|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|County :||Main-Tauber district|
|Height :||278 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||117.22 km 2|
|Residents:||4694 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||40 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||97993, 97990|
|Primaries :||07933, 07939, 09335, 09865|
|License plate :||TBB, MGH|
|Community key :||08 1 28 020|
|LOCODE :||DE CGL|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Uwe Hehn|
|Location of the town of Creglingen in the Main-Tauber district|
Creglingen is located in Tauberfranken , in the extreme northeast of Baden-Württemberg on the Tauber , about 15 km north-west of Rothenburg ob der Tauber downstream and about 19 km east of Bad Mergentheim upstream (both as the crow flies). The eponymous capital is located in the confluence of the Herrgottsbach, which flows in from the west and south .
Since the municipality reform in 1972, Creglingen has included the formerly independent municipalities Archshofen , Blumweiler , Craintal , Creglingen, Finsterlohr , Frauental , Freudenbach , Münster , Niederrimbach , Oberrimbach , Reinsbronn , Schmerbach and Waldmannshofen :
- The village of Archshofen ( Holdermühle ( ; partly also in Tauberzell in Bavaria) belong to the former municipality of Archshofen . ) and the homestead
- The hamlets of Blumweiler ( Reutsachsen ( ), Schwarzenbronn ( ), Seldeneck ( ), Weiler ( ) and Wolfsbuch ( ) as well as the abandoned villages Heroldeshalden and Heymot belong to the former municipality of Blumweiler . ),
- The village Craintal ( ) belongs to the former municipality of Craintal .
- The town of Creglingen within the boundaries of 1971 includes the town of Creglingen ( Äckerbrunnen ( ), Herrgottskirche ( ) and Kohlesmühle ( ) as well as the lost town of Lemmerheim. ) and the residential areas
- The village of Finsterlohr ( Burgstall ( ) and Schonach ( ) belong to the former municipality of Finsterlohr . ) and the hamlets of
- The former community of Frauental includes the village of Frauental ( Lohrhof ( ) and Weidenhof ( ) and the farms Fuchshof (also Fuchsmühle ) ( ) and Seewiesenhof ( ) as well as the villages of Enkersberg and Alterhof. ), the hamlets
- The village of Freudenbach ( Erdbach ( ) and Schön ( ) belong to the former municipality of Freudenbach . ) and the hamlets of
- The former municipality of Münster includes the village of Münster ( ) and the abandoned villages of Hellenmühle, Hohenweiler and Wieset.
- The village of Niederrimbach ( Standorf ( ) belong to the former municipality of Niederrimbach . ) and the hamlet of
- The village of Oberrimbach ( Lichtel ( ), the Landturm homestead ( ) and the Birkhöfe residential area ( ) belong to the former municipality of Oberrimbach . ), the hamlet of
- The village of Reinsbronn ( Niedersteinach ( ) and Schirmbach ( ), the Brauneck homestead ( ) and the Altmühle residential area ( ) belong to the former municipality of Reinsbronn . ), the hamlets of
- The village of Schmerbach ( ) belongs to the former municipality of Schmerbach .
- The village of Waldmannshofen ( Sechselbach ( ) belong to the former municipality of Waldmannshofen . ) and the hamlet of
In Creglingen there is a European bird sanctuary , two landscape and two nature reserves . These include the European bird sanctuary Wiesenweihe Taubergrund , since 1997 the Creglingen landscape protection area with 2,027.9 ha (districts Creglingen, Niederstetten and Weikersheim), and also the Weikersheim landscape protection area with 2,718.0 ha (districts Bad Mergentheim, Creglingen, Niederstetten and Weikersheim) since 1993. The nature reserve Holzberg with 25 ha (town of Creglingen, districts Finsterlohr and Archshofen ) and nature reserve Oberrimbacher Erdfälle with 71.2 ha (town of Creglingen, district of Oberrimbach , town of Niederstetten , district of Wildentierbach and town of Schrozberg , district of Spielbach , district of Schwäbisch Hall) are also among the five protected areas.
