Kohlberg (Württemberg)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Kohlberg
Kohlberg (Württemberg)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Kohlberg highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 33 '  N , 9 ° 20'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Stuttgart
County : Esslingen
Height : 476 m above sea level NHN
Area : 4.39 km 2
Residents: 2324 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 529 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 72664
Area code : 07025
License plate : ES, NT
Community key : 08 1 16 036
Address of the
municipal administration:
Metzinger Strasse 1
72664 Kohlberg
Website : www.kohlberg.de
Mayor : Rainer Taigel
Location of the municipality of Kohlberg in the Esslingen district
Alb-Donau-Kreis Landkreis Böblingen Landkreis Göppingen Landkreis Ludwigsburg Landkreis Reutlingen Landkreis Tübingen Rems-Murr-Kreis Stuttgart Aichtal Aichwald Altbach Altdorf (Landkreis Esslingen) Altenriet Altenriet Baltmannsweiler Bempflingen Beuren (bei Nürtingen) Bissingen an der Teck Deizisau Denkendorf (Württemberg) Dettingen unter Teck Erkenbrechtsweiler Esslingen am Neckar Filderstadt Frickenhausen (Württemberg) Großbettlingen Hochdorf (bei Plochingen) Holzmaden Kirchheim unter Teck Köngen Kohlberg (Württemberg) Kohlberg (Württemberg) Leinfelden-Echterdingen Lenningen Lichtenwald Neckartailfingen Neckartenzlingen Neidlingen Neuffen Neuhausen auf den Fildern Notzingen Nürtingen Oberboihingen Ohmden Ostfildern Owen Plochingen Reichenbach an der Fils Schlaitdorf Unterensingen Weilheim an der Teck Wendlingen am Neckar Wernau (Neckar) Wolfschlugenmap
About this picture
View from Jusi to Kohlberg

Kohlberg is a municipality in the Esslingen district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Stuttgart region (until 1992 the Middle Neckar region ) and the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart . Kohlberg and its entire area are part of the Swabian Alb biosphere area .


Geographical location

Kohlberg is located on the Albtrauf at an altitude of 357 to 673 meters.

Community structure

Apart from the village of Kohlberg, no other places belong to the community.

Neighboring communities

The following cities and municipalities border on the municipality of Kohlberg, they are named starting in the north in a clockwise direction and belong to the Esslingen district and Reutlingen district ¹: Frickenhausen , Neuffen , Metzingen ¹ and Grafenberg ¹.

Division of space

According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.


Until the 19th century

The traces of settlement in the Kohlberg area go back to the time before the birth of Christ. In Won Middle Wasen were from Jurassic chert tools manufactured salvaged from the Neolithic v, about 3000 to 2000th BC, date. The tools found lead to the conclusion that the inhabitants of the Kohlberg municipality were partly cattle herders, hunters and gatherers . A potty from the Late Bronze Age found on the Jusi proves that the Kohlberg “local mountain” dates back to between 1200 and 800 BC. Was inhabited. This also applies to the Hallstatt period (800–400 BC), from which some burial mounds in the upper Autmuttal come from.

In the 11th century Kohlberg belonged to the area of ​​the Counts of Achalm . The Counts Luitold and Kuno von Achalm gave away large lands to the Zwiefalten monastery in 1098 with the Bempflingen Treaty . The Zwiefalten abbot Ulrich von Hürzbühl had a dwelling ( domicilium ) built in Kohlberg for lay brothers who planted and tended vineyards. Since the end of the 11th century, the Zwiefalten monastery owned other properties in the village of Kohlberg in addition to the domicilium . Two knightly servants of Count von Achalm, Eberhard von Urach and Luitold, gave the monastery three hubs and the freeborn Gisela von Hiltensweiler gave him two hubs with the neighboring forest of Berinbolt .

In the period that followed, there were considerable disputes about the Kohlberger Gut. These took on almost warlike forms in the 15th century when the government of Emperor Frederick III. Lent the court as an inheritance to Vice Chancellor Ulrich Welzli, a native of Göppingen. As a result, in 1461 there was almost a battle between the Counts of Württemberg and - on behalf of the Emperor - the Count Palatine Friedrich. The completely surprising death of Ulrich Welzli made a peaceful solution possible. Based on a comparison of the Zwiefalten monastery with Welzli's brother and heir, the Rottweiler court court awarded the Kohlberger Hof to the Zwiefaltenern again in 1465, who had to pay Welzli 1000 guilders and give him 100 guilders a year for life. In 1467, Frederick III declared that the Kohlberger Hof of the monastery was "own" and not a "fiefdom" and reinstated it in its old rights.

In 1520 the Zwiefalten monastery left the former estate to fiefdom farmers in Neuhausen an der Erms . Also in 1520 Kohlberg became an independent parish after it had previously been a subsidiary of Neuffen.

