|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 31 ' N , 9 ° 3' E
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Administrative headquarters :||Tübingen|
|Area :||519.2 km 2|
|Residents:||227,331 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||438 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||TÜ|
|Circle key :||08 4 16|
|Circle structure:||15 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Joachim Walter ( CDU )|
|Location of the Tübingen district in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Tübingen is a district in Baden-Württemberg . Together with the district of Reutlingen and the Zollernalb district, it forms the Neckar-Alb region in the Tübingen administrative region .
The Tübingen district has a share in the Upper Gäu and the Schönbuch . In the southeast it extends over the Alb foreland to the Swabian Alb ( Albtrauf ). The Neckar flows through the district from southwest to northeast. The altitude extends from 301 m above sea level. NN at Kirchentellinsfurter Baggersee up to 854 m above sea level. NN on the Dreifürstenstein near Mössingen .
The district of Tübingen borders clockwise in the north, beginning with the districts of Böblingen , Reutlingen , Zollernalbkreis , Freudenstadt and Calw .
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
The Tübingen district owns the following nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 1,193.76 hectares of the district are under nature protection, which is 2.30 percent.
- Old meadows : 23.2 ha; Landmark Bodelshausen
- At the Olgahöhe : 25.0 ha; Mössingen district
- Mountain slide on the Hirschkopf : 45.0 ha; Mössingen district
- Blaulach : 12.0 ha; Markings Kusterdingen and Tübingen
- Bühler Tal and Unterer Bürg : 78.5 ha; Districts Tübingen and Rottenburg am Neckar
- Castle loan : 16.3 ha; District Rottenburg am Neckar
- Eisenbachhain : 8.3 ha; Dettenhausen district
- Espenloch-Hintere Halde : 22.3 ha; Districts Hirrlingen and Rangendingen (Zollernalbkreis)
- Filsenberg : 35.8 ha; Mössingen district
- Hirschauer Berg : 22.2 ha; Tübingen district
- Kapfhalde : 11.8 ha; Districts Hirrlingen , Rottenburg am Neckar
- Katzenbach-Dünnbachtal : 121.3 ha; Districts Rottenburg am Neckar and Ofterdingen
- Kochhartgraben and Ammertal slopes : 106.8 ha; Districts Rottenburg am Neckar and Ammerbuch
- Upper Steinach 7.5 ha; Districts Tübingen and Rottenburg am Neckar
- Öschenbachtal : 59.0 ha; Mössingen district
- Rappenberg : 15.8 ha; District Rottenburg am Neckar
- Schaichtal : 467.8 ha; Dettenhausen district , Walddorfhäslach (Reutlingen district), Aichtal (Esslingen district), Waldenbuch (Böblingen district)
- Schönbuch-Westhang / Ammerbuch : 459.0 ha; Ammerbuch district
- Spitzberg-Ödenburg 9.9 ha; Tübingen district
- Funnel-Ehehalde : 2.7 ha; District Rottenburg am Neckar
- Vollmershalde : 52.0 ha; District Rottenburg am Neckar
- Winter heap : 54.0 ha; Landmarks Bodelshausen and Hechingen (Zollernalbkreis)
Before 1800, most of today's district area belonged either to the Duchy of Württemberg ( Oberamt Tübingen ) or to Upper Austria . In 1803/06 the western Austrian and other non-Wuerttemberg areas of today's district also became part of the Kingdom of Württemberg . In 1811 the upper office Rottenburg am Neckar was established and in 1934 both upper offices were transferred to districts. In 1938 the Tübingen district was enlarged considerably. Almost all the communities in the Rottenburg district and some communities in the Herrenberg district and the Stockach community from the Reutlingen district came to the district area.
During the district reform , the district of Tübingen was enlarged to its present size on January 1, 1973 by adding three communities from the dissolved district of Horb . In return, he had to hand over three communities to the Reutlingen district, from which he also received the Gomaringen community .