The FFH area Taubergrund near Creglingen lies entirely within the district of Creglingen. In addition, there are a total of 50 objects protected as natural monuments in the area of the town of Creglingen .
The water protection area Creglingen / Hohenloher water supply group designated with the ordinance of February 13, 1995 with the WSG no. 128214 covers a protected area of 8,190.48 hectares.
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
History of the town of Creglingen
During the pre-Roman Iron Age , in the later La Tène period , the Finsterlohr oppidum was located in what is now Finsterlohr, a broad spur of the plateau bordered by two small left valley incisions towards the Tauber . Archaeological investigations have so far only taken place to a very limited extent, but they have shown a fortification with a post slot wall .
Creglingen was first mentioned in writing in 1045 in a document from the Bishop of Bamberg . In 1088 the place came to the Comburg monastery . During the time of the tribal duchies Creglingen was in the Duchy of Franconia . In the 13th century the village became the property of the Hohenlohe family, who lived in Brauneck Castle , among other places . In 1349 Gottfried von Hohenlohe-Brauneck received for Creglingen the city charter .
According to a legend, on August 10, 1384, a farmer found an intact host while plowing on the right slope of the Herrgottstalbach south of Creglingen . The Herrgottskirche was built over the site in 1389, donated by Konrad IV von Hohenlohe-Brauneck. In it stands Tilman Riemenschneider's Marien altar , which he created around 1505.
After the Hohenlohe-Brauneck line died out in 1390, Creglingen had an eventful history. At times it belonged to the Weinsberg family , the Thuringian Count of Schwarzburg and the Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
During the Nazi era in Württemberg , the Oberamt became the district in 1934 and Mergentheim district in 1938 . Since Creglingen had become part of the American zone of occupation after the Second World War , the city had belonged to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Baden since 1945 , which was incorporated into the current state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.
With the dissolution of the district Mergentheim Creglingen came on 1 January 1973 for new Tauber district , today's Main-Tauber-Kreis . Previously, on February 1, 1972, Creglingen was enlarged by the twelve communities Archshofen, Blumweiler, Craintal, Finsterlohr, Frauental, Freudenbach, Münster, Niederrimbach, Oberrimbach, Reinsbronn, Schmerbach and Waldmannshofen.
Creglingen's districts and their history
The village of Archshofen is located about four kilometers from the city center in the Taubertal. It was first mentioned in a document in 807. The village had its own parish since 1341 and the first Jews settled in the village in 1695.
The hamlet of Blumweiler is located almost nine kilometers southeast of the city center on the plateau to the left of the Tauber. In 1265, Seldeneck Castle in the Seldeneck suburb of the same name, about 4 km east of the eponymous hamlet on the left edge of the Tauber Valley, was first mentioned in a document. In 1341 a mill belonging to the castle was named. Both the castle and the mill went down around 1804. The associated hamlet Wolfsbuch in between got its name because the residents used to have the task of catching the wolves in the Rothenburg Landwehr.
The village of Finsterlohr is located about six kilometers south-east of the city center at the top of a short left ridge to the Tauber. The place was first mentioned in 1224 in a document from the Hochstift Würzburg . During the secularization , he first became Bavarian, but then joined Württemberg in 1810 . The village was the ancestral seat of the Lords of Finsterlohe , who also named themselves after him. Your family coat of arms corresponds to today's community coat of arms of Finsterlohr.
The Frauental monastery is located about six kilometers northeast of the city center in the valley of the right Tauber tributary Steinach and was built in 1232 as a Cistercian monastery . It was destroyed in the Peasants' War in 1525 and finally, abandoned as a monastery, taken over by the Margraviate of Ansbach in 1548 . Over time, a small village developed around the former monastery, which became independent in 1791.
The village of Freudenbach is located about five kilometers east of the main town near the border with Bavaria on the five-kilometer-wide flat ridge between the Tauber valleys in the south and the right tributary of Steinach in the north. The Freudenbach flows through the village, which is framed in the west and east by large forest areas .
In Freudenbach there is a public outdoor pool in the town of Creglingen with a children's paddling pool, a swimming pool with a non-swimmer area, a kiosk and a sunbathing area.
Like Archshofen, Freudenbach was first mentioned in a document in 807. Hohenlohe-Brauneck had the local rule for a long time ; in 1448 it passed to the Margraviate of Ansbach . In the course of mediatization , the place first came to Bavaria in 1806 and was assigned to the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1810 . Letten coal sandstone occurs, which is quarried in open-cast mining. The export of whetstones was historically significant . This material found u. a. Used in the construction of the Ansbach Castle and in numerous other buildings in the region. There is an overgrown abandoned quarry near the associated hamlet of Erdbach.
Münster is located in the middle of the Herrgottsbach cut. The village was first mentioned in a document in 1232 because the Lords of Hohenlohe-Brauneck built the Frauental monastery from the profits that the village generated .
Niederrimbach was first mentioned in a document in 1045. It is located about 2.5 km west of the main town on the Rindbach , which, like the Herrgottsbach, mainly flows north to the Tauber. In addition to the old town hall, which is used as a parish hall, Niederrimbach also has an old school building and a Protestant church. Niederrimbach has a total of about 130 inhabitants.
The village of Oberrimbach is located in the southern part of the city in a rather shallow valley on the left Rimbach of the Herrgottsbach, almost seven kilometers from the city center. South of the map draw from south to north along a low ridge between two forest Tälchen several rows of Einbruchdolinen in the loess - and sub keuper pad on the town district strong karst Upper Muschelkalk . 1324 Oberrimbach was first mentioned in a document. A castle in the suburb of Lichtel was demolished in 1408 when the community came to Rothenburg. Instead, a land tower was built on the Rothenburg Landhege. A baptismal font from the 2nd – 3rd centuries lies on a path towards Blumweiler. Century. Half a kilometer away, a so-called quiet forest for urn burial was set up in 2010.
The village of Reinsbronn is located about three kilometers north of the city center between Taubertal and Steinachtal at a short inlet to the latter.
In 1267 the place was mentioned for the first time in a document of the Teutonic Order . In the place of today's castle there was a permanent house of the Lords of Reinsbronn, who were under the feudal rule of the House of Hohenlohe-Brauneck. In the middle of the 15th century, the Brandenburg-Ansbach family came into the possession of the rulership and enfeoffed the Geyer von Giebelstadt family with Reinsbronn. In 1587, Philipp Geyer von Giebelstadt acquired the property for 23,000 guilders, the current remains of the former moated castle go back to him. He was a nephew of Florian Geyer and introduced the Reformation there around 1587 . After the Geyer von Giebelstadt family died out in 1708, rule fell back to Prussia and Ansbach . In 1923 the ailing north wing and part of the west wing collapsed and were not rebuilt. Only the remaining parts bear witness to the once magnificent Reinsbronn Castle .
Brauneck Castle, which belongs to the hamlet of Niedersteinach on the district marker in the Steinach Valley, on a nearby spur of the mouth of the small river, dates from the 11th century and was badly damaged in the Peasants' War of 1525. It was the seat of the Lords of Hohenlohe-Brauneck and is a listed building.
Schmerbach is located at the beginning of the eponymous right Herrgottsbach upper course seven kilometers from the city center and was first mentioned in 1182 as a fiefdom of Count Albertus de Hohenloch (Hohenlohe).
In a document from the Duchy of Würzburg , Waldmannshofen 807, located in the northern tip of the city limits, was first mentioned in a document. Waldmannshofen village and castle later came to the Truchseß von Baldersheim family , who sold them to the Knights of Rosenberg in 1474 . In 1632 they went to the Counts of Hatzfeldt , from whom they passed to the Kingdom of Württemberg .
