Calendar overview 1576
Rudolf II becomes Emperor of
the Holy Roman Empire .
of the plague in Venice .
Antwerp during the “ Spanish Fury ” .
|1576 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1024/25 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||2119/20 (southern Buddhism); 2118/19 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||938/939 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3909/10 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||983/984 (turn of the year March 30/31)|
|Jewish calendar||5336/37 (August 24/25)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1886/87 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1887/88 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1632/33 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- February 5 : After his escape from captivity by the Catholic party in Paris , the Huguenot leader Heinrich of Navarre , who later became King Henry IV of France, renounces the Catholic faith.
- May 6th : The Edict of Beaulieu ends the Fifth Huguenot War. The Huguenots received favorable conditions because France's King Henry III. initially favored peace in the country.
- November 6th : King Henry III. positions himself at the head of the French Catholic League in Blois , triggering the sixth Huguenot War .
Holy Roman Empire
- October 12 : Emperor Maximilian II dies surprisingly at the Reichstag in Regensburg. His son Rudolf II , who was crowned last year, will succeed him as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and ruler of the Habsburg hereditary lands.
- The Archbishop of Trier , Jakob III. von Eltz , annexed the prince abbey of Prüm and its manorial rule in the electorate of Trier .
- November 4 : Mercenaries who have not been paid for a long time in the service of King Philip II of Spain begin violent acts against the population in Antwerp in order to squeeze out money. The Spanish Fury raged for three days and destroyed the city considerably.
- November 8th : Holland , Zeeland and the southern provinces conclude the Ghent pacification in Ghent , a treaty by which they promise each other help to drive the Spanish troops off Dutch soil.
- December 15 : The Spanish governor in the Netherlands, Don Juan de Austria , and the States General conclude the Eternal Edict with which the governor recognizes the Ghent pacification . The edict won't last for eight months.
- May 1st : Anna Jagiellonica , King of Poland , and Stephan Báthory , Prince of Transylvania , marry and are crowned joint heads of state of Poland-Lithuania after the second free election .
- January 25th : The city of São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda , later in Angola , is founded by Portuguese settlers . Subsequently, at the behest of the city's founder and first governor Paulo Dias de Novais, the São Miguel fortress of Luanda was built to defend the new settlement. The city is developing into the center of the slave trade to Brazil .
- May 14 : After the death of Tahmasp I , his son Ismail II becomes the third Safavid Shah of Persia .
Voyages of discovery
- June 7th to October 9th : The English navigator Martin Frobisher undertakes his first trip to the Arctic with 39 men and three ships in search of the Northwest Passage . Among other things, he discovered the Frobisher Bay named after him .
- La Poste is founded in France .
science and technology
Teaching and Research
- August 8th : The Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe notes the laying of the foundation stone of his Uraniborg observatory on the island of Ven .
- October 15 : The Duke Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel founded University of Helmstedt that develops during the period of its existence to a significant Protestant university is opened.
- Impact craters and parts of an iron meteorite are discovered on Campo del Cielo in what is now Argentina .
- Humphrey Gilbert publishes his work A discourse of a discoverie for a new Passage to Cataia on the exploration of a north-west passage from America to Asia.
- September 4 : In the event that Venice is redeemed from the rampant plague , the Senate vows to build a church in honor of the Savior. Since the epidemic actually disappears a short time afterwards, construction of the Il Redentore church begins the following year .
- Giordano Bruno left the Dominican Order and began his decades-long journey through numerous cities in Europe.
- The Greek College of St. Athanasius in Rome opens its doors.
- History of the plague : The plague kills numerous people in northern Italy , and the painter Titian also falls victim to it in Venice .