As early as April 1, 1972 ( Bieringen ) and December 1, 1972 ( Baisingen and Ergenzingen ), municipalities from the district of Horb were incorporated. They were incorporated into the city of Rottenburg am Neckar .
After the community reform has been completed, the Tübingen district still comprises 15 communities, including 3 cities, which are also major district towns (Rottenburg am Neckar, Tübingen and Mössingen, but the latter only from January 1, 2009). The district of Tübingen is the district with the fewest municipalities in Baden-Württemberg. The largest city in the district is Tübingen, the smallest municipality is Hirrlingen .
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office (main residences only).
The district is administered by the district council and the district administrator.
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result.
|Parties and constituencies||%
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||26.6||18th||21.8||14th||24.2||12||20.1||10||13.6||7th||16.9||9||16.3||8th|
|FWV||Free urban and rural voter association||23.9||16||27.1||17th||21.3||17th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||18.6||12||25.4||16||23.9||14th||23.2||14th||25.9||16||23.6||14th||26.1||14th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||12.2||8th||15.0||9||16.4||9||16.9||10||18.0||11||19.8||12||21.4||12|
|TÜL / DIE LINKE||Electoral Association Tübinger Linke e. V. / THE LEFT||7.6||5||6.8||4th||6.2||3||5.2||2||3.9||1||-||-||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||5.4||4th||3.9||2||8.0||4th||6.1||3||4.0||2||4.9||2||5.5||2|
|The party||Party for work, the rule of law, animal welfare, elite support and grassroots initiative||3.5||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||1.9||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||-||-||24.5||18th||32.0||22nd||32.1||20th||27.8||18th|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
The district councilor is elected by the district council for a term of office of 8 years. He is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the district council and its committees, but has no voting rights in the committees . He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. His deputy is the first state official.
The Oberamtmen of the Oberamt Tübingen from 1809 to 1928 are shown in the article Oberamt Tübingen .
- 1928–1934: Julius Gös
- 1934–1945: Friedrich Geißler
- 1945–1946: Viktor Renner
- 1947–1962: Hermann Zahr
- 1963–1973: Oskar Klumpp
- 1973–1989: Wilhelm Gfrörer
- 1989–2003: Albrecht Kroymann
- since 2003: Joachim Walter
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Tübingen shows in silver a black spear protruding obliquely from the ground and a three-lipped red flag, similar to a racing flag . The coat of arms was newly awarded in 1955 and after the district reform on September 3, 1973.
The flag was the symbol of the Pfalzgrafschaft Tübingen , whose territory was in the district area. The colors reflect the Counts of Hohenberg .
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district of Tübingen was ranked 43rd out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with "very high future prospects". In 2019 it was ranked 38th out of 401.
The Neckar is followed by the Stuttgart – Tübingen line opened in 1861 by the Württemberg State Railway (today the “ Neckar-Alb Railway ”). It was continued to Rottenburg in 1861 and to Eyach in 1864. In 1866 it reached Horb, from where it was extended to Rottweil in 1867/68. This section later became part of the " Gäubahn ", which has linked the Ergenzingen station in the district since 1879 . Since 1869, Tübingen has also been the starting point for the " Zollernalbbahn " to Hechingen.
As a cross connection from the Gäubahn near Herrenberg to Tübingen, the " Ammertalbahn " was put into operation in 1909/10 . Eyach train station in Neckar Valley has been the northern end point of the " Hohenzollerische Landesbahn " in the direction of Haigerloch – Hechingen since 1901 .
In 1902, the Badische Lokal-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft built the Reutlingen – Gönningen branch line, of which only two stations were in the Tübingen district. Of the branch line Böblingen – Dettenhausen opened in 1911 by the Württemberg State Railway, only the terminus belongs to the district; it has operated since 1996 as the regional " Schönbuchbahn " operated by the Württemberg railway company .
