Favorite park

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Favorite Park" nature reserve

IUCN Category IV - Habitat / Species Management Area

The Wilhelmsallee leading through the nature reserve

The Wilhelmsallee leading through the nature reserve

location Ludwigsburg , Ludwigsburg district , BW , Germany
surface 72 ha
Identifier 1.003
WDPA ID 81642
Geographical location 48 ° 54 '  N , 9 ° 11'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 54 '29 "  N , 9 ° 11' 25"  E
Favorite Park (Baden-Württemberg)
Favorite park
Setup date October 1, 1937 ;
December 10, 1990 (new version)
administration Regional Council Stuttgart
particularities first nature reserve in the district of Ludwigsburg and the second in today's administrative district of Stuttgart
Landscape protection area "Surroundings of the Favorite Park"

IUCN Category V - Protected Landscape / Seascape

location Ludwigsburg , Ludwigsburg district , BW , Germany
surface 63 ha
Identifier 1.18.085
WDPA ID 325286
Geographical location 48 ° 54 '  N , 9 ° 11'  E
Favorite Park (Baden-Württemberg)
Favorite park
Setup date December 10, 1990
administration Regional Council Stuttgart

The Favoritepark is a park in Ludwigsburg that surrounds the Favorite Palace . Once used as a pheasantry , it is now a popular excursion destination and local recreation area with around 150,000 visitors annually. It has been a nature reserve (NSG) since 1937, making it the oldest in the Ludwigsburg district .


The 72  hectare large and completely fenced Favorite Park is located north of the city center of Ludwigsburg. In the south, the main entrance of the Favoritepark borders directly on the Blooming Baroque , separated only by Marbacher Straße, which is crossed by a pedestrian bridge. Another entrance is in the north-west of the park in the immediate vicinity of the Favoritepark S-Bahn stop on line 4. A third entrance is in the east of the park in the Hoheneck district .

The central axis of Wilhelmsallee leads through the park from the south entrance to the entrance in the northwest, past the Favoriteschloss. There is a small branch to the entrance in the east.

The fenced park is practically identical to the NSG Favoritepark . The landscape protection area (LSG) surrounding the Favoritepark is divided into two parts. One area lies on the northeast border of the park with a depth of a few tens to a few hundred meters. The other area of ​​the LSG is in the south-west of the park, where it only shares a border with the NSG approx. 55 m wide.

Together, the NSG and LSG form the Favoritepark nature and landscape protection area with peripheral areas . The total area of ​​both protected areas is approx. 135 ha.


The forest area of ​​the park, formerly communal forest, also called monk forest, was used from the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 18th century for acorn fattening of cattle, especially domestic pigs. The cattle ate the fruit of the trees and compacted the soil at the same time. As a result, hardly any young trees grew back. So the area changed through the constant browsing and nutrient deprivation to a hut forest .

The hunting enthusiast Duke Eberhard Ludwig had the forest fenced in in 1707 in order to build a pheasantry. This ended the use of the forest as pasture. Finally, the Duke had the Favorite hunting and pleasure palace built between 1717 and 1723 .

From 1806 , King Friedrich I of Württemberg had a zoo laid out with game, chamois and deer . This ensured that the young trees and fruits were eaten again and that the pasture forest character with the non-existent undergrowth has been preserved to this day. Today, the well-established share at that time already in the park fallow and axis deer to Favoritepark with 1,969 employed mouflon .


"Favorite Park" nature reserve

The Favorite Park nature reserve (identifier: 1.003) was enacted in 1937, making it the first nature reserve in the Ludwigsburg district and the second in what is now the Stuttgart district . The protected status saved the area several times from being reduced in size or being tunnelled by the settlement pressure. In 1990 the ordinance on the nature reserve was revised to adapt it to the requirements of the time.

Protection purpose

According to the ordinance on the nature reserve, the protection purpose is above all:

  1. the preservation of the remainder of a former pasture forest (Hudewald, Hardt) with the characteristic image of the undergrowth-free, light forest as the only scientifically, historically and ecologically significant example of this historical form of forest management in the Württemberg lowlands;
  2. the protection of various forms of the mixed oak forest with its communities within an urban landscape;
  3. the maintenance of an old tree population with its communities;
  4. the preservation of a historical wildlife park with the dark trunk of fallow deer, axis and mouflon;
  5. the preservation of a characteristic historical park with parts of a baroque basic structure consisting of avenues, value modeling and structural facilities (Favorite Castle, Gemshütte, Hirschquelle, stone benches, forester's house, its outbuildings and landmarks) as well as parts of the park designed in the style of the English landscape garden;
  6. the maintenance of the recreational function.

Landscape protection area "Surroundings of the Favorite Park"

The landscape protection area surrounding the Favoritepark (identifier: 1.18.085) is a partner protection area of ​​the adjacent Favoritepark nature reserve . It serves as a buffer zone between the populated area and the nature reserve. a. from landscape and ecologically important orchards . It was set up as a combined nature and landscape protection area together with the new version of the ordinance on the nature reserve. When the LSG was changed in 2004, an area of ​​approx. 0.47 ha was carried out.

Protection purpose

The regulation states that the main protective purpose of the LSG is:

  1. securing the ecologically necessary buffer zone between the settlement area and the nature reserve;
  2. the safeguarding of ecologically and urban design significant green caesuras in the area surrounding the nature reserve;
  3. the preservation of the ecologically and scenically significant orchards, meadows and gardens with their diverse species population and their various open space functions.

Web links