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The Zaber at the mouth in Lauffen

The Zaber at the mouth in Lauffen

Water code DE : 23852
location Baden-Württemberg
River system Rhine
Drain over Neckar  → Rhine  → North Sea
source On the Zaberhalde below the serpentine of the Steigenstraße Zaberfeld –Häfnerhaslach (K 2062) on the Zaberfeld district
49 ° 2 ′ 31 ″  N , 8 ° 54 ′ 43 ″  E
Source height 330.1  m above sea level NN
muzzle At Lauffen in the Neckar Coordinates: 49 ° 4 '43 "  N , 9 ° 9' 18"  E 49 ° 4 '43 "  N , 9 ° 9' 18"  E
Mouth height approx.  161.3  m above sea level NN
Height difference approx. 168.8 m
Bottom slope approx. 7.6 ‰
length 22.4 km
Catchment area 113.806 km²
Drain MQ
790 l / s
Reservoirs flowed through Ehmets blade
Residents in the catchment area About 39,000
Zaber river (red)

Zaber river (red)

The Zaber is a 22 km long river in the middle of Baden-Wuerttemberg , in Lauffen am Neckar in the district of Heilbronn from the left, that is from the west, the Neckar discharges. The medieval Zabergau was named after him. The shallow water is not navigable .


The first mention is from the year 793 as Zabernahgouwe (Zabernachgau). It is traditionally assumed that the name derives from the Latin word taberna ("restaurant", "street station"). It is assumed that the Roman settlement in today's Meimsheim bore this name (similar to the Alsatian town of Zabern ) and that over time the place name was transferred to the surrounding area and the river. This theory is supported by the fact that there was a traffic junction in the Roman Meimsheim and that the place was possibly of administrative importance for the region.

The Zaber gave its name to the Zabergäu between the Heuchelberg and Stromberg mountain ranges .


Origin of the Zaber near Zaberfeld


The Zaber arises in the Heilbronn district about two kilometers south-southwest of Zaberfeld on the northern slope of the wooded Stromberg . Under the serpentine of the Steigenstraße Zaberfeld – Häfnerhaslach (K 2062) there are still some springs in the Zaberfeld district that quickly merge.


The Zaber flows down the river slope to the north and into the Ehmetsklinge reservoir , which is also fed by two other streams, of which the one from the eponymous Ehmetsklinge is slightly longer than the Zaber. After the lake, the Zaber goes east, which it maintains with only minor excursions up to the mouth.

First it crosses Zaberfeld , behind which you reach a left and a right tributary, both of which are also dammed into a lake in their valleys. Then he changes to the municipality of Pfaffenhofen , where he first crosses the village of Weiler an der Zaber in a very low-slope valley , from where the first vineyards cover the left slope. Behind it the valley floor expands and it flows through Pfaffenhofen itself, which avoids the valley floodplain in favor of the lower foot of the slope.

Behind Güglingen and then its suburb Frauenzimmern , wine is also on the more distant hills in front of the Stromberg in the south. Brackenheim is a little bit further away on the left hill and in the valley of the forest brook flowing in from the left , the first longer tributary with over 7 km. Immediately afterwards, opposite the suburb of Meimsheim , a similar long right tributary runs towards it, the Herrenwiesenbach coming from Cleebronn .

Now the river digs deeper and the valley becomes narrow. The 9 km long Neipperger Bächle flows into a valley meander from the left, the longest tributary and the last significant one. Soon afterwards the river enters the expansive former Lauffener Neckarschlinge , which the Neckar left itself and whose downward quarter arc today the Zaber serves as a valley.

Lauffen am Neckar is mostly located to the right on the old Umlaufberg, which is flattened into a hill. After the Zaber has passed the small town, it flows below the lock systems there from the left and east after 22 km into the Neckar .

Catchment area

The catchment area covers 114 km² and lies between the ridge of the Heuchelberg in the south-south-west and that of the Stromberg in the north-north-west. In the north, beyond the Heuchelberg, the Lein drains eastwards to the Neckar , in the south, behind the Stromberg, the Metter and its nearer tributary Kirnbach in parallel with the lowest Enz . On both sides of the lower reaches in the mountain funnel, which widens towards the east, run to this smaller competitor. Only from the western tip of the catchment area does the neighboring Kraichbach flow in the northwest run directly to the Rhine .


Selection according to LUBW-FG10, LUBD-GEZG and LUBW-SG10.
Heights noted on the maps have been rounded to full meters. Mill channels were usually not specifically identified.
For comparison, the values ​​of the Zaber themselves are highlighted in blue.

Tributaries of the Zaber
inflow page Length
in km²
Remaining run
in m
m above sea level NN
Zaber - 22.4 113.8 - Lauffen am Neckar 161
Lochwiesenbächle Left 01.1 20,614 in the Ehmetsklinge reservoir (total 13.2 ha) 232
Ehmetsklingenbächle Left 02.6 002.3 20,359 in the Ehmetsklinge reservoir 232 longer than Zaber
Giant stream Left 03.2 004.9 19,692 Au W Zaberfeld 220
Dämmlesgraben right 01.8 19,259 Zaberfeld , Herrenwiesenweg 218 Verdolt in the village
Muttersbach Left 01.6 002.6 19,245 Zaberfeld , Herrenwiesenweg 218
Katzenbach right 02.0 003.4 18.091 Sports area E Zaberfeld 212
Michelbach (Zaber) Michelbach Left 04.3 006.3 17,609 between Reisenmühle u. Hamlet on the Zaber 203 previously flows through a reservoir
(Brook from the stone blade ) right 01.3 16,671 Hamlet on the Zaber , Bogersmühle 202
Benzbach Left 01.4 15,522 in front of the road bridge in Pfaffenhofen 201 Verdolt from the edge of the village
Rodbach right 02.2 002.2 15,311 Sports facilities in Pfaffenhofen 200 Verdolt from the edge of the village
(Inflow from the Leopoldsklinge ) right 01.5 14,577 Substation in front of Güglingen 196
Flügelaubach right 03.5 003.5 12,526 Güglingen , opposite. Sophienhof 194
Riedfurtbach Left 03.8 003.4 11,476 Mill S Güglingen- women rooms 191
(Sägmühl Canal) right 01.3 11,444 Mill S Güglingen- women rooms 190 with a longer branch Balzhöfer Bach 2.635 km
Fürtlesbach right 03.5 003.2 10,587 against the Güglingen- Frauenzimmern industrial park 188
Wurmbach Left 04.0 007.3 09,928 Sewage treatment plant at the Brackenheim mark border 185
Forstbach Left 07.2 011.0 07,239 NSG Zaberauen from Meimsheim and Botenheim before Brackenheim- Meimsheim 181
Herrenwiesenbach right 07.4 011.1 06,738 uh. Zabergäubahn bridge near Brackenheim- Meimsheim 180
Truselbach right 03.6 05,282 Brackenheim , Obere Schellenmühle
Neipperger Bächle Left 08.9 014.1 03,828 Sewage treatment plant in front of Lauffener Neckarschlinge 170
  1. According to LUBW-FG10 (data record entries).
  2. Estuary tributary to Zaber estuary.
  3. Text entry in blue on the background map of the LUBW-FG10 in the underwater of the Lauffen double lock.
  4. According to LUBW-SG10.
  5. a b Text entry in blue on the background map of the LUBW-FG10 in the main lake of the Ehmetsklinge.
  6. a b c d e f g h i j k l m Estimated from the contour line image on the background map of the LUBW-FG10.
  7. a b Text entry in blue at the mouth on the background map of the LUBW-FG10.
  8. Interpolated between adjacent values, the contour line image would speak for about 206  m above sea level. NN .
  9. Text entry in black at the muzzle on the background map of the LUBW-FG10.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Text entry in blue on the background map of the LUBW-FG10.
  2. Text entry in blue on the background map of the LUBW-FG10. (Storage destination in the underwater of the Lauffener Schleuse.)
  3. According to LUBW-FG10 (data record entry).
  4. Sum of the sub-catchment areas according to LUBW-GEZG (data record entries).
  5. ^ Albrecht Greule: German water names book. Etymology of the water body names and the associated area, settlement and field names. De Gruyter, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-11-019039-7

Web links

Commons : Zaber  - collection of images, videos and audio files