Kohlberg 1683, forest inventory book by Andreas Kieser

The benefice divide (tax rights) that nobles and parishes had in Kohlberg came after the Reformation, like that of the Zwiefalten monastery in 1750 to Württemberg. In the 16th century the community did not have its own court, but at that time and probably from ancient times belonged to the court of the city of Neuffen.

The economic life of the population revolved mainly around agriculture until the middle of the 20th century . The fruit and wine growing that dates back to the Zwiefalten Monastery has continued to this day. Linen weaving has demonstrably been practiced in the village since the 17th century.

In the 17th century, the emperor again showed interest in Kohlberg: In the Thirty Years' War , the Württemberg people were defeated in the Battle of Nördlingen in 1634. The emperor then took the entire former county of Achalm, to which Kohlberg belonged, and handed over the property to the Archduchess Claudia of Front Austria. In the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Kohlberg returned to the care of Württemberg.

In Württemberg Kohlberg initially belonged to the Oberamt Neuffen . In 1806 it came to the Oberamt Nürtingen .

20th century

In 1938 the Oberamt became the District of Nürtingen . During the Second World War, the community was almost completely spared from air raids and the like. From April 23, 1945, the community was occupied. The border between the American and French occupation zones ran right through the community. This was corrected later and the dividing line was then identical to the marking boundary to Metzingen. The community was henceforth under American occupation. With the district reform in 1973, the place was integrated into the Esslingen district.

21st century

Kohlberg was particularly hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany at the beginning of April 2020 with 5 deaths and 13 confirmed infections.

Population development

  • 1824: 0759 inhabitants
  • 1848: 0887 inhabitants
  • 1939: 1,072 inhabitants
  • 1950: 1,381 inhabitants
  • 1961: 1,504 inhabitants
  • 1970: 1,753 inhabitants
  • 1980: 2,106 inhabitants
  • 1990: 2,225 inhabitants
  • 1995: 2,259 inhabitants
  • 2000: 2,291 inhabitants
  • 2005: 2,321 inhabitants
  • 2010: 2,277 inhabitants
  • 2015: 2,268 inhabitants


Municipal council

The municipal council in Kohlberg has twelve members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result. The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.

Parties and constituencies %
Local elections 2019
Gains / losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-8.59  % p
+ 8.59  % p
FWV Free electoral association 47.61 6th 56.2 7th
UWV Independent electoral association 52.39 6th 43.8 5
total 100.0 12 100.0 12
voter turnout 68.98% 52.18%


  • 1924–1945: Eugen Schäfer
  • 1945: Hermann Schaich
  • 1945–1948: Richard Arnold
  • 1948–1956: Eugen Schäfer
  • 1956–1993: Rolf Winkler
  • 1993–2008: Frank Buss
  • 2008–2016: Klaus Roller
  • since 2016: Rainer Taigel

coat of arms

Blazon: In a divided shield above two silver (white) lilies next to each other in blue, below in silver (white) a blue branch with a blue grape and two blue leaves.

The branch of the vine, first recognizable in the mayor's office seal in 1820, is an indication of the viticulture that has been practiced in Kohlberg for centuries. The two lilies come from the coat of arms of Conrad von Achalm, who temporarily exercised the imperial bailiff over the Kohlberghof. The municipality flag has the colors white-blue (silver-blue). The coat of arms was awarded in 1952 by the state government, the flag in 1973 by the Ministry of the Interior.

Culture and sights

  • Kohlberg is on the Württemberger Weinstrasse with many sights.
    Evangelical Church Kohlberg
  • Regular village festivals are the cherry festival and the Kohlberger wine festival.


Natural monuments

  • The Jusi is 673 m high. From there, the hiker has a unique panoramic view of Swabia . From the Hohenzollern to the Kaiser Mountains, the view extends far over the Neckar Valley, the Swabian Forest and the Filder to the Black Forest .


Sons and daughters of the church

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Kohlberg.
  3. Andreas Pflüger: The virus at the funeral service . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten . tape 75 , April 7, 2020 ( online ).


  • Hans Schwenkel : Home book of the Nürtingen district. Volume 2. Würzburg 1953, pp. 539-555.
  • Rolf Winkler et al .: Kohlberg - Perle am Jusi. Geiger, Horb 1991, ISBN 3-89264-640-6 .
  • Andreas Schmauder (Ed.): Kohlberg - Past and Present. Kohlberg parish, 1993.
  • The Esslingen district. - Edited by the State Archives Baden-Württemberg i. V. with the district of Esslingen, Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Ostfildern 2009, ISBN 978-3-7995-0842-1 , volume 2, page 95.
  • Kohlberg municipality: Kohlberg - village between mountain and valley. Half a century in pictures . Geiger-Verlag, Horb 1984.

Web links

Commons : Kohlberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files