Syngramma suevicum

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The Syngramma Suevicum (Greek syngrámma "common script") is the reply from the theologians around Johannes Brenz to Johannes Oekolampad in the 1525 communion controversy of the Reformers.

Oekolampad and the theologians "in Swabia"

In September 1525 a work was published by Johannes Oekolampad in Basel in which he advocated Zwingli's symbolic conception of the Lord 's Supper . In his afterword he dedicated this book to the “dear brothers in Christ who preach the message in Swabia” and he asked them to comment. The Oekolampad from Weinsberg turned to the clergy in his old homeland, to Johannes Brenz in Schwäbisch Hall , to Erhard Schnepf , his successor in the Weinsberg prelude , and to others in Hall, Heilbronn and in the Kraichgau , many of whom he personally knew.

In September 1525, the theologians addressed met in Schwäbisch Hall to discuss the various points of view on the question of the Lord's Supper. Brenz was commissioned to formulate the result of the conversation, Zwingli's rejection of the symbolic conception of the Last Supper, in a counter letter. The reply was sent to Oekolampad on October 21, 1525. In the literature, this letter is called Syngramma , after the title of the pamphlet published in Augsburg in January 1526. The Syngramma, written in Latin, was reprinted in Wittenberg. Martin Luther wrote the foreword for the translation into German made by Johannes Agricola .

The participants in Schwäbisch Hall

The Syngramma is the result of the deliberations of fourteen Lutheran pastors and preachers named in the Scriptures in the upcoming Holy Communion dispute . Johann Lachmann , the owner of the preaching in Heilbronn, came to Hall and Erhard Schnepf , who was a preacher in Wimpfen at the time. Bernhard Griebler, the preacher in Gemmingen , and Johann Geyling are mentioned. Geyling was court preacher to the expelled Duke Ulrich in Mömpelgard in 1524/25 and court preacher to Elector Ludwig in Heidelberg in the summer of 1525. At the time the Syngramma was being written, he was staying with Brenz in Hall. The list is followed by Martin Germanus, the pastor of Philipps von Gemmingen († 1544) in Fürfeld , and Johann Gallus, the pastor of the Göler von Ravensburg in Sulzfeld . The aforementioned Ulricus Vuissacensis Suigerus cannot be identified with certainty. It is possible that he is Ulrich Schweicker, who held one of the Neipperg chaplains at the Schwaigern town church and who could have represented the Schwaigern pastor Bernhard Wurzelmann, who was related to Erhard Schnepf. From 1524 to 1525, Johann Walz was the first Protestant schoolmaster at the Franciscan monastery in Hall, which had been converted into a grammar school. Until 1530 he was pastor in Neckarmühlbach . Wolfgang Stier was pastor in Orendelsall near Schwäbisch Hall. Johann Herolt from Reinsberg near Schwäbisch Hall was the son of a priest; In 1514 he received his father's parish. Little is known of Johann Rudolphi; until 1532 he supplied the parish in Menzingen . Johann Isenmann (also Eisenmenger), from a Haller family, took over the parish of St. Michael in Hall in 1524. Like Isenmann, Michael Gräter came from Hall and became pastor there in 1521 at St. Katharinen. These are the participants - besides Johannes Brenz - named in the Syngramma at the meeting in Hall.

Individual evidence

  1. Immo Eberl: The Church History of Schwaigern in: Heimatbuch über Schwaigern and its suburbs , Schwaigern 1994, p. 445.


  • Martin Brecht , Gerhard Schäfer, Frieda Wolf (eds.): Johannes Brenz. Early writings. Part 1, Tübingen 1970.
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Kantzenbach : Johannes Brenz and the fight for the Lord's Supper . In: Theologische Literaturzeitung 89 (1964) No. 8, Sp. 561-580.