|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|Administrative headquarters :||Esslingen am Neckar|
|Area :||641.46 km 2|
|Residents:||533,859 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||832 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||ES, NT|
|Circle key :||08 1 16|
|Circle structure:||44 municipalities|
|Address of the
73728 Esslingen, Germany
|District Administrator :||Heinz Eininger ( CDU )|
|Location of the Esslingen district in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Esslingen is a district in Baden-Württemberg . After the districts of Rhein-Neckar and Ludwigsburg he has the third largest population of the province and is part of the Stuttgart Region in the Stuttgart Region .
Until October 15, 1964, the name of the district was officially spelled Landkreis Eßlingen .
The district of Esslingen is divided into two parts by the Neckar , which enters the district from the southwest. The western part mainly comprises the Filder plateau, the eastern part is part of the foothills of the Swabian Alb and the Schurwald (part of the Swabian-Franconian mountainous region). In the district, the Fils flows into the Neckar at Plochingen , which leaves the district again at Esslingen-Mettingen in the direction of Stuttgart. The water level of the Neckar near Mettingen is the lowest point of the district, which is highest point is in Brucker Hölzle near Bissingen- Ochsenwang .
The list of places in the Esslingen district contains around 185 places ( towns , villages , hamlets , farms , residential areas ) in the Esslingen district, as far as they are geographically separated.
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
The Esslingen district has the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 2320.57 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 3.62 percent.
- Old Neckar : 21.3 ha; Districts Esslingen and Altbach
- Am Rank (Röhmsee) : 13 ha; District Unterensingen
- Erlachsee in Denkendorf : 4.4 ha; Denkendorf district
- Eichhalde : 85 ha; District Bissingen an der Teck
- Erkenbergwasen : 15.7 ha; Neidlingen district
- Grienwiesen (Schülesee) : 11.5 ha; District Unterensingen
- Häslachwald : 53.6 ha (of which 8.6 ha in the Esslingen district); City of Ostfildern - Kemnat district
- Jusi / On the mountain: 48.9 ha; Markings Kohlberg and Kappishäuser
- Crows Claw : 5.3 ha; District Esslingen
- Kurzer Wasen / Roter Wasen : 29.1 ha; District Weilheim an der Teck
- Limburg : 161.5 ha; District Weilheim an der Teck
- Musberger Eichberg : 14.4 ha; District of Leinfelden-Echterdingen
- Nägelestal : 20.0 ha; District Kirchheim unter Teck
- Neckarwasen : 13.3 ha; Markings Köngen and Wendlingen am Neckar
- Neuffener Heide : 16.9 ha; Neuffen district
- Neuffener Hörnle-Jusenberg : 48.0 ha; Neuffen district
- Upper Lenninger Valley with side valleys : 593 ha; Lenningen municipality - Gutenberg and Oberlenningen districts
- Randecker Maar with Zipfelbach Gorge: 110.0 ha; Gemarkungen Ochsenwang and Hepsisau
- Schaichtal: 467.8 ha; Aich, Grötzingen and Neuenhaus, Altenriet and Schlaitdorf , Waldenbuch ( Boebingen district ), Walddorf and Häslach ( Reutlingen district ) and Dettenhausen ( Tübingen district )
- Schönrain : 7.1 ha; Neckartenzlingen district
- Schopflocher Moor (peat pit): 50.4 ha; Lenningen municipality - Schopfloch and Ochsenwang districts
- Siebenmühlental : 98.5 ha; 52.6 ha in the Filderstadt and Leinfelden-Echterdingen districts in the Esslingen district and 45.8 ha in the Steinenbronn and Waldenbuch districts in the Böblingen district
- Stettener Bach : 49.6 ha; District Esslingen and Schanbach
- Teck : 386.0 ha; Districts Bissingen an der Teck , Dettingen unter Teck , Unterlenningen and Owen
- Tobeltal with Mittagsfels and Wielandstein : 151.4 ha; Community Lenningen , district Oberlenningen
- Under the fall : 26.9 ha; Neidlingen district
- Wernau quarry ponds : 32.1 ha; Districts Köngen , Wendlingen am Neckar and Wernau (Neckar)
- Wernau clay pit : 5.5 ha; District Wernau (Neckar)
- Wiestal with Rauber : 136.5 ha; Markings Jesingen, Holzmaden and Ohmden
The district of Esslingen goes back to the old Württemberg Oberamt Eßlingen , which was established in 1803 after the former free imperial city of Eßlingen was transferred to Württemberg . It has been changed several times throughout history. From 1810 it belonged to the Landvogtei Rothenberg and from 1818 to the Neckar District , which was dissolved in 1924. In 1934 the Oberamt was renamed the District of Eßlingen , and according to the law on the division of the federal states of April 24, 1938, the now District of Esslingen was enlarged on October 1, 1938 to include some municipalities from the dissolved District Superior Office of Stuttgart and the districts of Schorndorf, Kirchheim unter Teck and Göppingen.