The population of the city of Creglingen (1961 and 1970 excluding districts) developed as follows:
Sources: Directory of municipalities and information from the State Statistical Office
Since the introduction of the Reformation , Creglingen has been predominantly evangelical. A Roman Catholic parish was only formed again after the Second World War in the Corpus Christi parish church , which was built in 1953 , when Catholic expellees came to Creglingen. Today there is also a regional church community of the Apis association. Evangelical Community Association Württemberg e. V. (formerly Old Pietist Community Association ) and a New Apostolic congregation in the city.
Creglingen Jewish community
There was already a large Jewish community in Creglingen in the Middle Ages and modern times from the beginning of the 17th century to the time of National Socialism .
The parish council typically has 18 honorary members who are elected for five years. The number of members can increase through compensatory seats (total 2019: 19 seats; 2014: 22). In addition, the mayor acts as the municipal council chairman with voting rights.
The guaranteed Loggerhead part of local election the districts a set number of seats: From the main town Creglingen come at least six councilors from the other twelve districts - Archshofen, Blum Weiler, Craintal, Finsterlohr, Frauental, Freudenbach, Munster, Niederrimbach, Oberrimbach, Reinsbronn, Schmerbach and Waldmannshofen - there is at least one councilor.
The 2019 local elections led to the following result (in brackets: difference to 2014):
|Municipal Council 2019|
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|Voting Community of Creglinger Citizens (WCB)||71.6% (+2.8)||14 (−1)|
|SPD||28.4% (−2.8)||5 (−2)|
|Turnout: 69.0% (+3.8)|
coat of arms
Blazon : In silver, two red-armored and red-tongued, looking black lions (leopards) one above the other.
Economy and Infrastructure
From 1909 Creglingen was connected to the rail network by the Bieberehren – Creglingen railway of the Royal Württemberg State Railways , later the Deutsche Reichsbahn and then the Deutsche Bundesbahn . This route was a branch of the Gaubahn from Röttingen to Ochsenfurt . Passenger traffic was stopped in 1967, freight traffic in 1992. Then the rails were dismantled and the route of the Taubertal Cycle Path was laid on the embankment in this area. Today only the former embankment reminds of the time when the railway was connected, as the Creglingen train station had to give way to a new supermarket.
The Franconian Marienweg runs through Creglingen .
|SWR1 Baden-Württemberg||89.1 MHz||0.01 kW|
|SWR2||92.5 MHz||0.01 kW|
|SWR3||97.2 MHz||0.01 kW|
|SWR4 Franken radio||94.9 MHz||0.01 kW|
Opposite the city center is the Creglingen transmitter above the right Taubertal slope, a filling transmitter that supplies the city and the surrounding area with the radio programs of the Südwestrundfunk .
In Creglingen there is a secondary school and a primary and secondary school with a Werkrealschule . The grammar school can be attended in Weikersheim . There are also two municipal and one Protestant kindergarten .
Culture and sights
Jewish Museum Creglingen
On November 8, 2004, the Jewish Museum Creglingen opened with the permanent exhibition Roots and Paths . The exhibition shows the regional roots and peculiarities of Jewish life in Creglingen and in the sub-community of Archshofen. It outlines the paths and fates that led the deaf Franconian Jews from their homeland to foreign countries and brings back memories of the common past of Jews and non-Jews. The museum can be found at Badgasse 3.
Tower Museum As a defense and watchtower, the Lindlein Tower was part of the late medieval fortifications of the town of Creglingen. In 1795 the owner at the time had a half-timbered structure built on the stone base to make the tower habitable. Margarete Böttiger, maid in Creglingen and the surrounding area, bought the tower with two heated rooms, kitchen and toilet in 1927 and lived in it until 1993. In 1979 the city became the owner of the tower. The originally furnished tower has been open to the public since 1999 and offers an insight into the way of life of its last inhabitant. The museum can be found in Stadtgraben 12.
- Fire Brigade Museum in Waldmannshofen Castle.
- Thimble Museum In
1982 a thimble museum was opened in Creglingen. Here you can see thimbles of all kinds and other sewing utensils of the "thimble guild". The thimble museum is located at the coal mill near the Herrgottskirche.
