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Coat of arms of Edelfingen
Coordinates: 49 ° 30 ′ 51 ″  N , 9 ° 45 ′ 4 ″  E
Height : 210 m above sea level NHN
Area : 7.48 km²
Residents : 1366  (2014)
Population density : 183 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1975
Postal code : 97980
Area code : 07931

Edelfingen is a district of Bad Mergentheim and is located in the northeast of Baden-Württemberg on the Tauber . On January 1, 1975 Edelfingen was incorporated into Bad Mergentheim as part of the municipal reform.


Geographical location

Edelfingen is located three kilometers northwest of Bad Mergentheim an der Tauber. The residential areas are partly located on the northern and southern slopes of the Taubertal. Neighboring towns in Edelfingen are, clockwise, Löffelstelzen , Bad Mergentheim, Dainbach , Unterbalbach and Oberbalbach .

Protected areas

The Edelfingen water protection area designated by ordinance of August 30, 1994 with WSG no. 128125 covers a protected area of ​​230.72 hectares.


Edelfingen was first mentioned in a Würzburg document from 1207 as "Utelfi (n) gen". Archaeological finds, however, point to an earlier settlement .

In the Old Reich Edelfingen was a condominium of the Teutonic Order and the Lords of Hatzfeld and von Adelsheim . In 1794 the share of the Lords of Hatzfeld fell to the Hochstift Würzburg and in 1803 with the secularization to the Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein-Jagstberg .

In 1806 one eighth of the town fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden , two eighths of the village also went to the Kingdom of Württemberg from the Princes of Hohenlohe in 1806 . The remaining five eighths in the former possession of the Teutonic Order came to Württemberg in 1809 . It was not until the State Treaty of 1846 that the condominium with Baden ended and Edelfingen became completely part of Württemberg. The place belonged to the Oberamt Mergentheim . In 1938 Edelfingen came to the Mergentheim district as part of an administrative reform during the Nazi era and to the Main-Tauber district in 1973 through the district reform in Baden-Württemberg .

On January 1, 1975 Edelfingen was incorporated into the city of Bad Mergentheim.



In Edelfingen there is both a Protestant and a Catholic community. Edelfingen has been evangelical in character since 1563/1564. For centuries, the Catholics in the village formed a small minority. The still existing distribution can be recognized by the size of today's churches.

The Protestant parish Edelfingen belongs to the church district Weikersheim . A dean is attested in Edelfingen as early as 1222. The church set belonged to Hohenlohe, who introduced the Reformation together with the Lords of Rosenberg. As a result of the collapse of the tower of the old church, the current church was built in 1872 in place of the previous building.

The Roman Catholic Chapel of Maria Immaculata was built in the 1850s and is dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Mary . As a so-called branch church of the Catholic parish of St. Johannes in Bad Mergentheim, it belongs to the pastoral care unit 1a - LAMM , which is assigned to the Mergentheim dean's office in the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese .

Edelfingen Jewish Community

There were Jews in Edelfingen since the Middle Ages . Edelfingen had a significant Jewish community until 1938 .


The coat of arms of Edelfingen shows a silver apple tree rooted in red. The place has had a partnership with Sainte-Marie-du-Mont ( Normandy , France ) since May 28, 1967 . Edelfingen is part of Bad Mergentheim in the Bundestag constituency 276 Odenwald-Tauber.

Culture and sights

Cultural monuments

Evangelical Church in autumn 2013

The Protestant church with a sculpture column by Leo Wirth is located in the center of Edelfingen. In addition, the church has an altar grille with an integrated baptismal font. The Protestant church is designated as a cycle path church.

At the entrance to the village from Bad Mergentheim you will find the Catholic chapel.

The Theobald ruin is located on the south-western slope of the Taubertal Valley.

Biking and hiking trails

Edelfingen is on the Taubertal cycle path . The Taubertal panorama trail also leads through the village.


Bad Mergentheim-Edelfingen stop

The Bad Mergentheim-Edelfingen stop is on the Crailsheim – Königshofen railway line .

The federal highway 290 runs through the town in a north-south direction.



  • Wolfgang Goez: Inhabitants and Family Book Edelfingen to 1876. 516 pages, series German OSB: series B volume 285

Web links

Commons : Edelfingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Edelfingen. LEO-BW, discover regional studies online, accessed on March 16, 2015 .
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 469 .
  3. ^ A b Parish of St. Johannes Bad Mergentheim: Filialkirche Maria Immaculata in Edelfingen . Online at st-johannes-mgh.drs.de. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  4. ^ Deanery Mergentheim: Pastoral care units of the Deanery Mergentheim . Online at www.kathdekanat-mgh.de. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  5. ^ Alemannia Judaica: Edelfingen (City of Bad Mergentheim, Main-Tauber district) Jewish history / prayer hall / synagogue . online at www.alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  6. Federal Returning Officer. Retrieved March 19, 2018 .
  7. Tourism Association Liebliches Taubertal (Ed.): Cycle Path Churches . Brochure. 12 pages. District Office Main-Tauber-Kreis, Tauberbischofsheim, p. 8.
  8. "The Classic" - Tourist Association of Liebliches Taubertal. In: liebliches-taubertal.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
  9. 2nd day stage - Weikersheim via Bad Mergentheim to Tauberbischofsheim - Liebliches Taubertal Tourist Association. In: liebliches-taubertal.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
  10. Panoramaweg Taubertal - Tourist Association Liebliches Taubertal. In: liebliches-taubertal.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
  11. Taubertal panorama hiking trail (long-distance hiking trail) - wanderkompass.de. In: wanderkompass.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .