The civil servant's son Gerwig grew up in Karlsruhe and attended the Lyceum until 1834. After his engineering examination in 1841 at the Grand Ducal Polytechnic School , later the Technical University, in his hometown, he joined the Higher Directorate for Hydraulic Engineering and Road Construction and was involved in the construction of railways and roads his entire professional life .
In July 1846 he married Lina Beger (1827–1895), the daughter of the Grand Ducal Baden domain director Beger; The couple spent their three-week wedding vacation in Baden-Baden .
In 1850 the Baden Ministry of the Interior appointed him provisional director of the new watchmaking school in Furtwangen . It was founded to promote the distressed watchmaking trade in the Black Forest . In this position he called on the "patriotic artists" to design a new clock case, from which the "train house shape" emerged as the epitome of the Black Forest cuckoo clock . Gerwig left his post in Furtwangen in 1857 at his own request.
Gerwig also remained active as director in Furtwangen for the senior management and designed a. a. the Albtalstraße (L 154) from Albbruck to St. Blasien (from 1853), the Obersimonswald –Furtwangen connection (1855–1857) and the Reichenaudamm (1856–1858). In 1859 he planned the railway bridge over the Rhine between Waldshut and Koblenz in Aargau , and from 1860 to 1863 he planned the continuation of the Hochrheinbahn from Waldshut to Konstanz . At the same time, the road from Vöhrenbach via Friedrichshöhe to Villingen was built under his leadership from 1859 to 1863 . His main work is the planning and construction of the Black Forest Railway Offenburg - Singen from 1863 to 1873. To overcome the slope of the Gutach Valley , Gerwig created two double loops between Hornberg and Triberg , in which helical tunnels were used for the first time . From 1872 to 1875 he took a leave of absence in order to be able to work as a senior engineer in the construction of the north ramp of the Gotthard Railway , where a roundabout tunnel and a double loop were built according to his plans at Wassen . In 1875 he returned to the Baden state service as head of the technical department of the General Directorate of the State Railways . His last project was the Höllentalbahn from 1884 to 1887, the completion of which he did not live to see.
Gerwig was also politically active for almost thirty years. Between 1855 and 1878, with several years of interruption, he sat as a national liberal member of parliament for the constituencies of Wolfach -Furtwangen and Pforzheim in the second chamber of the Baden state parliament . In a replacement election at the end of 1875 and again in 1877, 1878 and 1881 he was elected to the Reichstag in the constituency of Donaueschingen -Villingen . There he emerged as a specialist in infrastructure issues, for example the correction of the Rhine and, above all, rail operations, and advocated protective tariffs for the watch industry. As a member of the building commission, he worked to ensure that Paul Wallot's design for the new Reichstag building was implemented from 1884. In the elections of autumn 1884, Gerwig decided not to run again.
As director of the watchmaking school in Furtwangen, Gerwig helped the Black Forest “Bahnhäusleuhr” break through, and from 1852 laid the foundation for the German watch museum in Furtwangen with a watch collection .
Planning and construction
- Rhine bridge Waldshut – Koblenz (1858-1859)
- Hochrheinbahn Waldshut-Konstanz (1860–1863)
- Black Forest Railway (1863–1873)
- Friedrichstollen in Baden-Baden (1868–1871)
- Gotthard Railway and Gotthard Tunnel in Switzerland , planning and construction until 1875, then replaced
- Höllentalbahn with Ravennabrücke (from 1882, not completed during his lifetime)
Publications and reports
- The Rhine Bridge at Constance in the "Collection of Iron Bridge Constructions"; Stuttgart 1874
- Gewerbeblatt for the Black Forest ; Furtwangen 1852 to 1854
- Annual report of the Grand Ducal Baden Watchmaking School in Furtwangen ; Furtwangen 1852 to 1857
- Memorandum The construction of a new water pipe for the residential city of Karlsruhe ; Karlsruhe 1858
- Something about the origins and development of clock manufacturing in the Black Forest in "Badisches Centralblatt für Staats- und Gemeindeinteressen"; Karlsruhe 1855
Publications of the natural science association Karlsruhe
- “About the groundwater”; 1864
- “The groundwater in Karlsruhe”; 1869
- "Extension of the glaciers over the Baden area"; 1871
- “The erratic in the Baden region of Lake Constance”; 1871
- The landslide in the Krottenbachthale ; Karlsruhe 1880
- Memorandum The flow conditions of Lake Constance from Constance to Stein ; Karlsruhe 1862
- Expert opinion The water supply of the Radolfzell community ; 1865
- Expert opinion on the Projet d'un chemin de fer par le Saint Gotthard ; Winterthur 1864
- Expert opinion on the correction of the Jura waters ; Bern 1857
- Assessment of the question about the location and establishment of a marshalling yard and freight yard in Basel from a technical and commercial point of view ; Zurich 1873
- Expert opinion on the question of the new construction of the Solothurn train station ; Zurich 1874
- Response to attacks against Gotthardbahn management in “Journal des Geneve”; Geneva 1875
In 1859 he was awarded the Knight's Cross 1st Class of the Zähringer Lion Order, followed by its Commander's Cross in 1872 . In addition, six orders from other countries adorned his chest. Gerwig was made an extraordinary member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Building in Berlin in 1880 .
