch .
There are also guilds in the suburbs of Aulendorf:
- Zollenreute: Zollenreute-Schindelbach fools guild with the characters Schindelbachgeist and Schussennarr
- Steinenbach: Stoinabacher Bobbele fools guild
The castle and children's festival takes place annually on the 3rd weekend in August.
Economy and Infrastructure
Aulendorf's development was significantly influenced by the railway. Since the middle of the 19th century it developed into a railway town . Aulendorf station is still a railway junction of regional importance today . The Ulm – Friedrichshafen and Herbertingen – Isny lines intersect in Aulendorf . On Sundays and public holidays between May and October, the "3-Löwen-Takt Radexpress Oberschwaben" runs from Aulendorf to Bad Wurzach or Pfullendorf.
The city is connected to Altshausen , Bad Waldsee and Ravensburg with a number of bus routes and belongs to both the Bodensee-Oberschwaben transport association ( bodo ) and the Donau-Iller local transport association ( DING ).
- HELA tractor factory : The tractor factory founded by Hermann Lanz in 1914 ( HELA Diesel ) made Aulendorf known nationwide . It went bankrupt in 1983. The name "Lanz-Aulendorf" was always used to distinguish it from the Lanz tractors of the same name from Mannheim.
- Albrecht GmbH : Albrecht was founded in 1946 by the pharmaceutical businessman Albert Albrecht and supplies veterinarians with veterinary products. Since May 2012 the Albrecht GmbH belongs to the listed British Dechra Pharmaceuticals plc.
- Zollern GmbH and Co. KG : The Fürstlich-Hohenzollernschen Hüttenwerke Laucherthal have a branch in Aulendorf. Machine components are manufactured there.
- Carthago Reisemobilbau GmbH : The motorhome manufacturer relocated its headquarters from Ravensburg to Aulendorf at the end of 2012. The plant was built on an area of 100,000 m².
The State Veterinary Investigation Office Aulendorf - Diagnostic Center , an institution of the Ministry for Rural Areas and Consumer Protection Baden-Württemberg .
The Schwaben-Therme Aulendorf , a thermal and leisure pool with relaxation area, sauna , Roman bath and wellness offers, was opened in 1994 after hot thermal water was found during drilling a few years earlier. The building has a movable domed roof that protects the thermal indoor pools below.
The Steeger See, a public outdoor pool , is a natural and moor lake.
Research and education
The education and knowledge center for animal husbandry, grassland management, fishing and game (formerly: State teaching and research institute for animal husbandry and grassland management) is a state-wide teaching and research institute for training and further education in agricultural professions and research in the areas of animal husbandry, grassland management, Game and fishery biology.
In Aulendorf, the Ravensburg district operates a (commercial and industrial) vocational school that focuses on training for medical-technical assistants and related professions. The town of Aulendorf is supporting a primary school , a primary and junior high school and high school Aulendorf. There are nine kindergartens in the city for the youngest residents. The St. Johann Blönried preparatory college in Aulendorf-Blönried is a Catholic Free Gymnasium sponsored by the school foundation of the same name.
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Baptist Bommer (1705–1778), flat and barrel painter
- Karl Aloys von Königsegg-Aulendorf (1726–1796), auxiliary bishop in Cologne (titular bishop of Mysia)
- Hermann von Vicari (1773–1868), Archbishop of Freiburg from 1843 to 1868
- Alfred von Königsegg-Aulendorf (1817–1898), Austrian general
- Karl Härle (1872–1962), farmer, economist, shareholder of the Karthäuserhof in Koblenz
- Karl Bihlmeyer (1874–1942), Roman Catholic priest and theologian
- Friedrich Voggenberger , also Fritz Voggenberger (1884–1924), German architect and interior designer
- Erwin Glonnegger (1925–2016), author and game inventor, recipient of the Federal Cross of Merit
- Bernd Gnann (* 1973), actor and cultural manager
People who have worked in the city
- Maximilian Friedrich von Königsegg-Rothenfels (1708–1784), Archbishop of Cologne from 1761 to 1784
- Konrad Dollinger (1840–1925), railway construction inspector and master builder
- Josef Rieck (1911–1970), bookseller and resistance fighter
- Friedrich Brünner (1910–2004), Minister of Agriculture of Baden-Württemberg
- Gerhard Hennige (* 1940), Olympic runner-up at the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico
- Kurt Widmaier (* 1950), CDU politician and former district administrator of the Ravensburg district
- Karl Honz (* 1951), 1972 European champion in the 400-meter run, managing director
- Tobias Blaser: The small sacred monument in Upper Swabia. A historical material source in the field of tension between religion and history and its use in history lessons. (with inventory of small sacred monuments in Aulendorf), housework. PH Weingarten 2011. (full text)
- Erwin Glonnegger (Red.): Aulendorf through the ages . Süddeutsche Verlagsgesellschaft, Ulm 1999, ISBN 3-88294-292-4 .
- Johann Daniel Georg von Memminger: Community of Aulendorf , from description of the Oberamt Waldsee . Cotta, Stuttgart / Tübingen 1834. (full text at Wikisource)
- Michael Osdoba, Holger Starzmann: Aulendorf. Home, castle, history and museum in Aulendorf . Sutton-Verlag, Erfurt 2004, ISBN 3-89702-709-7 .
- Thomas Scherer: The Aulendorf railway junction. The traffic history of the train station and the Aulendorf depot . (Railways in Württemberg, Volume 2). rim publishing house, Ulm 1982, .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- German Weather Service
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 531 .
- City council election 2019 Aulendorf. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- Stuttgarter Zeitung on Eickhoff's resignation ( Memento from May 30, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Report Badische Zeitung: Breakdowns, bad luck and a huge bankruptcy , July 8, 2008.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg: Debt level since 1998 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 16, 2010.
- Report Stuttgarter Nachrichten: Ex-Mayor convicted of infidelity ( memento of September 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), July 16, 2008.
- Aulendorf missed millions in income. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Südkurier - Bad Säckingen. August 16, 2012.
- Memorandum on liability for the debts of the city of Aulendorf to the state of Baden-Württemberg, the community examination institute, the community day, and the community council of the city of Aulendorf.
- Schwäbische Zeitung ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Audit report of the gpa Baden-Württemberg ( memento of the original from September 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. PDF, as of June 16, 2008, viewed August 23, 2010.
- http://www.finanzministerium.baden-wuerttemberg.de/de/Aktuelle%20Pressemitteilungen/219219.html?referer=110387&template=min_meldung_html&_min=_fm ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically defective marked. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Contract between the state of Baden-Württemberg and the city of Aulendorf on interest subsidies and repayment assistance ( Memento of the original from March 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. PDF, signed January 20, 2010.
- Paulina Stumm: Aulendorf should save instead of paying off debts , In: Schwäbische Zeitung / Aus der Region , July 4, 2013 ( reference ).
- Aulendorf pays back 2.5 million euros in debt . In: Swabian . ( schwaebische.de [accessed on July 25, 2018]).
- doors at Schloss Aulendorf - discover stories with tablets and smartphones. Accessed December 1, 2018.
- Picture see file: Aulendorf Lok 501650.jpg
- Fachpraxis No. 61, Albrecht now member of the Dechra family , July 2012 ( PDF ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ).
- Katy Cuko: Competition of the wellness temple . An overview of the thermal baths' offers . In: Südkurier from November 6, 2010.
- Schwabentherme . In: Bad weather tips . Special issue of the Bodensee Ferienzeitung. Edition 2/2009. Südkurier GmbH Medienhaus, Konstanz 2009, p. 14.