- Museum from the monastery to the village in Frauental (history of the place and the monastery)
Buildings and cultural monuments
- Marienaltar by Tilman Riemenschneider in the Herrgottskirche about 1 km south of the city. This reredos, probably created between 1505 and 1508, is one of the most important works of medieval wood carving . In 2005 its 500th anniversary was celebrated.
- The Protestant town church Creglingen is originally a late Romanesque basilica (choir from 1180), which was rebuilt several times and redesigned in Baroque style. The church tower dominates today's cityscape. Inside are worth seeing tombs, a late Gothic tabernacle and the pulpit from the 16th century decorated with inlaid pictures.
- oldest rural farmhouse from 1352
- Old pharmacy on the market square
- former Cistercian convent Frauental
- Lichteler Landturm near the Lichtel district
- St. John's Church from the 12th century in Niederrimbach
- Ulrich's Chapel in Niederrimbach-Standorf
- The Celtic oppidum Finsterlohr lies between Finsterlohr and the Taubertal
Cultural center Romschlössle
On the southern outskirts of Creglingen is the former Weinsberg house, now called Romschlössle, which as a building complex has shaped the Creglingen townscape for centuries. A terraced garden - next to a piece of the city wall that is still preserved today - also belongs to this building. The building was completely renovated from 1992 to 1994. Today it houses, among other things, a public library, the municipal music school and a pottery. In addition, concerts and art exhibitions take place here regularly.
The Münsterseen recreation area , with its swimming lake, large sunbathing area, a versatile water playground and a total of 900 m barefoot path, is an ideal recreational area. It is located near the Münster district behind the campsite.
The Karrodsee lies between Finsterlohr, Schonach and Schmerbach. In addition to swimming, there are also two barbecue areas. Every year at the end of July there is a Karrodsee fishing festival organized by the Karrodsee interest group .
A Kneipp facility is located in the Münster district, integrated into the Münsterseen leisure and recreation area.
Biking and hiking trails
The second Wednesday in February has been a festival day in Creglingen for 100 years. The Creglingen horse market offers all horse lovers from the Taubertal and neighboring Bavarian communities a mixture of old horse market tradition and lively market activity. In addition to the horse awards and the grocer's market, the highlight of this day is the traditional parade followed by a concert. In 2020, the horse market was celebrated on February 1st and 2nd for the 100th anniversary.
In addition, the traditional Easter, Pentecost and Christmas markets take place every year.
Every year on the fourth weekend in June, the rose blossom and light festival with a market for roses and gardens and a rose queen takes place in and around the Romschlösslegarten . Special features are culinary delicacies around the rose. The evening festival of lights is linked to a historical supporting program.
The KiWo has been taking place in Oberrimbach for over 40 years . The KiWo is a children's holiday program organized by the FiSchLi parish and the Apis in the Creglingen district, which is currently attended by around 150 children from the Creglingen urban area and beyond.
Creglingen is characterized by a lively club life. This includes 9 sports clubs, 15 choirs, 8 trombone choirs or music bands, 11 rural women’s clubs and 14 youth clubs.
- Description of the Oberamt Mergentheim, Magstadt: Bissinger, 1968 (reprint [of the edition] Stuttgart, Kohlhammer, 1880) (online)
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Creglingen . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 1 : A-egg . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1799, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753073 , Sp. 542-546 ( digitized version ).
- Horst F. Rupp, Hartwig Behr: From life and death. Jews in Creglingen. 2nd Edition. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2001, ISBN 3-8260-2226-2 .
- Ottmar Friedrich Heinrich Schönhuth : Creglingen and its surroundings. Chronicle and description . Mergentheim 1846 ( e-copy ).
- Gottfried Stieber: Creglingen . In: Historical and topographical news from the Principality of Brandenburg-Onolzbach . Johann Jacob Enderes, Schwabach 1761, p. 286-294 ( digitized version ).