The now 86-kilometer railway network is still (or again) in operation except for 8 kilometers; another 8 kilometers were shut down for about 30 years:
- 1972 shut down: Eyach – Haigerloch – Stetten – Hechingen Lbf. (2 km)
- Closed in 1976: Reutlingen – Mähringen – Gomaringen – Gönningen (6 km)
- Decommissioned 1966–1999: Entringen – Altingen – Herrenberg (6 km)
- 1966–1996 closed: Böblingen – Holzgerlingen – Dettenhausen (2 km)
Regional light rail
For several years now, the Tübingen, Reutlingen and Zollernalb districts have been pursuing the establishment of a Neckar-Alb regional light rail system based on the Karlsruhe model . To this end, a tram line from the main train station via the university and university clinics to the Waldhäuser Ost residential area is to be built, which will be connected to the regional train service. A feasibility study showed an extremely positive economic benefit-cost ratio of 2.0.
The district area is touched in the far west by the federal highway 81 Stuttgart - Singen (Hohentwiel) . It is also accessed by federal, state and district roads. The most important are the B 27 Stuttgart - Rottweil and the B 28 Freudenstadt - Reutlingen .
The Tübingen district is responsible for the following vocational schools : Vocational school (commercial, commercial and home economics school) Rottenburg am Neckar, commercial school Tübingen, Mathilde Weber school (home economics and agricultural school) Tübingen (including a nutritional and biotechnological high school) and Wilhelm -Schickard-Schule (commercial school) Tübingen also the following special educational and advisory centers with a focus on intellectual development: Lindenschule Rottenburg am Neckar, Kirnbachschule with school kindergarten Tübingen.
(Residents on December 31, 2018)
Agreed administrative communities and municipal administration associations
Municipalities before the district reform
Before the district reform on January 1, 1973 and the community reform , the old Tübingen district had a total of 54 communities since 1938 , including two towns . 1974 Mössingen was raised to the third city in the Tübingen district.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the old district of Tübingen was made on December 1, 1971 by several communities that were incorporated into the city of Rottenburg am Neckar . Furthermore, on December 1, 1971, the new municipality of Ammerbuch was established . In the period that followed, the number of communities steadily decreased. Most of the remaining communities in the old Tübingen district merged into the new, enlarged Tübingen district on January 1, 1973 , and six communities became part of the Reutlingen district .
The largest municipality in the old Tübingen district was the district town of Tübingen , which has been a major district town since April 1, 1956 . The smallest community was Dörnach .
The old district of Tübingen last covered an area of 482 km² and had a total of 147,428 inhabitants at the 1970 census .
The table shows the population development of the old Tübingen district up to 1970. All population figures are census results.
The table shows the municipalities of the old Tübingen district before the municipal reform.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the TÜ distinguishing mark when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today.
- The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume VII: Tübingen District, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4
- Wolfgang Sannwald: Political spaces in the Tübingen district during the Weimar Republic . In: Tubingensia: Impulses for the city and university history. Festschrift for Wilfried Setzler on his 65th birthday. Edited by Sönke Lorenz and Volker [Karl] Schäfer in conjunction with the Institute for Historical Regional Studies and Historical Auxiliary Sciences at the University of Tübingen. Editor: Susanne Borgards. (Ostfildern :) Jan Thorbecke Verlag, 2008 (Tübinger Baussteine zur Landesgeschichte, 10), pp. 559–603, ISBN 978-3-7995-5510-4 .
- Official website of the district
- Literature from and about the Tübingen district in the catalog of the German National Library
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Survey of land according to type of actual use in 2015
- ↑ LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 534 f. and 539 .
- ↑ Kreisag 2019 TOTAL RESULTS FINAL_with change KWA. Retrieved July 12, 2019 .
- ↑ https://www.statistik-bw.de/Wahlen/Kommunal/02043000.tab?R=KR416
- ↑  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989-2009
- ↑  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Distribution of seats in the district elections 1989-2009
- ↑ Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 24, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- ↑ State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).