On October 16, 1964, the state government approved the change from the previous spelling to the current spelling of the Esslingen district .
After the community reform has been completed, the Esslingen district still comprises 44 communities, including 13 towns and of these in turn six large district towns (Esslingen am Neckar, Filderstadt, Kirchheim unter Teck, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Nürtingen and Ostfildern). The largest city in the district is Esslingen am Neckar, the smallest municipality is Altdorf near Nürtingen. In 1980 German right-wing extremists from the German Action Groups bombed the Esslingen district office and the district administrator's house.
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ). The population development before 1973 includes the total of the inhabitants also of the communities that today belong to the Esslingen district, but were previously assigned to other administrative units (upper offices, districts).
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The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result.
|Parties and constituencies||
|FW||Free voters in the Esslingen district||29.4||28||31.5||30th||27.3||29||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||19.5||19th||24.0||23||23.8||25th||30.4||31||31.1||31||25.1||26th||25.1||34|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||19.1||19th||14.5||14th||14.5||14th||12.7||12||9.4||9||12.8||12||10.7||14th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||15.5||15th||19.4||19th||21.5||20th||22.3||21st||23.9||21st||25.5||24||25.5||32|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||6.2||5||4.7||5||7.1||7th||4.9||5||3.1||3||3.9||4th||4.9||5|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||5.9||5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|THE LEFT||THE LEFT.||3.9||4th||3.3||3||2.1||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|LE Citizen||List of committed citizens||-||-||0.4||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|UFB||Independent Free Citizens||-||-||-||-||0.8||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||25.1||27||28.1||30th||27.3||30th||27.8||38|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
The district council elects the district administrator for a term of office of 8 years. He is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as the chairman of the district council and its committees, but has no voting rights in the committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district.
His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. His deputy is the first state official.
- 1933–1938: Ernst Mäulen
- 1938–1945: Hans Häcker
- 1945–1946: Fritz Landenberger
- 1946–1966: Georg Geist
- 1966–1972: Richard Schall
- 1973–2000: Hans Peter Braun
- since 2000: Heinz Eininger
The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt Eßlingen from 1803 to 1938 are shown in the article Oberamt Eßlingen .
The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt Nürtingen from 1805 to 1938 are shown in the article Oberamt Nürtingen .
The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt Kirchheim from 1791 to 1938 are shown in the article Oberamt Kirchheim .
The district administrators of the former district of Nürtingen from 1938 to 1973 are shown in the article District of Nürtingen .
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Esslingen shows in gold above a (awakened) shield base roughened diagonally in black and gold with divisions, a red armored and red-tongued black eagle, topped with a gold horn on a gold fetter. The coat of arms was awarded to the district of Esslingen on August 13, 1975 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .
The coat of arms was taken from the coat of arms symbols of the earlier districts or rulers. The eagle symbolizes the formerly free imperial city of Esslingen, Rauten and Hifthorn are taken from the old district coat of arms of Nürtingen, whereby the diamonds symbolize the rule of Teck (including the city of Kirchheim unter Teck) and the Hifthorn the city of Nürtingen.
Before the district reform , the (old) district of Esslingen had a different coat of arms. It showed a red armored black eagle in gold under a black deer pole, whose chest was covered with three green labels standing next to each other. This coat of arms was awarded to the Esslingen district on October 1st, 1951 by the state government of Württemberg-Baden . The eagle should point to the former imperial city of Esslingen, the stag to the affiliation to Württemberg and the three labels to the three landscapes in the district (Schurwald, Filder and Neckar valley).
The Esslingen district has had a partnership with the city of Givatayim in Israel since 1983 . Further partnerships have existed with the Munich district since 1979, the Leipzig district since 1990 and the Pruszków district in Poland since 2001.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Future Atlas 2016, the Esslingen district was ranked 22nd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with “very high future prospects”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 31st out of 401.
According to information from the State Statistical Office , the most employment-intensive sectors in the Esslingen district are :
- Vehicle production with 14,500 employees
- Health, veterinary and social services with 13,100 employees.