- Gottfried Stieber: Reinsbronn . In: Historical and topographical news from the Principality of Brandenburg-Onolzbach . Johann Jacob Enderes, Schwabach 1761, p. 645-648 ( digitized version ).
- Official website of the city of Creglingen at www.creglingen.de
- Creglingen on the website www.leo-bw.de
- Creglingen on the website www.taubertal.de
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888
- Main-Tauber-Kreis: Main-Tauber-Kreis: Cities and municipalities. Online at www.main-tauber-kreis.de, accessed on October 25, 2014.
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: Stuttgart district, Franconian and East Württemberg regional associations. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1 , pp. 305-315.
- The border between the federal states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria runs through the Holdermühle property. The “borderline” of the Holdermühle is shown by the following interesting detail: The power supply comes from Tauberzell (Bavaria), while the telephone line comes from Archshofen with the area code for Creglingen (Baden-Württemberg).
- Reinhard Wolf , Ulrike Kreh (ed.): The nature reserves in the Stuttgart administrative region . Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2007.
- Ordinance of the Ministry of Food and Rural Areas establishing European Bird Protection Areas (VSG-VO) of February 5, 2010.
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Creglingen.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 453 .
- Former castles, palaces and places. (PDF) Pro-Region.de, p. 2 , accessed on May 29, 2015 .
- City of Creglingen: Freudenbach outdoor pool . Online at www.creglingen.de. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
- Geotope profile of the sinkhole field (PDF).
- Population, occupation and workplace censuses in West Germany from June 6, 1961 (municipality register)
- Population, occupation and workplace censuses in West Germany from May 27, 1970 (municipal register)
- Updated data from the city of Creglingen based on the 2011 census in the European Union (census)
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 .
- Alemannia Judaica: Creglingen (Main-Tauber-Kreis) Jewish history / prayer room / synagogue . Online at www.alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- cf. City of Creglingen: City council election 2019 (PDF) ; accessed July 6, 2019.
- State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Municipal elections 2019, City of Creglingen ; City of Creglingen: City council election 2019 (PDF) ; FN-Web , May 26, 2019: Result of the 2019 municipal council election in Creglingen ; accessed July 6, 2019.
- FM transmitter and frequencies Baden-Württemberg at Südwestrundfunk
- Iris Kalden-Rosenfeld: The Creglinger Altar by Tilman Riemenschneider . Photos by Georg Schaffert u. a. Langewiesche Nachf. Köster, Königstein im Taunus 2009, ISBN 978-3-7845-0382-0 ( Langewiesche library ).
- City of Creglingen. In: creglingen.de. Retrieved August 20, 2020 .
- needle seat Creglingen (Romschlössle) in Creglingen. In: alleburgen.de. Retrieved August 20, 2020 .
- Munster Lakes. Kneipp pool. City of Creglingen, accessed August 6, 2018 .
- "The Classic" - Tourist Association of Liebliches Taubertal. In: liebliches-taubertal.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
- 1st day stage - Rothenburg odT to Weikersheim - Tourist Association Liebliches Taubertal. In: liebliches-taubertal.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
- Panoramaweg Taubertal - Tourist Association Liebliches Taubertal. In: liebliches-taubertal.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
- Taubertal panorama hiking trail (long-distance hiking trail) - wanderkompass.de. In: wanderkompass.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
- Jakobsweg Main-Taubertal (pilgrimage route) - wanderkompass.de. In: wanderkompass.de. Retrieved August 3, 2020 .
- Creglingen Rose Blossom and Lights Festival. In: rosenblueten-lichterfest-creglingen.de. Retrieved December 4, 2011 .
- Children's week in Oberrimbach. In: KiWo-Oberrimbach.de. Retrieved July 7, 2016 .
- Results: 1. Bundesliga women. Volleyball Bundesliga GmbH, accessed on January 9, 2016 .
- Dynamic statistics. Dynamic VolleySupporters Suhl, accessed on January 9, 2016 .