Friends and colleagues donated a memorial to him in Triberg in the Black Forest , which was unveiled in autumn 1889. Almost a century later, in 1987, the Achern sculptor Walter Gerteis (1921–1999) erected a further monument to him in the form of the Karlsruhe Gerwig Fountain.
Robert Gerwig became an honorary citizen of the city of Radolfzell on Lake Constance . The Gerwig-Platz in front of the Freiburg Wiehre train station was named after him, as was Robert-Gerwig-Platz in Furtwangen , where the clock museum he founded is located. Also in Furtwangen, the vocational schools that emerged from his watchmaking school were named Robert-Gerwig-School. The commercial schools in Singen (Hohentwiel) , the grammar school in Hausach and the elementary and technical secondary school in St. Georgen in the Black Forest also bear his name.
In his native city of Karlsruhe as well as in Furtwangen, Villingen-Schwenningen , Waldshut-Tiengen , Kirchzarten , Konstanz , Singen, Radolfzell, Schönwald in the Black Forest , Gottmadingen , Engen , Löffingen , Geisingen , Triberg in the Black Forest, St. Georgen in the Black Forest and Donaueschingen were roads to named him.
In 2009 and 2010, Gerwig - the musical of the Black Forest Railway was performed in Triberg . The authors of the music and text are the journalist Peter Bruker and his friend, the musician and educator Rolf Langenbach .
In the computer game " Railroad Tycoon II" he is one of the characters that can be selected by the player.
- Walter Sbrzesny : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7 , p. 338 ( ).
- Friedrich von Weech : Gerwig, Robert . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 49, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1904, pp. 315-317.
- August von Würthenau : Gerwig, Robert , in: Friedrich von Weech (Hrsg.): Badische Biographieen . IV. Part. Braun, Karlsruhe 1891, pp. 149–153 ( digitized version )
- Michael Tocha: Robert Gerwig as member of the Reichstag for Donaueschingen-Villingen , in: Writings of the Association for History and Natural History of Baar 57, 2014, pp. 75–84 ( digitized version )
- Michael Tocha: Robert Gerwig and the political culture of the 19th century , in: Badische Heimat 94/4, Dec. 2014, pp. 280–290
- Albert Kunzenmüller: Robert Gerwig A pioneer of the technology publishing house Erwin Burda. Freiburg. 1949
- Gerhard Bernstein: Life and work of the Baden citizen and engineer Robert Gerwig in "Hegau - magazine for history, folklore and natural history of the area between the Rhine, Danube and Lake Constance" . tape 46 , pages 129 to 146. “Jan Thorbecke Verlag GmbH & Co. KG” and “Selbstverlag des Hegau-Geschichtsverein Singen e. V. ', Sigmaringen and Singen (Hohentwiel) 1991.
- Robert Gerwig on the side of the Furtwang Robert-Gerwig-Schule with the watchmaking school Gerwigs
- Robert Gerwig in the Stadtwiki Karlsruhe
- Robert Gerwig in the database of members of the Reichstag
- Robert Gerwig's biography . In: Heinrich Best : database of the members of the Reichstag of the Empire 1867/71 to 1918 (Biorab - Kaiserreich)
- Construction of the Black Forest Railway, materials, suggestions for excursions on the Baden-Württemberg state education server
- Robert Gerwig in the Find a Grave database . Retrieved September 15, 2017.
- Talk show on SWR about Robert Gerwig
- Lina Beger Gerwig in the Find a Grave database . Retrieved September 15, 2017.
- schwarzwaldmuseum.com: Schwarzwaldbahn Musical , accessed on December 16, 2010
- Karlsruhe: The main cemetery. karlsruhe.de, accessed on December 15, 2015 .
- von Würthenau, p. 150
- Memorial for Robert Gerwig , Neckarquelle of October 20, 2009, accessed on December 16, 2010
- Official website ( Memento of the original from February 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the musical, accessed December 16, 2010
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German civil engineer and politician (NLP), MdR|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 2, 1820|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Karlsruhe|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 6, 1885|
|Place of death||Karlsruhe|