- Mechanical engineering with 23,300 employees
- Company-related services with 14,100 employees
The Stuttgart Airport is located on the eastern edge of the urban area of Leinfelden-Echterdingen. Most of the runways are in the area around Filderstadt-Bernhausen.
Local public transport
As early as 1845, the later Württemberg State Railroad ran from Stuttgart to the district town of Esslingen, in 1846 on to Plochingen and in 1847 as the Filsbahn to cross the Alb in the direction of Geislinger Steige-Ulm.
From Plochingen in 1859, the Neckar-Alb Railway joined the Neckar to Nürtingen – Reutlingen. From this branched off in Wendlingen (then Unterboihingen) in 1864, the Teckbahn of the Kirchheimer railway company , which was extended in 1899 by the state railway to Oberlenningen. Another branch line, now closed, was the Kirchheim (Teck) Süd – Weilheim (Teck) railway line, which opened in 1908 .
On the Fildern on the southern edge of Stuttgart, a diverse local transport system, the Filderbahn Company, developed over the course of more than a hundred years . The S-Bahn (S2 and S3) to Stuttgart Airport, which went into operation from 1989 to 1993, partly uses the route of the Vaihingen – Echterdingen line opened by the Deutsche Reichsbahn in 1920 in Leinfelden-Echterdingen, from which a branch to Waldenbuch branched off in 1928 in Leinfelden. In autumn 2001, the S2 stretch from the airport to Filderstadt- Bernhausen was extended.
In Echterdingen, the Möhringen – Neuhausen line was linked, which was built by the Filderbahn company in 1897 in meter gauge and converted to standard gauge in 1902. The Möhringen – Echterdingen section was replaced by a Möhringen – Leinfelden connection, which was rebuilt in 1928 as an electric overland railway in meter gauge and - parallel to the standard gauge railway to Neuhausen - was extended to Echterdingen Ort. Since 1990, a standard-gauge light rail (line U5) has run from Stuttgart only to Leinfelden Bahnhof, from where the S-Bahn continues.
The Esslingen am Neckar tram was opened in Esslingen in 1912 , and in 1919 it connected to the Stuttgart tram network (SSB). It was replaced in 1944 by the Esslingen am Neckar trolleybus . In 1926, the Esslingen – Nellingen – Denkendorf tram was added, which also went up to the Filderhöhe until 1978; Another line branched from Nellingen to Neuhausen in 1929.
In the area of the railways, only two shorter route sections were closed:
- 1955: Leinfelden – Musberg – Waldenbuch ( Siebenmühlentalbahn , 11.7 km)
- 1982: Kirchheim Süd – Holzmaden – Weilheim (7.7 km)
In 2000 the SSB opened the Stuttgart – Nellingen light rail.
The federal motorway 8 Stuttgart - Ulm runs through the district in a west-east direction . The main highways are the B10 Stuttgart-Ulm, the B27 Stuttgart- Tübingen , the B 312 airport Reutlingen and the B 313 Plochingen-Reutlingen.
The Esslingen district is responsible for the following vocational schools : Friedrich-Ebert-Schule (commercial school) Esslingen, John F. Kennedy-Schule (commercial school) Esslingen, Käthe-Kollwitz-Schule (home economics school) Esslingen, Max-Eyth-Schule (Commercial school) Kirchheim unter Teck, Jakob-Friedrich-Schöllkopf-Schule (commercial school) Kirchheim unter Teck, Philipp-Matthäus-Hahn-Schule (commercial school) Nürtingen, Otto-Umfrid-Schule (commercial school) Nürtingen, Albert-Schäffle -Schule (commercial school) Nürtingen and Fritz-Ruoff-School (housekeeping and agricultural school) Nürtingen, furthermore the Rohräckerschulen Esslingen ( special educational and advisory centers (SBBZ) with a focus on mental development, physical and motor development and language, each with a school kindergarten as well as an SBBZ for schoolchildren in long-term hospital treatment), the Bodelschwinghschule Nürtingen (funding focus geis development) with a school kindergarten. In Dettingen unter Teck, another SBBZ was built with a focus on intellectual development and language with a school kindergarten.
The Esslingen district is also a partner in medius KLINIKEN gGmbH. This company is responsible for the Paracelsus Hospital Ruit in Ostfildern-Ruit and the Kirchheim-Nürtingen Clinic with the clinic locations in Kirchheim unter Teck and Nürtingen . The Kirchheim-Nürtingen Clinic and the Paracelsus Hospital Ruit are academic teaching hospitals of the University of Tübingen.
