Mergentheim district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Mergentheim district
Mergentheim district
Map of Germany, position of the Mergentheim district highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 25 '  N , 9 ° 50'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
Existing period: 1938-1972
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : North Württemberg
Administrative headquarters : Bad Mergentheim
Area : 474 km 2
Residents: 42,888 (May 27, 1970)
Population density : 90 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : MGH
Circle key : 08 1 42
Circle structure: 51 municipalities
Location of the Mergentheim district in Baden-Württemberg
About this picture

The Mergentheim district was a district in Baden-Württemberg that was dissolved on January 1, 1973 as part of the Baden-Württemberg district reform .



The Mergentheim district was in the northeast of Baden-Württemberg on the border with Bavaria .

Geographically, he had a share in the building land . The Tauber ran through the district with its tributaries.

Neighboring areas

Its neighboring districts were at the beginning of 1972 clockwise beginning in the north of Ochsenfurt , Uffenheim and Rothenburg ob der Tauber (in Bavaria) as well as Crailsheim , Künzelsau and Tauberbischofsheim .


Prehistory of the Mergentheim district

Before 1800, the area of ​​the Mergentheim district belonged to various domains, including the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach , the Principality of Hohenlohe , the German Order and the imperial city of Rothenburg ob der Tauber . From 1803 to 1810 the area came to Württemberg , which formed the upper offices of Mergentheim and Gerabronn , which belonged to the Landvogtei an der Jagst. From 1818 they belonged to the Jagstkreis (which was dissolved in 1924), and in 1934 they were renamed to circles. On October 1, 1938, the Gerabronn district was dissolved. Some communities were incorporated into what is now the Mergentheim district.

The Mergentheim district in the post-war period

In the Mergentheim district after the Second World War, a total of 10,801 displaced persons from the areas beyond the Oder-Neisse line , Hungary and the Sudetenland found a new home.

After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the Mergentheim district belonged to the administrative district of North Württemberg . As a result of the municipal reform in 1970, the district area changed in one case. On January 1, 1972, the municipality of Deubach was incorporated into the city of Königshofen (today Lauda-Königshofen ) and thus became part of the Tauberbischofsheim district .

Dissolution of the district

With effect from January 1, 1973, the Mergentheim district was dissolved as part of the Baden-Württemberg district reform. Its communities were assigned to the newly formed Tauberkreis , which thus became the legal successor to the Mergentheim and Tauberbischofsheim districts . On January 1, 1974, the new district was given its current name Main-Tauber-Kreis .

Population development

All population figures are census results.

year Residents
May 17, 1939 31,165
September 13, 1950 41,819
year Residents
June 6, 1961 40,349
May 27, 1970 42,888


District Administrator

The district councils of the district Mergentheim 1934-1972:

The Oberamtmen of the former Oberamt are shown under Oberamt Mergentheim .

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Mergentheim district showed a continuous black cross in silver, covered in the middle with a silver shield, in which two red-tongued, black lions looking over each other. The coat of arms was awarded to the Mergentheim district on June 20, 1955 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .

The cross stands for the Teutonic Order, the lions come from the coat of arms of the Lords of Hohenlohe. The colors black and white also indicated the Margraviate Brandenburg-Ansbach.

Economy and Infrastructure


There was no federal motorway running through the district (the A 81 did not exist in this section at the time). Therefore, it was only opened up by federal highways 19 and 290 as well as several state and district roads.


From 1938 onwards, there were initially 51 municipalities in the Mergentheim district, of which 4 were towns.

On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the Mergentheim district was made on January 1, 1972 by several communities that united with their larger neighboring communities, including Althausen, Apfelbach, Löffelstelzen, Markelsheim and Neunkirchen with the city of Bad Mergentheim . In the following years, the number of municipalities decreased steadily until the district Mergentheim finally on 1 January 1973 in the Main-Tauber-Kreis (initially called Tauber district ) came up.

The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Bad Mergentheim , while Simmringen was the smallest.

In the table, the municipalities of the Mergentheim district are before the municipal reform. Today they all belong to the Main-Tauber district. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.

former parish today's parish Resident
on June 6, 1961
on May 27, 1970
Adolzhausen Niederstetten 286 254
Althausen Bad Mergentheim 552 514
Apfelbach Bad Mergentheim 376 344
Archshofen Creglingen 443 428
Bad Mergentheim , city Bad Mergentheim 11,608 12,616
Bernsfelden Igersheim 303 298
Blumweiler Creglingen 464 429
Craintal Creglingen 148 131
Creglingen , city Creglingen 1,801 1,815
Deubach Lauda-Koenigshofen 185 178
Edelfingen Bad Mergentheim 1,122 1,230
Elpersheim Weikersheim 819 836
Dark ear Creglingen 376 367
Frauental Creglingen 225 230
Freudenbach Creglingen 468 457
Haagen Weikersheim 103 95
Hachtel Bad Mergentheim 320 307
Harthausen Igersheim 480 496
Herbsthausen Bad Mergentheim 219 208
Gentlemen's rooms Niederstetten 191 165
Honsbronn Weikersheim 203 173
Igersheim Igersheim 1,986 2,752
Laudenbach Weikersheim 1,249 1,195
Spoon stilts Bad Mergentheim 560 658
Markelsheim Bad Mergentheim 1,493 1,601
Muenster Creglingen 366 337
Nassau Weikersheim 448 400
Neubronn Weikersheim 352 352
Neunkirchen Bad Mergentheim 520 474
News Igersheim 258 226
Niederrimbach Creglingen 261 248
Niederstetten , city Niederstetten 1,975 2,506
Oberrimbach Creglingen 311 310
Oberstetten Niederstetten 493 502
Pfitzingen Niederstetten 210 177
Queckbronn Weikersheim 151 143
Reinsbronn Creglingen 520 491
Rengershausen Bad Mergentheim 404 430
Cattle field Niederstetten 383 341
red Bad Mergentheim 358 341
Rüsselhausen Niederstetten 174 147
Schaefersheim Weikersheim 659 685
Schmerbach Creglingen 227 208
Simmringen Igersheim 108 86
Stuppach Bad Mergentheim 561 603
Vorbachzimmer Niederstetten 500 471
Wachbach Bad Mergentheim 936 1,084
Waldmannshofen Creglingen 450 412
Weikersheim , city Weikersheim 2,969 3,430
Vermouths Niederstetten 295 257
Wild animal stream Niederstetten 480 450

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the MGH distinctive sign when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It has been available in the Main-Tauber district since January 7, 2014 ( license plate liberalization ).

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Mergentheim  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Main-Post : 18 square meters for six people. . Online at April 11, 2006. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  2. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 453 f .