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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Maria de 'Medici
Maria de 'Medici marries King Henry IV
of France .
San Marino Constitution 1600
A written constitution comes into force in San Marino
Cahir Castle
With the victory in the Battle of Sekigahara
, the House of Tokugawa succeeds in taking power in Japan .
1600 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1048/49 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1592/93 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1005/06 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2143/44 (southern Buddhism); 2142/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Metal Rat庚子 ( at the beginning of the Earth Pig year 己亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 962/963 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3933/34 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 978/979
Islamic calendar 1008/09 (turn of the year 12/13 July)
Jewish calendar 5360/61 (September 8/9)
Coptic calendar 1316/17 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 775/776
Seleucid era Babylon: 1910/11 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1911/12 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1656/57 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Southeast Europe

The four-month state created by Mihai Viteazul

After conquering Transylvania in the previous year, the Wallachian prince Mihai Viteazul also succeeded in conquering the Principality of Moldova in May . He drives out the Moldovan voivode Ieremia Movila, who has maintained friendly relations with Poland and the Ottoman Empire . He fled to Poland. Mihai's rule, which was dependent on imperial subsidies, collapsed in autumn when Polish armies under the crown hetman Jan Zamoyski conquered Moldavia and Wallachia , and defeated the Mihais' associations together with a Habsburg army under Giorgio Basta on September 18 near Mirislau (Miriszló) drive out of the country.

Polish-Swedish War

The up 1,629 permanent Polish-Swedish war begins. The occasion is the claim of the Polish King Sigismund III. Wasa on Estonia, which is under Swedish rule . After losing the Swedish crown, King Sigismund managed to win over the leading aristocratic circles in Poland-Lithuania for a campaign in Estonia. However, the Swedes anticipate the Polish-Lithuanian attack and go on the offensive themselves. During the year 1600 penetration of Estonia from Swedish troops under the leadership of the Regent Duke Charles of Livonia and occupy the cities of Tartu and Parnu . The Swedes advance to the Daugava River and begin the siege of Kokenhusen Castle east of Riga . However, Duke Karl did not dare to attack the heavily fortified Riga. In view of the Swedish successes, the Sejm approves the funds to raise an army of around 20,000 men. Under the leadership of the Grand Hetman of Lithuania Krzysztof Radziwiłł , this force is advancing to Livonia.

Eighty Years War

Battle of Nieuwpoort

In the Battle of Nieuwpoort in the Eighty Years' War on July 2, the army of the Republic of the Seven United Provinces under Moritz of Orange defeated the Spaniards under Albrecht VII of Austria . However, the battle has no other effects. The Dutch lines are overstretched and Moritz von Orange will soon have to withdraw with his troops as well. The Flemings , whose support he was hoping for, remain on Spain's side . In addition, the great port of Dunkirk , the main target of the campaign, is beyond its reach in Spanish hands .

Other events in Europe


South America


The flag of the English East India Company 1600–1707

science and technology

  • around 1600: William Gilbert develops the Versorium .



Title page of the four- high edition of 'Much Ado About Nothing'
Title page of the first quarto
  • The drama Henry V by William Shakespeare appears for the first time in an incomplete pirated print.

Music and theater


Giordano Bruno's monument on Campo de 'Fiori

nature and environment

  • Seegfrörne : Lake Constance is completely frozen over.
  • February 19 : The Huaynaputina volcano in southern Peru explodes. This volcanic eruption, which lasts until March, is considered to be the most catastrophic in historical time in all of South America.

Historical maps and views


First half of the year

Second half of the year

The young Charles, portrait by Robert Peake, around 1610

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1600  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files