- Cocolitztli , a hemorrhagic fever , breaks out again and kills millions of people in Mexico.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- February 2 : Alix Le Clerc , French nun and founder of the Augustinian Choir Women, Catholic Blessed († 1622 )
- March 27 : Caspar von Teutleben , German poet and court master († 1629 )
- March 31 : Luise Juliana von Oranien-Nassau , Electress of the Palatinate († 1644 )
- June 3 : Giovanni Diodati , Reformed theologian and Bible translator († 1649 )
- July 3 : Anna of Prussia , Electress of Brandenburg († 1625 )
- July 16 : Caspar Augspurger , German entrepreneur († 1636 )
- September 13th : Bruno III. von Mansfeld , Oberstjägermeister in the Habsburg service († 1644 )
- October 7 : John Marston , English playwright and writer († 1634 )
- October 12 : Thomas Dudley , English governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony († 1653 )
- October 28 : Rudolf von Anhalt-Zerbst , Prince of Anhalt († 1621 )
- November 6 : Karl Günther , Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt († 1630 )
- November 18 : Philipp Ludwig II. , Count of Hanau-Münzenberg († 1612 )
- December 8 : Johannes Kromayer , German Lutheran theologian and school reformer of Thuringia in the age of Lutheran Orthodoxy († 1643 )
- December 20 : Johannes Sarkander , Bohemian-Moravian priest and martyr of the Catholic Church († 1620 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- William Ames , English theologian († 1633 )
- Thomas Aylesbury, 1st Baronet , high English official in the Royal Navy († 1657 )
- Salomon de Caus , French physicist and inventor († 1626 )
- Christoph Deichmann , German lawyer and diplomat and member of the Fruit Bringing Society († 1648 )
- Cornelius Galle the Elder , Dutch draftsman and engraver († 1650 )
- Antoine de Montchrétien , French economist († 1621 )
First half of the year
- January 8 : Lope García de Castro , Spanish lawyer and interim viceroy of Peru (* around 1516 )
- January 10 : Benedikt Burgauer , German theologian and reformer (* 1494 )
- January 19 : Hans Sachs , German poet, master singer and playwright (* 1494 )
- January 26 : Juan Ortiz de Zárate , Spanish conquistador (* 1521 )
- February 12 : Johann Albrecht I , Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Mecklenburg-Schwerin (* 1525 )
- February 15 : Francesco De Marchi , Italian architect, engineer, author and courtier (* 1504 )
- February 22 : Bernardino Gatti , Italian painter (* 1495 / 96 )
- March 2nd : Georg Kleefeld , Mayor of Danzig (* 1522 )
- March 5 : Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens , Spanish governor in the Netherlands (* 1528 )
- March 11 : Juan de Salcedo , Spanish conquistador (* 1549 )
- March 18 : Karl I , Count of Hohenzollern (* 1516 )
- March 29 : Valentin Erythräus , German pedagogue (* 1521 )
- May 14 : Tahmasp I , second Shah of the Safavid dynasty in Iran (* 1514 )
- June 11 : Anthony Cooke , English nobleman, politician and humanist (* 1505 / 06 )
Second half of the year
- July 7th : Thomas Matthias , Mayor of Berlin (* around 1520 )
- July 11 : Simon Musaeus , German Protestant theologian and reformer (* 1521 )
- July 16 : Isabella de 'Medici , Italian nobleman (* 1542 )
- August 15 : Valentin Bakfark , Hungarian composer (* 1507 or 1527 )
- August 27 : Tiziano Vecellio , Venetian painter (* 1477 )
- September 21 : Gerolamo Cardano , doctor and mathematician (* 1501 )
- September 22nd : Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex , English nobleman (* 1539 )
- October 12 : Maximilian II , Holy Roman Emperor (* 1527 )
- October 14 : Konrad Heresbach , German humanist (* 1496 )
- October 20 : George Gordon, 5th Earl of Huntly , member of the Scottish aristocracy (* around 1532 / 34 )
- October 26th : Friedrich III. , Elector Palatinate (* 1515 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Charles Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox , Scottish nobleman (* 1555 )
- Mauritius Piderit , Lutheran theologian (* 1497 )