|Height :||200 m|
|Area :||4.93 km²|
|Residents :||288 (2009)|
|Population density :||58 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1972|
Olnhausen is a district of Jagsthausen with approx. 300 inhabitants. It offers many hiking and biking trails as well as many natural spots.
Olnhausen was first mentioned in a document in 781 through a deed of donation described in the Lorsch Codex , in which Sigemar von Ollanhusen gave all his possessions to the Lorsch Monastery . In the 12th century, the Lords of Husen received the village of Olnhausen as a fief. When the von Husen family died out, local rights passed to the von Berlichingen family .
In 1806 Olnhausen became part of Württemberg and thus independent. In 1939 there were 300 inhabitants, at the end of 1945 there were 435. On January 1, 1972, Olnhausen was incorporated into Jagsthausen.
The place Burkhardsweiler was south of the town center on the Simonsberg. Today you can only find remains, such as B. a well, ramparts and stone water pipes. The settlement existed from the 13th century to the 16th century. There are three documents that confirm the existence of a settlement called Burkhardsweiler.
In front of the Johanneskirche, which is still preserved today, there was a chapel built in the 13th century, which was looked after by the mother church in Widdern and which was replaced by the new Johanneskirche in 1408. In Olnhausen there were problems with spiritual care in the following years because the rectory fell apart. Therefore, the gentlemen from Berlichingen arranged that Olnhausen should be taken care of by the clergyman from Jagsthausen , which continues to this day.
In Olnhausen there was an important Jewish community, especially in the first half of the 19th century. The first Jews were settled by the Lords of Berlichingen after the Thirty Years' War and initially lived there only sporadically. Eight families are mentioned in 1725, 13 in 1732, only ten in 1751, and 13 again in 1775. In 1771 a new synagogue was built. The community grew rapidly after 1800: in 1817 there were 21 families, in 1818 there were 109 people and in 1828 153 people. In contrast to many very poor rural district communities, there were several wealthy Jews in Olnhausen, so that the purchase of the entire place was feared and the Berlichingen tried to limit the number of local Jewish families to 21 in 1817, which the Württemberg side with the reference to the upcoming equality has been rejected. The religious community was initially subordinate to the District Rabbinate Berlichingen , after its dissolution in 1851 to the Rabbinate Mergentheim, later to the Rabbinate Heilbronn. As early as 1847 it was noticed that the increasing emigration led in particular to a decline in the assets of the community, which in 1885 still had 116 people and in 1900 it still had 85 people. After 1900 the Jewish inns, craft shops and in 1910 the Jewish bakery closed. In 1933 there were still 26 Jews living in Olnhausen, twelve of whom died during the deportations in 1941/42. The synagogue was devastated during the November pogrom in 1938 and demolished in 1972.
badges and flags
The coat of arms of Olnhausen shows a lowered blue wavy bar on a silver shield with a floating silver eel under a blue house. The symbols eel and house make the coat of arms a speaking coat of arms , which refers to the possible meaning of the place name as Aalhausen .
In the earlier coat of arms, which is also the family coat of arms of the Olnhausen family, a man holds an eel in his right hand and there is also a fish trap in the shield.
- Johanneskirche from 1408. Inside the church there are two Roman altar stones, a crucifix from 1668 and a Mezler organ from 1796. The oldest bell dates from 1510. Next to the entrance to the sacristy there is a historical stonemason's mark (translation: Built in the year of the Lord in 1408 by Bishop Reinhard).
- Jagst Bridge, built in 1763
- Old Town Hall
- many half-timbered houses
- former Jewish school, built in 1836
- Lindenplatzfest, every year in June
- Backhausfest, every two years in August
- Barn Festival, every April or May
- Communications from the Württ. And Bad. State Statistical Office No. 1: Results of the population census on December 31, 1945 in Northern Württemberg
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 450 .