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Kirchheim unter Teck and the communities of Dettingen unter Teck and Notzingen
- Local government association Lenningen based in Lenningen; Member municipalities: Municipalities of Lenningen and Erkenbrechtsweiler as well as the city of Owen
- Local government association Neckartenzlingen with seat in Neckartenzlingen; Member communities: Altdorf, Altenriet, Bempflingen, Neckartailfingen, Neckartenzlingen and Schlaitdorf
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Neuffen and the communities of Beuren and Kohlberg
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Nürtingen and the communities of Frickenhausen, Großbettlingen, Oberboihingen, Unterensingen and Wolfschlugen
- Municipal administration association Plochingen with seat in Plochingen; Member communities: City of Plochingen and the communities of Altbach and Deizisau
- Community administration association Reichenbach an der Fils with seat in Reichenbach an der Fils; Member communities: Baltmannsweiler, Hochdorf, Lichtenwald and Reichenbach an der Fils
- Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Weilheim an der Teck and the communities of Bissingen an der Teck, Holzmaden, Neidlingen and Ohmden
- Local administration association Wendlingen am Neckar with seat in Wendlingen am Neckar; Member municipalities: City of Wendlingen am Neckar and the municipality of Köngen
|city||coat of arms||Area
December 31, 2018
PE per km²
above sea level
|Esslingen am Neckar , large district town||46.43||93,542||2.015||241|
|Filderstadt , large district town||38.54||45,813||1,189||388|
|Kirchheim unter Teck , large district town||40.47||40,523||1,001||350|
|Leinfelden-Echterdingen , large district town||29.90||40.092||1,341||432|
|Nürtingen , large district town||46.90||41.093||876||291|
|Ostfildern , large district town||22.81||39,321||1,724||312|
|Weilheim an der Teck||26.51||10,275||388||385|
|local community||coat of arms||Area
December 31, 2018
PE per km²
above sea level
|Bissingen on the Teck||17.06||3,441||202||415|
|Dettingen under Teck||15.13||6,142||406||352|
|Neuhausen on the Fildern||12.47||11,893||954||320|
|Reichenbach an der Fils||7.43||8,431||1,135||276|
Municipalities before the district reform
Before the district reform on January 1, 1973 and before the community reform , the (old) district of Esslingen had a total of 33 communities since 1938, including two cities. In 1938 the municipality of Wernau (Neckar) was formed from the municipalities of Pfauhausen and Steinbach , which was elevated to a town in 1968. In 1942 the communities of Plieningen and Birkach were incorporated into the city of Stuttgart.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the old district of Esslingen was made on January 1st, 1971 by the communities of Hegenlohe and Thomashardt, which merged to form the new community of Lichtenwald. In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. All of the remaining communities in the old Esslingen district went into the new, enlarged Esslingen district on January 1, 1973 .
The old district of Esslingen and included most recently an area of 253 square kilometers had in the census in 1970 a total of 251,141 inhabitants.
The table shows the population development of the old Esslingen district up to 1970. All population figures are census results.
The following is a list of the communities in the old Esslingen district before the community reform. All communities still belong to the Esslingen district today.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign ES when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today. Since November 10, 2014, the license plate liberalization means that the NT distinguishing mark ( Nürtingen ) has also been available.
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by districts and communities (in eight volumes). Edited by the Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg, Volume III: Administrative region Stuttgart - Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar, Stuttgart, 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2 .
- Esslingen district (ed.): The Esslingen district , Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-8062-0171-4 .
- Eugen Frick: From the royal Württemberg Oberamt to the Esslingen district. In: Hans Peter Braun (ed.): The Esslingen district. Stuttgart 1992, pp. 275-287
- Wolfram Angerbauer (Red.): The heads of the upper offices, district offices and district offices in Baden-Württemberg from 1810 to 1972 . Published by the working group of the district archives at the Baden-Württemberg district assembly. Theiss, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-8062-1213-9 .
- The Esslingen district. Edited by the State Archives Baden-Württemberg i. V. with the district of Esslingen, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Ostfildern 2009, ISBN 978-3-7995-0842-1 .
- The nature reserves in the Stuttgart administrative region . Edited by Reinhard Wolf . Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2002. ISBN 3-7995-5173-5 .
- Official website of the district
- Literature from and about the Esslingen district in the catalog of the German National Library
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- land according to type of actual use in 2015
- LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 448, 460 f .
- Bavarian Journal for Politics and History ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
-  Distribution of votes in the district council elections 1989–2009
-  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989–2009
-  ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in district elections 1989–2009
- Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 24, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- State Gazette No. 1 v. January 16, 2009, page 19.